Marie grubbe

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MARIEGRUBBE (1876) ByJensPeterJacobsen (1847-1885) TranslatedfromtheDanishby HannaAstrupLarsen NewYork:Boni-Liveright,1917 CHAPTERI THEairbeneaththelindencrownshadflowninacrossbrownheathand parchedmeadow Itbroughttheheatofthesunandwasladenwithdust fromtheroad,butinthecool,thickfoliageithadbeencleansedand freshened,whiletheyellowlindenflowershadgivenitmoistureand fragrance Intheblissfulhavenofthegreenvaultitlayquivering inlightwaves,caressedbythesoftlystirringleavesandtheflutter ofwhite-goldbutterflywings Thehumanlipsthatbreathedthisairwerefullandfresh;thebosom itswelledwasyoungandslight Thebosomwasslight,andthefoot wasslight,thewaistsmall,theshapeslim,andtherewasacertain leanstrengthaboutthewholefigure Nothingwasluxuriantexceptthe partlyloosenedhairofdullgold,fromwhichthelittledarkbluecap hadslippeduntilithungonherbacklikeatinycowl Otherwise therewasnosuggestionoftheconventinherdress Awide, square-cutcollarwasturneddownoverafrockoflavenderhomespun, andfromitsshort,slashedsleevesbillowedrufflesoffineHolland Abowofredribbonwasonherbreast,andhershoeshadredrosettes Herhandsbehindherback,herheadbentforward,shewentslowlyup thepath,pickingherstepsdaintily Shedidnotwalkinastraight linebutmeandered,sometimesalmostrunningintoatreeatherleft, thenagainseemingonthepointofstrollingoutamongthebushesto herright Nowandthenshewouldstop,shakethehairfromher cheeks,andlookuptothelight Thesoftenedglowgaveher child-whitefaceafaintgoldensheenandmadetheblueshadowsunder theeyeslessmarked Thescarletofherlipsdeepenedtored-brown, andthegreatblueeyesseemedalmostblack Shewas lovely—lovely!—astraightforehead,faintlyarchednose,short, clean-cutupperlip,astrong,roundchinandfinelycurvedcheeks, tinyears,anddelicatelypencilledeyebrows… Shesmiledasshewalked,lightlyandcarelessly,thoughtofnothing, andsmiledinharmonywitheverythingaroundher Attheendofthe path,shestoppedandbegantorockonherheel,firsttotheright, thentotheleft,stillwithherhandsbehindherback,headheld straight,andeyesturnedupward,asshehummedfitfullyintimewith herswaying Twoflagstonesleddownintothegarden,whichlayglaringunderthe cloudless,whitishbluesky Theonlybitofshadehuggedthefeetof theclippedboxhedge Theheatstungtheeyes,andeventhehedge seemedtoflashlightfromtheburnishedleaves Theamberbush traileditswhitegarlandsinandoutamongthirstybalsamines, nightshade,gillyflowers,andpinks,whichstoodhuddlinglikesheep intheopen Thepeasandbeansflankingthelavenderborderwere readytofallfromtheirtrelliswithheat Themarigoldshadgivenup thestruggleandstaredthesunstraightintheface,butthepoppies hadshedtheirlargeredpetalsandstoodwithbaredstalks Thechildinthelindenlanejumpeddownthesteps,ranthroughthe sun-heatedgardenwithheadloweredasonecrossesacourtinthe rain,madeforatriangleofdarkyew-trees,slippedbehindthem,and enteredalargearbor,arelicfromthedaysoftheBelows Awide circleofelmshadbeenwoventogetheratthetopasfarasthe brancheswouldreach,andaframeworkofwithesclosedtheround openinginthecentre ClimbingrosesandItalianhoneysuckle,growing wildinthefoliage,madeadensewall,butononesidetheyhad failed,andthehopvinesplantedinsteadhadbutstrangledtheelms withoutfillingthegap Twowhiteseahorsesweremountedatthedoor Withinthearborstooda longbenchandtablemadeofastoneslabwhichhadoncebeenlarge andovalbutnowlayinthreefragmentsonthegroundwhileonlyone smallpiecewasunsteadilypoisedonacorneroftheframe Thechild satdownbeforeit,pulledherfeetupunderheronthebench,leaned back,andcrossedherarms Sheclosedhereyesandsatquitestill Twofinelinesappearedonherforehead,andsometimesshewouldlift hereyebrows,smilingslightly “Intheroomwiththepurplecarpetsandthegildedalcove,Griselda liesatthefeetofthemargrave,buthespurnsher Hehasjusttorn herfromherwarmbed Nowheopensthenarrow,round-archeddoor,and thecoldairblowsinonpoorGriselda,wholiesonthefloorweeping, andthereisnothingbetweenthecoldnightairandherwarm,white bodyexceptthethin,thinlinen Butheturnsheroutandlocksthe dooronher Andshepresseshernakedshoulderagainstthecold, smoothdoorandsobs,andshehearshimwalkinginsideonthesoft carpet,andthroughthekeyholethelightfromthescentedtaperfalls andmakesalittlesunonherbarebreast Andshestealsaway,and goesdownthedarkstaircase,anditisquitestill,andshehears nothingbutthesoftpatterofherownfeetontheice-coldsteps Thenshegoesoutintothesnow—no,it’srain,pouringrain,andthe heavycoldwatersplashesonhershoulders Hershiftclingstoher body,andthewaterrunsdownherbarelegs,andhertenderfeetpress thesoft,chillymudwhichoozesoutbesidethem Andthewind—the bushesscratchherandtearherfrock—butno,shehasn’tanyfrock on—justastheytoremybrownpetticoat!Thenutsmustberipein FastrupGrove—suchheapsofnutstherewereatViborgmarket!God knowsifAnne’steethhavestoppedaching…No,No,Brynhild!—the wildsteedcomesgalloping…BrynhildandGrimhild—QueenGrimhild beckonstothemen,thenturns,andwalksaway TheydraginQueen Brynhild,andasquat,blackyokelwithlongarms—somethinglike Bertelintheturnpikehouse—catchesherbeltandtearsitintwo, andhepullsoffherrobeandherunderkirtle,andhishugeblack handsbrushtheringsfromhersoftwhitearms,andanotherbig, half-naked,brownandshaggychurlputshishairyarmaroundher waist,andhekicksoffhersandalswithhisclumsyfeet,andBertel windsherlongblacklocksaroundhishandsanddragsheralong,and shefollowswithbodybentforward,andthebigfellowputshissweaty palmsonhernakedbackandshovesherovertotheblack,fiery stallion,andtheythrowherdowninthegraydustintheroad,and theytiethelongtailofthehorsearoundherankles— Thelinescameintoherforeheadagainandstayedtherealongtime Sheshookherheadandlookedmoreandmorevexed Atlastsheopened hereyes,halfrose,andglancedaroundherwearilyand discontentedly Mosquitoesswarmedinthegapbetweenthehopvines,andfromthe gardencamepuffsoffragrancefrommintandcommonbalm,mingling sometimeswithawhiffofsow-thistleoranise Adizzylittleyellow spiderranacrossherhand,ticklingher,andmadeherjumpup She wenttothedoorandtriedtopickarosegrowinghighamongthe leaves,butcouldnotreachit Thenshebegantogathertheblossoms oftheclimbingroseoutsideand,gettingmoreandmoreeager,soon filledherskirtwithflowerswhichshecarriedintothearbor She satdownbythetable,tookthemfromherlap,andlaidoneuponthe otheruntilthestonewashiddenunderafragrantcoverofpalerose Whenthelastflowerhadbeenputinitsplace,shesmoothedthefolds ofherfrock,brushedofftheloosepetalsandgreenleavesthathad caughtinthenap,andsatwithhandsinherlapgazingatthe blossomingmass Thisbloomofcolor,curlinginsheenandshadow,whiteflushingto redandredpalingtoblue,moistpinkthatisalmostheavy,and lavenderlightaswaftedonair,eachpetalroundedlikeatinyvault, softintheshadow,butgleaminginthesunwiththousandsoffine lightpoints,withallitsfairblood-of-roseflowingintheveins, spreadingthroughtheskin—andthesweet,heavyfragrancerisinglike vaporfromthatrednectarthatseethesintheflower-cup… Suddenlysheturnedbackhersleevesandlaidherbarearmsinthe soft,moistcoolnessoftheflowers Sheturnedthemroundandround undertherosesuntiltheloosenedpetalsflutteredtotheground, thenjumpedupandwithonemotionswepteverythingfromthetableand wentoutintothegarden,pullingdownhersleevesasshewalked With flushedcheeksandquickenedstepshefollowedthepathtotheend, thenskirtedthegardentowardtheturnpike Aloadofhayhadjust beenoverturnedandwasblockingthewaytothegate Severalother wagonshaltedbehindit,andshecouldseethebrownpolishedstickof theoverseergleaminginthesunashebeattheunluckydriver Sheputherfingersinherearstoshutoutthesickeningsoundofthe blows,rantowardthehouse,dartedwithintheopencellardoorand slammeditafterher ThechildwasMarieGrubbe,thefourteen-year-olddaughterofSquire ErikGrubbeofTjeleManor ThebluehazeoftwilightrestedoverTjele Thefallingdewhadputa stoptothehaymaking Themaidswereinthestablemilkingwhilethe menbusiedthemselvesaboutthewagonsandharnessintheshed The tenantfarmers,afterdoingtheirstintofworkforthesquire,were standinginagroupoutsidethegate,waitingforthecalltosupper ErikGrubbestoodatanopenwindow,lookingoutintothecourt The horses,freedfromharnessandhalter,cameslowly,onebyone,from thestableandwentuptothewateringtrough Ared-cappedboywas hardatworkputtingnewtinesinarake,andtwogreyhoundsplayed aroundthewoodenhorseandthelargegrindstoneinonecornerofthe yard Itwasgrowinglate Everyfewminutesthemenwouldcomeoutofthe stabledooranddrawback,whistlingorhummingatune Amaid Foryetanotherlong,longyearMariehadtoendurethislife Then shesuddenlyfellillanddied Hermindwaswanderingduringher illness,andthepastorcouldneitherpraywithhernorgiveherthe sacrament OnasunnydayinsummertheyburiedheratSoren’sside,andoverthe brightwatersandthegoldengrain-fieldssoundedthehymn,asthe poorlittlegroupofmourners,dulledbytheheat,sangwithoutsorrow andwithoutthought: “LordGod,inmercyhearourcrybeforeThee; Thybloodyscourgeliftfromus,weimploreThee; TurnThoufromusThywrathallmenpursuing Fortheirwrongdoing “IfThouregardaloneourvileoffending, Ifuponustruejusticeweredescending, Thenmusttheearthandalluponitcrumble, Yea,proudandhumble.” THEEND NOTES PREFATORY ThehistoricalsettingofMarieGrubbecentresaroundthesiegeof Copenhagen,whenthegallantresistanceofthecitizenssavedthe nationalexistenceofDenmark Itwastheturningpointinacontest extendingoverseveralgenerations ChristiantheFourth(1588—1648), thoughagiftedandenergeticmonarchdevotedthroughouthislong reigntothewelfareofhispeopleandidolizedbythem,wasunableto stemthetideofSweden’sadvance,andbythepeaceofBromsebro, 1645,thesupremacyintheNorthpasseddefinitelyfromDenmarkto Sweden Hissonandsuccessor,FrederiktheThird(1648-1670),hoped toregainwhatwaslost,andseizedtheopportunityin1657,when Swedenwasengagedelsewhere,tomakethedeclarationofwarwhichis discussedintheopeningchapterofMarieGrubbe,Theattemptwas disastrous,andin1658hehadtoconcludetheshort-livedpeaceof Roskilde,bywhichDenmarkwasstillfurthershornofherpossessions YettheSwedishking,CarlGustaf,wasnotsatisfiedwiththe punishmenthehadinflicted,andinthesameyearbrokethepeace withoutwarning Kronborgfelleasilyintohishands,butin Copenhagenhemetunexpectedresistance FrederiktheThirdrefusedto listentoprudentcounsellorswhoadvisedhimtoflee Thesuburbs wereburnedandtherampartshastilystrengthened Forayearanda halfthecitizensenduredthesiegeand,withtheaidofamere handfulofsoldiers,beatbacktherepeatedattacksoftheseasoned Swedishwarriors Finally,afterafuriousfightinthenightof February11,1660,theenemyhadtoretirewithgreatloss OneeffectofthewarwastostrengthentheKingandthecitizensand toweakencorrespondinglytheoverweeningpowerofthenobility The States-GeneralwascalledinSeptember1660,attherequestofthe citizensofCopenhagen,butunfortunatelytheydidnotknowhowto seizethegoldenmomentandenacttheirtemporaryprivilegesintoa lawoftherealm FrederiktheThird,ontheotherhand,hadhis programmeready Eggedonbyhisambitiouswife,theGermanprincess SofieAmalie,hesucceededinmakinghimselfanabsoluteautocratand thecrownhereditaryinhisline Heusedhisunlimitedpowerwisely, checkedthenobility,andunifiedandstrengthenedthekingdom His policywascontinuedbyhisson,ChristiantheFifth(1670—1699) AlltheimportantcharactersinMarieGrubbearehistorical,and Jacobsenhasfollowedthefactswhenknown Regardingtheheroine herselfwehavefewdatabeyondwhatmaybegleanedfromthedocuments inconnectionwithherthreemarriagesandtwodivorces;indeed,it seemsstrangethatacareersoextraordinaryshouldhaveelicitedso littlecommentfromcontemporaries Wedonotevenknowhowshemet herfirsthusband,UlrikFrederikGyldenlove,butthefactthatshe, alittlecountrymaidenfromJutland,couldcharmthisexperienced gallantissufficienttestimonytoherbeauty Thebridegroom’sroyal father,FrederiktheThird,wassopleasedwiththemarriagethathe wroteacongratulatorypoeminGermanwhichwasprintedonwhite satin Wearetoldthatshewascleverinreparteeandthatevenin heroldageshespokeFrenchfluently Shediedin1718“atagreat age,butinaverypoorandmiserablecondition.”Herhistoryhasbeen writtenbySeverinKjasrinhis_ErikGrubbetilTjeleoghanstre Dotre_(1904),towhichthetranslatorisindebtedforthenotes relatingtotheGrubbesandtheirconnections Thenotesaboutthe variousoldsongsthatoccurinthetextarecondensedfromthoseof theauthor Page8 TjeleManorisstillstanding,situatedafewmilestothenortheast ofViborg Thesouthwing,amassivestructurewithwallstenfeet thick,datesfromthethirteenthcentury Themainbuildingwas erectedin1585byJorgenSkramandhiswifeHilleborgDaa,whosearms maybeseenabovetheportal Themanorpassedafterwardsintothe handsoftheBelowfamily,fromwhomErikGrubbeboughtitin1635 Itisasplendidedificecharacterizedbyasteppedgableandsome interestinginteriordecorations Theestateatpresentisentailedin theLuttichaufamily,andtheownershavetakencaretokeepupand extendthefineoldgarden Alaneofshadetreesleadsuptothe entrance ErikGrubbecameofanoldnoblefamilyandreceivedagoodeducation, whichincludedforeigntravel Heinheritedlargeholdingsofland, whichhisforbearshadtakenfromthepeasantsbyfairmeansorfoul, andhedevotedhislifetoincreasinghisestates Aslensmandin Aarhus,hegainedanunsavoryreputationforprofligacyaswellasfor harshnessandavarice In1651heretiredfromtheserviceofthe CrownandwenttospendtheremainderofhislonglifeatTjele His wife,MarieJuul,haddiedfouryearsearlier,leavinghimthetwo daughters,AnneMarieandMarie AtTjeleErikGrubbetookas concubineapeasantwoman,AnneJensdaughter,whoborehimadaughter, Anne HeliesburiedatTjele Page18 GyldenlovewasthenamebestowedbyfoursuccessiveDanishkingson theirillegitimatechildren RigitzeGrubbewasadistantcousinofErikGrubbe ShemarriedHans UlrikGyldenlove,anaturalsonofChristiantheFourth,andafterhis deathlivedmanyyearsasawidowinCopenhagen Itisthoughtthat MarieGrubbemayhavevisitedherthere In1678shewasbanishedfor lifetotheislandofBornholmforanattemptatpoisoninga noblewoman,BirgitteSkeel Page24 UlrikFrederik Seenoteunderpage41 Page40 UlrikChristianGyldenlovewasamemberofthewarparty,madeup chieflyoftheyoungernobility Seenoteunderpage55 Page4l UlrikFrederikGyldenlovewasthesonofFrederiktheThirdand MargrethePappen HismarriagetoSofieUrneduringthesiegeof CopenhagenandhismarriagetoMarieGrubbeshortlyafterwardswithout dissolvingthefirstcontractarehistorical Ithasbeensurmised thattheKing,hisfather,maynothavebeenawarethatthefirst marriageactuallytookplace GyldenlovedidnotacknowledgeSofie Urne’stwosonsuntilmorethantwentyyearslater,andofSofie herselfwehearnomoreexceptthatshediedinretirement,in1714 UlrikFrederikdivorcedMarieGrubbein1670forherallegedrelations withStiHogh,andafterwardsmarriedtheCountessAntonetteAugusta ofAldenburg Hewasabraveofficerandacapableofficial As ViceroyofNorwayheruledwell,defendedthepeasantsagainst extortion,andtriedineverywaytostrengthentheautonomyofthe country Heisstillmentionedwithaffectionasthebestfriendthe commonpeopleinNorwayhadduringtheunionwithDenmark Heretired uponthedeathofhishalf-brother,ChristiantheFifth,andwentto spendtherestofhisdaysinHamburg,wherehediedin1704, sixty-threeyearsold HisbodywasbroughttoCopenhageninawarship andburiedinVorFrueChurch TheportraitofhimatFrederiksborg showsgreatphysicalandmentalvigormarredbyacertaingrossness andsensuality Page49 InaboatsatPhyllisfair ApastoralsongtranslatedfromtheGerman andverypopularatthetime Page55 UlrikChristianGyldcnlovewasthesonofChristiantheFourthand VibekeKruseandhencethehalf-brotherofFrederiktheThirdandthe uncleofUlrikFrederikGyldenlove,whoseseniorhewasbyeight years Whenonlyseventeenyearsold,hewentabroadandservedin SpainunderConde Hewascalledhometotakepartinthewaragainst theSwedesandacquittedhimselfbrilliantly Hisentirefortunewas spentinthecause DuringthesiegeofCopenhagenheseemedtoembody inhimselfallthatyouthfulenthusiasmandpatriotismwhichmade victorypossible,andhenaturallybecameapopularidol Hedied duringtheearlymonthsofthesiege,onlytwenty-eightyearsold The deathbedrepentance,whichJacobsenhasusedwithsuchdramatic effect,ishistorical Hisportrait,paintedbyAbrahamWuchters, hangsinRosenborgCastle Itshowsapleasing,ratherpensive countenance,notatallwhatonewouldexpectintherough,profligate soldier,andnodoubtitsuggestedtoJacobsenthesympathetic descriptionofUlrikChristianasheappearedtoMarieGrubbein MistressRigitze’sparlor Page75 Corfitz UlfeldtwasmarriedtoChristiantheFourth’sfavorite daughter,thebeautifulandgiftedEleonoreChristine,andwasthe leaderofthe“son-in-law”partyintheuppernobility Frederikthe Thirddislikedhim,andthereisnodoubtthathetriedtodeliverhis countrymenintothehandsoftheSwedes Hewassentencedfortreason in1663andwasbeheadedineffigy;hishouseinCopenhagenwas levelledwiththegroundandashame-pillarerectedonthesite Whetherhiswifesharedhisguiltorwasmerelythevictimofthe Queen’sjealousymayneverbeknown Certainitisthatshewaskept inharshcaptivityfortwenty-twoyearsandonlyreleasedafterthe deathofSofieAmalie,thendowagerqueen Page91 HansNansenwaschiefmayorofCopenhagenandaleaderofthecitizen party Theotherpersonsmentionedarelikewisehistorical:AxelUrup, CouncilloroftheRealm;JoachimGersdorf,HighStewardoftheRealm; HansSchack,Governoranddefenderofthecity;FrederikThuresen, commanderofthecitizens’militia;PederRetz,Chancellorandchief pillarofroyalty Page113 Burrhi TheItalianphysicianandalchemistFrancescoBorriorBurrhi afterwardscametoDenmarkandgainedmuchinfluenceoverFrederikthe Third Page145 StiHogh,knownalsoasStychoorStyggeHoegh,wasthesonofthe famousJustHogh,ChancelloroftheRealm Hewasanaccomplished linguistandaneloquentspeaker,butinillreputeforhissomewhat hystericalnatureandhisatheisticalopinions HemarriedErik Grubbe’seldestdaughter,AnneMarie,butneglectedbothhisfamily andhisofficeasmagistrateofLaaland Hewasalwaysindebtand borrowingmoney Acontemporary,MatthiasSkaanlund,whosechronicle hasbeenpublishedunderthetitleGyldenlovesLakaj,writesofhim: “GuldenlewandStiHoghtheywereveryfinefriends,butitwassaid thatStiHoghhadalittlemoreinclinationtowardGuldenlew’sconsort [MarieGrubbe]thanwasproper,andwhenhisHighExcellencyfound thisout,heatoncedivorcedher,andStiHoghhadtoleavehiswife andimmediatelydepartoutoftheKing’slandanddominions.”Anne MariedivorcedStiHoghin1674 Wehearofhimlaterinthestaffof hisbrother,JustHogh,ambassadortoNimeguen,thenaveryimportant post Stiwasincorrigible,however,andhisscandalousconductmade himalwaysathorninthesideofhisrespectablebrother Page154 MademoiselleLaBarrewasaFrenchsingerwhoappearedattheDanish courtinthefifties NOTES Edipersona TheversesStiquotestohimselfarefromGuarini’s famouspastoralplayinwhichMyrtillwantstogivehislifeforthe belovedAmaryllisalthoughhebelieveshimselfspurnedbyher Page158 Aggershus ThemodernspellingisAkershus Page167 BetweenSt JohnandPaulinus FromJune24toJune23ofthe followingyear TheDayoftheAssumptionofOurLady August15 Page181 ErlkGrubbe’sletterstotheKingarehistorical Theotherlettersin thebookareJacobsen’sowncreation Page186 Thepluckedfowl ThewordHoginDanishsignifiesafalcon Page215 Petitsoiseauxdesbois Marieisreadingtoherselfapassagefrom Racan’spastoralplay,LesBergeries,inwhichtheheroineArtenice isdestinedforthehandofthewealthyLucidas,butisinlovewith thepooryoungshepherdAlcidor Page234 Divorcedbyadecreeofthecourt ThetrialwasheldinViborgbya Commissionconsistingofthebishop,thedean,andthecivilgovernor ofthediocese Manywitnesseswerecalled,andothersflockedin voluntarily TherecordsoftheCommissionarepreservedinDansk Musifum,andfromthemJacobsenhasgleanedsuchdetailsasSoren’s attemptuponthelifeofAnneTrinderupandtheincidentofthe candle-making AmongthepresentsMariegaveSorenwerenotonlythe redcap,butoneofgreensatinwithgoldlaceandmanyotherarticles ofpersonaladornment,aswellashouseholdgoods,besidesanivory combatooth-brushandivorytooth-picksinalittlecase,the “complimentbook”aboutwhichthemaidsteaseSoren,andabookof devotioncalled“AGodlyVoiceforeachoftheTwelveMonths,”which Jacobsenusesintheearlierpartofthebookasoneofthevolumes connedbyMarieinhergirlhood Page248 LudvigHolbergreallyvisitedMarieGrubbe Hewritesinhis Eighty-ninthEpistle:“Anexamplefromthehistoryofourowntimeis aladyofthehighnobilitywhohadaninvincibleloathingforher firsthusband,althoughhewasfirstamongallsubjectsandmoreover themostgallantgentlemanoftherealm,andthiswentonuntilit resultedinadivorce,andafterasecondmarriage,whichwaslikewise unhappy,sheenteredthemarriedestateforthethirdtimewitha commontar,withwhom,thoughheabusedherdaily,sheherselfsaid thatshelivedinmuchgreatercontentthaninherfirstmarriage I havethisfromherownmouth,forIvisitedherhouseattheFalster ferryatatimewhenherhusbandwasarrestedforacrime.” ... blows,rantowardthehouse,dartedwithintheopencellardoorand slammeditafterher Thechildwas Marie Grubbe, thefourteen-year-olddaughterofSquire Erik Grubbe ofTjeleManor ThebluehazeoftwilightrestedoverTjele.. .MARIE GRUBBE (1876) ByJensPeterJacobsen (1847-1885) TranslatedfromtheDanishby HannaAstrupLarsen... Copenhagen,theGovernorwellknewthatErik Grubbe hadplentyof reasonsforgoingthither Atallevents,ChristianSkeelwouldarrive atTjeleaboutfourhoursafterhighnoononthefollowingday Erik Grubbe repliedthathewouldbereadyforthejourney,andthe
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