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VIETNAM ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES GRADUATE ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES TRINH THI HANG PHILOSOPHY IDEAS OF TON TRUNG SON AND ITS MEANING Major: Philosophy Sector code: 92.29.001 SUMMARY OF THESIS DOCTORAL THESIS HA NOI, 2020 THIS WORK IS COMPLETED AT GRADUATE ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES MENTOR: Professor Doctor Pham Van Duc Reviewer 1: Prof.Dr Nguyen Van Tai Reviewer 2: Assoc.Prof.Dr Nguyen The Kiet Reviewer 3: Assoc.Prof.Dr Nguyen Minh Hoan The thesis is defended before the thesis appraisal board of the Academy at the Graduate Academy of Social Sciences at: hours, date month 2020 This thesis can be found at: - Library of Graduate Academy of Social Sciences - National Library of Vietnam LIST OF SCIENTIFIC WORKS PUBLISHED Trinh Thi Hoang (2016), The democratic ideology of Ton Trung Son, Journal of Philosophy, No 11 Hoang ThiTho, Trinh Thi Hoang (2017), The premise of Eastern ideology for the formation of Tam Danism by Ton Trung Son, Journal of Chinese Studies, No Trinh Thi Hoang (2017), Philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son through Evolutionary treatise, Philosophical Review, No Trinh Thi Hoang (2018), The idea of freedom and equality in the civil rights category of Ton Trung Son, Philosophical Magazine, No 10 PREAMBLE The urgency of the thesis Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) was a modern Chinese bourgeois democracy revolutionary, leader of the Xinhai revolution (1911) - a revolution to overthrow the feudal regime that existed for thousands of years in China to create a new regime He was also the one who launched the Triple Peopleism with the basic contents of independent nationalism, civil liberties and happy people The thoughts of the Triple People not only have implications for the revolutionary movement at the time, but also for the current period Sun Yat-sen is not only the leader of China's revolutionary movement and national liberation movement, but also a reformer, a thinker, a philosopher with many profound ideas In the early years of the twentieth century, the revolutionary movement in China in general, and the Three Peopleism of Ton Trung Son in particular, greatly influenced the patriotic and revolutionary movement of Vietnam at that time, affecting the Vietnamese patriots such as Phan Boi Chau and Ho Chi Minh, etc President Ho Chi Minh during revolutionary activities in China had been in contact with Ton Trung Son Ho Chi Minh also highly appreciated the thought of Ton Trung Son and "vowed to be a small student of Ton Trung Son" During the course of leading the Vietnamese revolution, Ho Chi Minh absorbed, applied and promoted the ideas of Ton Trung Son into Vietnamese revolutionary practices Therefore, the study of Ton Trung Son's thought is very important, which not only contributes to clarifying the early stages of the Vietnamese revolution, but also helps to understand the ideas of Ho Chi Minh, Phan Boi Chau and the Vietnamese revolution In Taiwan, Sun Yat-sen is considered the "Father of the Nation", the great leader of this island The worship of Ton Trung Son in Taiwan has great spiritual significance to the people here Not only that, studying the doctrines and ideas of Ton Trung Son, promoting his ideological values in modern society has always attracted the research interest of many scientists As evidence, many research institutes and research centers on Ton Trung Son have been established in Taiwan and many works, books, research articles on life, ideology, doctrine, and Triple Peopleism of Sun Yat-sen was published In China, recently it has become a trend to study the ideology of Ton Trung Son with the cause of modernization, as well as problems in modern society That shows, Ton Trung Son's ideas in addition to revolutionary ideological contents, also contain many values of democracy and rule of law, which are very meaningful for the current period, especially in promoting the people master, build a rule of law state, etc In Vietnam, Ton Trung Son has been mentioned by many researchers in a number of aspects such as the introduction of life, the status of career, Tam Danism, Tan Hoi revolution, and Ton Trung's influence Son for Vietnamese revolutionaries and Vietnamese senior revolutionaries However, in-depth studies on the philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son are still limited, mainly only mentioned in an integrated manner With the desire to delve into Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideas, point out the value and meaning of those ideas, in order to contribute to the study of Ton Trung Son in Vietnam in general, as well as In studying the philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son in particular, the PhD student chose the topic "Ton Trung Son's philosophical thought and its meaning" as his doctoral thesis of philosophy Research objectives and missions 2.1 Objectives of the study Studying and clarifying the basis of formation and basic contents of Ton Trung Son's philosophical thought, pointing out the current value and meaning of such thought 2.2 Mission To accomplish the above purpose, the thesis has the following tasks: Firstly, analyzing the basis of philosophical thought formation of Ton Trung Son Secondly, presenting and analyzing the basic contents of philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son Thirdly, analyze and evaluate the value and significance of the philosophy of Ton Trung Son philosophy, and at the same time point out the influence of Ton Trung Son in general and his philosophical ideas in particular in Vietnam Research subject and scope 3.1 Research subjects The philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son and the value and meaning of that thought 3.2 Research scope The thesis focuses on elucidating basic contents related to Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideas, namely: / Ton Trung Son's natural philosophical thought in Evolutionary theory; / The epistemology of Ton Trung Son in the theory of "Tri nan hanh hang dien"; / The thought of Ton Trung Son's political - social philosophy in Tam Danism Methodological basis and research method 4.1 Methodological basis The thesis is based on the methodology of dialectical materialism and historical materialism, especially the principles of historical materialism on social existence and social consciousness, on struggle caste, state and revolution, the role of individuals in history, etc The dissertation is also based on the research results, the accepted scientific views of the previous researchers on Ton Trung Son's thought in general and the philosophy of Ton Trung Son's thought in particular The thesis is also based on research theories, approaches suitable to the thesis topic 4.2 Research Methods Regarding specific methods, the thesis uses a system of common methods in scientific research such as: synthesis, analysis, interpretation, induction, comparison, comparison, logic and history, New contributions of the thesis Firstly, the thesis contributes to the analysis and clarification of the foundation of philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son Secondly, the thesis presents some basic contents in Ton Trung Son's philosophical thought such as: / Ton Trung Son's natural philosophical thought in Evolutionary theory; / The epistemology of Ton Trung Son in the theory of "Tri nan hanh hang dien"; / The thought of Ton Trung Son's political - social philosophy in Tam Danism Thirdly, the dissertation analyzes and points out the value and significance of philosophical ideas of Ton Trung Son; pointing out the influence of Ton Trung Son in general and his philosophical ideas in particular in Vietnam Theoretical and practical meanings of the thesis The dissertation contributes to basic and comprehensive research on Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideology, while also pointing out its limitations and implications for the Chinese revolution in the modern period, as well as clarifying the Its influence in Vietnam The thesis can be used as a reference for research, teaching and for those who are interested in this issue The structure of the thesis In addition to the introduction, conclusion and list of references, the main content structure of the thesis consists of chapters and 14 periods CHAPTER OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH SITUATION ISSUES THAT RELATED TO THE THESIS 1.1 The research works related to community and ideological premise for the formation of philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son Some researches related to the social context and ideological premise of the formation of philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son can be listed as follows: Ton Trung Son's article and Tam Danism of author Phan Van Cac (China Research Journal, No 5/2006); the book Three Chinese great men of the twentieth century by Thi Huu Tung (National Political Publishing House, Hanoi, 2009); the article Ton Trung Son builds revolutionary organizations in the Chinese and overseas Chinese community in Vietnam (Journal of Chinese Studies, No 5/2011) and the article On the Causes of Ton Trung Son coming to Vietnam revolutionary activities (Journal of Chinese Studies, No 4/2015) by Nguyen Thi Huong; In general, the above works have helped us to review the biography and ideology of the patriot , the great democracy revolutionary Ton Trung Son; mentioned, analyzed and interpreted objectively and scientifically about the life, revolutionary career and the ideology, qualities and personality of the three great figures that made Chinese history in the century XX, including Ton Trung Son; helps them see the overall picture of Ton Trung Son's influence and role on the process of building revolutionary organizations in Vietnam 1.2 The research works related to Ton Trung Son's thought in general and his philosophical ideas in particular Firstly, the research works on the ideology of Ton Trung Son in general Some typical works can be listed as follows: The article Understanding "civil rights" by Ton Trung Son (Journal of Chinese Studies, No 5/2001) by Nguyen Huy Quy; the article Modernization thought of Ton Trung Son - The process of formation and development of the author Dao Duy Dat (Journal of Chinese Studies, No 5/2006); The article From Ton Tam Son's three nationalism to the harmonious socialist ideology of Ho Cam Dao by Assoc Tran Le Bao (Journal of Chinese Studies, No 7/2007); The article "Understanding civil rights" by Ton Trung Son by Nguyen Huy Quy (printed in Nguyen Huy Quy, Research on Chinese Studies - Selected articles, Social Science Publishing House, Hanoi, 2008); article Some basic content in the people's thinking of Ton Trung Son of Prof Dr Nguyen Tai Thu (Journal of Philosophy, No 12/2008); article Thought of democracy in Chinese society in the modern period of author Nham Thi Thanh Ly (China Research Journal, No 9/2010); In general, the above works analyzed the contents basic in Ton Trung Son's thought through Triple People, such as civil rights, people's livelihood, democratic thought, modernization thought, etc Secondly, the research works on philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son Some typical works can be listed as follows: Ton Trung Son's philosophy of thought (孙中山 哲学 思想) by Vương Học Hoa, published by the People's Publishing House of Shanghai in 1960; Ministry-level scientific projects in 2009 by Assoc Nguyen Tai Dong is the chairman of Ton Trung Son's basic philosophical ideology in trinityism and its influence on Vietnam; the book of Chinese theoretical thoughts (中国 思想 史 论) by Ly Trach Hau (Translator: Nguyen Quang Ha), The Gioi Publishing House, Hanoi, 2015; The above works have focused on analyzing some internal issues basic content in the philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son, such as: treatise of evolution and theory of "originality", doctrine of "tri nan, moan" and historical viewpoint on the issue of people Among them, the most notable is the book of philosophical thought Ton Trung Son (孙中山 哲学 思想) by Vương Học Hoa This is considered one of the few works specializing in philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son translated into Vietnamese 1.3 The research works, assessing the value, meaning of Ton Trung Son’s thinking and its influence on Vietnam Some typical works can be listed as follows: The article Relationship between Ton Trung Son and the Chinese New Hoi Revolution with Phan Boi Chau and the Vietnam Revolution in the early twentieth century (quoted in the draft of History book) Sino-Vietnamese relations in modern times (China Research Journal, no 5/2001) by Chuong Thau; Tan Hoi Revolution - 90 years later looking back (1911-2001) of the China Research Center of the National Center for Social Sciences and Humanities (now the Chinese Research Institute of the Academy of Social Sciences) Vietnam Association) (Social Sciences Publishing House, Hanoi, 2002); article Ton Trung Son with Vietnam (Journal of Chinese Studies, No 6/2005), author Chuong Thau; article Ton Trung Son - Ho Chi Minh: Empathy history and era (Journal of Chinese Studies, No 5/2006) by Nguyen Van Hong; book Ton Trung Son - Tan Hoi Revolution and Vietnam China relations of the Chinese Research Institute - Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (now the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences), (Political Publishing House Country, Hanoi, 2008); the article People's life issue in the policy of building China's harmonious society and Vietnam's sustainable development strategy by Prof Dr Pham Van Duc (Philosophical Review, No 11/2008); Article V.I.Lenin with Tonkin Son by Nguyen Trung Nam (Philosophical Magazine, No 4/2009); The article Influence of Ton Trung Son and Tam Danism on Ho Chi Minh by Le Thi Tinh (Vietnam Journal of Social Science, No 8/2015); In general, the above works have been submitted Outline the relationship between Ton Trung Son and the Vietnamese revolution in the early twentieth century, reflected in the effects of the Chinese revolution led by Ton important principle is derived from practice, the attitude is really discriminatory and creative spirit Interestingly, Ton Trung Son was not a fan of Marxist theory, but he concurred with Marx's "scientific method" when he thought that it must come from social practice to study problems topical of society 3.2.2 "Ignorant herons" (Do not know can still do) Ton Trung Son repeatedly said that people who want to properly perceive the objective world must inevitably through observation and scientific experiments; Moreover, in order to gain knowledge in terms of social history, it is indispensable through revolutionary struggle and other socio-political activities Observing and experimenting science and revolutionary practices of the bourgeoisie is the important content of the "practice" that he refers to, and this is also the method to acquire knowledge Ton Trung Son also said that any principle or theory will need to go through "action" to know whether it is right or wrong This proves that Ton Trung Son has initially realized that "onions" are the truth test criteria, "onions" are the purpose of perception His view is quite similar to that of dialectical materialism when viewing reality as the standard for testing truth 3.2.3 "Almighty all action" (Can know certain can do) Ton Trung Son approached the dialectical approach to solving the problem of the relationship between "tri" and "onions, showing that humanity's awareness is constantly moving forward in the process of" taking onions to pray, because tri that practice, "" from practice has no tri to have tri "," because there was tri should practice more " Sun Yat-sen emphasized the important effect of "tri", asserting that, if he were far from scientific knowledge, human civilization would not be able to progress, thus showing that he had asserted and beaten him appreciate the "steering" effect of "on" Ton Trung Son upholds the guiding effect of revolutionary reasoning on revolutionary practices He said that "knowledge of revolution" is the ideological weapon of revolution, "the foundation of revolution lies in profound education", in order for the Chinese revolution to gain victory, it is inevitable that have the direction of the right revolutionary theory, and at the same time must be conducted step by step and plan 3.2.4 "Tri-division tasks" (the division between knowing and doing) Ton Trung Son has separated "tri" from "onions", which contradicts the view of "taking a job to find out, and then knowing to move forward" made by himself He exaggerated the role of special individuals, calling them "inventors", "prophetic prophets"; At the same time, he considered the masses people to be "practitioners" and "unconscious" He did not realize that it was the social reality of the masses that was the source of true knowledge out, use forever not exhausted Therefore, he said that "tri" and "onions" must have a clear distinction - "those who know everything must by themselves, those who not have to know themselves" (those who know not need to do, those who then you don't need to know yourself.) 3.3 The thought of political and social philosophy of Ton Trung Son in Tam Danism 3.3.1 Democratic thought Democracy is one of the important ideas of Ton Trung Son, a guideline for democracy revolution in China in the modern period, contributing to the process of modernizing China This ideology was formed on the basis of inheriting and promoting Confucianism "people are original" (native people) in the history of traditional Chinese culture and democratic models in European and American countries, at the same time combined with the specific situation of China This ideology has gradually been supplemented and perfected during the process of revolutionary leadership of Ton Trung Son, so it contains many profound contents such as: Thought about people's ownership, reasoning on order of implementing the revolution, the constitutional five powers and the power to rule 3.3.2 The thought of freedom and equality The idea of freedom and equality is part of Ton Trung Son's civil rights Regarding the ideology of freedom, Ton Trung Son emphasizes the freedom of the nation over the freedom of the individual, even the freedom of the individual must serve the freedom of the nation Regarding the idea of equality, he did not think that all men were created equal On the contrary, people were born with inequality In order to achieve equality, according to him, people must try and strive to achieve One of the bright points in Ton Trung Son's thought about equality is to promote equality between men and women or gender equality Not only that, he also works to realize this gender equality Conclusion of chapter Chapter is the central chapter of the thesis, this chapter deals with some basic philosophical ideas of Ton Trung Son such as natural philosophical thought, epistemological thought, political philosophical thought In the philosophy of natural philosophy, Sun Yat-sen refers to issues such as the origin and evolution of the universe; The relationship between matter and spirit He said that evolution is the common law of everything in the universe; The formation and development of the universe is the evolution of matter and the history of the physical world He divided the development history of nature and man into periods or periods: The period of evolution of matter; the evolution of the species; the evolution of mankind It can be said that, under the influence of the Dyn Uyn doctrine, Ton Trung Son proposed a way to explain the history of human development based on the principles of the doctrine of evolution This explanation shows that the ideas of Ton Trung Son bear the characteristics of materialism When discussing the relationship between matter and spirit, Ton Trung Son said that matter comes first, spirit comes later, matter decides the spirit, but in the opposite direction, spirit has the impact again with respect to matter When associating this thought with revolutionary practice, Ton Trung Son highly emphasizes the role of the will and spirit One of the unique features of Ton Trung Son's philosophical thought is when he discusses the theory of "trivial deities." This is considered his thought of awareness The first content in the theory "tri nan hanh hanh hang" is "do first know after" (the prophet after) This is considered a fundamental feature in the materialist epistemology of Ton Trung Son, which is also the foundation for his doctrine of "trivial deities." The second content is "Real ignorance" (Do not know can still do); the third content is "All-powerful energy function" (Can know certain can do); The final content is "Tri-division tasks" (the division between knowing and doing) In the political philosophy of Ton Trung Son, he mentioned the ideas about democracy, the people's mastery, the power to govern, the constitutional five rights In this content, he also presented ideas of freedom, equality, charity It can be seen that Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideology was not only influenced by traditional Chinese chiefs, but also quite clearly influenced by Western schools, ideologies and philosophies The philosophy of Ton Trung Son has positive elements, but there are still certain limitations due to historical conditions But, as we have seen, Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideas have a great influence on the formation of revolutionary theory, revolutionary ways, his revolutionary strategies CHAPTER VALUES AND MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY IDEAS OF TON TRUNG SON 4.1 Value, meaning in terms of worldview and epistemology 4.1.1 Materialist worldview Overall, Ton Trung Son's worldview is primarily materialism, expressed through the following points: Firstly, to Sun Yat-sen, the achievements of natural science are considered to be the basic factors contributing to the materialist conception of his natural world The materialistic commentary of Sun Yat-sen on the natural world, like the origin of the universe, on the birth and development of the world, objective object as well as its nature, is not is an intuitive and naive speculation, which is an explanation based on the advanced knowledge of natural science As a result, he made many very basic and correct interpretations of the basic issues of philosophy, namely: Discussing the category of "material" and "spiritual", the relationship between "Material" and "spiritual" Secondly, Ton Trung Son said that the movement of matter itself is the root cause leading to the continuous development and evolution of everything in the universe This is different from the view of Newton and others who claim that the source of material movement comes from things that exist outside things or external forces Not only that, based on the foundation of modern science, especially the "3 great innovations" (Theory of cells, The law of conservation and energy metabolism, Theory of evolution), Ton Trung Son used the latest achievements of natural sciences to argue about the very basic problems of the natural world, such as the appearance of the solar system, the formation of species and humans 4.1.2 Dialectical thought Firstly, Ton Trung Son's philosophical thought contains many dialectical elements He not only acknowledged all things, phenomena in the universe undergo continuous evolution from low to high, from simple to complex, but also acknowledged the physical forms in the movement process transmut each other, interact with each other, and he also acknowledges the infinity of matter For Ton Trung Son, the material world exists objectively and constantly evolves, continuously developing; nothing is most immutable, evolution and development are the basic principles of the universe Secondly, Ton Trung Son's dialectical thought was also expressed when he discussed the relationship between matter and spirit Sun Yat-sen had the right thought when asserting that although matter determines the mind, spirit also has a role to play back on matter He acknowledged that the original nature of the universe was matter, the spirit was only the product of a certain stage in the process of material evolution The evolution and development of the universe is the evolution and development of matter itself, which is nothing else that exists outside matter The objective material world we live in is due to the material evolution that originated from the "extremes" After the Earth was formed, living matter (organic matter) appeared After that, this material form also constantly evolved and developed 4.1.3 Inheriting and developing materialist cognitive theory in Chinese philosophy Sun Yat-sen inherited many dialectical ideas of ancient Chinese philosophers, such as Wang Fu-chi's "pre-tri-post" thought, and at the same time applied the natural scientific knowledge, enriching the interior using epistemology on the issue of "knowledge", overcoming the narrow interpretation of ancient Chinese philosophy on the issue of "tri" and "practice", overcoming the biased view in traditional notions: "Tri before operating after", "tri easy to practice difficult", "tri practice combined" Ton Trung Son was initially aware of the practical problem as the truth testing standard, "onions" is the purpose of awareness It can be said that the theory of "tri nan lam tri" of Trung Trung Son basically contained materialism It has a positive influence and has a certain contribution to the history of Chinese philosophical thought 4.2 The value and meaning of Ton Trung Son's philosophical thought on the practices of Chinese revolution in the Near Period 4.2.1 The value and significance of Ton Trung Son's philosophical thought to the practice of the old-style democracy revolution in China Political and social ideas of Ton Trung Son have great value in successfully guiding revolutionary practices In particular, the old three people and the new three people are the core ideology The old triple nationalism successfully directed the Tan Hoi revolution to abolish the Qing dynasty and feudal empire Triadism directed the Northern Penalties and the National Revolution against the reactionary forces, accelerated the process of revolution, and awakened the Chinese people 4.2.2 The value and significance of Ton Trung Son's philosophical thought to the practice of the new type of democratic revolution in China The philosophy of Sun Yat-sen not only has implications for China's revolutionary career in the modern period, but also for China's social construction in the current period Ethnic independence and equality also have a positive influence on the process of building a harmonious society Because of his cause of national independence, national equality and national liberation, Ton Trung Son has constantly launched revolutionary struggle movements against imperialism and feudalism Later, the Chinese Communist Party inherited Sun Yat-sen's ideology, persisted in fighting against imperialism and feudalism, eventually helping the Chinese people to be liberated It can be said that Ton Trung Son has strived his whole life because of his career against the dictatorship and the expectation of turning China into a bourgeois republic of the Democratic Republic of China "the people, the people and the people ”, Popular civil rights practice 4.3 Some limitations of the philosophy of Sun Yat-sen 4.3.1 Epistemological limitations Firstly, Ton Trung Son's theory of "tri nan lam tri" shows a relatively clear characteristic that is too important to "tri" Although he acknowledges that "onions" are indispensable for the advancement of human civilization and for acquiring knowledge, they think that "onions" are easy and therefore underestimate the important role The top priority of "onions" in the cognitive process Secondly, Sun Yat-sen has completely absolved the proposition of "trizang kan trien", denying the difficult and easily exchangeable problem For him, in any case, "tri" is very difficult, "on" are very easy This type of review is not at all conducive to clarifying the dialectical unity between "tri" and "action", but can only increase the distance between "tri" and "action" Thirdly, Ton Trung Son has exaggerated the power of scientific knowledge, saying that it is only necessary to rely on scientific knowledge to succeed The "Tri" here are declared as absolute truths, so it is not a problem to use "onion", which is practical to test truth and develop truth 4.3.2 Practical limitations Firstly, Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideas are limited by historical conditions Because China at the end of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century was encroaching deep in semi-colonial and semi-colonial society, the country and the Chinese people were both subjected to aggression by imperialism and oppression of feudalism, at the same time feudalism colluded with imperialism, caused the philosophical ideas of Ton Trung Son, namely here the democratic thought, the thought of freedom and equality could not be fully realized in China at that time Second, Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideology is still limited by class nature Because Sun Yat-sen always stood in the position of the bourgeoisie, in order to bring more and more benefits to the bourgeoisie, so his ideas were more or less restricted by the nature of the class In the process of revolutionary activities, it can be said that this is the main reason that his thought did not receive the support of the masses of the people, and at the same time made the revolution go to failure 4.4 The meaning of Ton Trung Son's philosophical thought to Vietnam 4.4.1 The significance of the philosophy of Ton Trung Son to the predecessors in Vietnam in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries Ton Trung Son, teacher of the democratic national revolution in China, a great man of human history, has been revered by Vietnamese revolutionaries and Vietnamese people since the early twentieth century His revolutionary doctrine has been increasingly popularized in Vietnam, having a profound influence on Vietnam's revolutionary ideological movements especially in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries In the process of forming revolutionary ideology and Triple Peopleism, he went to Vietnam times to study the life of Vietnamese people under the rule of the French colonialists and contact with the Chinese community During his time in Vietnam, he met with some patriotic Vietnamese artists, such as Phan Boi Chau, Phan Chu Trinh, Ho Chi Minh, It can be seen that the influence of Ton Trung Son and Tam Danism in Vietnam in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was the influence on the process of forming the country's salvation and revolutionary ways, opening the way for the Vietnamese revolution in the deadlock period The influence of Ton Trung Son and Tam Danism has both an impact on the group of Vietnamese patriots in the line of reform and reform and has also affected Vietnamese patriots in the revolutionary way of the Master Marxist-Leninism and Communist International The spirit and revolutionary will of Ton Trung Son and his Three Peopleism had actively supported the Vietnamese revolutionary movement at that time 4.4.2 Influence, inheritance and development of Ton Trung Son's philosophy of thought in Ho Chi Minh Ho Chi Minh devotes to Ton Trung Son respect and deep sympathy When comparing Marxism-Leninism to Tam Danism, Ho Chi Minh said that Marxism-Leninism has the advantage of a dialectical method of work, Sun Yat Tien's advantage has its policy suitable with Vietnamese conditions Thereby, it can be seen that Ho Chi Minh highly appreciates the positive aspects of Triple Peopleism, and in Ho Chi Minh's thought, Triple People occupies an important position In other words, Three Peopleism has had an influence on Ho Chi Minh's thought During his time abroad, Ho Chi Minh came in contact with many different ideologies, ideologies and revolutionary doctrines Ho Chi Minh always stands from the national perspective, from the specific conditions and circumstances of the Vietnamese Revolution to absorb the external theories and ideologies Therefore, Ho Chi Minh has selected and refined appropriate factors to apply creatively to the circumstances and conditions of Vietnam As for Ton Trung Son and Tam Danism, Ho Chi Minh absorbed the appropriate elements of Ton Trung Son's nationalism, civil rights and people's welfare to apply to what Vietnamese lawsuit Conclusion of chapter It can be seen that Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideas contain values and meanings not only for Chinese revolutionary practices in the modern period, but also for existing values and meanings Can summarize the values and philosophical meanings of Ton Trung Son into groups as follows: Firstly, the value and significance of philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son in terms of worldview With any philosophical thought or philosophical system, the role of the worldview, methodology will confirm the value and meaning of that philosophical system Ton Son's philosophical ideas, as discussed above, have a tendency of materialism, which is a succession of materialistic materialism in ancient Chinese philosophy, and is influenced by cities achievements of modern science and technology In resolving the relationship between matter and consciousness, Ton Trung Son's thought also contains dialectic He has contributed to affirming the role of mental factors in matter It can be said that the rational factors in Ton Trung Son's thought have world-class values and methodology, which is more meaningful when his ideas are in modern China Second, the value and significance of philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son in terms of epistemology Besides the values of the world view, the methodology, philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son is also valuable and meaningful in terms of epistemology Through the doctrine of "tri nan lam tri" Ton Trung Son continues to clarify the issue of the relationship between "tri" and "action", or theory and practice This is a problem that has been mentioned by many Chinese thinkers, but with the explanation of Sun Yat-sen through the theory of "tragic deities," Ton Trung Son emphasized the role of "tri" or the role of reasoning It is very difficult to gain knowledge and reasoning According to him, if he wants to "practice", he must grasp "tri" Those are the core points in Ton Trung Son's thought expressed through the theory of "tri nan lam tri" More importantly, Ton Trung Son has interpreted the theory of "tri nan lam tri" in materialist viewpoint and towards the concept of "practice is the criterion of truth examination" Third, the value and significance of philosophy of Ton Trung Son in practical terms In this content, the thesis has analyzed the meaning, leading role and practical orientation of the Chinese revolution in the old democratic revolution period and the new democratic revolutionary era in the philosophy of philosophy Ton Trung Son Obviously, Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideas contributed to the successes of Chinese revolutionary practices at that time In addition to the above-mentioned meanings and influences, Ton Trung Son's thought in general and his philosophical ideas in particular also have an impact on the revolution of Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh Although there are great values and meanings both in theory and practice, Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideas cannot avoid certain limitations due to Ton Trung Son's influence on historical context as influenced by class position CONCLUSION Ton Trung Son (1866 - 1925) was not only a leader of the Tan Hoi Revolution, but also a thinker As an outstanding individual, he was able to absorb both Confucian and Western education, and was exposed to Western ideas and civilization through works on democracy, freedom, equality, etc formed the philosophical ideas of Ton Trung Son The Three Peopleismism, built by Ton Trung Son, is a combination of traditional Chinese culture and the spirit of the times, and is the culmination of Ton Trung Son's thought The people, the people, and the people are the goals that Sun Yat-sen pursued throughout his political life - an intellectual testament to all his political activities Studying the philosophical ideology of Ton Trung Son we can see that these ideas are not only political and social philosophical ideas expressed clearly in Triple People'sism, but also ideas about natural philosophy, epistemological thought The philosophical ideas of Ton Trung Son were formed on the conditions and context of Chinese society in the late nineteenth century - early twentieth century Theoretical premise for the formation of philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son that the thesis has shown include: Concepts of nation, nation and state before Ton Trung Son; the notions of civil rights of the previous thinkers Ton Trung Son; concepts of people before Ton Trung Son; Western scientific and philosophical premises The basic contents of Ton Trung Son's philosophical thought such as natural philosophy, epistemology and socio-political philosophy have been clarified in chapter For the philosophy of self However, the thesis presents and analyzes the contents such as the origin and evolution of the universe, the relationship between matter and spirit Regarding epistemology, the thesis presents Ton Trung Son's thought on the issue of "tri" (knowing) and "operating" (doing), as well as the relationship between tri and action For political-social philosophy, the thesis analyzes the ideology of democracy, freedom and equality in Tonkin Son's Three Peopleism Through studying the philosophical ideas of Ton Trung Son, we realize that his philosophical ideas contain values and meanings not only for the Chinese revolutionary practice in the modern period, but also valid and current meaning The values and meanings of Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideas are presented in Chapter In particular, the thesis focuses on three groups of values and meanings of Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideas: Firstly, values and meanings of philosophical ideas of Ton Trung Son in terms of world view; secondly, the value and significance of philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son in terms of epistemology; thirdly, the value and significance of philosophical thought of Ton Trung Son in practical terms The value and significance of philosophical ideas of Ton Trung Son are also shown in influencing the revolutionary movement of the region, including Vietnam In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, in Vietnam, when patriotic movements against French colonialists erupted strongly but were at a standstill because they could not find the right path, success of the Tan Hoi revolution, led by Ton Trung Son, is like a new breeze that will ignite the revolutionary fire among every Vietnamese patriot At the same time, it also opened a new way and new way for the Vietnamese revolutionary movement, cheering and encouraging the Vietnamese revolution in the struggle against the feudal regime and the French colonialists At that time, many Vietnamese patriots, typically Phan Boi Chau and his friends, sought to contact the Chinese revolution, with Ton Trung Son's revolutionary organizations, to find ways to help for the Vietnamese revolution Phan Boi Chau directly met and discussed with Ton Trung Son At the same time, through the literature on Triple Citizenship, nationalism, civil rights, peoples nationalism, etc., Phan Boi Chau and his friends had a change in ideology, from There have been changes in the action of revolutionary struggle Like Phan Boi Chau, Phan Chu Trinh, Ho Chi Minh is also a patriot and has a strong desire to find a way to save the country in the context of Vietnam crisis about the way to save the country During the course of revolutionary activities, especially during his time in China, Ho Chi Minh paid great attention to the Chinese revolution, to Tonkin Son's Three Peopleism Ho Chi Minh realized there were positive points, suitable to the conditions of Vietnam Ho Chi Minh himself also devoted to Ton Trung Son with deep respect and sympathy Based on the influences of Ton Trung Son's philosophical thought, Ho Chi Minh inherited and developed Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideas and applied creatively into the context of the Vietnamese revolution It can be said that the philosophical ideas of Ton Trung Son and his Tam Danism in particular through the acquisition of Ho Chi Minh and Vietnamese revolutionary leaders have contributed to the formation of lines, strategies, policy of the Vietnamese revolution, creating the victory of the August Revolution in 1945 - the revolution that gave birth to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam Although there are great values and meanings both in theory and practice, Ton Trung Son's philosophical ideas cannot avoid certain limitations due to many subjective and objective reasons especially due to the influence of Ton Trung Son's historical background and class position ... philosophical ideas of Ton Trung Son The studies on Ton Trung Son mainly discussed Ton Trung Son and Tam Danism and Ton Trung Son with the Tan Hoi revolution, the influence of Ton Trung Son on Vietnamese... of Ton Trung Son bear the characteristics of materialism When discussing the relationship between matter and spirit, Ton Trung Son said that matter comes first, spirit comes later, matter decides... and early Thanh dynasty) 2.3 People and careers revolutionary activities of Ton Trung Son Ton Trung Son, whose name is Van, is called Dat Tien, comes from a poor farmer family in Thuy Hanh village,
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Xem thêm: Tư tưởng triết học của tôn trung sơn và ý nghĩa của nó tt tiếng anh , Tư tưởng triết học của tôn trung sơn và ý nghĩa của nó tt tiếng anh

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