Tài liệu ôn tập tiếng anh 8

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Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ Trêng T.H.C.S hîp hoµ ***** Líp 8 Gi¸o viªn: Phan ViÖt Ph¬ng Tæ: Khoa Häc Tù Nhiªn N¨m häc 2009 - 2010 Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 1 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ Unit 1 Present simple to talk about general truths. o We use the present simple to express general truths. For example. • The earth moves around the sun. • The moon goes round the earth. • The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. • The bear sleeps during the winter. • Today is Monday; tomorrow is Tuesday. • Fish lives in the water. • Water consists of main elements: Hydrogen and Oxygen Use of “enough”. o Enough is put before noun and after adjective. For example She hasn’t enough money to buy a new house. There is not enough time to finish the test. There wasn’t enough room for us to sleep He has enough reasons to be angry. S + V + Enough + N + To-infinitive Enough + N + For + O + To-infinitive The rope is not long enough. She isn’t old enough to drive a car. It is not old enough for her to drive a car. I am fool enough to trust her. S + Be + ADJ + Enough + To-infinitive IT + Be + ADJ + Enough + For / Of + O + To-infinitive ____________________________________________________________ Unit 2 Be going to : dự định o We use “be going to” to express plans or intentions in the near future, it is sure to happen. For example We are going to practice piano for two hours this evening. Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 2 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ She is going to travel abroad tomorrow. o We also use “be going to” to predict. For example Oh, look! it is going to rain. Look out, she is going to faint. They are going to be married next May. S + Be (am/is/are) + going to + Bare infinitive Adverbs of place. o We use adverbs of place to show the direction or position of people or things. For example He is not outside; Maybe he is inside. They do not play football here; perhaps, they play there. She is not upstairs; it is possible that she is downstairs. Outside: bên ngoài Inside: bên trong Here: ở đây There : ở đó Upstairs: ở trên lầu Downstairs: ở dưới lầu o We can also use preposition phrases to show place: in, on, at, behind, in front of, to the left of, to the right of, on the right, on the left. For example • We are sitting in the room. • She stays at home • The book is on the desk. • She stands behind me • Put the chairs in front of the board. • Grow flowers to the left of the house. • Keep standing on the right. ____________________________________________________________ unit 3 Reflexive pronouns o We use reflexive pronouns to emphasize for Subject’s actions. It can stand after main verb or object of main verb. For example He himself answered the phone, not his secretary. He answered the phone himself. o Reflexive pronoun usually refers to the subject of a sentence. Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 3 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ He looked at himself in the mirror. o If we put reflexive pronoun after “by”, it means “alone ”. She lives by herself. You must sleep by yourself tonight. o The summary of reflexive pronouns I myself ( tự tôi ) You yourself ( tự bạn ) He himself ( tự anh ấy ) She herself (tự cô ấy ) It itself ( tự nó ) You yourselves ( tự các bạn ) We ourselves ( tự chúng ta ) They themselves ( tự bọn họ ) Modals: must, have to, ought to, should, may, can, could. o Must and have to both express necessiry. It has the same meaning “ phải ” For example. • All students must take the term exam. • All students have to take the term exam. (There is no other choice. The exam is required.) o In everyday statements of necessary, have to is used more commonly than must. Must is usually stronger than have to and can indicate urgency or stress importance. For example. • I’m looking for Sue. I have to talk to her about our lunch date tomorrow. I can’t meet her for lunch because I have to go to a business meeting at 1:00. • Where is Sue? I must talk to her right away. I have an urgent message for her. o Should and ought to have the same meaning “nên ”: they express advisability. For example. You should study harder. You ought to study harder. Drivers should obey the speed limit. Drivers ought to obey the speed limit. o Can (có thể) usually expresses the idea that something is possible because certain characteristics or conditions exist. Can is also used to combine possibility and ability. For example. Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 4 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ • Tom is strong. He can lift that heavy box. • I can play the piano. I’ve taken lessons for many years. • You can see fish at an aquarium. • That race car can go very fast. o May also has the same meaning as can, but its degree is less than 50 % certain. For example. • I can walk to school. It’s not far. • I may walk to school. Or I may take the bus. o In affirmative sentences about past ability, could usually mean “used to be able to”. The use of could usually indicates that the ability existed in the past but does not exist now. • When I was younger, I could run fast. o Could can be used to make suggestions. • Why don’t we go on a picnic? • We could go on a picnic. Modals + bare infinitive _______________________________________________________________ Unit 4 Past simple tense: “Used to” o We use “used to ” to express the past habits. But now they don’t exist any longer. For example. When she was a little girl, she used to swim in this river. When we were in grade 7, we used to play soccer. Used to (thường) + Bare infinitive Prepositions of time: “in , on, at, after, before, between ” o In (vào) + (second / minute / hour / day / week / month / seasons / year )  In 20 seconds, she will leave here.  They start working in spring and end in summer.  She always gets up at 5.00 in the morning.  I was born in 1978. o On (vào) + (holidays / days in a week / date) • We are going to have a party for my mom on March 8. • He has Math on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. o At ( lúc ) + ( hour time ) • Minh goes to sleep at 10.00 p.m. o After (sau)+(second/minute/hour /day/week/month/seasons/year) o before ( trước )+(second/minute/hour /day/week/month/seasons/year) • After 20 seconds, she will leave here. Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 5 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ • They start working before Spring and end after Summer. • She always gets up after 5.00. o Between … and ……(giữa … và ….) They will build my house between January and September. ____________________________________________________________ Unit 5 Adverbs of manner. o We use adverbs of manner to modify main verb in a sentence, it stand behind intransitive verb and behind objects of transitive verb. Adjective + ly => Adv m Safe safely Happy happily Magical magically Beautiful beautifully For example. • We learn how to drive safely. • She sings beautifully • I know he behaves badly. • The child eats his bread quickly. • Gillian angrily answered his question. • He generously helps his friends. Reported speech with “commands, requests & advice” o Command ( câu mệnh lệnh ) Direct: He said to me. “Open the door.” Indirect: He told me to open the door. Direct: The doctor said. “Do more exercises.” Indirect: The doctor told her / him / me to do more exercises. (Tell + S.O + to-infinitive) - We use “tell” to change a direct command into an indirect one. - If reported verb is in the past form, we must change “tell” into “told”. - Change bare-infinitive in direct speech into full-infinitive. o Request ( câu yêu cầu ) Direct: He said to me. “Could you help me? ” Indirect: He asked me to help him. Direct: The doctor said. “Can you do me a favor?” Indirect: The doctor asked me to do him a favor. ( Ask + S.O + to-infinitive ) - We use “ask” to change a direct request into an indirect one. - If reported verb is in the past form, we must change “ask” into “asked”. Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 6 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ o Advice ( lời khuyên ) Direct: My teacher said to Lan. “you should study harder ? ” Indirect: My teacher advised Lan to study harder. Indirect: My teacher told Lan that She should study harder. ( Advise + S.O + to-infinitive ) ____________________________________________________________ Unit 6 Present simple with future meaning o We are also able to use the present simple to express the future meaning. It is exact to happen. It’s relative with “ Calendar, timetable, program ” For example. • The exhibition opens on January 1 st and closes on January 31 st . • The concert begins at 7.30 and ends at 9.30. • We leave tomorrow at 11.15 and arrive at 17.50. • The flight A320 flies to Paris at 4.50 p.m. • The train leaves the Hanoi Railway Station for HCMC at 12.30. • We have Math, Physics and History tomorrow. Gerunds o Gerund is the “ing” form of a verb. It can be as “subject, object of verb or prep. For example. Playing tennis is fun. We enjoy playing tennis. Common verbs followed by gerunds Enjoy (thưởng thức) appreciate (đánh giá cao) mind (phiền) Quit ( từ bỏ) finish ( kết thúc) stop (dừng) Consider (xem xét) discuss ( thảo luận) suggest (đề nghị) ____________________________________________________________ Unit 7 Present perfect with “for & since” o For + ( a period of time ) For 10 years For 23 seconds o Since + ( a point of time ) Since Monday Since 1989 I have studied English for 10 years. Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 7 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ She has not seen Lan since 1989. Comparison with “like, (not) as ….as, (not) the same as, different from” o Like (prep) : giống như He looks like his father. o The same as : giống như Her eyes are the same color as yours The bag on the left is the same as the bag on the right. o (Not) as ….as (như… ) The magazine is not as large as the newspaper. He is as tall as me. o Different from (khác với) What makes him different from the rest of the students? This table is different from that one. ____________________________________________________________ Unit 8 Present progressive o Talk about future: we also use the present progressive to express a plan in the near future like “be going to”. For example. We are spending next summer in Australia. He is arriving tomorrow morning on the 13.15 train. o Complaint with “always”: we use “ always ” to express continually-repeated actions or to complain about someone. For example. • This week, I go to school late six times, so my teacher said. “You are always going to school late.” • I am always hearing strange stories about him. Comparative and superlative o Comparative. ( so sánh hơn) - Short adjective: Adjective + er Tall taller Big bigger Happy happier Lan is 1.8 meters tall. Nga is 1.75 meters tall. Therefore, Lan is taller than Nga Nga is shorter than Lan. (S + BE + ADJ + ER + THAN + S + BE) - Long adjective: More + Adjective Beautiful more beautiful Careful more careful Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 8 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ For example. Nga usually causes traffic accidents with her motorbike, but Lan doesn’t; therefore, lan is more careful than Nga. The red skirt is 120,000 VND. The green skirt is 150,000 VND. Therefore, the green skirt is more expensive than the red skirt. o Superlative. (so sánh nhất) - Short adjective: the +Adjective + est Tall the tallest Big the biggest Happy the happiest Lan is 1.8 meters tall. Nga is 1.75 meters tall. Hoa is 1.85 meters tall. Therefore, Hoa is the tallest. - Long adjective: More + Adjective Expensive the most expensive Careful the most careful The red skirt is 120,000 VND. The green skirt is 150,000 VND. The pink skirt is 450,000 VND. Therefore, the pink skirt is the most expensive. Some irregular comparative and superlative forms. Adjective Comparative Superlative Good better (the) best Bad worse (the) worst Far farther (the) farthest further (the) furthest old older (the) oldest elder (the) eldest. Little less the) least. Much more (the) most Many more (the) most Note: - Short adjective is one-syllable adjective - Long adjective is the adjective with more or equal to two syllables. o Comparative with “-er and -er”. (càng ngày càng ….) Nga is growing fast. She’s getting taller and taller Computers are becoming more and more complicated. (Những chiếc máy tính càng ngày càng phức tạp.) Holidays flights are getting less and less expensive. o The more ……, the more…… (…càng… , thì ….càng…) The more money you make, the more she spends. (Bạn càng làm ra nhiều tiền, thì cô ấy càng tiêu nhiều) The more expensive petrol becomes, the less people drive. Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 9 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ (Xăng dầu càng trở nên đắt đỏ, thì càng ít người đi xe hơi.) ____________________________________________________________ Unit 9 Purpose phrase: in order to, so as to, to To express the purpose, we use the following phrases: In order to (để) So as to (để) + Bare infinitive To (để) For example. • He came here in order to study English. • He came here so as to study English. • He came here to study English. • He came here so that he studied English. • He came here for English. For + a noun So that + clause Incorrect: He came here for studying English. Incorrect: He came here for to study English. Incorrect: He came here for study English. Future simple o We use the future simple to predict events in the future. For example. Nottingham will win on Saturday. It will rain tomorrow. Will house prices rise again next year? I don’t know if I shall see you next week. o We use the future simple to promise. I shall buy you a bike for your birthday. o We use the future simple to suggest. Shall we go swimming tomorrow? ( S + WILL/SHALL + BARE INFINITIVE ) o Some future adverbs in this tense. - Next (kế tiếp) + N (time) Next month Next year, she will go to the China. Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 10 [...]... pan • Finally, wait until it can be eaten Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 18 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong BÀI TẬP 1 I Choose the best answer: 1 The weather nice yesterday a is b was c will be d has been 2 I am going the movie at 8 this evening a see b seeing c saw d to see 3 The theatre is a bit far .your house a... giáo viên 8 Mẹ tôi là một bác sỹ Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 23 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong 9 Anh trai của tôi là một học sinh 10.Tôi có một vài người bạn 11.Lam và Bảo là những người bạn thân nhất của tôi BÀI TẬP 3 I Use the words... BÀI TẬP 4 I Fill in “since” or “for” 1 ages 2 three years ago 3 I had a holiday 4 February 5 two days 6 ten o’clock 7 a year 8 I got up this morning 9 ten hours 11 a long time 12 March 13 yesterday 14 I was ten 15 an hour 16 two days ago 17 May 18 Monday 19 a day Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 25 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam... / repair / bike Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 28 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong 4 When / he / a boy / he / like / eat / sweets 5 What / I / do / you? 6 I / listen / music / everyday ÔN TẬP HỌC KỲ I I Choose the best answer: 1 Yesterday, I a letter from my friend... if speaker knows who causes the action, “by” phrase is used Active: People built my house in 1 987 (Unclear subject) Passive: My house was built in 19 78 - If speaker doesn’t know exactly who causes the action “by” phrase is not used Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 11 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong Active: My aunt made this... go 4 pack e the police 5 let f into trouble 6 do g sorry for someone 7 order h your bags 8 feel i the truth Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 34 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong 0 - e , 1.- … 2.-……, 3.-…., 4.- …., 5.- … ,6.-……, 7.-…., 8. - …… VI Rewrite the following sentences in such a way that they mean almost the same as... tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong 3 I said:” Open your book, please, Miss Nga.” 4 Mr An said:” Please don’t make noise in class, Tom.” 5 “Keep quiet during class time , Hoa” said Nam 6 He said: ” Can you give me a pen , Tom.” 7 “Can you help me with my homework tomorrow? Hoa” Anh said... Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc d does/lives d who d went d gets 21 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong a climb b to climb c climbing 6 Last year, Hoa and Lan .to the same school a go b went c going 7 .moves around the Earth a The sun b the moon c Mars 8 She usually .up early a gets b get c to get 9 Mai often .badminton in the afternoon... homework / now 8 Binh / like / listen to / music / after school 9 When/ scouting / begin / England? 10.You / like / take part / sports? 11.It / take / him / minutes / repair / bike 12.When / he / a boy / he / like / eat / sweets Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 26 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010... BÀI TẬP BÁM SÁT 5 I Điền từ hay cụm từ thích hợp vào ô trống 1 Mother: Nam? Nam: Sure, Mom for you? Mother: some potatoes them for me? Nam: I’ll go and buy soon 2 Minh: Oh it’s too high Librarian: Do ? Minh: Yes help get that book? It’s too high Librarian: No problem Here .are Minh: Thanks .of you 3 Mr Thanh: a favour, please? Ba: Sure How ? Mr Thanh:Can . Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 18 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ BÀI TẬP 1 I. Choose the best answer: 1 a point of time ) Since Monday Since 1 989 I have studied English for 10 years. Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 7 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________ She. Adjective Beautiful more beautiful Careful more careful Truong THCS Hop Hoa – Tam Duong – Vinh Phuc 8 Tai lieu on tap tieng anh 8 – nam hoc 2009-2010 Phan Viet Phuong __________________________________________________________________
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