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GRAMATICA INGLESA I TRABAJO PRACTICO Nombre, Apellido y N° DNI: Fecha: Calificación: Please don’t use red or capital letters to the exercises and don’t leave out the logo in the heading either Read and follow the instructions carefully PREPOSITIONS: Put the correct prepositions (they may consist of more than one word) in the gaps in the text below: Frogs in my car I had been waiting (1) …for……… over an hour when Barry finally turned up (2) ……with…… the tractor He explained he had been held up (3) ……by…… a fallen tree (4) ……on…… the road I didn’t find this hard to believe as a gale force wind had been blowing (5) ……for…… the past hours accompanied (6) ……by…… torrential rain The reason why I called Barry was that my car was lying (7) ……on… its side (8) …in……… a ditch I had been driving very slowly (9) ……in…… the terrible weather when a large dog appeared (10) ……before…… me I braked to avoid hitting it and the car skidded (11) ……out of…… control and fell (12) ……in…… the ditch I managed to get out (13) ……through…… the window The problem was that the car was filling (14) ……up…… with water and mud! Barry tied a rope (15) ……to…… the front bumper (16) ……of…… the car and pulled it out (17) ……After…… a few minutes, the car was the right way up and (18) ……on… the road again We opened the door and (19) …out of……… it swam two enormous frogs which had swum in (20) ……through…… the open window! **************************************** For each of the sentences below, write a new sentence as similar as possible in meaning to the original sentence, using a preposition and the words given which must not be altered in any way: She finds spiders very frightening Scared She is scared of spiders They say the terrorists carried out the atrocities Responsible The terrorists are responsible for the atrocities My students found our film and photography course interesting Interested The students were interested in our film and photography course I don’t think he likes spicy food very much Keen He isn’t keen on spicy food I’m afraid I haven’t got much change at the moment Short I´m short of change at the moment Thank you for your swift response to my enquiry Grateful I´m grateful for your swift response to my enquiry The new legislation covers deregulation of the airline industry Concerned The new legislation covers what’s concerned with the deregulation of the airline industry We found the quality of her singing voice quite astonishing astonished We were astonished by her singing voice *************************************** WORD FORMATION: In the following texts use the word given in capitals to form a word that fits into the gaps Make sure what word class you need and the form it should have: How music was written down The familiar (1)……western…… WEST system of notation – writing down music using symbols – has taken thousands of years to develop In ancient times, elaborate music was in (2)…existence… , EXIST even though it was never written down Eventually, however, (3) …civilization… CIVILIZE felt the need to record their music, and so the search began for a system of symbols that could (4) …reliably…….RELY denote the exact pitch of the note to be sung or played, and at the same time tell the (5) ……performer………PERFORM how long that note should be held The ancient Greeks and Romans did this by using their (6) …alphabetic…… ALPHABET letters in a (7) ……variety………… VARY of ways, but the slow development of notation could not keep pace with (8) ……increasing…… INCREASE complex musical th developments The 13 century saw the introduction of colours to represent more complex note values th With the invention of printing in the 15 century, the writing of notes was (9) ……standardized……… STANDARD to black and white and the number of lines became fixed at th five By the middle of the 18 century, musical notation had settled down to its modern usage The main (10) ……addition………….ADD to this system has been the adoption of expression th marks, which multiplied (11) ……significantly………… SIGNIFY in the 19 century These convey the composer’s intentions as regards speed, (12) ………intensity……… INTENSE and so on, to the player or singer **************************** Control your anger When a celebrity, a (1)…politician……… POLITICS or other person in the media spotlight loses their temper in public, they run the risk of hitting the headlines in a most (2)… embarrassing… EMBARASS way For such (3) …uncontrollable……… CONTROL outbursts of anger are often triggered by what seem to be trivial matters and, if they are caught on camera, can make the person appear slightly (4) …ridiculus…….RIDICULE But it’s not only the rich and famous who are prone to fits of rage According to a recent survey, ordinary people are (5) …increasingly…………INCREASE tending to lose their cool in public Yet anger is a potentially (6) ……destroyful… DESTROY emotion that uses up a lot of energy and creates a high level of (7) ………emotional……… EMOTION and physical stress – and it stops us thinking rationally (8) ……Consequently…… CONSEQUENT angry people often end up saying, and doing, things they later have cause to regret So, how can anger be avoided? Firstly, diet and lifestyle may be to blame (9) ……Tolerability……… TOLERANT and irritability certainly come to the surface when someone hasn’t slept properly or has skipped a meal, and any (10) ……intakes………….TAKE of caffeine can make things worse Taking regular exercise can help diffuse (11) ……feelings…………FEEL of aggression; however, reducing the chances of an angry response But if something or someone does make you angry, it’s (12) ……advisable………… ADVISE not to react immediately Once you’ve calmed down, things won’t look half as bad as you first thought **************************** RELATIVE PRONOUNS: Complete the following article with a missing relative pronoun or adverb Use ONLY ONE word for each gap JACK OF HEARTS Jack of Hearts is a new six-part drama series coming to our screens this week It has been given the prime Wednesday evening 9.30 slot (1) ……which…… …shows that the network has faith in its latest creation The first episode opens to a scene (2) ……where………a young man is being chased He stops at a phone box and makes a desperate call This call wakes up a man (3)…who… …….most viewers will recognize as Keith Allen – the slightly sleazy unshaven Cockney (4) ……whose………….characters are usually less than wholesome This time, however he is on the right side of the law, playing a probation officer with a complicated professional and personal life, both of (5) ……which…….……form the main themes of the series The writers have managed to find a different angle on his personal problems At the centre of these problems is his stepdaughter, for (6) ….……whom…….he attempts to keep his household together His relationship with the girl’s mother, (7)……who……… seems to be a bad.-tempered, grumpy woman, is further compromised later in the series (8) …when… ………she joins the staff of a college at (9) …where……….she meets a former lover Thus the ground is prepared in this first episode for a series (10) ……that……………may help lift British summertime TV out of its regular slump ******************************** RELATIVE CLAUSES: Different endings: Each of the sentences below can end in several different ways Choose the possible endings from the box below and add a suitable relative pronoun: What’s the name of that town …? a) whose mayor was arrested for corruption? b) that was almost destroyed during the war? c) which was featured in that documentary last week? Have you still got that book …? a) whose author I can never remember the name of? b) that was reviewed in The Times last week? c) which I lent you last term? Wasn’t it Elizabeth …? a) who lived in China until she was sixteen? b) whom the restaurant sacked for being rude to customers? c) whose boyfriend wants to go and line in Italy? Which is the month …? a) that you wanted to have off? b) that most people get married? c) that had to be invented to make the year longer? you wanted to have off author I can never remember the name of lived in China until she was sixteen had to be invented to make the year longer mayor was arrested for corruption was reviewed in The Times last week the restaurant sacked for being rude to customers most people get married I lent you last term was almost destroyed during the war was featured in that documentary last week boyfriend wants to go and line in Italy
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