CÔNG THỨC THÌ QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN VÀ BÀI TẬP CÓ ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT

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1. It was warm, so I took off my coat. (take).2. The film wasnt very goor. I didnt enjoy it very much. (enjoy)3. I knew Sarah was very busy, so I ..... her (disturb)4. I was very tired, so I ..... the party early. (leave)5. The bed was very uncomfortable. I ..... very well (sleep)6. The window was open and a bird ..... into the room (fly)7. The hotel wasnt very expensive. It ..... very much (cost)8. I was in a hurry, so I ..... time to phone you (have).9. It was hard carrying the bags. They ..... very heavy. (be)Bài 3: Hoàn thành đoạn văn sau1. Yesterday, I (go)______ to the restaurant with a client. 2. We (drive) ______ around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space. 3. When we (arrive) ______ at the restaurant, the place (be) ______ full. 4. The waitress (ask) ______ us if we (have) reservations. 5. I (say), No, my secretary forgets to make them. 6. The waitress (tell)______ us to come back in two hours. 7. My client and I slowly (walk) ______ back to the car. 8. Then we (see) ______ a small grocery store. 9. We (stop) in the grocery store and (buy) ______ some sandwiches. 10. That (be) ______ better than waiting for two hours. I CÔNG THỨC Lưu ý số quy tắc động từ khứ đơn:  Trong câu khẳng định q khứ đơn, động từ hợp quy tắc bất quy tắc Nếu hợp quy tắc, ta thêm "ed" sau động từ (Ved) Nếu bất quy tắc ta cần tra bảng động từ bất quy tắc cột (V2) Vậy nên để chia khứ đơn, bạn cần học thuộc lòng bảng động từ bất quy tắc  Đối với động từ khiếm khuyết Will → would, can → could, may → might  Đối với động từ kết thúc "e" ta cần thêm "d" Explore → explored, Promise → promised, Live → lived  Đối với động từ có âm tiết, tận phụ âm, trước phụ âm ngun âm gấp đơi phụ âm cuối thêm "ed" Put → putting, Stop → stopped Lưu ý cách thêm "ed" cách phát âm chữ "ed" II CÁCH DÙNG THÌ QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN  Diễn tả hành động xảy chấm dứt thời điểm định khứ Ex: Her father died twelve years ago (Bố cô ta cách 12 năm)  Diễn tả hành động diễn suốt thời gian khứ Ex: He lived in Oxford for three years, and then in 1991 he moved to London (Anh sống Oxford năm chuyển đến London vào năm 1991)  Diễn tả hành động theo thói quen quãng thời gian khứ Ex: When I was young, I often went fishing in this lake (Khi tơi nhỏ, thường câu cá hồ này)  Diễn tả hành động xảy khứ Ex: He parked a car, got out of it, closed all the windows, locked the doors and then walked into the house (Anh đậu xe, xe, đóng tất cửa sổ, khóa cửa sau vào nhà)  Mượn "did + V(inf)" vào câu khẳng định để nhấn mạnh  Dùng câu điều kiện loại 2, diễn tả giả thuyết trái với thật  Diễn đạt hành động xen vào hành động khác diễn khứ, đó, hành động diễn chia khứ tiếp diễn, hành động xen vào chia q khứ đơn Ex: While I was having dinner, Tom called me (Trong tơi ăn tối Tom gọ II DẤU HIỆU NHẬN BIẾT  Yesterday: ngày hôm qua  Last (/ week/ month/ year/ night/ summer/ Monday …): tuần trước/ tháng trước/ năm trước/ tối hôm trước/ mùa hè năm trước/ thứ tuần trước  Ago (2 days ago, a year ago): cách  In + thời gian khứ (in 1985 ): vào năm 1985  before  Once upon a time:  In the past: khứ  Today, this morning, this afternoon: hôm nay, sáng nay, chiều IV Bài tập Exercise 1: Complete the sentences It/ be/ cloudy/ yesterday –> In 1990/ we/ move/ to/ another/ city –> When/ you/ get/ the/ first/ gift? –> She / not/ go/ to/ the/ church/ five/ days/ ago –> How/ be/ he/ yesterday? –> Mr and Mrs James/ come back home/ and/ have/ lunch/ late/ last night? –> They/ happy/ last/ holiday? –> How/ you/ get/ there? –> Exercise 2: Complete the sentences, using the past simple of the suitable verbs in the box Teach, cook, want, spend, ring, be, sleep, study, go, write She _ out with her boyfriend last night Laura _ a meal yesterday afternoon Mozart _ more than 600 pieces of music I _ tired when I came home The bed was very comfortable so they _ very well Jamie passed the exam because he _ very hard My father _ the teenagers to drive when he was alive Dave _ to make a fire but there was no wood The little boy _ hours in his room making his toys 10 The telephone _ several times and then stopped before I could answer it Exercise 3: Complete the sentences, using the past simple of the suitable verbs in the box above 1/ A light _ at the end of the road.(lit) 2/ The sheep _ peacefully in the fields (graze) 3/ He _ a fire in the living room (make) 4/ They _ an Autumn fashion Show three months ago (hold) 5/ I _ my keys on the way home this afternoon.(lose) 6/ The Americans _ Mr Bush as President (choose) 7/ We _ home and _ her asleep on the sofa (go/find) 8/ She _ over and _ her leg (fall/ break) Exercise 4: Choose the best answer I a lot of fish yesterday a eated b ate c eats d eat Her aunt her to see Cham Temple last year a taked b took c take d takes Tuan a new bike yesterday a haved b has c had d have 4.She a new ruler yesterday? a didn’t buy does not bought b doesn’t bought c did not buy d He with his parents about his vacation in Da Lat last year a didn’t talk b doesn’t talked They school yesterday? c didn’t talked a didn’t - comed d doesn’t -come b didn’t -come c doesn’t - comed The windows yesterday? a did - close - close b did - closed c does - closed d does We ……… at home at pm last Monday a didn’t return b didn’t returned d doesn’t returned c doesn’t return She fish and crab yesterday a doesn’t eat ate b doesn’t eated c didn’t eat d didn’t 10 Lan Ho Chi Minh city two years ago a didn’t go doesn’t go b doesn’t went c didn’t went d 11 My parents to Vung Tau last week a don’t taked takes b don’t took c didn’t take d didn’t 12 We .a lot of friends in Ha Noi a don’t haved have b don’t has c didn’t had d didn’t 13 Lan and Hoa your school two years ago? a are b is c was d were 14 What they last week? a - play played b did - play c - played d did - 15 What Hoa on yesterday? a did - try b - try c did - tryed d - tryed 16 Who to about the film on TV last Monday? a talk b talks c talked d talking 17 Where…… they on their way back last Sunday? a did - stop stopped b - stop c did - stopped d - 18 What………… the student at school two years ago? a did - wears wear b did -wear c -wears d does - 19 Where……………… you the cake yesterday? a was - put b were - put c did - put d - put 20 What time you home for school yesterday? a was leave leave b were leave c did leave d Exercise 5: Put the correct form of the verbs in the blanks My sister (get) married last month Daisy (come) to her grandparents’ house days ago My computer (be ) broken yesterday He (buy) me a big teddy bear on my birthday last week 5 My friend (give) me a bar of chocolate when I (be) at school yesterday My children (not do) their homework last night You (live) here five years ago? They (watch) TV late at night yesterday Your friend (be) at your house last weekend? 10 They (not be) excited about the film last night V Đáp án Exercise 1: Complete the sentences It was cloudy yesterday In 1990, we moved to another city In 1990 we moved to another city When did you get the first gift? She didn’t go to the church five days ago She didn’t go to the church five days ago How was he yesterday? Did Mr and Mrs James come back home and have lunch late last night? Were they happy last holiday? How did you get there? Exercise 2: Complete the sentences, using the past simple of the suitable verbs in the box went cooked wrote tired slept studied talked wanted spent 10 rang Exercise 3: Complete the sentences, using the past simple of the suitable verbs in the box above lit grazed made held lost chose went/found fell/broke Exercise 4: Choose the best answer b ate b took c had a didn’t buy a didn’t talk b didn’t come a did close a didn’t return c didn’t eat 10 11 c didn’t take 12 d didn’t have 13 d were 14 b did play 15 a did try 16 c talked 17 a did stop 18 b did wear 19 c did put 20 c did leave Exercise 5: Put the correct form of the verbs in the blanks got came was bought gave – was didn't Did you live watched Was 10 weren't BÀI TẬP BỔ SUNG: Bài 1: Đọc Laure nói ngày làm việc điển hình Laure: I usually get up at o'clock and have a big breakfast I walk to work, which takes me about an hour I start work at 8:45 I neverhave lunch I finish work at o'clock I'm always tired when I gethome I usually cook a meal in the evening I don't usually go out, I goto bed at about 11 o'clock and I always sleep well Yesterday was a typical working day for Laura Write what she did ordidn't yesterday She got up at o'clock She a big breakfast She It to get to work at 8:45 lunch at o' clock tired when home a meal yesterday evening 10 out yesrerday evening 11 at 11 o' clock 12 well last night Bài 2: Chia động từ ngoặc cho It was warm, so I took off my coat (take) The film wasn't very goor I didn't enjoy it very much (enjoy) I knew Sarah was very busy, so I her (disturb) I was very tired, so I the party early (leave) The bed was very uncomfortable I very well (sleep) The window was open and a bird into the room (fly) The hotel wasn't very expensive It very much (cost) I was in a hurry, so I time to phone you (have) It was hard carrying the bags They very heavy (be) Bài 3: Hoàn thành đoạn văn sau Yesterday, I (go) to the restaurant with a client We (drive) around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space When we (arrive) at the restaurant, the place (be) full The waitress (ask) us if we (have) reservations 5 I (say), "No, my secretary forgets to make them." The waitress (tell) us to come back in two hours My client and I slowly (walk) back to the car Then we (see) a small grocery store We (stop) in the grocery store and (buy) some sandwiches 10 That (be) better than waiting for two hours 11 I (not go) to school last Sunday 12 She (get) married last year? 13 What you (do) last night? - I (do) my homework 14 I (love) him but no more 15 Yesterday, I (get) up at and (have) breakfast at 6.30 16 I _ at home all weekend ( stay) 17 Angela to the cinema last night (go) 18 My friends a great time in Nha Trang last year (have) 19 My vacation in Hue wonderful (be) 20 Last summer I _ Ngoc Son Temple in Ha Noi (visit) 21 My parents very tired after the trip ( be) 22 I _ a lot of gifts for my little sister (buy) 23 Lan and Mai _ sharks, dolphins and turtles at Tri Nguyen aquarium.(see) 24 Trung _ chicken and rice for dinner (eat) 25 They about their holiday in Hoi An (talk) 26 Phuong _ to Hanoi yesterday (return) 27 We _ the food was delicious.(think) Bài 4: Sử dụng từ ngoặc cho trả lời câu hỏi dưới: Yesterday (be) Sunday, Nam (get) .up at six He (do) his morning exercises He (take) .a shower, (comb) hair, and then he (have) breakfast with his parents Nam (eat) a bowl of noodles and (drink) a glass of milk for his breakfast After breakfast, he (help) Mom clean the table After that, he (brush) his teeth, (put) on clean clothes, and (go) to his grandparents' house He (have) lunch with his grandparents He (return) to his house at three o'lock He (do) his homework He (eat) dinner at 30 After dinner, his parents (take) him to the movie theater It (be) .a very interesting film They (come) back home at 30 Nam (go) to bed at ten o'clock What day was yesterday? What time did Nam get up? What did he after breakfast? Who did he have lunch with? What time did he have dinner? What time did Nam go to bed? Bài 5: Viết lạ câu sau, chia động từ khứ đơn I/ go swimming/ yesterday => Mrs Nhung/ wash/ the dishes => my mother/ go shopping/ with/ friends/ in/ park => Lan/ cook/ chicken noodles/ dinner => Nam/ I/ study/ hard/ last weekend => my father/ play/ golf/ yesterday => last night/ Phong/listen/ music/ for two hours => they/ have/ nice/ weekend => she/ go/ supermarket yesterday => 10 We/ not go/ school last week KEY Bài 1: had she walked to work It tooks her half an hour She starts work she didn't have any lunch she finished work she was tired when she got home she cooked 10 she didn't go 11 she went to bed 12 she slept Bài 2: didn't disturb left didn't sleep flew didn't cost didn't have were Bài 3: Yesterday, I went to the restaurant with a client We drove around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space When we arrived at the restaurant, the place was full The waitress asked us if we had reservations I said, "No, my secretary forgets to make them." The waitress told us to come back in two hours My client and I slowly walked back to the car Then we saw a small grocery store We stopped in the grocery store and bought some sandwiches 10 That was better than waiting for two hours ... với động từ có âm tiết, tận phụ âm, trước phụ âm ngun âm gấp đơi phụ âm cuối thêm "ed" Put → putting, Stop → stopped Lưu ý cách thêm "ed" cách phát âm chữ "ed" II CÁCH DÙNG THÌ QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN  Diễn...  Diễn đạt hành động xen vào hành động khác diễn khứ, đó, hành động diễn chia khứ tiếp diễn, hành động xen vào chia khứ đơn Ex: While I was having dinner, Tom called me (Trong ăn tối Tom gọ II... khẳng định khứ đơn, động từ hợp quy tắc bất quy tắc Nếu hợp quy tắc, ta thêm "ed" sau động từ (Ved) Nếu bất quy tắc ta cần tra bảng động từ bất quy tắc cột (V2) Vậy nên để chia khứ đơn, bạn cần
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