Advances in agronomy volume 25

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ADVANCES IN AGRONOMY VOLUME 25 CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS VOLUME K BAEUMER W A P BAKERMANS C BLOOMFIELD J K COULTER A E FOSTER R F HARRIS T K HODGES E A HOLLOWELL W E KNIGHT G A PETERSON MOSHEJ PINTHUS J R QUINBY J C RYDEN J K SYERS ADVANCES IN AGRONOMY Prepared under the Auspices of the AMERICAN SOCIETY AGRONOMY OF VOLUME 25 Edited by N C BRADY International Rice Research Institute Manila, Philippines ADVISORY BOARD D G BAKER H M LAUDE G R DUTT G W KUNZE M A MASSENGALE D E WEIBEL 1973 ACADEMIC PRESS New York San Francisco London A Subsidiary of Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers COPYRIGHT 1973, BY ACADEMIC PRESS, INC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED N O PART O F THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE REPRODUCED OR TRANSMImED IN ANY FORM OR BY ANY MEANS, ELECTRONIC OR MECHANICAL, INCLUDING PHOTOCOPY, RECORDING, OR ANY INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEM, WITHOUT PERMISSION IN WRITING FROM THE PUBLISHER ACADEMIC PRESS, INC 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10003 United Kingdom Edition published by ACADEMIC PRESS, INC (LONDON) LTD 24/28 Oval Road, London NWI LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARDNUMBER:50-5598 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA CONTENTS CONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME25 , , ix PREFACE xi PHOSPHORUS IN RUNOFF AND STREAMS J C RYDEN,J K SYERS,AND R F HARRIS I Introduction 11 Terminology 111 Factors Affecting the Dynamics of Phosphorus in Runoff and Streams IV Phosphorus Loads in Runoff and Streams V Impact of Phosphorus Carried in Streams on Standing Waters VI Present Status and Outlook , , , , , References 20 37 38 41 CRIMSON CLOVER W E KNIGHTAND E A HOLLOWELL I 11 111 Morphology Physiology , , Culture Utilization IV V VI VII VIII Conclusions , 48 50 52 57 65 68 12 73 ZERO-TILLAGE K BAEUMERAND W A P BAKERMANS Introduction: The Concept of Zero-Tillage 11 Comparison of Environmental Conditions in Tilled and Untilled Soils 111 Effects of Zero-Tillage on Plant Growth IV Crop Husbandry , , , , , V Evaluation of Zero-Tillage in Farming Systems VI Conclusion References V 78 80 95 103 113 119 120 vi CONTENTS THE GENETIC CONTROL OF FLOWERING AND GROWTH IN SORGHUM J R QUINBY I 11 111 The Floral Stimulus IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Implications to Plant Breeding References 160 ION ABSORPTION BY PLANT ROOTS T K HOLXES I Introduction Overview of Nutrient Absorption by Roots Energy-Dependent and Active Ion Transport Kinetics and Selectivity of Ion Absorption Energetics of Ion Transport Proposed Model for Ion Absorption by Roots Summary References 11 111 IV V VI VII 163 164 167 180 198 201 202 LODGING IN WHEAT, AND OATS: THE PHENOMENON, ITS CAUSES, AND PREVENTIVE MEASURES MOSHEJ PINTHUS I 11 111 IV V VI VII VIII Introduction Description and Causes Effects of Lodging on Crop Development and Yield Plant Characters Associated with Lodging Environmental and Agronomic Factors Affecting Lodging Prevention of Lodging Breeding for Lodging Resistance Increased Exploitation of Yield-Promoting Factors Due to the Prevention of Lodging References 210 21 217 223 23 23 246 254 256 vii CONTENTS GENESIS AND MANAGEMENT OF ACID SULFATE SOILS C BLOOMFIELDAND J K COULTER I Introduction 11 The Formation of Sulfides 111 Oxidation of Sulfides IV Mining and Corrosion Problems V Classification and Mapping VI Conditions for Plant Growth VII Management for Agriculture VIII Analysis of Pyritic Soils IX Conclusions References 266 267 278 290 292 296 08 15 318 319 MALTING BARLEY I N THE UNITED STATES G A PETERSON AND A E FOSTER I 11 111 IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Classification of Cultivated Barleys of the United States Quality Testing P Barley Varieties XI11 Malting Barley Pr References cceptable Malting 364 375 AUTHORINDEX SUBJECTINDEX 379 398 This Page Intentionally Left Blank CONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME 25 Numbers in parentheses indicate the pages on which the authors' contributions begin K BAEUMER(77), Faculty of Agriculture, University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Federal Republic of Germany W A P BAKERMANS (77), Institute for Biological and Chemical Research of Field Crops and Herbage, Wageningen, The Netherlands C BLOOMFIELD (265 ) , Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Herts, England J K COULTER( ) , Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Herts, England A E FOSTER(327), Department of Agronomy, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota R F HARRIS( ) , Department of Soil Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin T K HODGES(163), Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana E A HOLLOWELL (47), W.S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland W E KNIGHT (47), U.S Department of Agriculture, Mississippi State, Mississippi 0.A PETERSON (327), Department of Agronomy, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota MOSHEJ PINTHUS(209), The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovot, Israel J R QUINBY ( 125 ) , Pioneer Hi-Bred Company, Plainview, Texas J C RYDEN(1 ), Department of Soil Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin" J K SYERS( I ) , Department of Soil Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin" * Present address: Department of Soil Science, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand ix 386 AUTHOR INDEX Higinbotham, N., 164, 165, 166, 167, 169, 170, 171, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 182, 203, 204, 205, 206 Hill, A V., 184, 204 Hill, D D., 57, 73, 291, 322 Hillsman, G A., 107, 123 Hingston, F J., 9, 42 Hinkle, M E., 279, 290,320 Hirano, J., 221, 258 Hirth, C R., 8, 43 Hoag, B K., 369, 376 Hoagland, D R., 164, 167, 180, 190, 204 Hockett, E A., 358, 376 Hodges, T K., 166, 167, 182, 184, 187, 188, 190, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 203, 204, 205 Hofstee, B H J., 180, 204 Holienka, J., 249 258 Holland, R F., 151, 162, 355, 376 Holliday, R., 240, 242, 258 Hollingworth, S E., 285, 321 Hollis, J P., 303, 304, 321, 324 Hollowell, E A., 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 66, 67, 68, 74, 75, 76 Holmes, M R J., 255, 258 Holmes, N D., 232, 258 Holoien, M O., 362, 363, 375 Holt, C L R., Jr., 32, 40, 43 Holt, E C., 66, 74 Holt, R F., 12, 17, 25, 27, 29, 39, 43, 44, 45 Hood, A E M., 102, 113, 121 Hoogerkamp, M., 107, I21 Hooker, A L., 355, 376 Hope, A B., 164, 165, 179, 202, 204 Hopkins, H T., 180, 182, 204 Hopkins, J W., 371, 372, 376 Hore, F R., 30, 31, 41 Horn, M E., 286, 322 Horowitz, C T., 195, 196, 204 Horsfall, J G., 355, 376 Hoveland, C S., 49, 54, 55, 60, 70, 74 Howard, A., 251, 258 Howard, G L C., 251, 258 Howell, D R., 360, 375 Howse, K R., 96, 122 Hozyo, Y., 216, 232, 258, 259 HruSka, L., 249, 258 Hsi, C H., 347, 376 Hsu, P H., 7, 8, 9, 17, 42 Huang, P M., 371, 377 Hudson, L E., 351, 361,377 Huffman, E O., 7, 42 Hull, R., 237, 259 Hullinger, D L., 20, 44 Humphries, E C., 218, 221, 240, 243, 244, 246, 255, 259 Hungerbiihler, K., 216, 262 Hunt, L A., 341,376 Hunter, H., 364, 376 Hunter, W., 32, 40, 43 Hunzicker, R R., 32, 44 Hurd, E A., 226, 236, 259 Hurd, R G., 200, 205 Hyder, D U., 107, 121 I Igel, H., 81, 94, 121 Il’inskaya-CentiloviE, M A., 254, 259 Intalap, P, 236, 257 Ireland, C F., , 75 Iseri, K T., 2, 43 Ishiwara, T., 302, 323 Islam, A., 267, 322 Ittihadieh, F., 30, 31, 42 Iwata, I., 302, 319 J Jackson, E B., 254, 257 Jackson, M L., 6, 7, 9, 19, 27, 28, 41, 42, 43, 44, 369, 371, 372, 376 Jackson, P C., 164, 182, 187, 204, 205 Jackson, W A., 298, 305, 322 Jacob, F., 183, 206 Jacobson, L., 166, 167, 181, 182, 186, 187, 189, 190, 200, 205, 206 Jacoby, B., 190, 193, 195, 196, 205, 206 James, A L., 286, 291,322 James, E., 52, 56, 58, 68, 74 Jameson, A K., 282, 320 Janitzky, P., 271, 322 Jankovi6, M., 219, 220, 252, 259 Jarvis, R H., 238, 258 Jaworski, N A., 23, 40, 42 AUTHOR INDEX Jeffery, J W O., 311, 312, 313, 321 Jellum, M D., 242, 230, 251, 259 Jennings, D H., 164, 205 Jennings, P R., 355, 376 Jensen, A T., 291, 323 Jensen, H L., 279, 322 Jensen, L A., 57, 73 Jensen, N F., 252, 259 Jeroch, H., 244, 246, 256 Jeschke, W D., 188, 205 Jevtit, S., 239, 240, 259 Joffe, J S., 279, 322 Johansen, C., 165, 205 Johansson, G., 285, 322 Johnson, H P., , 6, 15, 24, 42 Johnson, J., 272, 319 Johnson, V A., 252, 255, 259, 355, 376 Johnson, W H., 114, 115, 116, 122 Johnston, A E., 313, 322 Johnston, W R., 30, 31, 42 Johnstone, W C., 57, Jones, G D., 84, 93, 94, 107, 108, 116, 121, 298, 324 Jones, J N., 90, 91, 97, 98, 100, 101, 121 Jones, L W., 282, 320 Jongmans, A G., 278,324 Jonker, J J., 241, 259 Jonsson, E., 283, 326 Jordan, D O., 11, 42 Jordan, H D., 267, 322 Jordan, J W., 303, 324 Jouan, B., 240, 259 Juday, C., 24, 38, 42 Juncu, A M., 225, 260 Jung, J., 218, 244, 245, 246, 259, 262 Juusela, T., 289, 290, 324 K Kafkafi, U., 9, 11, 18, 42 Kahn, J S., 187, 205 Kahnt, G., 93, 94, 97, 98, 121 Kalk, M., 275, 278, 322 Kambal, A E., 141, 143, 145, I61 Kanapathy, K., 300, 313, 322 Kanaris-Sotiriou, R., 286, 307, 11, 17, 318, 320 Kapelyushnikova, L M., 246, 261 387 Kaplan, I R., 272, 322 Kapp, L C., 66, 74 Karchi, Z., 241, 244, 245, 246, 259, 262 Karilchi, Z., 247, 257 Karper, R E., 126, 127, 132, 136, 141, 143, 145, 147, 148, 149, 151, 152, 153, 155, 156, 158, 161, 162 Katz, P C., 331, 376 Kaufmann, M L., 254, 259, 366, 368, 376 Kay, B L., 107, 121 Keay, R W., 275, 322 Kedem, O., 167, 205 Keenan, T W., 167, 193, 196, 204 Kelly, D P., 269, 270, 282, 322, 325 Kelso, W I., 267, 283, 287, 290, 325 Kendall, P F., 281, 322 Kenny, R., 57, Kensel, N A., 280, 322 Kephart, L W., 48, 54, 55, 57, 67, 74 Kerns, K R., 129, 160 Keulemans, N C., 139, 161 Keup, L E., 7, 8, 22, 38, 42, 43 Khramysheva, L I., 230, 259 Kiesling, R L., 211, 258 Kiesselbach, T A., 126, 161 Kight, T G., 49, 61, 74 Kilgore, B W., 66, 74 Kincade, R T., 106, 110, 114, 121 King, D F., 276, 321 King, H M., 166, 181, 187, 205 Kinra, K L., 240, 259 Kirby, B W., 106, 121 Kirby, E J M., 233, 239, 259 Kirby, J S., 141, 143, 145, 161 Kirkham, D., 96,123 Kitasato, H., 180, 205 Kittrick, J A., 7, 42 Kivenen, E., 312,322 Kivi, E I., 222, 259 Kleinzeller, A., 171, 206 Kline, C K., 96, 122 Kluesener, J., 34, 42 Kneen, E., 328, 332, 334, 335, 346, 376 Knight, A H., 165, 205 Knight, W E., 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 60, 61, 63, 64, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 74, 75, 76 Knoblauch, H C., 6, 28, 43 Koch, E J., 298, 324 AUTHOR INDEX 388 Koch, K., 235, 259 Koehler, W A., 268, 278, 279, 283, 291, 325 Koenig, R F., 373, 377 Kohli, S P., 210, 224, 231, 247, 251, 252, 259, 260 Kohnke, H., 92, 121 Kolodny, L., 6, 28, 43 Koltay, A., 234, 259 Konzak, C F., 252, 263 Kopeck$, M., 237,259 Koshland, D E., 166, 183, 184, 189, 194, 198, 201, 205 Koval'skil, V V., 236, 259 Kramer, N W., 141, 143, 145, 162 Krantz, B A., 233, 262 Kroetz, M E., 92, 122 Kucera, H L., 374, 377 Kuipers, H., 80, 121 Kumazawa, K., 302,323 Kunishi, H M., 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 40, 43, 44 Kylin, A., 195, 196, 201, 204, 205 Kyzlasov, V G., 231, 259 L Lahav, N., 9, 43 Lahr, K A., 141, 143, 145, 162 Laidlaw, H C., 371, 377 Lakshmanarn, C., 288, 322 LaMaster, J P., 66, 75 Lambert, J W., 347, 376 Landesman, J., 280, 321 Lane, H C., 126, 130, 139, 161 Lang, A., 129, 161, 371, 372, 377 Langbein, W B., 2, 43 Langdale, G W., 107, 120 Langford, W R., 66, 75 Langston, R., 13, 43 Larsen, J E., 13, 43 Larson, R I., 232, 258 Larson, W E., 91, 95, 96, 101, 121, 122, 123 Laties, G G., 165, 182, 189, 200, 203, 205, 207 Latterell, J J., 12, 17, 43, 45 Laude, H H., 219, 220, 222,259, 261 Lawton, G W., 32, 40, 43 Leathen, W W., 279, 322 Lee, B., 187, 206 Lee, G F., 1, 17, 32, 40, 41, 43 Lee, H S., 69, 75 Lefebre-Drouet, E., 288, 322 Leggett, J E., 180, 182, 204, 205 Lejeune, A J., 347, 371, 377 Lekes, J., 219, 250, 254, 259, 263 Lelley, I., 237, 259 Lemaire, J M., 240, 259 Leng, E R., 147, 161 Leonard, R T., 166, 167, 182, 184, 193, 194, 195, 196, 198, 204, 205 Leopold, A C., 126, 129, 132, 135, 161 Le Roux, N W.,281, 282, 322 Lesch, S F., 243, 259 Lessman, L J., 150, 161 Levitzki, A., 183, 205 Lewis, W M., 110, 11 1, 121 Liang, G H., 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 161, 162 Lienhard, M., 57, 74 Likens, G E., 23, 41 Lillard, J H., 90 91, 97, 98, 100, 101, 121, 122 Lim, S M., 57, 75 Lindsay, W L., 7, 43 Lineweaver, H., 180, 205 Linser, H., 243, 260 Lipman, J G., 279, 322 Lips, S H., 200, 207 Little, J W., 360, 375 Lockard, R G., 301, 322 Loe, R., 301, 325 Lofgren, J R., 360, 377 Lolko, A N , 236, 260 Loneragan, J F., 165,205 Lorenz, W C., 278, 322 Lorrirnore, J C., 32, 44 Lovato, A., 234, 244, 260 Love, R M., 48, 76 Lowe, L B., 218, 221, 240, 244, 260 Lowery, J C., 66, 75 Lucas, W J., 200, 205 Luke, C L., 17, 322 Lund, E J , 167, 205, 207 Lund, Z F., 298,319 Lundeglrdh, H., 190, 205 Lundgren, D G., 280,325 Lupton, F G H., 350, 351, 375 AUTHOR INDEX Luttge, U., 176, 182, 205, 206 Lynn, W C., 285, 322 M Maas, G., 226, 244, 246, 260 McCalla, T M., 33, 42, 96, 119, 121, 122 McCarty, P L., 3, 21, 32, 40, 43 McCaughey, W F., 242, 257 Maclean, L E R., 244,260 McClure, J W., 144, 161 MacDonald, I R., 165, 205 McDonald, M J., 8, 9, 45, 232, 258 MacEachern, C R., 371, 372, 375 McFadden, A D., 366, 368, 376 Machado, W C., 64, 75 McIntyre, L D., 279, 322 McKee, G D., 8, 43 McKee, R., 54, 56, 75 Mackenthun, K M., 1, 2, 8, 43 McKercher, R B., 8, 9, 43, 44 Macklon, A E S., 175, 177, 178, 205 McLean, E O., 288,322 McLean, H C., 279, 322 MacLennan, D H., 195, 205 Macnae, W., 275, 278, 322 McNeal, F H., 252,256 MacRobbie, E A C., 164, 167, 169, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 191, 192, 205 Maddens, K., 244, 260 Madison, K M., 279, 322 Magistad, C., 298, 322 Mahapatra, I C., 306, 323 Malkani, T J., 250, 260 Manning, S H , 210, 217, 260 Marchant, W H., 233, 235, 260 Marchlewitz, B., 282, 290, 322 Marinos, N G., 164, 20bi Martens, D C., 84, 93, 94, 97, 108, 116, 121, 122 Martin, F J., 291, 322 Martin, J P., 12, 43, 300, 322 Martin, K H., 221, 244, 260 Martini, M L., 328, 335, 336, 376 Mashtakov, S M., 245, 260 Maslyanaya, M K., 236, 259 Mason, J L., 235, 257 Massey, H F., 6, 27, 28, 43, 279, 319 389 Matchett, R W., 359, 377 Matelski, R P., 7, 44 Matz, S A., 363,377 May, R F., 278, 322 Mayr, H H., 243, 260 Mayton, E L., 49, 74 Mehard, C W , 197, 206 Meijer, C L C., 182, 202 Mellor, J W., 281, 323 Melville, G E., 315, 323 Mendel, G., 146, 161 Meredith, W S., 341, 346, 347, 351, 361, 362, 369, 370, 371, 375, 377 Metwally, A., 187, 204 Met'zler, D F., 21, 43 Micke, A., 253, 262 Middleton, F M., 21, 43 Midgley, A R., 32, 33, 43 Mielke, H., 210, 217, 260 Mielke, L N., 32, 44 Mikala, F., 239, 257 Mikolenko, T A., 216, 257 Miladinovic, N., 218, 221, 260 Milifa, C I., 225, 260 Millar, C E., 32, 43 Millar, W E., 38, 40, 43 Miller, F L., 126, 136, 137, 138, 139, 152, 156, 161, 229, 235, 250, 260 Miller, L P., 271, 323 Miller, R B., 20, 43 Minshall, N E., 25, 26, 39, 40, 43, 45 Mishra, D N., 250, 260 Mi%, T., 242, 256 Misra, K P., 235, 261 Misra, R D., 233, 255, 260, 262 Mitchell, P., 197, 198, 201, 206 Mitsui, S., 302, 323 Miyake, K., 323 Mohan, Ram, H Y , 246, 260 Moldenhauer, W C., 5, 6, 15, 24, 42 Money, N S., 267,325 Monod, J., 183, 206 Moody, J E., 90, 100, I21 Moore, C L., 197, 206 Moore, D P., 186, 187, 205, 271, 319 Moore, H I., 210, 245, 260 Moore, R P., 60, 75 Moorman, F R., 267, 274, 305, 306, 310, 323 Morey, D D., 233, 235,260 390 AUTHOR INDEX Morley, F H W., 56, 75 Morris, V H., 218, 232, 263 Morrison, D., 238, 256 Morton, J F., 302, 323 Moschler, W W., 84, 93, 94, 97, 100, 107, 108, 109, 116, 117, 121, 122 Mosconi, C., 233, 254, 261 Moseman, J G., 328, 332, 335, 337, 338, 350, 364, 366, 367, 368, 369, 372, 373, 377 Moser, F., 58, 75 Motomura, S., 303, 323 Mott, P A., 60, 74 Mott, R L., 186, 207 Mukherjee, K K., 210, 224, 231, 247, 251, 252,259, 260 Mulder, E G., 218, 221, 222, 223, 225, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 260, 289, 323 Muljadi, D., 9, 43 Mulleriyawa, R P., 302, 325 Multamaki, K., 224, 226, 228, 229, 260 Murakami, H.,282, 323 Murdock, J T., 8, 11, 44 Murphy, H C., 229, 247, 248, 251, 253, 260 Murphy, J V., 197, 207 Murray, R., 246, 260 Murthy, K N., 141, 161 Musick, G J , 102, 121 Muszynska, K., 251, 262 Mutatkar, U K., 288, 323 Myhre, D., 362, 375 N Naftel, J A., 52, 57, 58, 75 Nagal, K., 253, 260 Nagur, T., 141, 161 Nair, T J., 267, 323 Nambiar, E P., 267, 323 Nanda, K K., 137, 161, 233, 260 Napier, E., 282, 323 Nasr, H G., 251, 260 NBtr, L., 225, 254, 260 Navasero, S A,, 298, 299, 300, 301, 305, 325 Neal, R., 6, 43 Neckers, J W., 315, 323 Neirinckx, L J A., 165, 176, 206 Nelson, C E., 240, 260 Nelson, D W., 27, 39, 43 Nelson H., 195, 206 Nelson, N., 195, 206 Nerncek, O., 171, 206 Neucere, N J., 195, 202 Neumann, J., 195, 204,206 Newbould, P., 96, 122 Nhung, M M., 299, 300, 303, 306, 314, 323 Nichols, M S., 25, 26, 39, 40, 43, 45 Niehaus, N H., 141, 144, 145, 161 Nightingale, G J., 235, 260 Nilan, R A., 351, 377 Nilsson, H E., 216, 260 Nilsson, L G , 233, 260 Nishimura, S., 243, 260 Nissen, P., 166, 182, 184, 206 Nitsch, J P., 140, 161 Njgis, A., 237, 260 Nobel, P., 191, 206 Noggle, J C., 180, 182, 203, 206 Norden, A J , 219, 220, 224, 229, 251, 252, 257, 260, 261 Norstadt, F A., 96, 121, 122 Norum, E B., 369, 370, 371, 372, 377, 78 Nuttall, A M., 245, 256 Nykvist, N., 17, 43 Oberlander, H E., 182, 203 Oda, K., 211, 212, 216, 219, 224, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 250, 259, 261, 262 Ogata, G., 271, 323 Ohle, W.,1, 43 Ohlmeyer, D W., 363,377 Ohlsson, I., 239, 256 Okajirna, H., 302, 323 Olien, C R., 328, 332, 335, 337, 338, 350, 364, 366, 367, 368, 369, 372, 373, 377 Olsen, S R., 9, 41, 43 Olson, P J., 219, 220, 262, 347, 369, 370, 371, 377 Olson, W J., 334, 341, 344, 376, 377 AUTHOR INDEX Ordin, L., 167, 182, 189, 190, 200, 205, 206 Orlovsky, N V., 271, 325 Osborne, W E., 360, 375 Osmond, C A., 108, 110, 122 Osterhout, W J V., 166, 167, 180, 206 Ota, Y., 302, 326 Otzen, D., 282, 283, 315, 324 Overstreet, R., 166, 181, 186, 187, 204, 205, 206 Owen, R E., 107, 121 Ozanne, P G., 13, 43 P Paden, W R., 58, 59, 75 Page, N R., 58, 59, 75 Pal, B P., 253, 254, 261 Paleev, A M , 210, 261 Pallaghy, C K., 165, 166, 173, 176, 177, 178, 206, 207 Pallas, J E., 96, 120 Palmer, C M., 21, 43 Palmer, R., 282, 320 Pape, G., 92, 97, 98, 108, 113, 120, I21 Paquet, J., 246, 253, 261 Pardee, A B., 183, 204 Park, J K., 64, 75 Park, Y D., 302, 323 Parker, D T., 83, 91, 95, 98, 100, 101, 122 Parker, E M., 54, 73 Parker, F W., 12, 44, 63, 64, 76 Parker, M C., 57, 73 Parr, J F., 289, 323 Parr, S W., 279, 324 Parrish, L P., 8, 43 Pasela, E., 233, 261 Patanothai, A., 126, 141, 143, 151, 161 Patrick, R., 289, 325 Patrick, W H., 269, 299, 306, 320, 323 Patterson, F L., 21 1, 224, 231, 242, 256, 261 Patterson, R M., 59, 61, 75 Pauli, A W., 142, 162, 219, 220, 222, 259, 261 Pearson, R W., 58, 75, 297, 319 Pecrot, A., 284, 286,321 Pedersen, E J N., 247, 261 Peev, H., 244,261 391 PeiIakhov, U I., 234, 256 Pendleton, J W., 219, 220, 223, 261, 263, 371, 372, 377 Penniston, J T., 197, 204 Penny, A., 237,241,263 Penth, B., 182, 206 Penzhorn, E J., 243, 259 Peperzak, P., 32, 44 Percival, J., 216, 226, 232, 239, 249, 261 Peters, D C., 355, 376 Peters, R A., 102, 106, 122 Petersen, L., 290, 291, 318, 323 Peterson, A E., 32, 40, 43, 362, 363, 75 Peterson, G A,, 347, 351, 356, 357, 360, 361, 366, 368, 369, 376, 377 Peterson, L K., 232, 258 Petinov, N S., 219, 231, 249, 261 Petr, F., 229, 247, 248, 251, 253, 260 Petr, J., 244, 246, 261 Petrov, G., 242, 261 Pfeifer, R P., 347, 359, 377 Pham, H-A., 306, 323 Phillips, R E., 90, 94, 95, 108, 120 Phillips, S H., 90, 120 Phillips, W M , 105, 110, 118, 122 Phinney, B O., 133, 161 Picard, J., 69, 75 Pickett, R C., 141, 144, 145, 160, 161 Pierce, R S., 23, 41, 165, 166, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 206 Pierre, W H., 12, 44 Pieters, A J., 48, 51, 75 Pikush, G R., 218, 219, 263 Piland, J R., 58, 75 Pillsbury, A F., 30, 1, 42 Pinck, L A., 11, 44 Pinthus, M J., 218, 222, 226, 228, 231, 244, 245, 254,261, 262 Pirjol, L., 225, 260 Pitman, M G., 165, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 180, 187, 188, 199, 200, 206 Pitts, R G., 303, 323 Poehlman, J M., 373, 375 Poelman, J N B., 266, 268, 315, 323 PolBIek, J., 244, 246, 261 Polya, G M., 167, 190, 195, 202, 206 Pomeranz, Y , 373, 377 392 AUTHOR INDEX Ponnamperuma, F N., 299, 300, 301, 303,306,308, 314,323 Ponornarenko, A D., 253, 261 Ponomarev, V I., 210, 257 Pons, L J., 273, 274, 277, 278, 286, 310, 314, 315, 316, 317, 320, 323, 324 Poole, R J., 171, 177, 178, 182, 188, 189, 204, 206 Pope, M N., 328, 335, 313, 376 Posner, A M., 9, 11, 18, 42, 43 Postgate, J R., 269, 270, 271, 302, 320, 324 Potts, E C., 66, 74 Poux, N., 193, 206 Powell, A R., 279, 324 Powell, J D., 49, 73 Powell, R W., 96, 122 Power, J F., 91, 120 Pratt, G L., 373, 374, 378 Prescott, J A., 9, 44 Presoly, E., 243, 260 Preston, J B., 61, 75 Price, P B., 328, 332, 335, 337, 338, 350, 364, 366, 367, 368, 369, 312, 373, 377 Primost, E., 218, 243, 261 Prince, A L., 187, 202 Pringsheim, E G., 289, 324 Pritchard, A J., 68, 75 Pritchett, W L., 288, 323 Prokudina, P I., 245, 260 Prowse, G A., 315, 324 Pruden, G., 267, 283, 287, 290, 316, 317, 324, 325 Prusakova, L D., 231, 246, 261 Puustjarvi, V., 289, 290, 324 Pyatygin, A V., 235, 242, 261 Pykhtin, N I., 218, 219, 263 Q Quinby, J R., 126, 127, 128, 131, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 142, 143, 144, 145, 147, 148, 151, 152, 155, 156, 157, 158, 162 Quirk, J P., 9, 11, 18, 42, 43 Quispel, A., 282, 283, 315, 324 132, 141, 149, 161, R Rachie, K O., 158, 162 Racker, E., 195, 206 Raheja, P C., 218, 225, 235,257, 261 Rains, D W., 166, 181, 182, 186, 189, 191, 192, 203, 206 Rarnage, R T., 359, 377, 378 Rarnaswamy, K R., 225, 226, 261 Rampton, H H., 48, 53, 55, 67, 75 Randolph, N M., 64, 75 Rao, V P., 136, 160 Raven, J A., 167, 191, 192, 200, 206 Rasmussen, K., 279, 290, 291, 318, 323, 324 Rasrnusson, D C., 346, 347, 351, 360, 377 Ratner, A., 193, 195, 196, 206 Raven, J A., 167, 191, 192, 200, 206 Raychaudhuri, S P., 267, 324 Read, D W L., 232, 256 Reddy, T V., 136, 160 Reed, J K., 64, 75 Reichard, T., 245, 261 Reicosky, S C., 288, 322 Reid, D A,, 298, 324, 328, 332, 335, 337, 338, 350, 364, 366, 367, 368, 369, 372, 313, 377,378 Reisenauer, H M., 58, 75 Rennie, D A., 9, 44 Rhixon, L., 95, 122 Rhoades, M M., 355,376 Rich, C I., 9, 44 Richards, P W., 275,324 Rickard, D T., 271, 272, 274, 324 Rittenberg, S C., 272, 322 Rizk, S G., 271, 319 Robbins, C W., 30, 1, 41 Robeck, G G., 27, 29, 45 Roberts, H A., 101, 122 Roberts, S., 240, 260 Roberts, W M B., 271, 324 Robertson, D W., 373, 377 Robertson, L S., 240, 259, 371, 376 Robertson, R N., 164, 165, 190, 191, 197, 202, 206, 207 Robins, J S.,241, 261 Robinson, G S., 94, 97, 98, 113, 121 Robinson, R.,113, 122 AUTHOR INDEX Rocquero de Laburu, C., 267, 324 Rodger, J B A., 224, 238, 261 Rodriguez-Kabana, R., 303, 304,321,324 Rogers, H T., 6, 44, 52, 57, 68, 70, 75 Rohlich, G A,, 1, 44 Roman, A., 252, 261, 262 Roman, T., 251, 262 Romkens, M J M., 27, 39, 43 Rorison, I H., 297, 301, 305, 324 Rosenbusch, H K., 341,377 Rosene, H F., 167, 207 Rosevear, D R., 275, 324 Ross, C., 190, 202 Roth, C B., 9, 44 Rotunno, C A., 173, 202 Rowland, H., 347,377 Roy, A B., 269, 271, 324 Ruckenbauer, P., 246, 262 Rudich, J., 218, 241, 244, 245, 259, 261, 62 Rudolphs, W., 279, 324 Ruhm, E., 84, , 88, 121 Russell, E J., 9, 44 Rustagi, P N., 246, 260 Rutger, J N., 347, 351, 352, 377 Ryden, J C., 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 34, 36, 40, 42, 44 S Sachs, R M., 232, 262 Saddler, H D W., 177, 178, 180, 188, 206, 207 I Sadler, W R., 282, 324 Sage, G C M., 233,262 Sagher, A., 19,44 Salisbury, F B., 129, 140, 162 Sallans, H R., 341, 346, 347, 361, 375 Salmon, S C., 229, 262 Salt, G A., 240, 245, 262 Salt, J K., 298, 320 Sandal, P C., 69, 75 Sarkissian, I V., 133, 162 Sato, J., 303, 326 Saunders, W M H., 6, 8, 44, 45 Savory, H J., 276, 324 Sawhney, K L., 233, 260 Sawyer, C N., 2, 21, 44 Scarascia, Mugnozza, G T., 233, 253, 254, 256, 262 393 Scarseth, G D., 6, 9, 44 Schafer, J F., 211, 231, 242, 261 Schaller, C W., 347, 351, 352, 377 Scheltema, W., 288, 324 Schertz, K F., 132, 133, 135, 148, 162 Schilling, G., 244, 246, 256 Schmidt, B L., 90, 92, 114, 122 Schmidt, D., 55, 75 Schmidt, J W., 239, 240, 252, 256, 259 Schonbrunner, J., 245, 261 Schooler, A B., 358, 359, 376, 377 Schraufnagel, R H., 32, 40, 43 Schultz, J E., 218, 262 Schwarta, D., 282, 290, 322 Schwerdtle, F., 81, 96, 101, 102, I22 Scott, B I H., 165, 166, 173, 176, 177, 178, 206, 207 Scott, C O., 9, 41 Scott, E S., 284, 320 Scott, N M., 8, 9, 45 Sears, R D., 109, 121 Sechler, D T., 224, 226, 228, 250, 252, 262 Seidl, S F., 341, 377 Sell, E., 54, 73 Semikhov, V F., 235, 242, 261 Sethi, K L., 224, 231, 247, 251, 252, 259, 260 Sexton, R., 195, 207 Sfat, M R., 341, 377 Shah, R., 6, 7, 44, 45 Shands, H L., 229, 231, 249, 251, 258, 260, 334, 364, 373, 376, 377 Shands, R G., 328, 332, 335, 337, 338, 350, 364, 366, 367, 368, 369, 372, 373, 377 Shanholtz, V O., 90, 91, 100, 101, 122 Shapiro, R E., 180, 203 Sharma, K C., 233, 255, 260, 262 Shaw, W C., 328, 332, 335, 337, 338, 350, 364, 366, 367, 368, 369, 372, 373, 377 Shear, G M., 84, 93, 94, 97, 98, 100, 107, 108, 109, 117, 121, 122 Shellenberger, J A,, 334, 346, 377 Shen, M J., 9, 44 Shepherd, W D., 204 Sherman, M S.,11,44 Shiori, M., 303, 324 Shipp, R R., 7, 44 94 AUTHOR INDEX Shrivastava, M M P., 235, 262 Shukla, S S., 18, 44 Sieglinger, I B., 144, 162 Sigler, K., 171, 206 Sigurbjornsson, B., 253, 256, 262 Sillampla, M., 233, 262 Simpson, E C., 19, 20, 23, 24, 25, 26, 30, 39, 40, 44 Singer, L., 187, 207 Singh, B., 250, 262 Singh, V P., 255, 260 Sioli, H., 267, 324 Sirohi, G S., 233, 260 Sisler, W W., 219, 220, 262, 351, 377 Skopik, P., 226, 262 Skorda, E A., 235, 244, 262 Skou, J C., 188, 192, 193, 196, 207 Skuciikka, B., 225, 262 Slager, S., 278, 324 Slater, E C., 197, 207 Slayman, C L., 179, 207 Smika, D E., 91, 122 Smillie, G W., 9, 19, 44 Smith, D D., , 45 Smith, E L., 104, 107, 122, 214, 224, 230, 231, 258, 350, 351, 377 Smith, F A., 200, 205, 207 Smith, J D., 141, 143, 144, 145, 160 Smith, K E., 5 , 75 Smittenberg, J., 315, 324 Snellgrove, R A., 284, 320 Sokolski, S., 9, 42 Solomon,A K., 172, 203 Sombatpanit, S., 268, 306, 307, 324 Sommers, L E., 11, 44 Soper, R J., 371, 377 Soubies, L., 232, 234, 257 Southern, B L., 267,325 Spahr, K., 226, 228, 235, 262 Spanswick, R M., 179,207 Spencer, W F., 289,325 Sprague, G F., 355,376 Sprout, P N., 284, 320 Staltenberg, H A., 21, 43 Standridge, N N., 373, 377 Stanford, G., 372, 375 Stanley, R L., 64, 75 Starling, T M., 298, 324 Stauffer, W., 239, 240, 258 Steers, J P., 274, 325 Stelly, M., 58, 61, 73 Stephens, J C., 61, 75, 141, 143, 145, 151, 162 Stephens, S G., 355, 376 Stephenson, H F., 7, 43 Stevens, P G., 165, 204 Steward, F C., 186, 189, 207 Stewart, F., 49, 52, 58, 62, 66, 75 Stewart, K M., 1, 44 Stewart, R K., 22, 38, 43 Stibbe, E., 118, 122 Stickler, F C., 104, 111, 122, 142, 162 Stief, K J., 164, 187, 205 Stitt, R E., 56, 75 Stoltenberg, N L., 6, 27, 28, 44 StranBk, A., 96, 122 Streeter, J G., 347, 377 Strutsovskaya, E S., 225, 228, 230, 247, 262 Sturnm, W., 8, 44 Sturm, H., 218, 244, 245, 259, 262 Suan, L-T., 23 1, 249, 262 Subramoney, N., 267, 323 Sukhai, A P., 298, 299, 310, 320 Sullivan, S L., 69, 75, 76 Sullivan, W T., 20, 44 Sumpter, N A., 133, 162 Suneson, C A., 328, 332, 335, 337, 338, 350, 358, 364, 367, 368, 369, 372, 373, 377 Surganova, L D., 230, 234, 256, 262 Sutcliffe, J F., 164, 195, 200, 205, 207 Sutton, P., 108, 110, 122 Suzuki, M., 216, 224, 228, 229, 230, 250, 261 Swanson, N P., 32, 44 Syers, J K., 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 34, 36, 40, 42, 44, 45 Sylvester, R 20, 23, 30, 31, 35, 44 Syme, R., 218, 262 Szabolcs, I., 271, 325 T Tabatabai, M A., 317, 325 Takagi, S., 302, 323 Takahashi, Y.,302, 319 Takijima, Y.,300, 325 Takimoto, A., 130, 162 395 AUTHOR INDEX Talibudeen, O., 7, 41 Tammen, J., 355, 376 Tanada, T., 303, 324 Tanaka, A., 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 323, 325 Tash, I C., 38, 40, 43 Taylor, A W., 2, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25, 26, 30, 38, 39, 40, 43, 44 Taylor, T H., 57, 73, 96, 104, 107, 122 Teakle, L J H., 267, 325 Teetes, G L., 64, 75 Teichmann, W., 236, 263 Temple, K L., 268, 278, 279, 280, 283, 291, 325 Templeton, W C., 96, 104, 107, 122 Teorell, T., 169, 172, 207 TeterjatEenko, K G., 254, 259 Thampi, P S , 267, 325 Thimann, K V., 140, 144, 162 Thomas, G W , 28, 44, 94, 95, 97, 108, 120, 122 Thomas, J G., 63, 64, 76 Thomas, R C., 179, 207 Thompson, J G., 268, 325 Thompson, R K., 238, 242, 254, 257 Tirnmons, D R., 12, 17, 25, 27, 29, 39, 43, 44 Timoshenko, S., 214, 262 Tippens, H H., 63, 64, Tomlinson, T E., 92, 94, 122, 275, 299, 325 Toole, E H., 55, 76 Toosey, R D., 107, 113, 122 Torii, K., 182, 200, 207 Trafford, B D., 267, 283, 287, 290, 325 Triplett, G B., 90, 92, 93, 94, 97, 100, 107, 108, 109, 110, 114, 115, 116, 121, 122 Troughton, A., 226, 234, 236, 262 Trudinger, P A., 269, 271, 282, 324, 325 Triiper, H G , 270, 325 Tuite, J F., 374, 377 Tunik, B M., 8, 42 Tuovinen, H., 282,325 Turk, L M., 32, 43 Turkova, N S., 231, 236, 249, 262 Turner, J S , 190, 207 Turner, P D., 298, 306, 325 Twenhofel, W M., 37, 45 U Uctum, S., 216, 262 Udagawa, T., 211, 212, 216, 219, 224, 228, 229, 230, 231, 250, 261, 262 Ullah, S M., 267, 322 Ulrnann, L., 241, 262 Ulrich, A., 189, 190, 200, 207 Unger, P W., 118, 122 Unz, R F., 280, 325 Upadhyaya, B R., 360, 377 Urmantsev, Ju A., 219, 249, 261 Ussing, H H., 165, 167, 169, 172, 207 V Vaadia, Y , 182, 200, 204, 207 Vaidya, S M., 250, 260, 262 Virnos, R., 302, 303, 325 van Beers, W E J., 266, 286, 325 van Breemen, N., 277, 278, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 289, 307, 310, 311, 316, 319, 325 van den Honert, T H., 166, 180, 207 van der Kevie, W., 267, 273, 274, 275, 286, 293, 295, 310, 311, 324, 325 Van Doren, D M., 90, 93, 94, 97, 100, 108, 109, 110, 114, 115, 116, I22 Van Duin, R H A,, 91, 122 van Holst, A F., 292, 296, 325, 326 Van Keuren, R W., 107, 121 Vann, J H., 276,325 Van Ouwerkerk, C., 84, 85, 88, 122 van Staveren, J M., 286, 321 Van Wijk, W R., 91, 101, 122 Varghese, T., 267, 325 Vasey, E H., 12, 41, 369, 370, 371, 372, 375, 378 Vasil’eva, L N., 236, 262 Vasington, F D., 197, 207 Vaughn, C E., 56, 76 Venkateswarlu, P., 187, 207 Venturi, G., 234, 244, 260 Verhoop, J A D., 325 Verner, A R., 271, 325 Vetter, H., 236, 241, 263 Vez, A., 82, 84, 113, 122, 123, 238, 263 Vieillefon, J., 267, 307, 325, 326 Vielvoye, L., 284, 286, 321 Viets, F G., 186, 207 396 AUTHOR INDEX Vikitenko, Z I., 231, 263 Vlamis, J., 190, 207 Voelcker, W M., 37, 45 Vogel A., 217, 252, 254, 256 Vogel, S L., 374, 378 Voigt, R L., 137, 138, 162 Vollenweider, R A., 1, 3, 19, 45 von Gliemeroth, G., 54, 76 von Horn, A., 48, 76 von Willert, K., 176, 206 Voorhees, E B., 65, 66, 76 Vorobiev, L N , 170, 207 Vullioud, P., 84, 113, I23 W Wadsworth, M E., 282, 326 Wagner, D F., 367, 371, 372, 378 Wahhab, A., 235,263 Waisel, Y.,195, 196, 204 Waksman, S A., 279, 322 Walden, C C., 280, 321 Waldschmidt, U., 84, 87, 93, 96, 120 Walker, A L., 271, 324 Walker, C R., 315, 323 Walker, J M., 12, 41 Walker, M E., 233, 235, 260 Walker, R B., 282, 320 Walker, T W., 6, 7, 8, 19, 44, 45 Walton, G., 21, 43 Wang, W C., 14, 45 Waring, G A,, 38, 45 Warren, G F., 13, 43 Warshaw, C M., 284, 326 Wa?, L., 228, 250, 251, 263 Watanabe, F S., 9, 43 Watson, C A., 373, 374, 378 Watson, D J., 228, 240, 263 Watson, J G., 275, 276, 326 Watts, J C D., 267, 305, 326 Way, J T., 30, 45 Waywell, C G., 219, 228, 230, 258 Wear, J I., 58, 59, 76 Weaver, J C., 328, 378 Weaver, R N , 16, 43 Webb, B K., 64, 75 Webb, R M., 81, 121 Webber, L R., 25, 26, 39, 41 Webster, H L., 54, 70, 74 Webster, J., 141, 143, 145, 161 Weeks, D C., 190, 207 Weibel, D E., 137, 139, 141, 160 Weibel, R O., 219, 220, 223, 263 Weibel, S R., 20, 21, 27, 29, 34, 35, 36, 45 Weidner, R B., 20, 21, 29, 45 Weigl, J., 176, 182, 190, 206, 207 Weiss, J., 233, 263 Welch, L F., 107, 123 Welch, R M., 182, 207 Wellensick, S J., 128, 162 Wellhausen, H W., 49, 61, 74 Welton, F A., 218, 232, 263 Werkhoven, C H., 92, 121 Westerveld, G J W., 292, 296, 325, 326 Westgate, J M., 48, 54, 66, 76 Wexelsen, H., 68, 76 Wheeler, J L., 113, 123 White, D E., 38, 45 White, E., 16, 20, 45 White, E J., 20, 41 White, J L., 6, 27, 28, 44 White, R W., 10, 45 Whitear, J D., 238, 258 Whittig, L D., 271, 285, 322 Wick, H., 241, 257 Wicks, G A., 91, 106, 122, 123 Widdowson, F V., 237, 241, 263 Wiebe, G A., 328, 332, 335, 337, 338, 350, 359, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 369, 372, 373, 376, 377, 378 Wier, D R., 12, 45 Wiese, A F., 91, 118, 120, 122 Wiggans, S C., 243, 258 Wiklander, L., 283, 326 Wilke, J., 25, 26, 39, 45 Wilkins, M J., 190, 207 Wilkinson, S R., 107, 123 Wilkinson, W., 82, 123 Willey, R W , 240, 263 Williams, C H., 315, 323 Williams, E G., 6, 8, 9, 45 Williams, G R., 197, 202 Williams, J A., 9, 41 Williams, J C., 351, 352, 377 Williams, I D H., 7, 8, 9, 11, 18, 19, 44, 45 Williams, R J B., 31, 38, 41, 241, 263 Williams, W A., 48, 56, 76 397 AUTHOR INDEX Willis, W O., 90, 91, 96, 120, 123 Wilmouth, R R., 84, 93, 94, 108, 116, 121 Wilson, D G., 282, 320 Wilson, J R., 60, 74 Wilson, M J., 11, 42 Wilten, W., 222, 232, 257, 263 Wischmeier, W H., , 45 Witchalls, J T., 240, 244, 263 Witt, P R., Jr., 332, 363, 378 Witzel, S A., 25, 26, 39, 40, 43, 45 Wolf, F A., 63, 76 Wolfe, R S., 289, 326 Woo, S C., 252, 263 Wood, R A,, 282,323 Woods, W R., 33, 42 Woodward, R L., 21, 34, 35, 36, 43, 45, 234, 263, 368, 369, 378 Wright, B C., 233, 255, 260, 262 Wright, E M., 166, 185, 186, 187, 201, 203 Wroot, H E., 281,322 Wiinsche, U., 243, 244, 255, 263 Wyatt, R., 299, 323 Wybrew, J E., 114, I23 Y Yamada, N., 302, 326 Yarnane, I., 303, 326 Yasu, T., 302, 325 Yawalkar, K S., 218, 225, 235, 257, 262 Yokoi, H., 303, 323 Yoshida, H., 221, 258 Yoshida, S., 302, 303, 325 Youker, R E., 90, I21 Young, K B., 32,40,43 Young, R A., 372,377 Youngner, V B., 244, 256 Yuan, T L., 287,326 Yuan, W L., 303, 323 Yueruer, N., 97, 123 Z Zadontsev, A I., 218, 219, 263 Zaumeyer, W J., 355,376 ZeniHEeva, L S., 219, 230, 250, 251, 252, 254, 259, 263 Zhivotkov, L A., 251, 263 Zimina, T K., 224, 230, 263 Zioni, A B., 200, 207 Zohary, M., 48, 76 Zsoldos, F., 303, 326 Zubriski, J C., 367, 369, 370, 371, 372, 377, 378 Zuur, A J., 31 1, 326 Subject Index A D Absorption root, ions, 163-207 Accumulation ratio, 165-170 Active ion transport, 167-180 Agopyron repens, 106, 107 Ahiocho, 302, 303 Aluminum, 298-300, 305 Dallisgrass, 61 Diabrotica longicornis, 102 Diffusion potential, 178-180, 200 Digitaria ischaemum, 102 Digitaria sanguinalis, 106 E B EPTC, 63 S-Ethyl dipropylthiocarbamate, 63 Eyespot, 216-217, 236, 245 Bahiagrass, 61, 67 Banana, 298 Barley, lodging in, 209-263 malting, 327-378 Bermudagrass, 60, 61, 67, 107 Boron, 58 Brassica fodder, 107, 113, 117 Breeding, lodging resistance, 246-254 malting, 327-3 Brusome, 303 F Flowering, genetics of, 127-129, 155 photoperiod, 136-137, 139 physiology of, 129-131, 155 temperature and, 137-138 Flux-ratio analysis, 172-178 G C Calcium, 166, 181, 187 Cassava, 298 Cenchrus incertus, 111 Centrosema, 307 Cercospora zebrina, 63 Cercosporella herpotrichoides, 102, 216 Chloride, 187, 192 2-Chloroethyl trimethylammonium chloride (CCC), 218,223, 243-245,255 [(4-Chloro-o tolyl) oxy] acetic acid, 63 Chlorpropham, 62 Clover head weevil, 63 Copper, 306 Corn, 97, 100, 109, 114-117 Corn rootworm, 102 Cotton, 298 Crimson Clover, 47-76 Cymadothea trifolii, 63 Cynodon dactylon, 107 398 Genetics, crimson clover, 68-71 growth, of, 132-136 malting barley, 350-360 sorghum, 125-162 Gibbsite, 287 Grazing land, 65-66 companion crops, 61-62 Green manure, 66-67 H Herbicides, lodging effect, 243-246 weed control, 62-63, 104-106, 118 Helminthosporium sativum, 356 Helminthosporium teres, 356 Hybrid vigor, 126 genetic control, 146-151 morphological effects, 141-146 399 SUBJECT INDEX Hydrogen sulfide, 302-304 Hypera meles, 63, 64 Hypera nigrirostris, 63 I Ion absorption, 163-207 Iron, 300-301 Irrigation, 241-242 Isopropyl carbanilate, 62 Isopropyl m-chlorocarbanilate, 62 J Jarosite, 283-284, 285 Johnsongrass, 61 K Kudzu, 61 L Lamium amplewicaule, 62 Lespedeza, 61 Lesser clover weevil, 63 Liming, 313-314 Light, ion transport, 191 Lodging, 209-263 Loose smut, 356, 365 M Magnesium, 193 Maize, 109, 114-117 Malting barley, 327-378 Malting process, 332-334 Malt, uses of, 334-335 Manganese, 301 Mangrove, 273, 275-277 MCPA, 63 N Nernst equation, 169-172 Net blotch, 356 Nitrogen, grain yield, 371-372 lodging relationship, 233-235, 236, 24 soil distribution, 94-95, 108-109 Oats, 98, 112 lodging in, 209-263 Ochre, 289-290 Ophiobolus graminis, 102, 216 P Panicum dichotomifiorum, 106 Pasture renovation, 106-107 Phosphorus, 235 absorption of, 97-98 acid sulfate soil, 305-306 runoff, 1-45 soil distribution, 93-94, 108 Photoperiod, temperature, 54-55 Pineapple, 306 Pisum sativum, 128 Plant breeding, 156-160 Plant growth, acid sulfate soils, 296-307 genetics of, 132-136 zero-tillage effects, 95-103 Pollution, mines and spoil, 291-292 Potassium, 171, 178, 181, 184, 194, 235 legume crops, 58 nutrient absorption, 97-98 soil distribution, 93-94 Prediction test, 361-362 Propham, 62 Putcinia graminis tritici, 356 Pueraria, 307 Pyritic soils, 265-326 R Rhizophora, 275-277 Rice, 266, 298-299, 300, 301, 302-303, 306, 309 Root, ion absorption, 163-207 Rose clover, 56 Ryegrass, 61 S Sclerotinia rrifoliorum, 54, 63 Septoria passerinii, 356 400 SUBJECT INDEX Soil, acid sulfate, genesis and management of, 265-326 mapping, 293-296 moisture, 87-91 organic matter, 82-84, 94 phosphorus, 7-14 structure, 80-8 1, 84-87 tilled and untilled compared, 80-95 Sorghum bicolor, 110, 126 Sorghum, genetic control of, 125-162 Soybean, 110 Spot blolch, 356 Stem rust, 356 Straw, decomposition, 82-83 Straw strength, 214-216, 228-229 Sugar beet, 112 Sugar cane, 300 Sulfides, formation of, 267-278 oxidation of, 278-290 T Temperature, ion absorption, 165 lodging and, 232-233 photoperiod and, 137-138 Tillage, 236-237 zero, 77-123 Tillering, 143 Trifolium hirturn 56 Trifolium incarnatum, 48, 50 Trifolium vesiculosum, 49 U Universal Soil Loss Equation, Vstilago nuda, 356, 365 V Vernalization, 54 W Water, phosphorus in runoff, 1-45 soil moisture, 87-91, 96 Waterlogging, 308-3 1 Watershed, agricultural runoff, 25-31, 39 forest runoff, 22-24 manured land, 32-33 urban runoff, 33-36, 40 Weed control, 62-63, 104-106, 118 Wheat, 97, 98, 110, 112 lodging in, 209-263 Zea mays, 126, 133, 146 Zero-tillage, 77-1 23 B S C D E F G H J B O ... dissolved forms of P Increased turbulence in streams during high flow, or arising from an increasing gradient, will tend to maintain in suspension particle sizes more PHOSPHORUS IN RUNOFF AND STREAMS... PINTHUS J R QUINBY J C RYDEN J K SYERS ADVANCES IN AGRONOMY Prepared under the Auspices of the AMERICAN SOCIETY AGRONOMY OF VOLUME 25 Edited by N C BRADY International Rice Research Institute Manila,... et al (1972a), involved desorption following sorption of P from solutions containing P concentrations in excess of those commonly found in soil-water ecosystems In studies involving the sorption
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Xem thêm: Advances in agronomy volume 25 , Advances in agronomy volume 25 , CHAPTER 1. PHOSPHORUS IN RUNOFF AND STREAMS, III. Factors Affecting the Dynamics of Phosphorus in Runoff and Streams, IV. Phosphorus Loads in Runoff and Streams, VI. Present Status and Outlook, II. Comparison of Environmental Conditions in Tilled and Untilled Soils, III. Effects of Zero-Tillage on Plant Growth, V. Evaluation of Zero-Tillage in Farming Systems, CHAPTER 4. THE GENETIC CONTROL OF FLOWERING AND GROWTH IN SORGHUM, V. Genetics and Physiology of Cell Elongation, VI. Influence of Photoperiod, Temperature, and Leaf Area on Flowering, VIII. Morphological Effects of Hybrid Vigor in Sorghum, IX. Genetic Control of Hybrid Vigor in Sorghum, X. Sorghum Genotypes as Experimental Subjects, XII. Implications to Plant Breeding, II. Overview of Nutrient Absorption by Roots, III. Energy-Dependent and Active Ion Transport, IV. Kinetics and Selectivity of Ion Absorption, V. Energetics of Ion Transport, VI. Proposed Model for Ion Absorption by Roots, CHAPTER 6. LODGING IN WHEAT, AND OATS: THE PHENOMENON, ITS CAUSES, AND PREVENTIVE MEASURES, III. Effects of Lodging on Crop Development and Yield, IV. Plant Characters Associated with Lodging, V. Environmental and Agronomic Factors Affecting Lodging, VII. Breeding for Lodging Resistance, VIII. Increased Exploitation of Yield-Promoting Factors Due to the Prevention of Lodging, II. The Formation of Sulfides, IV. Mining and Corrosion Problems, VI. Conditions for Plant Growth, VIII. Analysis of Pyritic Soils, II. History of Malting Barley Production in the United States, V. Classification of Cultivated Barleys of the United States, VII. Requirements of Malting Barley, IX. Barley and Malt Intercharacter Correlations, X. Genetics and Breeding of Malting Barley, XII. Quality Testing Procedures Used to Develop Acceptable Malting Barley Varieties, XIII. Malting Barley Production Practices

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