20 chuyên đề Ôn thi Tốt nghiệp THPT quốc gia môn tiếng Anh

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UNIT 1: TENSES1. THÌ HIỆN TẠI ĐƠN. (Simple Present):S + V(s, es)a.Diễn tả hành động thường xẩy ra hay thói quen ở hiện tại. Always, Often , Usually = generally, Sometimes, Rarely = Seldom ,Every Week Sunday Month…b. Diễn tả chân ly, một sự thật hiển nhiên.c.Diễn tả hành động xảy ra ngay lúc nói vớc các động từ tri giác, trạng thái.See ,need, Hear, hate, Smell, remember, Recognize, forget, Want, know,Understand, Have 2. THÌ HIỆN TẠI TIẾP DIỄN(prensent progressive)S + be (is, am, are) + V.inga. Diễn tả hành động đang xảy ra ở hiện tại (lúc nói)Now, Right now, At the moment = now, Right at the moment = right nowb. Diễn tả hành động xảy ra trong tương lai có dự tính trước:Tomorrow, This morning afternoon, Next Sunday week month c Diễn tả hành động không nhất thiết xảy ra lúc nói.(ex: He is teaching English and learning French)3. QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN (simple past )S + Ved (cột 2)a. Diễn tả hành động xảy ra và hoàn tất trong quá khứ, đã xác định rõ thời gian: Yesterday, The day before yesterday, Last week Sunday year b. Diễn tả hành động hoàn tất trong quá khứ không biết mốc thời gian chỉ biết khoảng thời gian hoàn tất công việc.4. QÚA KHỨ TIẾP DIỄNS + Be(were, was) +V.inga. Diễn tả hành động đang xảy ra tại một thời điểm ở quá khứ.b. Diễn tả hành động xảy ra trước và kéo sau một hành động khác ở quá khứ.Lúc này câu thường có hai mệnh đề và được nối bằng các liên từ When, While, As.5. HIỆN TẠI KÉP (PRESENT PERFECT )S+havehas+p.pa. Diễn tả hành động vừa mới xảy ra. Thường có từ Just đi kèm.b. Diễn tả hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ mà còn tiếp tục đến hiện tại hoặc tương lai : for, since, Up to now c. Diễn tả hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ mà không rõ thời gian: Before, Already, For years = for ago, For a long time, Many times 6. THÌ HIỆN TẠI KÉP TIẾP DIỄN (present perfect progressive) S + have has + been + VingDiễn tả hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ mà còn tiếp đến hiện tại như hiện tại kép nhưng nhấn mạnh tính liên tục của hành động.7. THÌ QUÁ KHỨ KÉP (past perfect)S+HAD+P.PDiễn tả hành động xảy ra trước móc thời gian hay trước hành động khác ở quá khứ. Before, After, By(the time)8. QUÁ KHỨ KÉP TIẾP DIỄN (past perfect progressive)S + had + been + Ving Dùng như quá khứ kép nhưng nhấn mạnh sự liên tục của hành động hoặc hành động còn tiếp tục sau hành động khác.9. THÌ TƯƠNG LAI ĐƠN (simple future)S+WILL+V Ơn thi TNTHPT 12(2014-2015) UNIT 1: TENSES Nguyễn Thị Vân THÌ HIỆN TẠI ĐƠN (Simple Present): S + V(s, es) a Diễn tả hành động thường xẩy hay thói quen Always, Often , Usually = generally, Sometimes, Rarely = Seldom ,Every /Week /Sunday /Month… b Diễn tả chân ly, thật hiển nhiên c Diễn tả hành động xảy lúc nói vớc động từ tri giác, trạng thái See ,need, Hear, hate, Smell, remember, Recognize, forget, Want, know,Understand, Have THÌ HIỆN TẠI TIẾP DIỄN(prensent progressive) S + be (is, am, are) + V.ing a./ Diễn tả hành động xảy (lúc nói) Now, Right now, At the moment = now, Right at the moment = right now b./ Diễn tả hành động xảy tương lai có dự tính trước:Tomorrow, This morning / afternoon, Next Sunday/ week / month c/ Diễn tả hành động không thiết xảy lúc nói.(ex: He is teaching English and learning French) QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN (simple past ) S + Ved (cột 2) a Diễn tả hành động xảy hoàn tất khứ, xác đònh rõ thời gian: Yesterday, The day before yesterday, Last week /Sunday /year b Diễn tả hành động hoàn tất khứ mốc thời gian biết khoảng thời gian hoàn tất công việc QÚA KHỨ TIẾP DIỄN S + Be(were, was) + V.ing a./ Diễn tả hành động xảy thời điểm khứ b./ Diễn tả hành động xảy trước kéo sau hành động khác khứ Lúc câu thường có hai mệnh đề nối liên từ "When, While, As" HIỆN TẠI KÉP (PRESENT PERFECT ) S + have/has + p.p a./ Diễn tả hành động vừa xảy Thường có từ "Just" kèm b./ Diễn tả hành động xảy khứ mà tiếp tục đến tương lai : for, since, Up to now c./ Diễn tả hành động xảy khứ mà không rõ thời gian: Before, Already, For years = for ago, For a long time, Many times THÌ HIỆN TẠI KÉP TIẾP DIỄN (present perfect progressive) S + have / has + been + V-ing Diễn tả hành động xảy khứ mà tiếp đến tại kép nhấn mạnh tính liên tục hành động THÌ QUÁ KHỨ KÉP (past perfect) S + HAD + P.P Diễn tả hành động xảy trước móc thời gian hay trước hành động khác khứ Before, After, By(the time) QUÁ KHỨ KÉP TIẾP DIỄN (past perfect progressive) S + had + been + V-ing Dùng khứ kép nhấn mạnh liên tục hành động hành động tiếp tục sau hành động khác THÌ TƯƠNG LAI ĐƠN (simple future) S + WILL + V Diễn tả hành động xảy tương lai: Tomorrow, Net Sunday / week, In the future 10 THÌ TƯƠNG LAI TIẾP DIỄN S + WILL BE + V.ing Diễn tả hành động xảy thời điểm tương lai 11 TƯƠNG LAI KÉP (Future perfect) S + will have + PP Diễn tả hành động xảy trướv móc thời gian hay hành khác tương lai 12 TƯƠNG LAI KÉP TIẾP DIỄN S + will have been + V-ing Ơn thi TNTHPT 12(2014-2015) Sử dụng tương lai kép nhấn mạnh tính liên tục hành động Nguyễn Thị Vân EXERCISES I Put the verbs in correct forms He (clean) the room last week They (play) tennis in the yard last week He (learn) the lesson right now We (go) to HCM next week I (start ) my work in 1998 His wife often (drink) coffee for breakfast He (write) to the girl when I (come) yesterday She (plant) the tree two weeks ago I (wacth) the film after I (finish) yesterday 10 She usually (cycle) to school 11 We (finish) the work before we take a rest 12 Lan (not wacth) the film yet 13 She (be) the student scince last week 14 He just (write) the letter 15 At this time yesterday we (do) the garden 16 My sister usually (do) morning exercise 17 When I (go) home yesterday, he (sleep) soundly 18 We (learn) English for year 19 Next year I (learn) in HCM city 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 He (clean) the room last week They (play) tennis in the yard last week He (learn) the lesson right now We (go) to HCM next week I (start ) my work in 1998 His wife often (drink) coffee for breakfast He (write) to the girl when I (come) yesterday She (plant) the tree two weeks ago I (wacth) the film after I (finish) yesterday She usually (cycle) to school We (finish) the work before we take a rest Lan (not wacth) the film yet She (be) the student scince last week He just (write) the letter At this time yesterday we (do) the garden My sister usually (do) morning exercise When I (go) home yesterday, he (sleep) soundly We (learn) English for year Next year I (learn) in HCM city II Use the correct form of verbs in brackets In all the world, there (be) only 14 mountains that (reach) above 8,000 meters He sometimes (come) to see his parents When I (come) , she (leave) for Dalat ten minutes ago My grandfather never (fly) in an airplane, and he has no intention of ever doing so We just (decide) that we (undertake) the job He told me that he (take) a trip to California the following week I knew that this road (be) too narrow Right now I (attend) class Yesterday at this time I (attend) class Tomorrow I’m going to leave for home When I (arrive) at the airport, Mary (wait) for me 10 Margaret was born in 1950 By the year 2005, she (live) on this earth for 55 years 11 The traffic was very heavy By the time I (get) to Mary’s party, everyone already (arrive) 12 I will graduate in June I (see) you in July By the time I (see) you , I (graduate) 13 I (visit) my uncle’s home many times when I (be) a child 14 That book (lie) on the table for week You (not read) it yet ? 15 David (wash) his hands He just (repair) the TV set 16 You (be) here before? Yes, I (spend) my holidays here last year 17 We never (meet) him We don’t know what he (look) like 18 The car (be) ready for him by the time he (come) tomorrow 19 On arriving at home I (find) that she just (leave) a few minutes before 20 When we (arrive) in London tonight, it probably (rain) 21 It (rain) hard We can’t anything until it (stop) 22 Last night we (watch) TV when the power (fail) 23 That evening we (stay) up to talk about the town where he (live) for some years 24 I (sit) down for a rest while the shoes (repair) 25 Half way to the office Paul (turn) _round and (go) back home because he (forget) to turn the gas off 26 London (change) a lot since we first (come) to live here 27 While we (talk) on the phone the children (start) fighting and (break) a window 28 He used to talk to us for hours about all the interesting things he (do) in his life 29 You know she (stand) looking at that picture for the last twenty minutes 30 I (spend) a lot of time travelling since I (get) this new job 31 When I (be) at school we all (study) Latin 32 When I (meet) him , he (work) as a waiter for a year or so Ơn thi TNTHPT 12(2014-2015) Nguyễn Thị Vân 33 After he (finish) breakfast he (sit) down to write some letters III Choose the best answer among A, B, C, or D When I last saw him, he _ in London A has lived B is living C was living D has been living We _ Dorothy since last Saturday A don’t see B haven’t seen C didn’t see D hadn’t seen The train half an hour ago A has been leaving B left C has left D had left Jack the door A has just painted B paint C will have painted D painting My sister for you since yesterday A is looking B was looking C has been looking D looked I Texas State University now A am attending B attend C was attending D attended He has been selling motorbikes A ten years ago B since ten years C for ten years ago D for ten years Christopher Columbus _ American more than 500 years ago A discovered B has discovered C had discovered D had been discovering He fell down when he towards the church A run B runs C was running D had run 10 We _ there when our father died A still lived B lived still C was still lived D were still living 11 They table tennis when their father comes back home A will play B will be playing C play D would play 12 By Christmas, I _ for Mr Smith for six years A shall have been working B shall work C have been working D shall be working 13 I _ in the room right now A am being B was being C have been being D am 14 I to New York three times this year A have been B was C were D had been 15 I’ll come and see you before I _ for the States A leave B will leave C have left D shall leave 16 The little girl asked what _ to her friend A has happened B happened C had happened D would have been happened 17 John a book when I saw him A is reading B read C was reading D reading 18 He said he _ return later A will B would C can D would be 19 Jack the door A has just opened B open C will have opened D opening 20 I have been waiting for you A since early morning B since 9a.m C for two hours D All are correct 21 Almost everyone _ for home by the time we arrived A leave B left C leaves D had left 22 By the age of 25, he two famous novels A wrote B writes C has written D had written 23 While her husband was in the army, Mary to him twice a week A was reading B wrote C was written D had written 24 I couldn’t cut the grass because the lawn mower a few days previously A broke down B has been broken C had broken down D breaks down 24 I have never played badminton before This is the first time I _ to play A try B tried C have tried D am trying 25 Since _, I have heard nothing from him A he had left B he left C he has left D he was left 26 After I _ lunch, I looked for my bag A had B had had C have has D have had Nguyễn Thị Vân Ơn thi TNTHPT 12(2014-2015) 27 By the end of next year, George _ English for two years A will have learned B will learn C has learned D would learn 28 The man got out of the car, round to the back and opened the book A walking B walked C walks D walk 29 Henry _ into the restaurant when the writer was having dinner A was going B went C has gone D did go 30 He will take the dog out for a walk as soon as he dinner A finish B finishes C will finish D finishing 31 I shall be glad when he _ A had gone B did go C went D has gone 32 Ask her to come and see me when she _ her work A finish B has finished C finished D finishing 33 Turn off the gas Don’t you see the kettle ? A boil B boils C is boiling D boiled 34 Tom and Mary for Vietnam tomorrow A leave B are leaving C leaving D are left 35 He always for a walk in the evening A go B is going C goes D going 36 Her brother in Canada at present A working B works C is working D work 37 I to the same barber since last year A am going B have been going C go D had gone 38 Her father when she was a small girl A dies B died C has died D had died 39 Last week, my professor promised that he today A would come B will come C comes D coming 40 Pasteur in the 19th century A was living B lived C had lived D has lived IV Choose the underlined part in each sentence (A, B,C, or D ) that needs correcting After Mrs Wang had returned to her house from work, she was cooking dinner A B C D Jimmy threw the ball high in the air, and Betty catching it when it came down A B C D Linda has worn her new yellow dress only once since she buys it A B C D Last week Mark told me that he got very bored with his present job and is looking for a new one A B C D Having fed the dog, he was sat down to his own meal A B C D When I turned on my computer, I was shocked to find some junk mail, and I just delete it all A B C D They are going to have to leave soon and so we A B C D The boss laughed when the secretary has told him that she really needed a pay rise A B C D The telephone rang several times and then stop before I could answer it A B C D 10 Debbie, whose father is an excellent tennis player, has been playing tennis since ten years A B C D 11 I have seen lots of interesting places when I went on holiday last summer A B C D 12 When my cat heard a noise in the bushes, she stopped moving and listen intently A B C D 13 I think it’s time you must change your way of living A B C D 14 Roger felt the outside of his pocket to make sure his wallet is still there Nguyễn Thị Vân A B C D 15 When I’m shopping in the supermarket, I ran into an old friend who I hadn’t met for five years A B C D 16 The police arrested the man while he is having dinner in a restaurant A B C D 17 Peter and Wendy first met in 2006, and they are married for three years now A B C D 18 Some people are believing there is life on other planets A B C D 19 Recently, the island of Hawaii had been the subject o fintensive research on the occurrence of earthquakes A B C D 20 Every morning, the sun shines in my bedroom window and waking me up A B C D 21 The man died as a result of falling asleep while he drives A B C D 22 I haven’t finished the report yet, but by the time you return I will certainly complete it A B C D 23 Caroline has worn her new yellow dress only once since she buys it A B C D 24 We’ll be cycled to Hoa’s village at this time next Sunday A B C D 25 What will you when your friends won’t come ? A B C D 26 Some was knocking at the door when I was doing the washing up A B C D 27 My friend didn’t drink any beer since we came to live here A B C D 28 We have written to each other when we were in primary school A B C D 29 After breakfast, I‘m gone to walk to school with my friends A B C D 30 Will we go to the pop concert this weekend for a change? A B C D Ơn thi TNTHPT 12(2014-2015) V Choose the correct sentence among A, B, C or D which has the same meaning as the given one Eight years ago we started writing to each other A We have rarely written to each other for eight years B Eight years is a long time for us to write to each other C We wrote to each other eight years ago D We have been writing to each other for eight years The boy was so lazy that he couldn’t stay up late to learn his lessons A The boy was lazy enough not to stay up late to learn his lessons B The boy was too lazy to stay up late to learn his lessons C The boy was lazy enough but he stayed up late to learn his lessons D The boy was lazy enough to stay up late to learn his lessons My father is tired of seeing any violent films A My father hasn’t seen a violent film B My father has enjoyed all the violent films he has ever seen C My father is worried about missing the next violent film D My father never wants to see another violent film As soon as he waved his hand, she turned away A He saw her turn away and he waved his hand B No sooner had he waved his hand than she turned away C She turned away because he waved his hand too early D Although she turned away, he waved his hand John wishes he had remembered to send Mary a Christmas card A John regrets not to send Mary a Christmas card Nguyễn Thị Vân B John regrets forgetting not to send Mary a Christmas card C John regrets not remembering sending Mary a Christmas card D John regrets forgetting to send Mary a Christmas card My father hasn’t smoked cigarettes for a month A It’s a month since my father last smoked cigarettes B It’s a month ago that my father smoked cigarettes C It’s a month that my father hasn’t smoked cigarettes D It’s a cigarette that my father smoked a month ago Having finished their work, the workers expected to be paid A The workers expected to be paid because they had finished their work B Having their work finished, the workers expected to be paid C Having expected to be paid, the workers finished their work D Having been finished their work, the workers expected to be paid Mr Brown bought this car five years ago A Mr Brown started to buy this car five years ago B It has been five years when Mr Brown bought this car C Mr Brown has had this car for five years D It is five years ago since Mr Brown bought this car I might go camping My friends have invited me A My friends have invited me to go camping B My friends have invited me go camping C My friends have invited me going camping D My friends have invited me that I might go camping 10 I haven’t enjoyed myself so much for years A It’s years since I enjoyed myself so much B It’s years since I have enjoyed myself so much C It was years since I had enjoyed myself so much D It has been years since I have enjoyed myself so much 11 Have you heard the good news? A Carol in March had a baby B In March, Carol had a baby C Carol had in March a baby D In March, had Carol a baby 12 Although the driver slammed on his brakes, A he was able to avoid hitting the small dog B the small dog was not hit by the car C he could run over the small dog D he couldn’t avoid hitting the small dog 13 John used to write home once a week when he was abroad A John doesn’t now write home once a week any longer B John enjoyed writing home every week when he was abroad C John never forgot to write a weekly letter home when he was abroad D When he was abroad he remembered to write home every week 14 This is my tenth year working in this bank A By the end of this year , I will work in this bank for ten years B I have worked in this bank for ten years by the end of this year C By the end of this year , I will have worked in this bank for ten years D I had been working in this bank for ten years by the end of this year 15 The famous actor was last seen in 2000 A The famous actor has not been able to see since 2000 B No one has seen the famous actor since 2000 C The famous actor didn’t see anyone in 2000 D No one saw the famous actor until 2000 16 I came to live here three months ago A It was three months since I lived here B I’ve been living here for three months C I lived here for three months D I didn’t live here for three months 17 She is sitting in a hotel room Through the window, she sees a fat man A She looks through the window and sees the fat man B She and the fat man are in a hotel room C The fat man wants to open the window and come in D The fat man is looking in through the window 18 She goes to the shops every Friday A She goes every day to the shop but not on Friday B It’s not Friday, but she’s going to the shops C She always goes to the shops on Friday D She never goes to the shops on Friday 19 Michael took a deep breath and dived into the water A After Michael had taken a deep breath, he dived into the water B Having taken a deep breath, he dived into the water C After Michael took a deep breath, he had dived into the water D A & B are correct Ơn thi TNTHPT 12(2014-2015) 20 We started working here three years ago A We worked here for three years C We have worked here for three years B We have no longer worked here for three years D We will work here in three years Ơn thi TNTHPT 12(2014-2015) Nguyễn Thị Vân 21 It’s a long time since we last went to the cinema A We have been to the cinema for a long time B We haven’t been to the cinema for a long time C We don’t go to the cinema as we used to D We wish we went to the cinema now 22 I haven’t finished this book yet A I’m still reading this book B I have read this book before C The book I’m reading hasn’t finished D I will read this book some day 23 He used to jog every morning A He enjoys jogging every morning B He never fails to jog every morning C He doesn’t now jog every morning D He intended to jog every morning 24 I have never felt happier than I now A I felt happier before B I feel happy now C I have never felt happy D I have always felt happy 25 He last had his eyes tested ten months ago A He hasn’t had his eyes tested for ten months B He had not tested his eyes for ten months then C He had tested his eyes ten months before D He didn’t have any test on his eyes in ten months 26 Someone knocked on the door during my lunchtime A I had lunch when someone knocked on the door B When I had had lunch, someone knocked on the door C I was having lunch when someone was knocking on the door D I was having lunch when someone knocked on the door 27 Steve left before my arrival A When I arrived, Steve had already left B Steve left as soon as I arrived C While Steve was leaving I arrived D Steve hadn’t left until I arrived 28 I haven’t been here before A Being here is a pleasant experience B This is the first time I have been here C I have wished to be here for long D Before long I will be here 29 The last time I saw Rose was three years ago A I hasn’t seen Rose for three years B I haven’t seen Rose three years ago C I haven’t seen Rose since three years D I haven’t seen Rose for three years 30 When we arrived, the children were playing “Hide and Seek” A The children played “Hide and Seek” and then we arrived B While the children were playing “Hide and Seek”, we arrived C We arrived at the same time the children played “Hide and Seek” D We didn’t arrive until the children played “Hide and Seek” PASSIVE VOICE A/ SÁU THÌ KHÔNG TIẾP DIỄN Ở BỊ ĐỘNG Sơ đồ chung : Nguyễn Thị Vân Ơn thi TNTHPT 12(2014-2015) S + V + O S be PP by O Muốn đổi câu chủ động sang câu bò động phải xác đònh chủ từ (S), động từ túc từ (O) câu song làm sơ đồ Chú ý động từ câu chủ động thì "be" câu bò động chia theo I/ đơn S + V + O S + (is, am, are)+ PP by O Ex: She cleans the floor The floor is cleaned by her (Sàn nhà dược lau bởi…) II/ Thì khứ đơn S + Ved (cột 2) + O S + were,was + PP by O Ex: She cleaned the room yesterday The room was cleaned by her yesterday III/ Thì hoàn thành S + have,has + PP + O S + have,has been PP + O Ex: I have bought the book The book have been bought by me Iv/ khứ hoàn thành S + had + PP + O S + had been PP by O Ex: I had met him before p.m yesterday He had been met by me before p.m yesterday V/ tương lai đơn S + will + V + O S + will be PP by O Ex : I will buy the bicycle The bicycle will be bought by me Vi / tương lai hoàn thành S + will have + PP + O S + will have been PP by O Ex : I will have met him by nine He will have been met by me B SÁU THÌ TIẾP DIỄN Ở THỂ BỊ ĐỘNG Sơ đồ chung S S + + be be + V-ing being PP + by O O I/ Thì tiếp diễn S + (is,am,are) + V-ing + O S + (is,am,are) being PP by O Ex : He is washing the clothes The clothes are being washed by him II/ khứ tiếp diễn S + (were,was) + V-ing + O S + (were,was) being PP by O Ex They were watching the play The play was being watched by them IV / Thì h.tại kép t.diễn S + have,has been + V-ing + O S + have,has been being PP by O Ex : They have been doing the exercises The exercises have been being done by them IV / Thì khứ kép tiếp diễn S + had been + V-ing + O S + had been being PP by O Ex : He had been learning the lesson The lesson had been being learned by him V/ Thì tương lai tiếp diễn S + will be + V-ing + O Ơn thi TNTHPT 12(2014-2015) S + will be being PP by O Ex : He will be reading the book The book will be being read by him VI /Tương lai hoàn thành tiếp diễn S + S + Ex: We will have been watching the film Nguyễn Thị Vân will have been + V-ing + O will have been being PP by O The film will have been being watched by us VII / Các cấu trúc khác A/ S + can,must… + V + O S + can,must… be PP by O Ex: 1.She can the exercises The exercises can be done by her B/ S + be going to + V + O S + be going to be PP by O C/ S + have to,had to + V + O S + have to,had to be PP by O D/ S + used to + V + O S + used to be PP by O E/ S + think,know,believe,agree… that + clause It is /was + PP (của think,know…) that + clause S + be + PP + to + V F/ It is + adj + to V + O It is + adj for + O + to be + PP Hoặêc : S + be + adj + to be + PP VIII/ Câu bị động với Infinitive Gerund * To –inf -> To be V3/ ed * V-ing -> Being V3/ ed Ex : We dislike being cheated I don’t want to be laughed at IX/ Causative : muốn nói ai/nhờ ai/u cầu làm việc gì,chứ khơng tự tay làm Have + sb + Bare Have + sth + V3/ ed Ex : We had them paint our house / We had our house painted / = Get + sb + to-inf Get + sth + V3/ ed We got them to paint our house We got our house painted Exerciese I/ Change into passive voice She bought the bicycle last year ……………………………………………………………………………………… They are writing some letters ……………………………………………………………………………………… My sister will have washed the dishes by pm ……………………………………………………………………………………… The pupiles had done the exercises ……………………………………………………………………………………… Nguyễn Thị Vân Ơn thi TNTHPT 12(2014-2015) The children cleaned the floor yesterday 10 She is decorating the house ………………………………………………………………………………………… 16 They hardly meet me at the beach ………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 We have to learn the grammar hard …………………………………………………………………………………………… 18 She often sweep the floor every morning …………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 No one can the exercise ………………………………………………………………………………………… 20 They knew that he stole the car ……………………………………………………………………………………… 21 It is difficult to answer the questions ……………………………………………………………………………………… 22 She will be able to meet him ……………………………………………………………………………………… 23 He is going to visit the family ………………………………………………………………………………… 24 You must sweep the room everyday …………………………………………………………………………………… 25 We have to learn English every night …………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… 11 It is very important to study the lesson 26 They must improve plumbing at the village …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 27 He is going to grow vegetables in the garden ……………………………………………………………………………………… I have met my friend at the beach ……………………………………………………………………………………… Nam will send the letters next Sunday ……………………………………………………………………………………… Daisy was watching the film at p.m yesterday ……………………………………………………………………………………… Her teacher gave me a pen last month ……………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… 28 She used to drink coffee at night ………………………………………………………………………………………… 29 The people can raise cows at Duc Linh …………………………………………………………………………………………… 30 Have you ever met her? ………………………………………………………………………………………… 31 Who can the exercises? ………………………………………………………………………………… 32 What are you doing? …………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 They thought that you were selfish 13 Who gave you the book? ……………………………………………………………………………………… 14 Nobody meets her ………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 People have never seen dragons II/ Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D to complete each sentence "What a beautiful shirt you're wearing!" - "Thank you It especially for me by my mother." A is made B has made C made D was made I don't understand why the students didn't keep silent while the speech A has been made B was made C would be made D was being made This is the first time I have seen this car Where ? A did it make B did it made C was it make D was it made Today, many serious childhood diseases by early immunization A are preventing B can prevent C prevent D can be prevented Whole-grain food products …………… in most large supermarkets across the United States and Canada A now can purchase B can now be purchased C now to purchase D the purchase of which All that rubbish will have to be at once A get rid of B got rid of C got rid of D getting rid of "What happened to the postman?" "He to a new town to work." 10 A when preparing the meal B to put in their pockets C to clean their tables and chairs D when going to the bathroom Question 36: Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A In Belgium, snapping your fingers at someone is very rude B In Myanmar, people greet each other by clapping C In China, the ‘OK’ sign means money D In France, people shouldn’t rest their feet on tables Question 37: The word “others” in paragraph refers to A other feet B other people C other soles D other shoes Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions Question 38: A punish B efficient C infectious D describe Question 39: A message B passage C sausage D teenage Question 40: A challenge B characteristic C chemical D Christmas Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 41: The restaurant is so badly managed A for anyone to eat there B that no one wants to eat there C that it wants to repair D unless someone eats there Question 42: If you didn’t get rid of smoking, A your health wouldn’t affect B you will affect your health C your health will be affected D your health would be affected Read the following passage taken from Microsoft Encarta and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the blanks from 43 to 47 WHY DO ANIMALS GO EXTINCT? Different kinds of animals have appeared and disappeared throughout Earth’s history Some animals go extinct because the climate (43) they live changes The climate may become wetter or drier It may become warmer or cooler If the animals cannot change, or adapt, to the new climate, they die Some animals go extinct because they cannot (44) with other animals for food Some animals go extinct because they are killed by enemies New kinds of animals are always evolving Evolving means that the animals are changing (45) from generation to generation Small differences between parents, children, and grandchildren slowly add up over many, many generations Eventually, a different kind of animal evolves Sometimes many of the animals on Earth go extinct at the (46) time Scientists call this a mass extinction Scientists think there (47) at least five mass extinctions in Earth’s history The last mass extinction happened about 65 million years ago This mass extinction killed off the dinosaurs Question 43: A which B where C what D when Question 44: A compete B find C complete D exist Question 45: A suddenly B quickly C slowly D accidentally Question 46: A different B various C similar D same Question 47: A will be B are C have been D has been Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions Question 48: My father doesn't smoke and he doesn't drink A My father neither smokes nor drinks B My father not only smokes but also drinks C My father doesn't smoke but he drinks D My father enjoys smoking and drinking Question 49: “Remember to bring your books,” he said A He said I remembered to bring my books B He warned me against bringing my books C He reminded me to bring my books D He asked me if I remembered to bring my books Question 50: Without transportation, our modern society would not exist A Our modern society will not exist without having traffic B Our modern society does not exist if there is no transportation C If transportation no longer exists, our modern society will not either D If there were no transportation, our modern society would not exist HẾT ĐỀ THAM KHẢO ƠN THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT MƠN TIẾNG ANH 12 - Thời gian làm 60 phút Chọn phương án A( B, C, D ) ứng với từ ,cụm từ có gạch cần phải sửa để hồn thành câu sau: 1.When I want to have my hair cuts I often go to the hairdresser’s A have B cuts C When D.hairdresser’s They asked me what did happen last night, but I was unable to tell them A to tell B what did happen C asked D but Different conversation efforts have been made in order to saving endangered species A different B endangered species C saving D have been made John keeps working in spite of he feeling unwell A keeps B he C working D unwell Nonla, that is one of the typical symbols of the Vietnamese culture, has a conical form A a B of C that D typical C họn từ ứng với A( B,C, D.) có phần gạch phát âm khác với từ lại A smiled B worked C picked D jumped A dates B bags C photographs D speaks A should B could C ought D would Chọn từ ứng với A, (hoặc B, C, D) có phần trọng âm rơi vào vị trí khác so với từ lại A habitat B sociable C wildlife D commitment 10A.eliminate B accompany C sacrifice D determine Chọn từ ứng với A (hoặc B, C,D) để hồn thành đoạn văn Nearly all the discoveries that have been made through the ages can be found in books The invention of the book is one of humankind’s greatest achievement, the .11 of which cannot be overestimated Books are very adaptable providing us with both entertainmentand 12 The production of books began in Ancient Egypt, though not in a form that is recognizable to us today The books read by the Romans, however, have some 13 .to the ones we read now.Until the .14 of the 15 th century, in Europe, all books were written by hand They were often beautifully illustrated and always rare and expensive With printing came the possibility of cheap, large-scale publication and distribution of books, making 15 more widespread and accessible 11.A important B importantly C importance D more important 12 A news B data C facts D information 13 A alike B likeness C similarities D same 14 A center B middle C heart D core 15 A knowledge B mind C brain D awareness Chọn phương án A (hoặc B, C, D ) để hồn thành câu sau: 16 She is in asking for bigger salary She has worked hard A reason B reasonable C.unreasonable D.unreasonably 17 Hoa told me that she to lock the door that morning A would forget B had forgotten C has forgotten D was forgetting 18 Smoking cigarettes is in many public places One must not smoke in those places A allowed B prohibited C encouraged D stopped 19 .you if I your phone number A I’ll phone- did not lose B I’d phone- had not lost C I’d have phoned- had not lost D I’d phone- had not lost 20 Athletes their best to win medals to winners as rewards A which give B are given C given D to give 21 you practise your English you will learn A more- faster B the more- the faster C the more- faster D the most- the faster 22 Without air and water, living things could not survive A X B the C an D a 23 She so hard this week that she has not had time to go to the hairdresser’s A worked B has been working C had worked D was working 24.Governments have enacted laws to protect wildlife commercia trade and overhunting A with B by C for D from 25 My roommate suggested .on a picnic on Sunday A going B to come C to go D coming 26 Remember to your shoes when you are in a Japanese house A look up B give up C take off D turn off 27 Could you stop the bus, please? I want to get off The underlined word in the sentence is a(an) A irregular verb B modal verb C transitive verb D.intransitive verb 28.Either you will leave now ? A I will also call the police C or I will call the police B but I will call the police D or will I call the police 29 He’ been studying really hard, he can pass the exams A but B although C however D so 30 There’s plenty of time for you to make up your mind You decide now A must B mustn’t C needn’t D might 31 .is a story long enough to fill a complete book,in which the characters and events are usually imaginary A thriller B novel C biography D romance 32 You won’t be allowed to work here .you show your qualification A since B unless C for D while 33 “Woo! You look great with your new hair.” A You’re welcome C congratulation! B It’s a pleasure D Thanks.It’s nice of you to say so 34.He’s one of the most .people I’ve ever met He never stops talking and he never says anything A boring- interested B bored- interested C bored-interesting D boring- interesting 35 In water polo, are allowed to hold the ball with both hands A attackers B.players C goalies D.captains Chọn phương án ứng vớiA (B, C, D) có cách diễn đạt giống câu gốc 36.I’d like you to turn off the television A Could you turn off the television? B Could I turn off the television? C Would you mind my turning off the television D Do you agree to turn off the television? 37 “Would you like me to help you?” I asked Joe A I accepted to help Joe B I offered to help Joe C I agree to help Joe D I promised to help Joe 38 I didn’t go to bed early, so I didn’t wake up at 7.00 A If I went to bed early, I would wake up at 7.00 B If I had gone to bed early, I will wake up at 7.00 C If I went to bed early, I would have woken up at 7.00 D Had I gone to bed early,I would have woken up at 7.00 39 He offered to help her with the heavy suitcase, which was kind A The suitcase which he offered to help her with was kind.B He offered to help her but the suitcase was too heavy C It was kind of him to offer to help her with the suitcase D It was kind of her to have him help with the suitcase 40 Excuse me,but is anyone sitting here? A I’m sorry, but there’s only one chair here B Is this seat taken? C May I put one seat in here? D I’m terribly sorry, but someone is sitting here Chọn câu ứng với A (hoặc B, C, D) từ từ gợi ý 41 it/ necessary/ us/ think/ about/ this matter A It’s for us to think about this matter carefully necessary B To think about this matter carefully it necessary for us C For us to think about this matter it’s necessary D It’s necessary for us to think about this matter carefully 42 I/ can not/ remember/ name/person/ whom/ gave / money A I can’t remembe the name of the person to whom I gave the money B I gave the money whom the name of the person I can’t remember C I can’t remember the name of the person whom I gave the money D I can’t remember the name of person to whom I gave the money 43 It/ think/ / chemicals/ convey/ information/ brain A It been thought that chemicals convey information to the brain B It has been thought that chemicals convey informaton to the brain C It has been thought chemicals convey information to the brain D It has thought that chemicals convey information to the brain 44 the harm of smoking/ question/ not/ entirely settled A The harm of smoking is a question that has not entirely been settled B The harm of smoking have questions that entirely not been settled C The harm of smoking is a question that has not entirely settled D The harm of smoking being a question that has not entirely been settled 45 spring/ nature/ awaken/ long/ winter sleep A At spring, nature awakens from her long winter sleep B In spring, nature awakens from her long winter sleep C On spring, nature awakens by her long winter sleep D In spiring, nature awakens by her long winter sleep Đọc đoạn văn chọn phương án ứng với(A( B, C, D) cho câu sau Aerobic exercise can help you lose weight.It can help you stay at a heathy weight Aerobic exercise burns calories A calorie is a unit of measurement It measures the amount of energy in foods It measures the amount of energy your body uses When you take in the same number of calories that you burn every day, your weight stays the same If you take in more calories than you burn, you gain weight If you take in fewer calories than you burn, you lose weight.Regular exercise helps you burn calories Strength training may also help with weight control Lifting weights burns calories Lifting weights also makes more muscle in your body Muscles burn more calories than fat Stretching exercises can make your body more flexible There are stretches for your arms,legs, neck, and trunk Many people slow exercises and stretches called yoga to make their bodies more flexible A physical education teacher can show you how to stretches You should warm-up stretches before you aerobic or anaerobic exercises You should cool-down stretches when you are finished exercising Warm-up and cool-down stretches can help prevent muscle injuries 46 your weight will be the same A by doing aerobic exercise B by lifting weights C when the number of calories you take is every day in burnt D when you measure the amount of energy in foods every day 47 You put on weight A when you take in less calories than you burn B unless you exercise regularly C by doing regularly exercise to burn calories D when you take in more calories than you burn 48 Strength training like lifting weights may help with weight control because A it burns calories by making more muscles B it makes fat burn calories C weight are always havey to lift D you are too tired to take in calories 49 Yoga, which makes your bodies more flexlible, are A warm-up stretches B only for people who need weight control C included in weight lifting D slow exercises and stretches 50.Warm-up and cool-down stretches A are needed before you aerobic exercise B help you finish exercising feeling better C should be done if you want to avoid muscle injuries D prevent muscles from burning calories ĐỀ THI THỬ TNPH Mơn thi : Tiếng Anh Thời gian : 60’ ( khơng kể thời gian phát đề) I PHONETIC Choose the word whose underline part is pronounced differently from that of the others a women b men c led d intellectual a history b significant c philosophy d pioneer a power b wife c allow d known Choose the word that is stressed differently from others a initiate b medical c rapidly d possible a volunteer b wherever c example d disaster II GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURES Choose the best option to fill in the blank in each sentence According to the Red Cross 1998 had been _ worst year for natural disasters in modern times a a b an c the d Ø 7.Africa has always had a large migratory population because of war and _ famine a a b an c the d Ø 8.The International Committee of the Red Cross is a private _ institution founded in 1863 in Geneva, Switzerland a human b humanity c humanization d humanitarian Love is supposed marriage, not precede it a following b Followed c follow d to follow 10 A woman has to more in a marriage than a man a confide b reflect c trust d sacrifice 11.A wife should maintain her after marriage a beauty and appearance b feeling c beauty d.appearance 12 What is your in the family? a responsibility b response c responsible d responsible 13 _ is a situation in which large numbers of people have little or no food, and many of them die a Disaster b Famine c Poverty d Flood 14.The passengers had to wait because the plane off one hour late a took b turned c cut d made 15.The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt a put on b went off c got out d kept up 16.I'm sorry I didn't mean to interrupt you Please, go on and finish what you were saying a talk b quit c continue d stop 17.Thanks to the women's liberation women can take part in activities a social b society c socially d socialize 18 is the study or creation of theories about basic things such as the nature of existence, knowledge, and thought, or about how people should live a Politics b Physics c Business d Philosophy 19.Mrs Pike is a feminist, who _ that women should be offered the same job opportunities as men a varies b advocates c leads d votes 20.Women's status in different countries and it depends on the cultural beliefs a varies b employs c fixes d establishes 21.On 18 December 1979, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women was adopted by United Nations General Assembly a a b an c the d Ø 22.What does "www" for? Is it short for “world wide web?” a sit b stand c lie d point 23. _ is a sport in which two or more people perform complicated and carefully planned movements in water in time to music a Rowing b Windsurfing c Diving d Synchronized swimming 24.Minor _ occur when a player impedes or otherwise prevents the free movement of an opponent including swimming on the opponent's shoulders, back or legs a penalties b shots c fouls d motions 25. is a game played in a swimming pool in which two teams of swimmers try to score goals with a ball a Water polo b Rowing c Swimming d Water skiing 26. books are ones in which the story is told or illustrated with pictures a Comic b Thriller c Romantic d Science 27. _ you study for these exams, _ you will a The harder / the better b The more / the much c The hardest / the best d The more hard / the more good, 28.Thanks to the progress of science and technology, our lives have become _ a more and more good b better and better c the more and more good d gooder and gooder 29.Thank you, Phil That's a nice a attention b speech c saying d compliment 30.What can we when we want someone's attention? a attracted b attracting c Attractive d to attract III READING: Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer On Monday, May 12, 2008 a violent earthquake, measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale, happened in southwestern China's Sichuan Province Hundreds of aftershocks followed in the area The earthquake destroyed thousands buildings, roads, schools and hospitals, as well as infrastructure like communication networks and electrical towers Thousands of people died or are missing, and more than 45 million people were affected by the earthquake, which has been the worst natural disaster to hit China for 30 years The American Red Cross has contributed $20 million to support the relief and recovery efforts of the Red Cross Society of China These funds will be used to assist survivors through the purchase and distribution of relief supplies, coordination of logistics and transportation of disaster workers to the hardest hit areas The American Red Cross has also sent relief experts to the affected area to help monitor and coordinate the response efforts On June 6, the American Red Cross co-hosted a forum to address the U.S response and recovery efforts following the earthquake More than 30 representatives from humanitarian organizations, the business companies and the government participated in the event More than 35,000 staff and volunteers with the Red Cross Society of China responded to the disaster by distributing food, water, tents and other essential items The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies are providing 100,000 tents to help those in need The Red Cross Society of China is a very strong organization with extensive experience responding to disasters The American Red Cross has long history of working with the Red Cross Society of China, going to back to famines in 1906 and including severe storms earlier this year There has been a close contact between the Red Cross Society of China and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, arid they have been ready to provide additional support such as disaster workers, relief supplies or financial assistance Concerned family and friends in the United States may have difficulty contacting their loved ones because telecommunication has been out of work by this disaster If they are trying to reach relatives living in China or those who are citizens of China, the American Red Cross suggests them keep calling or try contacting other family members who live nearby 31.The earthquake on May 12, 2008 in China _ a left no aftershocks b destroyed everything except communication networks c caused no human loss d had effects on more than 45 million people 32.According to the second paragraph, _ a the American Red Cross helped the Red Cross Society of China to recover from the earthquake b the American Red Cross owed the Red Cross Society of China $20 million c the victims of the earthquake were not helped to buy necessary things d disaster workers were not sent to the hardest hit areas because of the aftershocks 33.Which sentence is not true? a There are more than 30 representatives from humanitarian organizations, the business companies and the government in the US helping the Chinese earthquake victims b The American government did not anything to help the earthquake victims in China c The American Red Cross has contributed $20 million to help the earthquake victims in China d The American Red Cross has also sent relief experts to help the earthquake victims in China 34.Which is not mentioned about the Red Cross Society of China? a It is a strong organization b It gets on well with the American Red Cross c It supplied the earthquake victims a lot of things except tents d It has extensive experience responding to disasters 35.After the earthquakes _ a it has been difficult to contact with the resident in the ,attacked area b the American Red Cross advised people not to keep contact with the victims c contacting with the victims was not a problem d everything has been in order soon Read the text and Choose the word a , c or d that best fits the blank space in the following passage The United Nations Children's Fund, or UNICEF, was (36) _ by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946, to provide emergency Food and (37) _ to children in 'countries that had been devastated by World War II In 1953, UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations System and its name was shortened from the (38) _ United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund but it has continued to be known by the popular acronym based on this old name (39) _ in New York City, UNICEF provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to' children and mother in developing countries UNICEF is currently focused (40) _ five primary priorities: Child Survival and Development, Basic Education and Gender Equality, including girl's education, Child protection from violence, exploitation, and abuse, HIV/AIDS and children, and Policy advocacy and partnerships for children's rights Related areas of UNICEF action include early childhood development, adolescence development and participation; life skills based education and child rights all over the world 36.a taken off b set up c paid on d pushed back 37.a instrument b projects c work d healthcare 38.a original b ancestor c old d relatives 39.a Managed b Led c Headquartered d Committed 40.a at b with c on d in IV WRITING: Choose the underlined word or phrase in each of the following sentences that needs correcting 41 The windsurfer stands on a board that is propelled and steering by means of a sail a b attached to a mast that is articulated at the foot c d 42 Since 1984 the sport has included in the Olympic Games as part of the yachting events a b c d 43 The first world championship of windsurfing held in 1973 Windsurfing first a b c became an Olympic sport in 1984 for men and 1992 for women d 44 After having dinner in that restaurant last night, I felt badly and my wife had to take me to the hospital a b c d 45 Daisy has such many things to that she has no time to go out a b c d Choose the sentence that is similar in meaning to the one given 46 Despite her age, she gets about easily a She is too old to anything easily b Because she is old, she cannot go anywhere c Although she is old, she can travel easily d Her age prevents her from going from place to place 47 "I will ring you up after I get home." Peter said to Mary a Peter promised to give Mary a wedding ring after he got home b Peter asked Mary to pay him a visit after he' got home c Peter promised to visit Mary after he got home d Peter promised to telephone Mary after he got home 48 John Smith is a farmer I bought his land a John Smith, whose land I bought, is a farmer c John Smith, whom I bought his land, is a farmer 49.No one in the team can play better than John a John plays well but the others play better c Everyone in the team, but John, plays very well 50 The shirt is not large enough for him to wear a It is such a small shirt for him to wear c The shirt is so small that he cannot wear b John Smith, who is a farmer, whose land I bought d John Smith, a farmer, bought his land b John as well as other players of the team plays very well d John is the best player of the team b The shirt is so small for him to wear d The shirt is too small for him to wear Động từ Bất Quy Tắc abide abode/abided abode / abided lưu trú, lưu lại arise arose arisen phát sinh awake awoke awoken đánh thức, thức be was/were been thì, là, bị bear bore borne mang, chịu dựng become became become trở nên befall befell befallen xảy đến begin began begun bắt đầu behold beheld beheld ngắm nhìn bend bent bent bẻ cong beset beset beset bao quanh bespeak bespoke bespoken chứng tỏ bid bid bid trả giá bind bound bound buộc, trói bleed bled bled chảy máu blow blew blown thổi break broke broken đập vỡ breed bred bred ni, dạy dỗ bring brought brought mang đến broadcast broadcast broadcast phát build built built xây dựng burn burnt/burned burnt/burned đốt, cháy buy bought bought mua cast cast cast ném, tung catch caught caught bắt, chụp chide chid/ chided chid/ chidden/ chided mắng chửi choose chose chosen cleave clove/ cleft/ cleaved cloven/ cleft/ cleaved chẻ, tách hai cleave clave cleaved dính chặt come came come đến, đến cost cost cost có giá crow crew/crewed crowed gáy (gà) cut cut cut cắt, chặt deal dealt dealt giao thiệp dig dug dug đào dive dove/ dived dived lặn; lao xuống drew drew drawn vẽ; kéo dream dreamt/ dreamed dreamt/ dreamed mơ thấy drink drank drunk uống drive drove driven lái xe dwell dwelt dwelt trú ngụ, eat ate eaten ăn fall fell fallen ngã; rơi feed fed fed cho ăn; ăn; ni; feel felt felt cảm thấy fight fought fought chiến đấu find found found tìm thấy; thấy flee fled fled chạy trốn fling flung flung tung; quang fly flew flown bay forbear forbore forborne nhịn forbid forbade/ forbad forbidden cấm đốn; cấm forecast forecast/ forecasted forecast/ forecasted tiên đốn foresee foresaw forseen thấy trước foretell foretold foretold đốn trước forget forgot forgotten qn chọn, lựa forgive forgave forgiven tha thứ forsake forsook forsaken ruồng bỏ freeze froze frozen (làm) đơng lại get got got/ gotten có gild gilt/ gilded gilt/ gilded mạ vàng gird girt/ girded girt/ girded đeo vào give gave given cho go went gone grind ground ground nghiền; xay grow grew grown mọc; trồng hang hung móc lên; treo lên hear heard heard nghe heave hove/ heaved hove/ heaved trục lên hide hid hidden giấu; trốn; nấp hit hit hit đụng hurt hurt hurt làm đau inlay inlaid inlaid cẩn; khảm input input input đưa vào (máy điện tốn) inset inset inset dát; ghép keep kept kept giữ kneel knelt/ kneeled knelt/ kneeled quỳ knit knit/ knitted knit/ knitted đan know knew known biết; quen biết lay laid laid đặt; để lead led led dẫn dắt; lãnh đạo leap leapt leapt nhảy; nhảy qua learn learnt/ learned learnt/ learned học; biết leave left left đi; để lại lend lent lent cho mượn (vay) let let let cho phép; lie lay lain nằm light lit/ lighted lit/ lighted thắp sáng lose lost lost làm mất; make made made chế tạo; sản xuất mean meant meant có nghĩa meet met met gặp mặt mislay mislaid mislaid để lạc misread misread misread đọc sai misspell misspelt misspelt viết sai tả mistake mistook mistaken phạm lỗi, lầm lẫn misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood hiểu lầm mow mowed mown/ mowed cắt cỏ outbid outbid outbid trả giá outdo outdid outdone làm giỏi outgrow outgrew outgrown lớn nhanh output output output cho (dữ kiện) outrun outran outrun chạy nhanh hơn; vượt q outsell outsold outsold bán nhanh overcome overcame overcome khắc phục overeat overate overeaten ăn q nhiều overfly overflew overflown bay qua overhang overhung overhung nhơ lên trên, treo lơ lửng overhear overheard overheard nghe trộm overlay overlaid overlaid phủ lên overpay overpaid overpaid trả q tiền overrun overran overrun tràn ngập oversee oversaw overseen trơng nom overshoot overshot overshot q đích oversleep overslept overslept ngủ qn overtake overtook overtaken đuổi bắt kịp overthrow overthrew overthrown lật đổ pay paid paid trả (tiền) prove proved proven/proved chứng minh(tỏ) put put put đặt; để read read read đọc rebuild rebuilt rebuilt xây dựng lại redo redid redone làm lại remake remade remade làm lại; chế tạo lại rend rent rent toạc ra; xé repay repaid repaid hồn tiền lại resell retold retold bán lại retake retook retaken chiếm lại; tái chiếm rewrite rewrote rewritten viết lại rid rid rid giải ride rode ridden cưỡi ring rang rung rung chng rise rose risen đứng dậy; mọc run ran run chạy saw sawed sawn cưa say said said nói see saw seen nhìn thấy seek sought sought tìm kiếm sell sold sold bán send sent sent gửi sew sewed sewn/sewed may shake shook shaken lay; lắc shear sheared shorn xén lơng cừu shed shed shed rơi; rụng shine shone shone chiếu sáng shoot shot shot bắn show showed shown/ showed cho xem shrink shrank shrunk co rút shut shut shut đóng lại sing sang sung ca hát sink sank sunk chìm; lặn sit sat sat ngồi slay slew slain sát hại; giết hại sleep slept slept ngủ slide slid slid trượt; lướt sling slung slung ném mạnh slink slunk slunk smell smelt smelt ngửi smite smote smitten đập mạnh sow sowed sown/ sewed gieo; rải speak spoke spoken nói speed sped/ speeded sped/ speeded chạy spell spelt/ spelled spelt/ spelled đánh vần spend spent spent tiêu sài spill spilt/ spilled spilt/ spilled tràn đổ spin spun/ span spun quay sợi spit spat spat khạc nhổ spoil spoilt/ spoiled spoilt/ spoiled làm hỏng spread spread spread lan truyền spring sprang sprung nhảy stand stood stood đứng stave stove/ staved stove/ staved đâm thủng steal stole stolen đánh cắp stick stuck stuck ghim vào; đính sting stung stung châm ; chích; đốt stink stunk/ stank stunk bốc mi strew strewed strewn/ strewed rắc , rải stride strode stridden bước sải strike struck struck đánh đập string strung strung gắn dây vào strive strove striven cố sức swear swore sworn tun thệ sweep swept swept qt swell swelled swollen/ swelled phồng ; sưng swim swam swum bơi; lội swing swung swung đong đưa take took taken cầm ; lấy teach taught taught dạy ; giảng dạy tear tore torn xé; rách tell told told kể ; bảo think thought thought suy nghĩ throw threw thrown ném ; liệng thrust thrust thrust thọc ;nhấn tread trod trodden/ trod giẫm ; đạp unbend unbent unbent làm thẳng lại undercut undercut undercut giá rẻ undergo underwent undergone kinh qua underlie underlay underlain nằm underpay undercut undercut trả lương thấp undersell undersold undersold bán rẻ understand understood understood hiểu undertake undertook undertaken đảm nhận underwrite underwrote underwritten bảo hiểm undo undid undone tháo unfreeze unfroze unfrozen làm tan đơng unwind unwound unwound tháo uphold upheld upheld ủng hộ upset upset upset đánh đổ; lật đổ wake woke/ waked woken/ waked thức giấc waylay waylaid waylaid mai phục wear wore worn mặc weave wove/ weaved woven/ weaved dệt wed wed/ wedded wed/ wedded kết weep wept wept khóc wet wet / wetted wet / wetted làm ướt win won won thắng ; chiến thắng wind wound wound quấn withdraw withdrew withdrawn rút lui withhold withheld withheld từ khước withstand withstood withstood cầm cự work wrought / worked wrought / worked rèn (sắt) wring wrung wrung vặn ; siết chặt write wrote written viết [...]... pen I bought yesterday is cheap b The man you talked to is nice B/ MỆNH ĐỀ TĨNH TỪ KHÔNG GIƠIÙ HẠN + mệnh đề tónh từ giới hạn : là mệnh đề có chức năng hạn đònh lại danh từ làm rỏ nghóa cho danh từ trước nó, nếu không có nó sẽ không rỏ ý + Mệnh đề tónh từ không giơiù hạn : là mệnh đề không hạn đònh lại, không làm rỏ nghóa cho danh từ trước nómà chỉ thêm một ít chi tiết màthôi Ex: a The pen which is... doctor, is kind + Câu 1 là mệnh đề có giới hạn vì mệnh đề “ which is on the table” làm rõ nghóa từ” the pen” là cây viết trên bàn chứ không phải cây viết khác, nếu bỏ đi là không hiểu cây viết nào 29 Nguyễn Thị Vân Ơn thi TNTHPT 12 (201 4 -201 5) + Câu 2 là mệnh đề không giớ hạn, vì mệnh đề tónh từ “who is a doctor” không là rõ nghóa cho “her father”, nó đã rõ ràng rồi Mệnh đề này chỉ thêm chi tiết : cha... Ơn thi TNTHPT 12 (201 4 -201 5) A B C D UNIT 5: MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ (RELATIVE CLAUSES) ( mệnh đề tónh từ) • Mệnh đề tónh từ là mệnh đề (gồm S và V) có chức năng như tónh từ (bổ nghóa cho danh từ) Ex :The pen which I bought yesterday is very cheap (Cây viết mà tôi mua hôm qua thì rất rẻ.) “The pen is very cheap” là mệnh đề chính, “which I bought yesterday” là mệnh đề tónh từ bổ nghóa cho từ “the pen” • Mệnh đề. .. Mệnh đề tónh từ không giơiù hạn được ngăn cách với mệnh đề chính bởi 1 hoặc 2 dấu phẩy Đại từ “that” không dùng trong mệnh đề này • Khi nào dùng mệnh đề không giới hạn : a Khi danh từ có các chỉ thò từ : this, these, that, those Ex : That hat, which I boght last Sunday, is cheap b Khi danh từ đó có sở hửu tónh từ : my, her, his … Ex : Her mother, who is cleaning the house, is good c Khi đó là danh từ... often visits me is nice (cô gái mà thường thăm tôi thì tốt) b The man is very kind His son is my friend The man whose son is my friend is very kind (người đàn ông mà con trai ông ta là bạn tôi thì rất tốt) • Notes: who,whom : dùng cho người Which : dùng cho vật What 28 Nguyễn Thị Vân Ơn thi TNTHPT 12 (201 4 -201 5) • Where : chỉ nơi chốn When : chỉ thời gian Why : chỉ nguyên nhân Cách đổi chung : + Xem 2... The police was sent for B The police was sent C The police were sent for D The police was sent for us 7 They speak much about this book A This book is much spoken about B This book is much spoken 12 Nguyễn Thị Vân Ơn thi TNTHPT 12 (201 4 -201 5) C This book is much about spoken D This book are much spoken about 8 Have they tested all the machines? A Have all the machines be tested? B Have all the machines... happy, the deaf, … Ex: The poor become poorer and poorer 4 Các danh từ tập hợp theo sau là danh từ số nhiều.: PEOPLE, POLICE, CATTLE… Ex: Cattle were allowed to graze in that area The police are questioning the murderer 5 Các danh từ tập hợp khác : CLASS, GROUP, CROWD, FAMILY, COUNCIL, COMMITTEE, 15 Nguyễn Thị Vân Ơn thi TNTHPT 12 (201 4 -201 5) ARMY, AUDIENCE, PUBLIC… • → SINGULAR VERB Nếu được hiểu là... chance to tell the truth 23 Nguyễn Thị Vân Nguyễn Thị Vân Ơn thi TNTHPT 12 (201 4 -201 5) 20  I wish you had given 21 He is sorry now that he didn’t invite Molly to his party  I wish 22 Daisy didn’t go swimming with me  I wish VI Put the verb in brackets into the correct form 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 If the earth... NOUN + NOT ONLY Ex: NOR + NOUN → VERB BUT ALSO Either you or I am wrong Not only the students but also the teacher is also happy IV EACH EVERY DANH TỪ SỐ ÍT + EITHER NEITHER OF + DANH TỪ SỐ NHIỀU 14 + SINGULAR VERB (verb số ít) Nguyễn Thị Vân Ơn thi TNTHPT 12 (201 4 -201 5) EVERYBODY, ANYONE, SOMEBODY, NO ONE Ex: Each boy has a book Nobody cares to listen to worries Either of these dresses looks good on you... the future EX: - I wish today were Sunday 18 Yesterday, ago, last Ơn thi TNTHPT 12 (201 4 -201 5) • 1 Nguyễn Thị Vân - Tom wished he had seen the football match on T.V last night - I can’t speak English well I wish I could speak English well Sentence Transformation : IF UNLESS + Qui tắc: - Không thay đổi thì - Chỉ thay đổi ở mệnh đề IF / UNLESS: phủ đònh khẳng đònh EX a- If you are not careful, you ... thi TNTHPT 12 (201 4 -201 5) Nguyễn Thị Vân 21 It’s a long time since we last went to the cinema A We have been to the cinema for a long time B We haven’t been to the cinema for a long time C We don’t... has made C made D was made I don't understand why the students didn't keep silent while the speech A has been made B was made C would be made D was being made This is the first time I have seen... report on the air pollution written? B Whom was the report written on the air pollution by? C By whom was the report written on the air pollution? D All are correct 16 Who killed President John
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Xem thêm: 20 chuyên đề Ôn thi Tốt nghiệp THPT quốc gia môn tiếng Anh, 20 chuyên đề Ôn thi Tốt nghiệp THPT quốc gia môn tiếng Anh, 20 chuyên đề Ôn thi Tốt nghiệp THPT quốc gia môn tiếng Anh, THÌ TƯƠNG LAI TIẾP DIỄN, B. SÁU THÌ TIẾP DIỄN Ở THỂ BỊ ĐỘNG, II. Vo … + O or S + WILL + Vo -> IF YOU + DON’T Vo … , S + WILL + Vo