UNIT 1 KHỐI 12 HOME LIFE (có đáp án)

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Compiler: Bùi Thị Mỹ Nhung - ZALO: 0908827644 I VOCABULARY: Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City UNIT 1: HOME LIFE New words: STT Từ vựng lab close – knit (be) with crowded well – behaved base project eel soup mend pressure  Synonym & Antonym: STT 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Từ loại Phiên âm n /læb/ adj v adj n n n v n /ˌkləʊs ˈnɪt/ /ˈkraʊdɪd/ /wel/ /bɪˈheɪvd/ /beis/ /ˈprɒdʒekt/ /iːl/ /suːp/ /mend/ /'preʃə/ Nghĩa phịng thí nghiệm quan hệ khắng khít, gắn bó với đơng đúc cư xử mực, biết điều tảng cơng trình, dự án súp lươn vá, sửa chữa sức ép, áp lực Synonym/ close/ similar (đồng nghĩa) work together: làm việc, join hands chung sức, rush go quickly (v): vội vàng remove = get rid of take out = eliminate = get rid of: bỏ, đổ appear come up = happen: xuất help someone with give someone a hand = lend a helping hand with = assist : giúp studious hard-working = industrious: chăm make a decision make up one’s mind định take care of Look after = care for: chăm sóc, trơng nom Naughty = disobedient (adj) mischievous = negative (adj): nghịch ngợm, tinh ranh attempt effort (n): cố gắng, nổ lực + TO V take the take charge of = be charge of responsibility for+ = It’s sb’s duty to V:nhận trách Từ vựng Page Antonym/ different/ opposite (trái nghĩa) go slowly (v): chậm Lazy: lười biếng obedient (adj) = well - behaved : lời, ngoan ngoãn GRADE 12 - THE 1ST SEMESTER Compiler: Bùi Thị Mỹ Nhung - ZALO: 0908827644 Ving Collocations + Phrases : STT 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 nhiệm Collocations / Phrases (work on a) night shift household chores do/ share/ run the household make sure that A family of five people Work as a nurse “men build the house and women make it home” Go/ Rush/ Leave home Unlike most men In my attempt /effort to win a place at a university Under (high) pressure Supportive of one anther Come up with (an idea) come from leave A for B (be) willing to + V1 (be) under pressure  Word form: STT 38 39 40 41 42 43 New words Biology  biologist  biological Responsibility  responsible for Mischievous  mischief obedient  obedience  obey  disobedient supportive of  support frankly  frank Page Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City Từ loại n n adj n adj adj n adj n v adj adj v adv adj Nghĩa ca đêm công việc nhà làm, chia sẻ, trông nom gia đình chắn gia đình có người y tá đàn ông xây nhà, đàn bà xây tổ ấm về, vội vã về, rời nhà không giống người đàn ông khác nỗ lực để vào đại học áp lực hỗ trợ lẫn nảy ( ý tưởng) xuất thân, đến từ rời bỏ, chuyển từ A sang B sẵn lòng làm việc sức ép, áp lực Phiên âm /bai'ɔləʤi/ [bai'ɔlədʒist] /ˌbaɪəˈlɒdʒɪkl/ Nghĩa sinh vật/ sinh học nhà sinh vật học thuộc sinh học ['mist∫ivəs] /ˈmɪstʃɪf/ nghịch ngợm, tinh ranh nghịch ngợm /ris,pɔnsə'biliti/ /ris'pɔnsəbl/ /ə'bi:djənt/ [ə'bi:djəns] /ə'bei/ /sə'pɔ:tiv/ /sə'pɔ:t/ /frỉŋkli/ /frỉŋk/ trách nhiệm có trách nhiệm lời lời lời, nghe lời Không lời hỗ trợ, giúp đỡ cởi mở, bộc trực, thẳng thắn GRADE 12 - THE 1ST SEMESTER Compiler: Bùi Thị Mỹ Nhung - ZALO: 0908827644 44 45 46 solve  solution secure security confidence  confident (in s.o) v n adj n N adj Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City /sɔlv/ /sə'lu:ʃn/ giải giải /'kɔnfidəns/ /'kɔnfidənt/ tự tin, tin tưởng tự tin, tin tưởng vào /si'kjuə/ /si'kjuəriti/ an toàn an toàn Exercise 1: Choose the best answer Question 1: He is a naughty boy who likes teasing and playing tricks on his classmates A mischievous B guilty C anxious D adventurous Question 2:With greatly increased workloads, everyone is _ pressure now A under B above C upon D out of Question 3:Many people are ready to to improve health care around the world A gather heads B consider legs C open hearts D join hands Question 4:He has been very interested in doing research on _ since he was at high school A biology B biological C biologist D biologically Question 5:Each of us must take for our own actions A probability B ability C possibility D responsibility Question 6:Whenever problems come up, we discuss them frankly and find solutions quickly A happen B encounter C arrive D clean Question 7: He is not willing _ the risk of losing his money A Afforded B afford C to afford D affording Question 8:Most doctors and nurses have to work on a once or twice a week at the hospital A solution B night shift C household chores D special dishes Question 9:He was very respectful at home and _ to his parents A responsible B caring C obedient D lovely Question 10:When my mother is busy preparing dinner, my father often gives a hand _ tidying the living room A on B with C for D about II READING COMPREHENSION Exercise 2: Read the passage and choose one correct answer for each question: The nuclear family, consisting of a mother, father, and their children may be more an American ideal than an American reality Of course, the so-called traditional American family was always more varied than we had been led to believe, reflecting the very different racial, ethnic, class, and religious customs among different American groups The most recent government statistics reveal that only about one third of all current American families fit the traditional mold and another third consists of married couples who either have no children or have none still living at home Of the final one third, about 20 percent of the total number of American households is single people, usually women over sixty-five years of age A small percentage, about percent of the total, consists of unmarried people who choose to live together; and the rest, about percent, are single, usually divorced parents, with at least one child Question 11: With what topic is the passage mainly concerned? A The traditional American family B The nuclear family C The ideal family D The current American family Question 12: The writer implies that _ A there has always been a wide variety of family arrangements in the U.S Page GRADE 12 - THE 1ST SEMESTER Compiler: Bùi Thị Mỹ Nhung - ZALO: 0908827644 Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City B racial, ethnic, and religious groups have preserved the traditional family structure C the ideal American is the best structure D fewer married couples are having children Question 13: Who generally constitutes a one-person household? A A single man in his twenties B A single woman in her late sixties C An elderly man D A divorced woman Question 14: According to the passage, married couples whose children have grown or who have no children represent A percent of households B 20 percent of households C 33,3 percent of households D percent of households Question 15: The word current in line is closest in meaning to _ A past B contemporary C present D modern III PRONUNCIATION: Phát âm “ED” ① /Id/ với âm cuối động từ /t/, /d/  Tiền Dô Ex: needed, wanted, visited *Ngoại lệ: sacred, naked, wicked, crooked, learned, beloved, wretched, blessed, ragged,rugged,aged, dogged, legged, hatred, crabbed, crooked, cursed, deservedly, supposedly, markedly, allegedly -ed ②/t/ với âm cuối động từ SSáng Shớm Ghé Xuống Phố Phở Cé Chịu Khơng? Ex: missed, stopped ③ /d/ cịn lại (+weigh, plough) *Notes: động từ kết thúc /s/ + /s/ từ use, raise, please, devise, cause, advise, close /kləʊz/  phiên âm quốc tế thành /z/  Xếp vào hàng ③ + /s/ từ practise, increase, base /beɪs/  Phiên âm quốc tế /s/ Xếp vào hàng ② Exercise 3: Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently Question 16: A wanted B stopped C decided D hated Question 17: A toured B jumped C solved D rained Question 18: A washed B formed C turned D involved Question 19:A naked B.looked C booked D hooked Question 20:A.advised B.devised C raised D practised Phát âm “S/ ES” ①/iz/ phiên âm cuối động từ /s/ /ʃ/ /tʃ/ /dʒ/ /z/  Sáng Zậy Shớm Cé Chuyện Gê Xem -s/es ② /s/ phiên âm cuối động từ /k/ /t/ /p/ /f/ /θ/  Níc Phạm Pháp Fải Ghép Tội Khơng Tha Page Ex: languages, boxes ③ /z/ : lại ( + weighs, ploughs) Ex: mechanics , laughs GRADE 12 - THE 1ST SEMESTER Compiler: Bùi Thị Mỹ Nhung - ZALO: 0908827644 Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City *Notes: - clothe, bathe /beɪð/ (v): /th/ phiên âm thành /ð/  thêm /s/ vào hàng ③ - youth, cloth, bath /bɑːθ/(n): /th/ phiên âm thành /θ/  thêm /s/ vào hàng ② Exercise 4: Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently Question 21: A books Question 22: A.brothers Question 23: A enjoys Question 24: A tricks Question 25: A bushes B dreams B weekends B feels B leftovers B wishes IV.GRAMMAR C falls C problems C takes C depths C researches D builds D secrets D gives D roofs D headaches TĨM TẮT 12 THÌ CHÍNH TRONG TIẾNG ANH Tenses 1/The present simple (HTĐ) 2/The present continuous (HTTD) Structure (Công thức) Verb (Động từ thường) (+) S + V(e/es) (-) S + don’t/doesn’t +V1 (?) Do/Does + S + V1? Don’t V1 TOBE (+) S + am/is/are + O (-) S+am not/isn’t/aren’t+O (?) am/is/are +S +O? Doesn’t V1 thêm s/es - He, She, It, Tên riêng - A/ an,…/ my/ his/ your father, mother…Someone, - Danh từ số - I, You, We, They, People, - Many/ much… - Danh từ số nhiều (s) (+) S + am/is/are +Ving (-) S+am not/aren’t/isn’t +Ving (?) Am/is/are +S +Ving? Sign (Dấu hiệu) +always,often,usually, +sometimes,seldom never + every day/ week /month……: ngày/tuần/tháng,… +once/twice a week,….:một/ hai tuần lần + at am,today(hôm nay), ON+TIME + in the morning/ afternoon/ evening - at present, at the moment, now, right now, just now, at this time,… - Listen!/ Look! /Be quiet! / (+) S + have/ has + V3/ed ( - ) S + haven’t/ hasn’t + V3/ed -just, recently, lately, ever, ( ? ) Have / Has + S + V3/ed ? never, already, yet, several/ HAVE HAS many times 3/The present - I, You, We, They, People, - He, She, It, Tên riêng -so far, up to now… perfect Someone, - A/ an,…/ my/ his/ your - this is the first/ second/ (HTHT) - Many/ much… father, mother… third time… - Danh từ số nhiều (s) - Danh từ số - SINCE, FOR,… HTHT + since + ① mốc thời gian - How long…? ②QKĐ HTHT + for + khoảng thời gian 4/The present (+) S+have/has been+ving *HTHT + FOR 2,3… hours / perfect (-) S+haven’t/hasn’t been+Ving months / years continuous (?) Have/has +S+been+Ving ? *all week, all day, almost every Page GRADE 12 - THE 1ST SEMESTER Compiler: Bùi Thị Mỹ Nhung - ZALO: 0908827644 Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City (HTHTTD) day this week, in the past week, Các động từ sau thường chia này: run, wait, sleep, in recently, lately=recently, so live,… far,since , for, for a long time,… 5/The past simple (QKĐ) 6/The past perfect (QKHT) 7/The past continuous tense ( QKTD ) 8/The past perfect continuous (QKHTTD) 9/The future (TLĐ) 10/Future Continuous tense (TLTD) 11/Future perfect tense (TLHT) 12/Future perfect continuous (TLHTTD) Verb (Động từ TOBE thường) (+) S+V2/ed (+) S +was/were +O (-) S+didn’t +V1 (-) S+wasn’t/weren’t +O (?) Did + S +V1 (?) Was/were + S +0 ? (+) S + had + V3/ed ( - ) S + hadn’t + V3/ed ( ? ) Had + S + V3/ed ? Công thức: QKHT + before/ by the time/ by + QKĐ QKĐ + after + QKHT ( + ) S + was/ were + Ving ( - ) S + wasn’t/ weren’t + Ving ( ? ) Was/ Were + S + Ving? Were -You, We, They, People, - Many/ much… - Danh từ số nhiều (s) (+) S+had been+ving (-) S+hadn’t been+Ving (?) Had +S+been+Ving ? Was - He, She, It, I, Tên riêng - A/ an,…/ my/ his/ your father, mother… - Danh từ số (+) S + will + V1 (-) S + will not / won’t + V1 (?) Will + S + V1? Công thức: TLHT + before/ by/ by the time + HTĐ TLĐ + after + HTHT (+) S+will/shall be +Ving (-) S+won’t/shalln’t be +Ving (?) Will/shall +S+be +Ving? (+) S+will/shall have +V3 /ed (-) S+won’t/shalln’t +V3/ed (?) Will/Shall +S+have +V3/ed ? (+)S+will have been +Ving (-)S+will have been +Ving (?) Will + S +have been +Ving ? -This morning, yesterday, ago, last (night, week,…), in 1990 - When I was young/a child By, by the time , before, after, by yesterday, by this time last year, When -during, all -at am yesterday, -While,When(phải dịch nghĩa) *HTHT + FOR 2,3… hours / months / years “SUỐT” *until then, by the time, prior to that time, before, after,… - Tomorrow, in the future - Next week/ month/ year - by the end of - probably, soon… in the future, next week/month/year, soon, tomorrow, at am tomorrow, at that time next, at this time tomorrow,… - by tomorrow, by the time+TL, by this time next year, by the end of, before, prior to the time,… by tomorrow, by the time+TL, by this time next year, by the end of, before, prior to the time,… Lưu ý 1: Khi gặp “ When ” ta phải dịch nghĩa 1.1 Hành động xảy (QKTD) - cắt (QKĐ) Page GRADE 12 - THE 1ST SEMESTER Compiler: Bùi Thị Mỹ Nhung - ZALO: 0908827644 Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City Ex 1:We _an accident when we _on the street A had/ were walking B had/ had walked C having/ walking D have/ have Ex 2: I (listen) to music when my mother (phone) _ me 1.2 Hành động trước (QKHT) - Sau (QKĐ) Ex 3: When we _ the bill, we left the restaurant A had paid B paid C had been paying D were paying Ex4:When my boyfriend (come) to the station, The train (leave) 1.3 When S + be + young / child/ years old /a student Chia QKĐ Ex 5: My sister chess with her friends When She was young A was playing B played C have played D plays Ex 6: I (visit) my uncle's home regularly when I (be) a child 1.4 Kể lại: vế QKĐ Ex: I learned French when I stayed in Paris  Lưu ý 2: Khi gặp “While” ( _? + WHILE + QKTD) Nghĩa sau WHILE ln ln + QKTD, vế cịn lại phải xét theo trường hợp đây: 2.1 Hành động xảy (QKTD) - cắt (QKĐ)  giống 1.1 với từ “When” Ex 7: The bell While I _a shower A rang/ was taking B rang/ had taken C had rung/ took D rang/ took 2.2 Hành động song - song (2 hành động ko liên quan đến nhau)  Chia vế cho QKTD Ex 8: While Kim Tae Hee _, her husband the door A was cooking/ opened B cooked/ opened C was cooking/ was opening D have cooked/ opened Ex 9: My father (read) the newspaper while I (wash) Lưu ý 3: Khi gặp “before/ by/ by the time/ after” ta xem mốc thời gian 3.1 Nếu MTG QK MTG - dùng CT: QKHT + before/ by the time/ by + QKĐ QKĐ + after + QKHT Ex 10: By the age of 25, he two famous novels A wrote B writes C has written D had written Ex 11: He (sit) _ down to write some letters after he (finish) _ breakfast 3.2 Nếu MTG tương lai : by the time next year, by tomorrow… , dùng CT TLHT + before/ by/ by the time + HTĐ TLĐ + after + HTHT Ex 12: 199.By the end of this year, Tom English for three years A will be studying B has studied C will have studied D has been studying Ex 13: I (complete) _ my homework before 11 o’clock tomorrow 3.3 Sau before/ after + V_ing/ Noun Page Ex 14: After studying homework, I go to bed GRADE 12 - THE 1ST SEMESTER Compiler: Bùi Thị Mỹ Nhung - ZALO: 0908827644 Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City 3.4 Sau từ thời gian: When, while, before, after, until, as soon as, by the time,… KHÔNG ĐƯỢC DÙNG TƯƠNG LAI thay vào HTĐ/ HTHT 3.5 BE khơng chia TIẾP DIỄN Ex 15:Can you look after the children while I _ out?  Lưu ý 4: Công thức “USED TO” 4.1 S + used to V1: (dấu hiệu QK) 4.2 S + be + used to + V_ing: get+ used to + V_ing quen với (dấu hiệu HT) be + accustomed to + V_ing Exercise 5: Choose the best answer Question 26:In the last hundred years, traveling _ much easier and more comfortable A becomes B has become C became D will become th Question 27:In the 19 century, it _ two or three months to cross North America by covered wagon A took B had taken C had taken D.was taking Question 28:I haven‘t met him again since we school ten years ago A have left B leave C left D had left Question 29:The children _ to bed before their parents came home from work A were all going B had all gone C had all been going D.have all gone Question 30:By this time next summer, you _ your studies A completes B will complete C are completing D will have completed Question 31:Daniel in London at the moment (THPTQG 2008 - H7N) A studies B has studied C is studying D will study Question 32:The last time I went to the museum was a year ago A I have not been to the museum for a year B A year ago, I often went to the museum C My going to the museum lasted a year D At last I went to the museum after a year Question 33:She the piano when she was a child A played B was playing C has played D had played Question 34: In the middle of the night, Carol _ on the sofa when someone at the door A had slept – was knocking B was sleeping – knocked C slept – was knocking D was sleeping – had knocked Question 35:Don’t run so much.You’ll exhaust yourself before the game A begins B will begin C will have begun D have gun Question 36: _ get tired of answering the same questions every day? A.Have you ever B Had you ever C Do you ever D Are you ever Question 37:I _ there once a long time ago and _ back since A went / have not been B go / am not C have gone / was D.was going / had not been Question 38:Yesterday, I _ for work late because I _ to set my alarm A had left / forgot B.was leaving / was forgetting C left / had forgot D had been leaving / would forget Question 39:The team _a single match so far this season A doesn't win B didn't win C hasn't won D hadn't won Question 40: Linda took great photos of butterflies while she in the forest (THPTQG 2019) A is hiking B was hiking C hiked D had hiked Question 41: When my father was young, he get up early to the gardening (THPTQG 2008) A.got used to B used to C was used to D use to Page GRADE 12 - THE 1ST SEMESTER Compiler: Bùi Thị Mỹ Nhung - ZALO: 0908827644 Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City Question 42: Many people homeless after the earthquake in Haiti a few months ago (THPTQG 2010) A become B will become C became D are becoming Question 43: I with my aunt when I am on holiday in Ho Chi Minh City next month (THPTQG 2012) A will have been staying B will have stayed C stay D will be staying Exercise 6:Identify the one underlined word or phrase - A, B, C or D - that must be changed for the sentence to be correct Question 44: He never goes home before he will finish his work (THPTQG 2008) A B C D Question 45: My younger brother has worked in a bank since a long time (THPTQG 2009) A B C D ĐÁP ÁN UNIT 1A 11D 21A 31C 41B 2A 12A 22D 32A 42C Trắc nghiệm 3D 13B 23C 33A 43B 4A 14C 24B 34B 44D 5D 15C 25D 35A 45D 6A 16B 26B 36C 7C 17B 27A 37A 8B 18A 28C 38C 9C 19A 29B 39C 10B 20D 30D 40B Tự luận Ex1: A had/ were walking Ex2: was listening/ phoned Ex3: A had paid Ex4:was coming/ had left Ex5: B played Ex6: visited/ was Ex7: A rang/ was taking Ex8: C was cooking/ was opening Ex9:was reading/ was washing Ex10: D had written Ex11:sat/ had finished Ex12: C will have studied Ex13:will have completed Ex15: am Page GRADE 12 - THE 1ST SEMESTER ... goes home before he will finish his work (THPTQG 2008) A B C D Question 45: My younger brother has worked in a bank since a long time (THPTQG 2009) A B C D ĐÁP ÁN UNIT 1A 11 D 21A 31C 41B 2A 12 A... opening Ex9:was reading/ was washing Ex10: D had written Ex 11: sat/ had finished Ex12: C will have studied Ex13:will have completed Ex15: am Page GRADE 12 - THE 1ST SEMESTER ... 22D 32A 42C Trắc nghiệm 3D 13 B 23C 33A 43B 4A 14 C 24B 34B 44D 5D 15 C 25D 35A 45D 6A 16 B 26B 36C 7C 17 B 27A 37A 8B 18 A 28C 38C 9C 19 A 29B 39C 10 B 20D 30D 40B Tự luận Ex1: A had/ were walking Ex2:
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