tài liệu ôn thi thpt quốc gia môn tiếng anh hay

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WISH CLAUSE T à i l i ệ u s ư u t ầ m , t ổ n g h ợ p P a g e 1 | 9 CHUYÊN ĐỀ : WISH CLAUSE A. Lý thuyết I. Định nghĩa: Sau WISH (ước, ước gì) v IF ONLY (giá m, phải chi) l mt mệnh đ ch điu ước, mt điu không c tht. II. Phân loại: 1. Wish about the future: Chng ta s dng câu ước  tương lai với mong mun ai đ, s việc gì đ sẽ tt đp hơn trong tương lai. Cu trc: S + WISH + S + would/ could + V (bare-infinitive) IF ONLY + S + would/ could + V (bare-infinitive) Example:  I wish you wouldn’t leave your clothes all over the floor.  I wish I would be an astronaut in the future.  If only I would take the trip with you next week We use wish + would to talk about something in the present that we would like to change – usually something that we find annoying. 2. Wish about the present: Chúng ta dùng câu ước  hiện tại để ước v điu không có tht  hiện tại, thường là thể hiện s nui tiếc v tình hung hiện tại (regret about present situations). Cu trc: S + WISH + S+ V (simple past) IF ONLY + S+ V (simple past) (be were) WISH CLAUSE T à i l i ệ u s ư u t ầ m , t ổ n g h ợ p P a g e 2 | 9 Example:  If wish I were rich. (But I am poor now).  I can’t swim. I wish I could swim.  If only she were here. (The fact is that she isn’t here).  We wish that we didn’t have to go to class today. (The fact is that we have to go to class today). When we talk about present regrets, both wish and if only are followed by the past simple tense. The past tense emphasises that we are talking about something ‘unreal’ 3. Wish about the past Chúng ta s dng câu ước  qúa khứ để ước điu trái với những gì xảy ra trong quá khứ, thường là để diễn tả s nui tiếc với tình hung  quá khứ. Cu trúc: S + WISH + S + HAD+V3/ed = IF ONLY + S + HAD + V3/ed S + WISH + S + COULD HAVE + V3/ed = IF ONLY+ S + COULD HAVE + V3/ed Example:  If only I had gone by taxi. (I didn’t go by taxi).  I wish I hadn’t failed my exam last year. (I failed my exam).  She wishes she had had enough money to buy the house. (She didn’t have enough money to buy it).  If only I had met her yesterday. (I didn’t meet her).  She wishes she could have been there. (She couldn’t be there.) Both wish and if only are followed by the past perfect tense when we talk about past regrets. III. Chú ý: 1. Wish in fixed expressions -We can use I / We wish you in fixed expressions. Example:  I wish you a happy birthday.  We wish you good luck in your new job. 2. Wish and hope WISH CLAUSE T à i l i ệ u s ư u t ầ m , t ổ n g h ợ p P a g e 3 | 9 -To simply express that you want something to happen in the future (not talking about wanting an action or situation to be different, and not talking about impatience or annoyance) we use hope, not wish. Example:  I hope it's sunny tomorrow. (NOT I wish it was sunny tomorrow.)  I hope she passes her exam next week. (NOT I wish she were passing her exam next week) 3. Wish and want -We can use wish + infinitive or wish + object + infinitive to mean want in a formal situation. Example:  I wish to leave now. (+ infinitive)  I wish to speak to your supervisor please. (+ infinitive)  I do not wish my name to appear on the list. (+ object + infinitive) B. Bài tập: Exercise 1: Give the correct form of the verbs in the parentheses 1. She wishes her father (be) here now to help her. 2. I wish you (not give) them my phone number yesterday. 3. I wish they (visit) us when they were in town. 4. I wish someone (give) me a job next month. 5. If only I (can take) the trip to Hanoi with her next summer. 6. We wish we (understand) all the teacher’s explanation yesterday. 7. He missed an exciting football match on TV last night. He wishes he (watch) it. 8. If only I (have) more time to do this job. 9. I wish she (come) to see me yesterday. 10. I wish that someday I (be) able to marry her. Exercise 2: Choose the best answer: 1. I'm not very fit. I wish ______ A. I would be fitter B. I were fitter WISH CLAUSE T à i l i ệ u s ư u t ầ m , t ổ n g h ợ p P a g e 4 | 9 C. I was fitter 2. It's very hot. A. I wish it were cooler. B. I wish it was rain tomorrow. C. If only it had rained. 3. I was really lazy in my childhood. A. I wish I were more active. B. If only I would practice more sport. C. I wish I had done more sport. 4. Those children are really noisy. A. I wish they were quieter B. I wish they would be quiet C. If only they had been quiet. 5. We had a terrible problem with the computer yesterday. A. I wish you would repair it B. I wish it would never happen again C. I wish your friend Ramon had been here 6 .A, Could you lend me some money? B: I wish … you some money for your rent, but I’m broke myself. a. can lend b. would lend c. could lend d. will lend 7. A: Are we lost? B: I think so. I wish we ……………… a map with us today. a. were bringing b. brought c. had brought d. would bring 8. A: What are you doing later this afternoon? B: I wish I ……………… the answer of this question. WISH CLAUSE T à i l i ệ u s ư u t ầ m , t ổ n g h ợ p P a g e 5 | 9 a. knew b. know c. could know d. would know 9. A: I told your mother that you had left your job. B: Well, I wish you …………… her. It’s none of your business. a. wouldn’t tell b. didn’t tell c. hadn’t told d. doesn’t tell 10. A: I wish you …………… making that noise. It’s bothering me. B: Sorry, I’ll stop it right now. a. would stop b. are going to stop c. stop d. can stop 11. A: These figures are too complicated to work out in your head. B: Yes, ………………… a calculator. a. I wish we would have b. if only we had c. if only we had had d. I wish we have 12. A: You look tired. B: Yes, I’m really sleepy today. I wish I …………… Bob to the airport late last night. a. didn’t have to take b. weren’t taking c. hadn’t had to take d. didn’t take 13. A: It’s raining. I wish it …………… B: Me too. If only the sun … so that we could go swimming. a. stopped / shined b. would stop / were shining c. had stopped / had shined d. would stop / would shine 14. A: Did you study for that test? B: No, but now I wish I …………… because I flunked it. a. had studied b. studied c. would study d. have studied 15. A: My feet are killing me! I wish I ………more comfortable shoes. WISH CLAUSE T à i l i ệ u s ư u t ầ m , t ổ n g h ợ p P a g e 6 | 9 B: Yeah, me too. I wish I that we were going to have to walk this much. a. had worn / knew b. am wearing / had known c. were wearing / would know d. wore / had known Exercise 3: Rewrite the following sentences 1.Our classroom doesn’t have any windown. I wish…………………………………………………… 2.The sun isn’t shining. I wish……………………………………………………. 3.I didn’t go shopping. I wish……………………………………………………. 4.I can’t swim so I don’t feel safe in the boat. I wish……………………………………………………… 5.I don’t know how to dance. I wish………………………………………………………. 6.You didn’t tell them about it. I wish………………………………………………………… 7.I live in the country. I wish ……………………………………… 8.It’s cold today but I’m not wearing a coat. I wish………………………………………………………. 9.It’s raining and I want it to stop. I wish …………………………………………… 10.I don’t have enough money to buy that book. I wish……………………………………………………. WISH CLAUSE T à i l i ệ u s ư u t ầ m , t ổ n g h ợ p P a g e 7 | 9 11.Elena is tired because she went to bed late last night. She wishes …………………………………………………… 12.Ann has a beautiful voice so I want her to sing. I wish Ann……………………………………………. 13.I’m not lying on the beach in Hawaii. I wish………………………………………………… 14.The teacher is going to give an exam tomorrow. I wish he ……………………………………………… 15.Jack didn’t drive to work so he was late. I wish ………………………………………………………………. 16.Bill feels sad because he didn’t get the promotion. I wish ……………………………………………………………. 17.It isn’t winter so I can go skiing. I wish …………………………………………………………… 18.He was going to the concert last night. I wish he………………………………………………………… 19.I quit my job. I wish………………………………………………………… 20.My friend won’t lend me his car for my date tomorrow night. I wish my friend…………………………………………… Exercise 4: Put the verbs into the correct form. 1. I feel sick. I wish ……………………… so much cake. (I/ not/ eat) 2. I’m fed up with this rain. I wish ……………… raining. (it/ stop) 3. It’s a difficult question. I wish …………… the answer. (I/ know) 4. I should have listened to you. I wish ……… your advice. (I/take) WISH CLAUSE T à i l i ệ u s ư u t ầ m , t ổ n g h ợ p P a g e 8 | 9 5. I wish ………………. here. She’d be able to help us. (Ann/ be) 6. Aren’t they ready yet? I wish …………………… (they/ hurry up) 7. It would be nice to stay here. I wish … to go now. (we/ not/ have) 8. When we were in London last year, I didn’t have time to see all thethings we wanted to see. I wish …………… more time. (we/ have) 9. It’s freezing today. I wish so cold. I hate cold weather. (it/ not/ be) 10. What’s her name again? I wish …………… remember her name. (I/ can) 11. What I said was stupid. I wish …………………… anything. (I/ not/ say) 12. You’re driving too fast. I wish …………… a bit. (you/ slow down) 13. It was a terrible film. I wish I hadnt’ gone to see it. (we/ not/ go) 14. You’re always tired. I wish you didn’t go to bed so late. (you/ not/ go) 15. I spent all my money. I wish I had saved……………… it. (I/ save) 16. Vicky’s work isn’t going well. She wishes IT ware better. (it/be) 17. I looked everywhere for the key. I wish I had found it. (I/ find) 18. The phone has been ringing for five minutes. I wish someone would answer it (somebody/ answer) 19. It’s very crowded here. I wish There wasn’t so many people. (there/ not/ be) 20. I wish you had told me about the dance, I would have gone. (you/ tell) Exercise 5: For each situation, write a sentence with WISH or IF ONLY: 1. Ann isn’t here. I need to see her now. 2. John would like to be a pilot when he grows up. 3. I’m sorry I didn’t come to the party last night. 4. I regret that you didn’t give me a chance to tell you the truth. 5. Mary is afraid she won’t be able to attend your wedding next week. WISH CLAUSE T à i l i ệ u s ư u t ầ m , t ổ n g h ợ p P a g e 9 | 9 6. I regret I didn’t learn to play a musical instrument. 7. You drive to fast. I’d like you to ride more slowly. 8. It is raining. I want to go out, but not in the rain. 9. I’d like to buy this book but I don’t have enough money to buy it. 10. I live in a big city, but I don’t like it. 11. Nam was sorry that he didn’t accept the job. 12. I have to work tomorrow but I’d like to stay at home. 13. I feel sick because I ate too much ice-cream. 14. It’s pity that you were not here last week. 15. A lot of people drop litter in the street. 16. I’d like to take some photographs but I didn’t bring my camera. 17. It’s cold and I hate cold weather. 18. I can’t go to the party and I’d like to. wish I had applied for the job 20. My life isn’t interesting 300 câu trắc nghiệm sửa lỗi sai N g u ồ n : H a n h T r i n h T u o i T r e . c o m P a g e 1 | 22 II. FIND THE MISTAKES (300 SENTENCES) 1. What is the higher mountain in the world? a. What b. is c. higher d. in 2. I wish my mother gives me presents more often. a. wish b. gives c. me d. more often 3. The teacher was pleasing with the result of your examination. a. The b. was c. pleasing d. of 4. The little boy didn't know how lacing his shoes. a. The little boy b. didn't c. how d. lacing 5. You are quite so thin that you can slip between the bars. a. are b. quite so c. can slip d. between 6. To turnon the light, I was surprised at what I saw. a. To turn b. on c. was d. at 7. I would ratherlive on a farm than to live in a city. a. would rather b. live c. on d. to live 8. The school library is free and open forallthe pupils and teaching staff. a. is b. and c. for d. all 9. Why don't you borrow books in the local lending library? a. Why b. don't c. borrow d. in 10. He had to admit that there were something in what mother kept saying. a. admit b. were c. what d. saying 11. The students suggested buyingflowers forthe teachers in the Teachers' Day. a. The students b. buying c. for d. in 12. No one have solved such a difficult problem. a. have b. solved c. such d. difficult 13. During their meat, they discussed what to do at the weekend. a. During b. meat c. to do d. at 14. If you write the essay careful, you willget good mark. a. If b. write c. careful d. will 15. Ordinary Americans are friendly and not afraid to show its feelings. a. Ordinary b. are c. not d. its 16. The girl who were injured in the accident is now in hospital. [...]... 148 The expansion of this factory will to create more employment to local people a expansion b this c to create d local c when d in 149 There is a chill striking me when I go alone in night a is b striking 150 This morning, I encountereda friend I haven't seen fora long times a encountered b haven't c for d times 151 It is possible to infertwo completely opposite conclusion from this set of facts a... 195 I spent an hour trying to find a phone so that I could ring you telling you I'd be a little late this morning a spent b to find c so that d telling 196 I wanted somethingfresh to eat while I were in Britain a something b to eat c were d in 197 In towns, there was very few bus shelters untilabout thirty years ago a In b was c until d years 198 Most people no longer wears the kinds of clothes that... nghiệm sửa lỗi sai a don't b tired c so d after c to d school 48 The child ran fastly to get to school a child b fastly 49 If it will rain this afternoon, we will have to cancel our picnic a If b will rain c will d cancel c to d this 50 He is very weak to lift this suitcase a very b weak 51 Sun weather can always be depended on in southern countries a Sun b always c on d in 52 The man that wife and... T r e c o m P a g e 17 | 22 300 câu trắc nghiệm sửa lỗi sai a one b smallest c most rich d in 250 Most them think that Brunei is in the Middle East but it isn't a them b that c in d isn't 251 And the beauty is that there are so little people to share all this money a beauty b that c little d this 252 In 1980 the Sultan met an air hostess calling Mariam Bell and fellin love with her a met b calling... involved in a robbery a police b he c because d in 144 If he doesn't understand the lesson, his father often explains it forhim a understand b his c often d for 145 Most of the buildingin this town are ratherunattractive, but this church is an exception a of b building c rather d but c determination d be 146 She has a strongly determinationto be a teacher a has b strongly 147 The government are trying playing... everyone made up his own language a Communication b will c if d his 202 The more words you know, the most ideas you can express a more b know c most d can 203 Words are the main things we using in communicating what we want to say a are b things c using d what 204 As wellas talking with our voices we can also talking with our bodies a well b with c also d talking 205 They may nod herhead to show that they... by hand But now they are started by electricity N g u ồ n : H a n h T r i n h T u o i T r e c o m P a g e 2 | 22 300 câu trắc nghiệm sửa lỗi sai a used b being c But now d are 33 This house is often brokenoff and a lot of things are taken away a is b broken c off d away 34 My father has a mechanic to repairhis motorbike monthly a has b a c to repair d monthly 35 There always is one wise woman who is... see a time b to c didn't d place c were d streets 103 I soon got to know where were the main streets a got b where 104 I can spend quite a long time in Westminster Abbey and learn of all the interesting things there a quite b in c of d there 105 They are very pleasant to travel by steamer down the Thames from Westminster to Tower Bridge a They are b pleasant c by d down 106 One day a fame singer was invited... to stay 114 A artist went to a beautifulpart of the country for a holiday, and stayed with a farmer a A b to c beautiful d for 115 The artist was very pleased and thanked the farmer for saying so kind things about the paintings a pleased b saying c so d about 116 Severalmembers of his family did a great deal to encouragehim in the field of scientific a Several b to encourage c in d scientific 117 While... interested but difficult a that b now c interested d but c for d had 41 She made me to pay forthe damage I had done a made b to pay done 42 He warned me to make an eye on my luggage as that place was full of thieves a me b to make c on d full 43 When you are late forclass, you should apologize foryour teacher a When b for c should d for 44 The village that I was born and grew up is situatedon the Red River . about something in the present that we would like to change – usually something that we find annoying. 2. Wish about the present: Chúng ta dùng câu ước  hiện tại để ước v điu không có tht. If it will rain this afternoon, we will have to cancel our picnic. a. If b. will rain c. will d. cancel 50. He is very weak to lift this suitcase. a. very b. weak c. to d. this 51. Sun weather. i T r e . c o m P a g e 3 | 22 a. used b. being c. But now d. are 33. This house is often brokenoff and a lot of things are taken away. a. is b. broken c. off d. away 34. My father has
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