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1. WHAT IS PUBLIC SPEAKING?2. THE IMPORTANCE OF PUBLIC SPEAKING3. STRATEGIES FOR PUBLIC SPEAKING4. TOPICS FOR PUBLIC SPEAKING15+ Effective Public Speaking Skills Techniques to Master4. TOPICS FOR PUBLIC SPEAKING1. The benefits and uses of a tablet PC.2. The benefits and uses of a smart TV smart phone3. The benefits and uses of a digital camera.4. A famous festival in Vietnam or in the world5. A game show on TV6. A country you know or like best7. A famous personcelebrity you admire8. the importance of English4. TOPICS FOR PUBLIC SPEAKING1. The benefits and uses of a tablet PC.2. The benefits and uses of a smart TV smart phone3. The benefits and uses of a digital camera.4. A famous festival in Vietnam or in the world5. A game show on TV6. A country you know or like best7. A famous personcelebrity you admire8. the importance of English4. TOPICS FOR PUBLIC SPEAKING1. The benefits and uses of a tablet PC.2. The benefits and uses of a smart TV smart phone3. The benefits and uses of a digital camera.4. A famous festival in Vietnam or in the world5. A game show on TV6. A country you know or like best7. A famous personcelebrity you admire8. the importance of English4. TOPICS FOR PUBLIC SPEAKING1. The benefits and uses of a tablet PC.2. The benefits and uses of a smart TV smart phone3. The benefits and uses of a digital camera.4. A famous festival in Vietnam or in the world5. A game show on TV6. A country you know or like best7. A famous personcelebrity you admire8. the importance of English PUBLIC SPEAKING SKILL WHAT IS PUBLIC SPEAKING? Public speaking occurs when you give a speech before a live audience THE IMPORTANCE OF PUBLIC SPEAKING being a good public speaker can enhance your reputation, boost your selfconfidence , and open up countless opportunities STRATEGIES FOR PUBLIC SPEAKING • Plan appropriately (information for your topic, detailed outline, idea organization, mind map, visual aids…) • Practice (regular practice with your friends, classmates or by yourself in front of a mirror…) • Engage with your audience ( eye contact to see whether the listeners can keep up with you or your speech or not, asking some leading questions…) • Pay attention to body language (standing up straight, taking deep breaths, looking people in the eye, and smiling…) • Think positively • Cope with your nerves • Watch recordings of your speeches TOPICS FOR PUBLIC SPEAKING The benefits and uses of a tablet PC The benefits and uses of a smart TV/ smart phone The benefits and uses of a digital camera A famous festival in Vietnam or in the world A game show on TV A country you know or like best A famous person/celebrity you admire the importance of English 15+ Effective Public Speaking Skills & Techniques to Master by Laura Spencer Apr 2018 You may think effective speakers are born that way You'd be wrong! Public speaking is a skill that can be learned Most effective public speakers have worked hard to master effective speaking skills and good public speaking techniques They may spend hours practicing, working with a coach, or taking speech courses With practice you too could become an effective public speaker (Image Source: Envato Elements) The good news is that, with the right public speaking techniques, you can improve your public speaking skills and become an effective speaker In this tutorial, we've listed over 15 different public speaking techniques that can help you learn how to become an effective speaker What Is Public Speaking? Public speaking occurs when you give a speech before a live audience It differs from other types of speaking, such as videos, which may be recorded It's also different from online presentations, which are created and then uploaded to the Internet Public speaking has many advantages, including improving your confidence level and giving you the opportunity to champion a cause you care about Plus, having effective public speaking skills can help you find a job Many jobs, such as an instructor or sales professional, require you to speak in public Even when a job doesn't include public speaking in the job description, employers still value candidates with effective public speaking skills In one survey of 600 employers participants indicated that they felt good communication skills were twice as important as managerial skills At this point you may be asking "what makes a good public speaker?" The answer might seem easy: A good public speaker makes use of effective public speaking techniques What are those effective public speaking techniques? That's what we're going to talk about in the rest of this tutorial Now, let's look at how you can deliver an awesome presentation by using effective speaking techniques 15+ Effective Public Speaking Techniques You can learn to become a more effective speaker by using the right techniques and practicing your public speaking skills Here are some techniques to follow: Care About Your Topic Passion goes a long way when it comes to being an effective speaker The audience can tell if you're apathetic If you don't care, they won't care either Even worse, you can come across as a fake On the other hand, if you sincerely care about your topic the audience will pick up on that too They'll view you as being more authentic and believable They'll listen more closely to discover why your subject is so important to you And they're more likely to forgive any minor mistakes you might make Remember Your Speaking Goal We've all probably listened to at least one speaker who seemed to go on and on forever about nothing in particular One reason why this happens is because the speech isn't focused enough The speaker is trying to cover too much and ends up boring their listeners Early in the process of developing your speech, identify the reason why you're speaking Make it a point to stick to this goal during your presentation Don't get sidetracked or off-topic Support Your Main Points Every point you make in your speech needs to be supported with either an example, an illustration, or facts When you're supporting a point, it's best to be as specific as you can be For example, in a speech about the importance of clean water this statement is too vague: "Many people don't have clean water." Stating this statistic from the U.S Center for Disease Control is a more effective way to support your point: "Worldwide, 780 million people not have access to an improved water source." Tell a Story People love a good story So, if you want to be a more effective speaker, tell a story Storytelling is a great way to make your material more engaging and to relate to your audience Make sure your story is relatable and relevant If you're speaking is about your business, here are some examples of stories you may be able to tell: • • A customer story The story of how your product or services met a need for a specific customer or solved a problem Satisfied customers are often happy to share this Your company story The story of how your company came to be This can be especially effective if it's customer-oriented • A product development story The story of how you came to offer a new product (or service) Of course, there are many other types of stories you could tell depending on the type of speaking you are doing Use Presentation Tools Wisely Slide presentations often get a reputation for being dull, but that's because many speakers are unaware of what their presentation tools can and don't make the best use of all the features To better engage your audience, learn how to use the more advanced features of your tool As an example, here are just a few ways you can use PowerPoint and Google Slides (with links to related tutorials): • Add animations (PowerPoint, Google Slides) Add video (PowerPoint, Google Slides) • Add audio (PowerPoint, Google Slides) • Construct a timeline (PowerPoint, Google Slides) • And these features are just the tip of the iceberg To really elevate your public speaking techniques, you'll want to learn everything your presentation software tool can Our tutorial series on Google Slides andPowerPoint are a good place to start Use a Professional Template While we're talking about presentation tools, let's also talk about presentation design Your presentation design affects how your audience perceives you Even if you've memorized your speech, give it perfectly, and have the most amazing topic your audience might still judge you negatively if your presentation design is sloppy and unprofessional Of course, you could use a standard template (the same ones that everyone uses) or design your own template (costly and time-consuming) But a better plan is to use a professionally designed presentation template that you can easily customize The presentation templates from Envato Elements and GraphicRiver, for example, are proven, easy-to-use, and professional And there are hundreds to choose from so you're bound to find one that meets your needs Practice Your Speech One of the most important public speaking techniques is often one of the most overlooked practice If you expect that you'll be an effective speaker without practicing your speech, you'd be wrong One of the quickest ways to avoid public speaking failure is to try and give a speech you don't really know and haven't practiced The old saying, "practice makes perfect," really is true when it comes to developing effective speaking skills The more you practice your speech, the more familiar it will be to you and the more comfortable you'll be giving it Plus, practicing your speech is the only way to discover how long the speech will take and where you need to pause Work With a Coach (optional) If you're really serious about developing effective speaking skills, there's no better way than working with a speech coach or a speech teacher A coach or teacher can teach you the principles of public speaking and point out mistakes in your public speaking techniques that you wouldn't be aware of otherwise While you may be thinking that a speech coach is too pricey (and there are private coaches who'll teach you public speaking), you may be able to find reasonably priced public speaking help through one of the following organizations: • • Toastmasters International Your local community college • Public Speaking Meetup There may even be additional resources close to you Relax! It's normal to be nervous about public speaking The numbers vary, but one study from The National Center for Biotechnology Information estimates that as many as 77% of us have a fear of public speaking It's so common there's an actual technical term for fear of public speaking gloss phobia I'm not telling you this to make you more anxious, but rather to let you know that having some anxiety before giving a speech is perfectly normal Still, you should try to relax if you can You'll be more comfortable, and the audience will relate to you better too If there's something that normally calms you down in stressful situations, try using it right before you're due to speak Popular calming techniques include: • Meditation Exercise • Positive affirmations • Aromatherapy • Music • The following tutorials can also help you fight your fear of public speaking: 10 Don't Worry About Mistakes One of the reasons so many of us fear public speaking is because we're worried that we'll make a mistake and embarrass ourselves in front of everyone If this is your fear, let it go Most audiences will understand if you make a mistake And if it's a small mistake, the audience may not even notice it Of course, practice can dramatically reduce the likelihood of you making a mistake The more you practice the better you'll know your speech and mistakes will be less likely So, what should you if you happen to make a mistake? If it's a minor mistake, don't stop or apologize for your mistake as that only calls attention to it Just continue on If you make a big mistake, try using humor to diffuse the situation and then continue your speech Your listeners will be impressed with how gracefully you handled things 11 Pace Yourself When it comes to public speaking, a common newbie error is to speak too quickly This is usually caused by a combination of nerves and not realizing how fast you're actually speaking But talking too fast makes it harder for your listeners to understand what you're saying Effective public speakers know to pace themselves They'll speak at a natural pace and work short, natural pauses into their speech It also helps if you remember to breathe during your speech A surprising number of people hold their breath without realizing it when they're nervous (I'm one of them) But holding your breath will only increase your anxiety So, remember to breathe deeply during the breaks in your speech If your speech is a long one, taking a sip of water during a break can also help 12 Add Visual Aids Visual aids can serve as a powerful illustration of your speech Humans use their sight more than any other sense So, if you can make your point by showing it to your listeners rather than describing it, they are more likely to remember it Be careful though To be effective, your visual aid must be of high-quality and easily visible to all members of your audience Avoid incorporating sloppy graphics into a slide presentation Likewise, don't hold up a visual aid that's physically too small for those listening to see 13 Dress Comfortably, But Professionally What's the right outfit to wear if you want to be an effective public speaker? Well, there's no one answer How you dress depends on who your listeners will be But the general principle is that you want to dress professionally to make a good impression Make sure to observe good grooming and hygiene rules too Many experts feel you should dress according to how your audience dresses If the audience is dressed formally, you don't want to show up in shorts and a tee shirt Likewise, if the audience is wearing shorts and a tee shirt, don't dress formally 14 Avoid Awkward Fillers "Um," "uh," "like." We all slip these filler words into our conversations without even realizing it But overuse of these words during a professional speech can make you sound less than confident If you can, break the habit of using these words to become a better public speaker Practice can help you eliminate these words from your speech patterns, but you may be so used to using them that it's hard to notice when you're doing it This is where a speech coach, teacher, or friend would come in handy They could listen for these words and help you break the habit of using them 15 Use Gestures (But Don't Overdo) Natural movement during a speech is a sign of an effective public speaker Hand gestures and even taking a few steps across the stage can be good public speaking techniques as long as they're natural, purposeful, and not overdone Movement can make you appear more comfortable and help your audience relate to you You've probably seen the stiff speaker who delivers their speech while standing stock still, hands hanging limply by their side Which would you rather listen to? That stiff speaker, or a speaker who punctuates their speech from time to time with meaningful hand gestures? 16 Allow a Q & A Question and answer sessions (Q & A) are one of the most underused public speaking techniques Many speakers just say what they're going to say and then sit down What a waste! The beauty of Q & A is that you get to hear your listeners' concerns directly and address them publicly, further strengthening your case You can prepare for a Q & A session by creating your own list of questions and possible objections that audience members may have (with answers) Study the list carefully so that you're familiar with it If someone does bring up a point that you hadn't thought of, don't panic They don't expect you to know everything It's perfectly acceptable to take their contact information and tell them that you'll get back to them once you've got the answer [Before we dive into our discussion of effective public speaking techniques, download our new eBook: The Complete Guide to Making Great Presentations It's available for FREE with the Tuts+ Business Newsletter Learn how to write, design, and deliver the perfect presentation.] 10 Tips for Improving Your Public Speaking Skills by MARJORIE NORTH Snakes? Fine Flying? No problem Public speaking? Yikes! Just thinking about public speaking—routinely described as one of the greatest (and most common) fears—can make your palms sweat But there are many ways to tackle this anxiety and learn to deliver a memorable speech In part one of this series, Mastering the Basics of Communication, I shared strategies to improve how you communicate In part two, I examined how to apply these techniques as you interact with colleagues and supervisors in the workplace For the third and final part of this series, I’m providing you with public speaking tips that will help reduce your anxiety, dispel myths, and improve your performance HERE ARE MY 10 TIPS FOR PUBLIC SPEAKING: Nervousness Is Normal Practice and Prepare! All people feel some physiological reactions like pounding hearts and trembling hands Do not associate these feelings with the sense that you will perform poorly or make a fool of yourself Some nerves are good The adrenaline rush that makes you sweat also makes you more alert and ready to give your best performance The best way to overcome anxiety is to prepare, prepare, and prepare some more Take the time to go over your notes several times Once you have become comfortable with the material, practice—a lot Videotape yourself, or get a friend to critique your performance Know Your Audience Your Speech Is About Them, Not You Before you begin to craft your message, consider who the message is intended for Learn as much about your listeners as you can This will help you determine your choice of words, level of information, organization pattern, and motivational statement Organize Your Material in the Most Effective Manner to Attain Your Purpose Create the framework for your speech Write down the topic, general purpose, specific purpose, central idea, and main points Make sure to grab the audience’s attention in the first 30 seconds Watch for Feedback and Adapt to It Keep the focus on the audience Gauge their reactions, adjust your message, and stay flexible Delivering a canned speech will guarantee that you lose the attention of or confuse even the most devoted listeners Let Your Personality Come Through Be yourself, don’t become a talking head—in any type of communication You will establish better credibility if your personality shines through, and your audience will trust what you have to say if they can see you as a real person Use Humor, Tell Stories, and Use Effective Language Inject a funny anecdote in your presentation, and you will certainly grab your audience’s attention Audiences generally like a personal touch in a speech A story can provide that Don’t Read Unless You Have to Work from an Outline Reading from a script or slide fractures the interpersonal connection By maintaining eye contact with the audience, you keep the focus on yourself and your message A brief outline can serve to jog your memory and keep you on task Use Your Voice and Hands Effectively Omit Nervous Gestures Nonverbal communication carries most of the message Good delivery does not call attention to itself, but instead conveys the speaker’s ideas clearly and without distraction 9 Grab Attention at the Beginning, and Close with a Dynamic End Do you enjoy hearing a speech start with “Today I’m going to talk to you about X”? Most people don’t Instead, use a startling statistic, an interesting anecdote, or concise quotation Conclude your speech with a summary and a strong statement that your audience is sure to remember 10 Use Audiovisual Aids Wisely Too many can break the direct connection to the audience, so use them sparingly They should enhance or clarify your content, or capture and maintain your audience’s attention Practice Does Not Make Perfect Good communication is never perfect, and nobody expects you to be perfect However, putting in the requisite time to prepare will help you deliver a better speech You may not be able to shake your nerves entirely, but you can learn to minimize them Better Public Speaking Becoming a Confident, Compelling Speaker Whether we're talking in a team meeting or presenting in front of an audience, we all have to speak in public from time to time We can this well or we can this badly, and the outcome strongly affects the way that people think about us This is why public speaking causes so much anxiety and concern The good news is that, with thorough preparation and practice, you can overcome your nervousness and perform exceptionally well This article and video explain how Become a confident and compelling public speaker The Importance of Public Speaking Even if you don't need to make regular presentations in front of a group, there are plenty of situations where good public speaking skills can help you advance your career and create opportunities For example, you might have to talk about your organization at a conference, make a speech after accepting an award, or teach a class to new recruits Speaking to an audience also includes online presentations or talks; for instance, when training a virtual team, or when speaking to a group of customers in an online meeting Good public speaking skills are important in other areas of your life, as well You might be asked to make a speech at a friend's wedding, give a eulogy for a loved one, or inspire a group of volunteers at a charity event In short, being a good public speaker can enhance your reputation, boost your self-confidence , and open up countless opportunities However, while good skills can open doors, poor ones can close them For example, your boss might decide against promoting you after sitting through a badly-delivered presentation You might lose a valuable new contract by failing to connect with a prospect during a sales pitch Or you could make a poor impression with your new team, because you trip over your words and don't look people in the eye Make sure that you learn how to speak well! Strategies for Becoming a Better Speaker The good news is that speaking in public is a learnable skill As such, you can use the following strategies to become a better speaker and presenter Plan Appropriately First, make sure that you plan your communication appropriately Use tools like the Rhetorical Triangle , Monroe's Motivated Sequence , and the 7Cs of Communication to think about how you'll structure what you're going to say When you this, think about how important a book's first paragraph is; if it doesn't grab you, you're likely going to put it down The same principle goes for your speech: from the beginning, you need to intrigue your audience For example, you could start with an interesting statistic, headline, or fact that pertains to what you're talking about and resonates with your audience You can also use story telling as a powerful opener; our Expert Interviews with Annette Simmons and Paul Smith offer some useful tips on doing this Planning also helps you to think on your feet This is especially important for unpredictable question and answer sessions or last-minute communications Tip: Remember that not all occasions when you need to speak in public will be scheduled You can make good impromptu speeches by having ideas and minispeeches pre-prepared It also helps to have a good, thorough understanding of what's going on in your organization and industry Practice There's a good reason that we say, "Practice makes perfect!" You simply cannot be a confident, compelling speaker without practice To get practice, seek opportunities to speak in front of others For example, Toastmasters is a club geared specifically towards aspiring speakers, and you can get plenty of practice at Toastmasters sessions You could also put yourself in situations that require public speaking, such as by cross-training a group from another department, or by volunteering to speak at team meetings If you're going to be delivering a presentation or prepared speech, create it as early as possible The earlier you put it together, the more time you'll have to practice Practice it plenty of times alone, using the resources you'll rely on at the event, and, as you practice, tweak your words until they flow smoothly and easily Then, if appropriate, a dummy run in front of a small audience: this will help you calm your jitters and make you feel more comfortable with the material Your audience can also give you useful feedback , both on your material and on your performance Engage With Your Audience When you speak, try to engage your audience This makes you feel less isolated as a speaker and keeps everyone involved with your message If appropriate, ask leading questions targeted to individuals or groups, and encourage people to participate and ask questions Keep in mind that some words reduce your power as a speaker For instance, think about how these sentences sound: "I just want to add that I think we can meet these goals" or "I just think this plan is a good one." The words "just" and "I think" limit your authority and conviction Don't use them A similar word is "actually," as in, "Actually, I'd like to add that we were under budget last quarter." When you use "actually," it conveys a sense of submissiveness or even surprise Instead, say what things are "We were under budget last quarter" is clear and direct Also, pay attention to how you're speaking If you're nervous, you might talk quickly This increases the chances that you'll trip over your words, or say something you don't mean Force yourself to slow down by breathing deeply Don't be afraid to gather your thoughts; pauses are an important part of conversation, and they make you sound confident, natural, and authentic Finally, avoid reading word-for-word from your notes Instead, make a list of important points on cue cards, or, as you get better at public speaking, try to memorize what you're going to say – you can still refer back to your cue cards when you need them Pay Attention to Body Language If you're unaware of it, your body language will give your audience constant, subtle clues about your inner state If you're nervous, or if you don't believe in what you're saying, the audience can soon know Pay attention to your body language: stand up straight, take deep breaths, look people in the eye, and smile Don't lean on one leg or use gestures that feel unnatural Many people prefer to speak behind a podium when giving presentations While podiums can be useful for holding notes, they put a barrier between you and the audience They can also become a "crutch," giving you a hiding place from the dozens or hundreds of eyes that are on you Instead of standing behind a podium, walk around and use gestures to engage the audience This movement and energy will also come through in your voice, making it more active and passionate Think Positively Positive thinking can make a huge difference to the success of your communication, because it helps you feel more confident Fear makes it all too easy to slip into a cycle of negative self-talk, especially right before you speak, while self-sabotaging thoughts such as "I'll never be good at this!" or "I'm going to fall flat on my face!" lower your confidence and increase the chances that you won't achieve what you're truly capable of Use affirmations and visualization to raise your confidence This is especially important right before your speech or presentation Visualize giving a successful presentation, and imagine how you'll feel once it's over and when you've made a positive difference for others Use positive affirmations such as "I'm grateful I have the opportunity to help my audience" or "I'm going to well!" Cope With Nerves How often have you listened to or watched a speaker who really messed up? Chances are, the answer is "not very often." When we have to speak in front of others, we can envision terrible things happening We imagine forgetting every point we want to make, passing out from our nervousness, or doing so horribly that we'll lose our job But those things almost never come to pass! We build them up in our minds and end up more nervous than we need to be Many people cite speaking to an audience as their biggest fear, and a fear of failure is often at the root of this Public speaking can lead your "fight or flight" response to kick in: adrenaline courses through your bloodstream, your heart rate increases, you sweat, and your breath becomes fast and shallow Although these symptoms can be annoying or even debilitating, the Inverted-U Model shows that a certain amount of pressure enhances performance By changing your mindset, you can use nervous energy to your advantage First, make an effort to stop thinking about yourself, your nervousness, and your fear Instead, focus on your audience: what you're saying is "about them." Remember that you're trying to help or educate them in some way, and your message is more important than your fear Concentrate on the audience's wants and needs, instead of your own If time allows, use deep breathing exercises to slow your heart rate and give your body the oxygen it needs to perform This is especially important right before you speak Take deep breaths from your belly, hold each one for several seconds, and let it out slowly Crowds are more intimidating than individuals, so think of your speech as a conversation that you're having with one person Although your audience may be 100 people, focus on one friendly face at a time, and talk to that person as if he or she is the only one in the room Watch Recordings of Your Speeches Whenever possible, record your presentations and speeches You can improve your speaking skills dramatically by watching yourself later, and then working on improving in areas that didn't go well As you watch, notice any verbal stalls, such as "um" or "like." Look at your body language: are you swaying, leaning on the podium, or leaning heavily on one leg? Are you looking at the audience? Did you smile? Did you speak clearly at all times? Pay attention to your gestures Do they appear natural or forced? Make sure that people can see them, especially if you're standing behind a podium Last, look at how you handled interruptions, such as a sneeze or a question that you weren't prepared for Does your face show surprise, hesitation, or annoyance? If so, practice managing interruptions like these smoothly, so that you're even better next time Key Points Chances are that you'll sometimes have to speak in public as part of your role While this can seem intimidating, the benefits of being able to speak well outweigh any perceived fears To become a better speaker, use the following strategies: • Plan appropriately • Practice • Engage with your audience • Pay attention to body language • Think positively • Cope with your nerves • Watch recordings of your speeches If you speak well in public, it can help you get a job or promotion, raise awareness for your team or organization, and educate others The more you push yourself to speak in front of others, the better you'll become, and the more confidence you'll have This site teaches you the skills you need for a happy and successful career; and this is just one of many tools and resources that you'll find here at Mind Tools Subscribe to our free newsletter, or join the Mind Tools Club and really supercharge your career! ... asking "what makes a good public speaker?" The answer might seem easy: A good public speaker makes use of effective public speaking techniques What are those effective public speaking techniques?... tutorial, we've listed over 15 different public speaking techniques that can help you learn how to become an effective speaker What Is Public Speaking? Public speaking occurs when you give a speech... professional, require you to speak in public Even when a job doesn't include public speaking in the job description, employers still value candidates with effective public speaking skills In one survey
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