PRACTICE TEST FOR UNIT 11 SOURCES OF ENERGY

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UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY I Complete the sentence with the correct form of the verb in the box exhaust release alternate research relate supply renew pollute harm finite Coal, gas and oil are forms of energy that cannot be replaced after used The nuclear plant provides a fifth of the nation's energy Solar energy is not only plentiful and but also clean and safe Increased consumption will lead to faster of our natural resources Electricity companies were criticized for failing to develop energy sources Oxygen from the water is into the atmosphere Fossil fuels will be exhausted within a short time How to make full use of these sources of energy is a question for all over the world These pesticides are environmentally 10 Water power provides energy without II Choose the words that has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the others a exhaust b source c enormous d cause a sun b solar c safe d sure a heat b great c release d reach a geothermal b power c solar d hydro a polluted b consume c nuclear d fuel III Choose - a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase The amount of solar energy that reaches the earth depends the atmosphere a to b in c on d with The natural environment consists _ all natural resources a in b of c to d on Solar energy can be changed electricity a in b to c into d for Oil, coal and natural gas are fuels made from decayed material from animal or plants a unleaded b smokeless c solid d fossil 10 A nuclear reactor releases which is dangerous to the environment a radiation b heat c energy d carbon dioxide 11 We could make better of our energy resources a spend b use c need d limit 12 The government has spent £1 million on an advertising to encourage energy conservation a campaign b promotion c operation d enterprise 13 All fossil fuels are resources that cannot be replaced after use a unlimited b renewable c available d non-renewable 14 Solar energy is not only plentiful and infinite but also clean and safe a boundless b unlimited c uncountable d inflexible 15 Many newer cars have a much lower fuel a consuming b consumer c consumation d consumption Fill in each blank with one appropriate word from the box matter consuming filthy dangerous supply available reachs contain conservation safe renewable correct Solar energy, air and water are, usually called (1) , resources because there is an unlimited (2) , of them However, this definition may change if people are not careful with the (3) , of these resources The quality of solar energy that (4) the earth depends on the atmosphere If the atmosphere is polluted, the solar energy reaching the earth may be (5) If life is about to continue, the air must (6) the appropriate amount of N, O2, CO2 and other gases If humans continue to pollute the air, it will not contain the (7) amount of these gases Water is also a (8) to take into consideration Industry is making our water (9) Therefore, resources must be conserved, the air and water must be protected (10) must play important part in life A Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answers The search for alternative sources of energy has led in various directions Many communities are burning garbage and other biological waste products to produce electricity- Converting waste products to gases or oil is also an efficient way to dispose of wastes Experimental work is being done to derive synthetic fuels from coal, oil shale, and coal tars But to date, that process has proven expensive Other experiments are underway to harness power with giant windmills Geothermal power is also being tested Some experts expect utility companies to revive hydroelectric power derived from streams and rivers Fifty years ago hydroelectric power provided one third of the electricity used in the United States, but to day it supplies only percent The oceans are another potential source of energy Scientists are studying ways to convert the energy of ocean currents, tides, and waves to electricity Experiments are also underway to make use of temperature differences in ocean water to produce energy What is the best title of the passage? a The Use of Water Products for Energy b The Search for Alternative Sources of Energy c Efficient Ways of Disposing of Waste d New Discoveries in Geothermal Power What provided one third of the electricity in the United States fifty years ago? a wind b waste products c water d oil What could Rest replace the phrase 'geothermal power' in the passage? a heat from the earth b gases in the earth's atmosphere c steam that shot up out of the earth d water in the ocean, lake, or river Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage as an alternative source of energy? a Burning of garbage b Geothermal power c Synthetic fuels d Electricity According to the author, what is the impracticability of using coal, oil shale and coal tars' as sources of energy due to? a They take a lot of time b They are expensive c They are non-renewable resources d They are scarce resources What can be inferred from the paragraph? a All alternative production of energy will be derived from water b Hydroelectric power will be the main source of energy c Synthetic fuels will be the principal source of alternative energy d Alternative energy will come from a variety of sources Replace the relative clauses by an infinitive or infinitive phrase He was the first man who left the burning building  The last person who leaves the room must turn out the lights  _ The child is lonely; he would be happier if he had someone that he could play with  _ Here are some accounts that you must check  My brother is the only one who realized the danger  _ We had a river in which we could swim  Neil Armstrong was the first man who walked on the moon  The fifth man who was interviewed was entirely unsuitable  I wish we had a garden that my children could play in  _ 10 She is the only woman who was appointed to the board  _ Change all of the adjective clauses to adjective phrases Use the participles Only a few of the movie that are shown at the Gray Theater are suitable for children _ The couples who live in the house next door are both college professors _ A knuckle is a point that connects a finger to the rest of the hand _ Antarctica is covered by a huge ice cap that contains 70 percent of the earth's fresh water _ Only a small fraction of the eggs that are' laid by a fish actually hatch and survive to adulthood _ Our solar system is in a galaxy that is called the Milky Way _ None of the pedestrians who were walking up and down the busy street stopped to help the elderly man who was slumped in the door way  _ Food that passes from the mouth to the stomach goes through a tube which is called the esophagus _ Animals that are born in a zoo generally adjust to captivity better than those that are captured in the wild _ 10 The children attended a special movie program that consisted of cartoons that featured Donald Duck and Mickey Mouse _ 11 The Indians who lived in Peru before the discovery of the New World by Europeans belonged to the Incan culture _ 12 I was awakened by the sound of laughter which came from the room which was next to mine at the motel _ Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence 16 Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the first woman governor in the United States a who elected b to be elected c was elected d her election as 17 Pioneers, in isolated areas of the United States, were almost totally self-sufficient a who living b living c lived d that Iived 18 Completed in 1756, Nassau Hall is the oldest building now on the campus of Princeton University a standing b it stands c has stood d stood 19 Jerome Kern's most famous work is Showboat, , most enduring musical comedies a it is one of the finest b of the finest one c the finest one d one of the finest 20 _ in large quantities in the Middle East, oil became known as black gold because of the large profit it brought a Discovering b which was discovered c Discovered d That when discovered 21 Neil Armstrong, person to set foot on the moon, reported that the surface was fine and powdery a the first b to be the first c was the first d as the first 22 The Massachusetts State House, in 1798, was the most distinguished building in the United States at that time a completing b which was completed c was completed d to be completed 23 Lady Astor was the first woman her seat in Parliament a take b to take c taking d who takes 24 Norman Weiner, mathematician and logician, had an important role in the development of the computer a who as a b was a c whom a d a 25 War and Peace, , was published in 1869 a Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel b that is Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel c which most celebrated novel of Leo Tolstoy d is a Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY A PHONETICS I Circle the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the other words 1) A heat B nuclear C feat D clean 2) A power B slow C snow D show 3) A plenty B energy C only D hydropower II Circle the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words 4) A electric B potential C plentiful D alternative 5) A alternative B geothermal C environment D expensively 6) A potential B exhausted C pollution D infinite B VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR * Circle the best answer for each sentence 7) Non-renewable energy sources are running A up B on C to D out 8) In some countries people use wind or sea as the environment friendly energy sources A waves B water C products D weeds 9) People have used coal and oil to electricity for along time A generation B generated C generate D generates 10) Coal and oil are non-renewable sources A engineer B energy C engineering D energetic 11) People on earth are need of more nuclear energy A on B at C in D for 12) energy uses natural sources of energy such as the sun, wind, or water for power and fuel, rather than oil, coal, or nuclear power A Alternative B Solar C Hydropower D Electricity 13) Oil, coal and natural gas are fuels made from decayed material A unleaded B smokeless C solid D fossil 14) All fossil fuels are resources that cannot be replaced after use A unlimited B renewable C available D non-renewable 15) We should develop such sources of energy as solar energy and nuclear energy A tradition B alternative C revolutionary D surprising 16) Increased consumption will lead to faster of our natural resources A exhaust B exhausting C exhaustion D exhaustive 17) heat comes from deep inside the earth A Geothermal B Solar C Nuclear D Hydro 18) “Have you ever met the man over there?” “No Who is he?” A stands B is standing C standing D who he is standing 19) The boy the piano is my son A who is playing B that is playing C playing D All are correct 20) by his parent, this boy was very sad A Punished B Punishing C To be punished D Be punished 21) We have apartment the park A overlooking B overlooks C to overlook D overlooked 22) He was the last person in this way A to kill B who killed C being killed D to be killed 23) Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the first woman _ governor in the United State A who elected B to be elected C was elected D her election as 24) in large quantities in the Middle East, oil became known as black gold because of the large profit it brought A Discovering B Discovered C Which was discovered D That when discovered 25) She is the only in the discussion to using nuclear power A objects B objected C to object D whom objects 26) Johnny was the last applicant for a position in that energy station A to interview B interviewing C to be interviewed D which is interviewed 27) The instructions by Professor Johnson helped us know more about the danger of energy pollution A that explained B explained C explaining D which explained C READING * Circle the item among A, B, C or D that best answers the question about the passage Energy is fundamental to human beings, especially to poor people – the one- third of humanity that does not have modern energy supplies like electricity, with which their life could be improve Many people who live in countryside have to gather fuel wood This takes a lot of time Moreover, it causes indoor air pollution because of heavy smoke For many people living in rural areas in developing countries of the world, biogas is the large energy resources available and costs almost nothing The main use of biogas is for cooking and heating As biogas is smoke-free, it helps solve the problem of indoor air pollution Moreover, plant waste and animal manure cost almost nothing The tendency to use renewable energy sources is on the increase when non-renewable ones are running out In the near, people in the developing countries may use wind or sea waves as the environment-friendly energy sources 28) What is the role of energy to human beings? A unimportant B unnecessary C necessary D fundamental 29) What poor people in countryside to have energy? A They look for coal B They gather fuel wood C They look for oil D They use gas cookers 30) How long does it take to gather fuel wood in the countryside? A Not much time B A lot of time C Very little time D Half an hour a day 31) According to the passage, what energy sources poor people often use for fuel? A oil B wood C nuclear energy D petrol 32) What is the main use of biogas? A It is used mainly for cooking and heating B It is mainly used for lighting C It is mainly used for operating D It is mainly used for producing in factories 33) According to the passage, what is the most awful effect of using fuel wood? A It causes indoor air pollution B It may cause fire C It damages their houses D It affects the local scenery 34) Why, according to the passage, is biogas introduced to poor people? A Because it is easy to use B Because it is not harmful C Because they like it D Because it is the largest energy resources available in the countryside and cheap 35) What, according to the passage, are the main advantages of using biogas? A It is smoke-free B It costs almost nothing C It is clean because it is smoke-free and costs almost nothing D It is clean 36) The tendency to use renewable energy sources A goes up B goes down C fluctuates D levels 37) What, according to the passage, may be used as the environment-friendly energy sources/ A Nuclear energy B Coal C Wind and sea energy D Oil D WRITING * Circle the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting 38) The man to speak to me is John’s brother A B C D 39) He is the second person be killed in that way A B C D 40) They work in a hospital sponsoring by the government A B C D 41) It an essay writing in 1779, Judith Sergeant Murray promoted the cause of women’s education A B C D 42) A dam is wall building across river to shop the river’s flow and collect the water A B C D UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY I Complete the sentence with the correct form of the verb in the box exhaust release alternate research relate supply renew pollute harm finite 11 Coal, gas and oil are forms of energy that cannot be replaced after used Non – renewable 12 The nuclear plant provides a fifth of the nation's energy supplies 13 Solar energy is not only plentiful and but also clean and safe infinite 14 Increased consumption will lead to faster of our natural resources exhaustion 15 Electricity companies were criticized for failing to develop energy sources alternative 16 Oxygen from the water is into the atmosphere released 17 Fossil fuels will be exhausted within a short time relatively 18 How to make full use of these sources of energy is a question for all over the world Researchers 19 These pesticides are environmentally Harmful 20 Water power provides energy without pollution II Choose the words that has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the others 26 a exhaust b source c enormous d cause 27 a sun b solar c safe d sure 28 a heat b great c release d reach 29 a geothermal b power /'pauə/ c solar /'soulə/ d hydro /'haidrou/ 30 a polluted b consume c nuclear /'nju:kliə/ d fuel III Choose - a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase 31 The amount of solar energy that reaches the earth depends the atmosphere a to b in c on d with 32 The natural environment consists _ all natural resources a in b of c to d on 33 Solar energy can be changed electricity a in b to c into d for 34 Oil, coal and natural gas are fuels made from decayed material from animal or plants a unleaded b smokeless c solid d fossil 35 A nuclear reactor releases which is dangerous to the environment a radiation b heat c energy d carbon dioxide 36 We could make better of our energy resources a spend b use c need d limit 37 The government has spent £1 million on an advertising to encourage energy conservation a campaign b promotion c operation d enterprise: tính táo bạo, hãng kinh doanh 38 All fossil fuels are resources that cannot be replaced after use a unlimited b renewable c available d non-renewable 39 Solar energy is not only plentiful and infinite but also clean and safe a boundless: bao la, vô tận b unlimited c uncountable d inflexible: cứng rắn, ko linh hoạt 40 Many newer cars have a much lower fuel a consuming b consumer c consumation d consumption Fill in each blank with one appropriate word from the box matter consuming filthy dangerous supply available reachs contain conservation safe renewable correct Solar energy, air and water are, usually called (1) non - renewable _, resources because there is an unlimited (2) , of them However, this definition may change if people are not careful with the (3) , of these resources The quality of solar energy that (4) the earth depends on the atmosphere If the atmosphere is polluted, the solar energy reaching the earth may be (5) If life is about to continue, the air must (6) the appropriate amount of N, O2, CO2 and other gases If humans continue to pollute the air, it will not contain the (7) amount of these gases Water is also a (8) to take into consideration Industry is making our water (9) Therefore, resources must be conserved, the air and water must be protected (10) must play important part in life B Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answers The search for alternative sources of energy has led in various directions Many communities are burning garbage and other biological waste products to produce electricity- Converting waste products to gases or oil is also an efficient way to dispose of wastes Experimental work is being done to derive synthetic fuels from coal, oil shale, and coal tars But to date, that process has proven expensive Other experiments are underway to harness power with giant windmills Geothermal power is also being tested Some experts expect utility companies to revive hydroelectric power derived from streams and rivers Fifty years ago hydroelectric power provided one third of the electricity used in the United States, but to day it supplies only percent The oceans are another potential source of energy Scientists are studying ways to convert the energy of ocean currents, tides, and waves to electricity Experiments are also underway to make use of temperature differences in ocean water to produce energy 1 What is the best title of the passage? a The Use of Water Products for Energy b The Search for Alternative Sources of Energy c Efficient Ways of Disposing of Waste d New Discoveries in Geothermal Power What provided one third of the electricity in the United States fifty years ago? a wind b waste products c water d oil What could Rest replace the phrase 'geothermal power' in the passage? a heat from the earth b gases in the earth's atmosphere c steam that shot up out of the earth d water in the ocean, lake, or river Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage as an alternative source of energy? a Burning of garbage b Geothermal power c Synthetic fuels d Electricity According to the author, what is the impracticability of using coal, oil shale and coal tars' as sources of energy due to? a They take a lot of time b They are expensive c They are non-renewable resources d They are scarce resources What can be inferred from the paragraph? a All alternative production of energy will be derived from water b Hydroelectric power will be the main source of energy c Synthetic fuels will be the principal source of alternative energy d Alternative energy will come from a variety of sources Replace the relative clauses by an infinitive or infinitive phrase 11 He was the first man who left the burning building  12 The last person who leaves the room must turn out the lights  _ 13 The child is lonely; he would be happier if he had someone that he could play with  _ 14 Here are some accounts that you must check  15 My brother is the only one who realized the danger  _ 16 We had a river in which we could swim  17 Neil Armstrong was the first man who walked on the moon  18 The fifth man who was interviewed was entirely unsuitable  19 I wish we had a garden that my children could play in  _ 20 She is the only woman who was appointed to the board  _ Change all of the adjective clauses to adjective phrases Use the participles 13 Only a few of the movie that are shown at the Gray Theater are suitable for children _ 14 The couples who live in the house next door are both college professors _ 15 A knuckle is a point that connects a finger to the rest of the hand _ 16 Antarctica is covered by a huge ice cap that contains 70 percent of the earth's fresh water _ 17 Only a small fraction of the eggs that are' laid by a fish actually hatch and survive to adulthood _ 18 Our solar system is in a galaxy that is called the Milky Way _ 19 None of the pedestrians who were walking up and down the busy street stopped to help the elderly man who was slumped in the door way  _ 20 Food that passes from the mouth to the stomach goes through a tube which is called the esophagus _ 21 Animals that are born in a zoo generally adjust to captivity better than those that are captured in the wild _ 22 The children attended a special movie program that consisted of cartoons that featured Donald Duck and Mickey Mouse _ 23 The Indians who lived in Peru before the discovery of the New World by Europeans belonged to the Incan culture _ 24 I was awakened by the sound of laughter which came from the room which was next to mine at the motel _ Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence 41 Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the first woman governor in the United States a who elected b to be elected c was elected d her election as 42 Pioneers, in isolated areas of the United States, were almost totally self-sufficient a who living b living c lived d that Iived 43 Completed in 1756, Nassau Hall is the oldest building now on the campus of Princeton University a standing b it stands c has stood d stood 44 Jerome Kern's most famous work is Showboat, , most enduring musical comedies a it is one of the finest b of the finest one c the finest one d one of the finest 45 _ in large quantities in the Middle East, oil became known as black gold because of the large profit it brought a Discovering b which was discovered c Discovered d That when discovered 46 Neil Armstrong, person to set foot on the moon, reported that the surface was fine and powdery a the first b to be the first c was the first d as the first 47 The Massachusetts State House, in 1798, was the most distinguished building in the United States at that time a completing b which was completed c was completed d to be completed 48 Lady Astor was the first woman her seat in Parliament a take b to take c taking d who takes 49 Norman Weiner, mathematician and logician, had an important role in the development of the computer a who as a b was a c whom a d a 50 War and Peace, , was published in 1869 a Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel b that is Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel c which most celebrated novel of Leo Tolstoy d is a Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY A PHONETICS I Circle the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the other words 1) A heat B nuclear C feat D clean 2) A power B slow C snow D show 3) A plenty B energy C only D hydropower II Circle the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words 4) A electric B potential C plentiful D alternative 5) A alternative B geothermal C environment D expensively 6) A potential B exhausted C pollution D infinite B VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR * Circle the best answer for each sentence 7) Non-renewable energy sources are running A up B on C to D out 8) In some countries people use wind or sea as the environment friendly energy sources A waves B water C products D weeds 9) People have used coal and oil to electricity for along time A generation B generated C generate D generates 10) Coal and oil are non-renewable sources A engineer B energy C engineering D energetic 11) People on earth are need of more nuclear energy A on B at C in D for 12) energy uses natural sources of energy such as the sun, wind, or water for power and fuel, rather than oil, coal, or nuclear power A Alternative B Solar C Hydropower D Electricity 13) Oil, coal and natural gas are fuels made from decayed material A unleaded B smokeless C solid D fossil 14) All fossil fuels are resources that cannot be replaced after use A unlimited B renewable C available D non-renewable 15) We should develop such sources of energy as solar energy and nuclear energy A tradition B alternative C revolutionary D surprising 16) Increased consumption will lead to faster of our natural resources A exhaust B exhausting C exhaustion D exhaustive 17) heat comes from deep inside the earth A Geothermal B Solar C Nuclear D Hydro 18) “Have you ever met the man over there?” “No Who is he?” A stands B is standing C standing D who he is standing 19) The boy the piano is my son A who is playing B that is playing C playing D All are correct 20) by his parent, this boy was very sad A Punished B Punishing C To be punished D Be punished 21) We have apartment the park A overlooking B overlooks C to overlook D overlooked 22) He was the last person in this way A to kill B who killed C being killed D to be killed 23) Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the first woman _ governor in the United State A who elected B to be elected C was elected D her election as 24) in large quantities in the Middle East, oil became known as black gold because of the large profit it brought A Discovering B Discovered C Which was discovered D That when discovered 25) She is the only in the discussion to using nuclear power A objects B objected C to object D whom objects 26) Johnny was the last applicant for a position in that energy station A to interview B interviewing C to be interviewed D which is interviewed 27) The instructions by Professor Johnson helped us know more about the danger of energy pollution A that explained B explained C explaining D which explained C READING * Circle the item among A, B, C or D that best answers the question about the passage Energy is fundamental to human beings, especially to poor people – the one- third of humanity that does not have modern energy supplies like electricity, with which their life could be improve Many people who live in countryside have to gather fuel wood This takes a lot of time Moreover, it causes indoor air pollution because of heavy smoke For many people living in rural areas in developing countries of the world, biogas is the large energy resources available and costs almost nothing The main use of biogas is for cooking and heating As biogas is smoke-free, it helps solve the problem of indoor air pollution Moreover, plant waste and animal manure cost almost nothing The tendency to use renewable energy sources is on the increase when non-renewable ones are running out In the near, people in the developing countries may use wind or sea waves as the environment-friendly energy sources 28) What is the role of energy to human beings? A unimportant B unnecessary C necessary D fundamental 29) What poor people in countryside to have energy? A They look for coal B They gather fuel wood C They look for oil D They use gas cookers 30) How long does it take to gather fuel wood in the countryside? A Not much time B A lot of time C Very little time D Half an hour a day 31) According to the passage, what energy sources poor people often use for fuel? A oil B wood C nuclear energy D petrol 32) What is the main use of biogas? A It is used mainly for cooking and heating B It is mainly used for lighting C It is mainly used for operating D It is mainly used for producing in factories 33) According to the passage, what is the most awful effect of using fuel wood? A It causes indoor air pollution B It may cause fire C It damages their houses D It affects the local scenery 34) Why, according to the passage, is biogas introduced to poor people? A Because it is easy to use B Because it is not harmful C Because they like it D Because it is the largest energy resources available in the countryside and cheap 35) What, according to the passage, are the main advantages of using biogas? A It is smoke-free B It costs almost nothing C It is clean because it is smoke-free and costs almost nothing D It is clean 36) The tendency to use renewable energy sources A goes up B goes down C fluctuates D levels 37) What, according to the passage, may be used as the environment-friendly energy sources/ A Nuclear energy B Coal C Wind and sea energy D Oil D WRITING * Circle the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting 38) The man to speak to me is John’s brother A B C D 39) He is the second person be killed in that way A B C D 40) They work in a hospital sponsoring by the government A B C D 41) It an essay writing in 1779, Judith Sergeant Murray promoted the cause of women’s education A B C D 42) A dam is wall building across river to shop the river’s flow and collect the water A B C D ... water A B C D UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY I Complete the sentence with the correct form of the verb in the box exhaust release alternate research relate supply renew pollute harm finite 11 Coal, gas... novel c which most celebrated novel of Leo Tolstoy d is a Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY A PHONETICS I Circle the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently... the first woman governor in the United States a who elected b to be elected c was elected d her election as 17 Pioneers, in isolated areas of the United States, were almost totally self-sufficient
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