NGỮ PHÁP TIẾNG ANH 12: CÁC CHỦ ĐỀ GIAO TIẾP HOT, FREE

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CHUYÊN ĐỀ 13: CHỨC NĂNG GIAO TIẾP I CÂU YÊU CẦU Cùng hình thức với ngun mẫu • Hurry! • Wait! • Do hurry up! • Don’t talk! • Eat your dinner, boys!! • Be quiet, Tom Tobe + to V You are to report for duty immediately Can/Could/Would/Will (not) you (please) • Can you stop talking to listen for a few minutes? • Could/Would you (possibly) show me the way to the nearest supermarket? • Couldn’t you wait minutes? • You couldn’t wait minutes, could you? • Will you shut the door for me? • Shut the door, will you? Would/Do you mind V-ing…? • Do you mind lending me a hand? • Would you mind informing me the meeting time with the Dean, please? Perhaps … • Perhaps you would let me know when the train leaves Is it all right if you…? • Is it all right if you buy me some sugar? Do you think you could…? • Do you think you could drive me home tonight? I would/should be grateful if… • I should be grateful if you would let me know whether you have any vacancies at the moment I wish you could… • I wish you could drive me to the airport Do you think you could…? • Do you think you could allow me to go out for a few hours? Would you be good/kind enough to…? • Would you be good enough to lend me some money? Would you be so good/kind as to…? • Would you be so kind as to look after my house when I am away for a few days? Đáp lại Câu yêu cầu ĐỒNG Ý • Certainly • Of course • Sure • Yes, that’s fine • No problem • What can I for you? • How can I help you? • By all means! • Yes, with pleasure TỪ CHỚI • I'm sorry, but • I'd like to, but • I'd really like to help you, but • I’d love to, but… • I’m afraid I can’t • I wish I could • It’s impossible for me to … • Well, the problem is… LƯU Ý: Do you mind/Would you mind V-ing? Do you mind calling me when you arrive? ĐỒNG Ý TỪ CHỚI • No, not at all • Yes, I would • No, that would be fine • I’d rather not • Of course not • I’d love to, but… • I’m glad to • I’m sorry I can’t • I’d be happy/glad to (Giống với cách từ chối câu yêu cầu bình thường) LƯU Ý Chúng ta trả lời yes/no cho lời yêu cầu Nhưng thường không trả lời đơn giản yes/no ngưng mà phải nói thêm, xin lỗi giải thích lý từ chối • Đồng ý: - Can you help me with the Cancer Society? - Yes, I’m more than willing to contribute to the Cancer Society • Từ chối: - Is it all right if you lend me that book? - I’m afraid I can’t because I am about to read it II CÂU ĐỀ NGHI Let me help you! What can I for you? May I help you? Can I help you? Do you need any help? Would you like me to V? • Would you like me to clean your car? Do you want me to V? • Do you want me to come? ❖ Đáp lại Câu đề nghi ĐỒNG Ý • Yes, thank you • Thanks a lot • That’s very kind/nice of you.• That would be great • Oh, would you really? TỪ CHỚI • Thanks but I can manage • Thanks anyway, but I can it • Don’t worry! I can it • No, thank you • No, there’ no need But thanks all the same (nên cảm ơn người khác đề nghị giúp đỡ mình) III CÂU XIN PHÉP May/Can/Could I…? • May I go out? • Could I have a day off next week? Do you mind if I…? Would you mind if I…? • Do you mind if I call you tonight? • Would you mind if I called you tonight? I wonder if/whether if I can/could… Do you think I can/could…? Is it all right if I…? • I am wondering if I could have tomorrow off? • Do you thing I could have tomorrow off? • Is it all right if I have tomorrow off? ❖ Đáp lại Câu xin phép ĐỒNG Ý • Certainly • Of course TỪ CHỚI • I’d rather you didn’t • I’d prefer you didn’t • Sure • Yes, that’s fine • No problem • Please • Please go ahead • Help yourself • Yes, by all means • No, I’m afraid you can’t • I’m sorry, but you can’t • I don’t think you should • Well, the problem is… LƯU Ý: Do you mind if I …? Would you mind if I…? Do you mind if I hand in the assignment later? Would you mind if I handed in the assignment later? ĐỒNG Ý TỪ CHỚI • No, not at all • I’d rather you didn’t • No, of course not • I’d prefer you didn’t • Please • No, I’m afraid you can’t • Please go ahead • Well, the problem is… • Please go on • Sorry but… (Giống với cách từ chối câu xin phép bình thường) IV LỜI MỜI Would you like…? • Would you like some tea? • Would you like to join us? Would/Will/Could you …? • Will you go out with me tonight? Do you fancy/feel like V-ing…? • Do you fancy/feel like going to the cinema this weekend? ❖ Đáp lại Lời mời ĐỒNG Ý • Yes, please • Yes, I’d love to, thanks • That’s very kind of you, thanks • That sounds lovely/interesting • That’s a good idea • Why not? V LỜI KHUYÊN Should/ought to/had better/need to • You should leave right now TỪ CHỐI • No, thanks for inviting • I’d love to but… • Thanks but I’m afraid… • I’d better/rather not • I’m sorry but … • How about some other time? (nên cảm ơn mời, dù từ chối, thêm lí giải thích) • He ought not to neglect his study any longer • You had better take off your wet shoes • You need to read this book It’s marvellous If I were you… • If I were you, I wouldn’t take this job I (would) advise to V • I would advise you to apply at one Why don’t you…? • Why don’t you take a holiday? may/might as well to V • You might as well ask him for further information It’s time for somebody to V • It’s time for you to seek for another job It’s (high/about) time S + past subjunctive • It’s high time they learned to stand on their own foot Example 1: A: My math test is coming, but I’m not ready yet B: If I were you, I would start reviewing it right away Example 2: A: I’m always broke at the end of the month B: I think you should reconsider your spending VI LỜI GỢI Ý suggest/propose (that) S (should) V • I suggest you go home now • I propose (that) you should send the report to me suggest/propose V-ing • I suggest (your) repaying the loan Let’s… • Let’s start! • Let’s not start too early! Shall we….? • Shall we this way or that way? Why don’t we…? • Why don’t we meet and discuss it? How/What about N/V-ing…? • How about asking the boss for a pay rise? • What about a break? We could… • We could travel abroad next month Have you thought of….? • Have you ever thought of giving him a tie? Đáp lại Lời gợi ý ĐỒNG Ý • It’s a good idea • Sounds great/good/interesting/fun • There is no doubt about it TỪ CHỚI • It’s a good idea but… • I don’ think it’s a good idea • I’d love to but I’m afraid… • What a pity! Example 1: A: Why don’t we eat at Pablo’s? It’s wonderful B: Sounds great! Let’s go at o’clock Example 2: A: I’m so bored Sitting around here makes me sick B: How about watching some movies? VII LỜI CẢNH BÁO Câu mệnh lệnh • Be careful! • Watch out! • Don’t run! The road is very wet and slippery You’d better (not) + V… • You’d better not swim too far away Otherwise/or • Work harder, otherwise you won’t get the promotion You’d better (not) + V… • You’d better not swim too far away ❖ Đáp lại Lời cảnh báo OK! I will/won’t Don’t worry I will/won’t Example 1: A: Don’t stay up late, or you’ll be late tomorrow B: Don’t worry, I won’t (stay up late) Example 2: A: You’d better submit the assignment on time B: OK I will (submit the assignment on time) ... course not • I’d love to, but… • I’m glad to • I’m sorry I can’t • I’d be happy/glad to (Giống với cách từ chối câu yêu cầu bình thường) LƯU Ý Chúng ta trả lời yes/no cho lời yêu cầu Nhưng thường... it all right if you lend me that book? - I’m afraid I can’t because I am about to read it II CÂU ĐỀ NGHI Let me help you! What can I for you? May I help you? Can I help you? Do you need any help?... worry! I can it • No, thank you • No, there’ no need But thanks all the same (nên cảm ơn người khác đề nghị giúp đỡ mình) III CÂU XIN PHÉP May/Can/Could I…? • May I go out? • Could I have a day off
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