BAI TAP VE CAU TUONG THUAT CO DAP AN HAY

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Ngày đăng: 08/12/2018, 10:56

Câu Tường Thuật Với Các Động Từ Đặc Biệt (Reported Speech With Special Verbs) A Câu tường thuật với động từ "to-infinitive" Tường thuật mệnh lệnh: "told s.b (not) to sth" Direct: "Put your books away" said the teacher ->The teacher told us to put our books away Tường thuật yêu cầu: "asked sb (not) to sth" Direct: "Please, don't smoke in this room" said the clerk ->The clerk asked me not to smoke in that room Tường thuật lời khuyên: "advised sb (not) to sth" Direct: "If I were you, I wouldn't drink so much wine" he said Reported: He advised me not to drink so much wine Tường thuật lời hứa : "promise to sth" Direct: "I'll give you a hand, if you like" said Adam Reported: Adam promised to give me a hand, if I liked Tường thuật đe dọa: "threatened to sth" Direct: " Get out or I'll call the police" said the woman Reported: The woman threatened to call the police if he didn't get out Tường thuật lời cảnh cáo: " warned sb (not) to sth" Direct: "Don't touch that wire" he said Reported: He warned me not to touch that wire Tường thuật lời mời: " invited sb to sth" Direct: " Come for dinner with us to night, will you?" Bill said Reported: Bill invited me to come for dinner with them that night Tường thuật lời nhắc nhở: "reminded sb to sth" Direct: "Remember to post my letter on your way" Wendy said Reported: Wendy reminded me to post her letter on my way Tường thuật lời khuyến khích: "encouraged sb to sth" Direct: " Go ahead, you must enter for the contest, Jill!" said Pam Reported: Pam encouraged Jill to enter for the contest 10 Tường thuật lời nài nỉ: "begged/implored sb to sth" Direct: "Please, me a favor" said the beggar to Carol Reported: The beggar begged/ implored Carol to him a favor 11 Tường thuật lời chào mời: "offered to sth" Direct: "Shall I help you with the housework?" said Tim to his wife Reported: Tim offered to help his wife with the housework 12 Tường thuật lời chấp thuận: "agreed to sth" Direct: "Ok, I'll take you to work in my carin, Sue" said Carl Reported: Carl agreed to take Sue to work in his car B Câu tường thuật với danh động từ Tường thuật lời buộc tội: “accused sb of doing sth” Direct: “You damaged my new laptop, Dan”, said Susan Reported: Susan accused Dan of damaging her new laptop Tường thuật lời chấp nhận: “admitted doing/ having done sth” Direct: “I didn’t tell you the truth, Ron.”, said Kim Reported : Kim admitted not telling/ not having told Ron the truth Tường thuật lời phủ nhận: “denied doing/having done sth” Direct: “I didn’t break that vase,” said Tom Reported: Tom denied breaking/ having broken that vase Tường thuật lời xin lỗi: “apologized (to sb) for doing sth” Direct: “I’m sorry I’ve kept you waiting” said Amanda Reported: Amanda apologized for having kept me waiting Tường thuật lời chúc mừng: “ congratulated sb on doing sth” Direct: “Congratulations! You won the game!” said the principal Reported: The principal congratulated the students on winning the game Tường thuật lời khẳng định: “insisted in doing sth” Direct: “I must pay for this damage,” the man said Reported: The man insisted of paying for that damage 7 Tường thuật đề xuất: “suggested doing sth” Direct: “Let’s have a picnic this weekend,” Muad suggested Reported: Muad suggested having a picnic that weekend Tường thuật lời cảm ơn: “thanked sb for (doing) sth” Direct: “Thank you very much for your advice,” he said Reported: He thanked me for my advice Tường thuật lời cảnh cáo: “warned sb against (doing) sth” Direct: “Don’t invest in that business,” said my lawyer Reported: My lawyer warned me against investing in that business 10 Tường thuật lời trích: “blamed sb for (doing) sth” Direct: “You are responsible for this failure,” said the director Reported: The director blamed his deputy for that failure 11 Tường thuật lời thừa nhận: “confessed to (doing) sth” Direct: “It was me who stole the money,” said Jack Reported: Jack confessed to stealing the money BÀI LUYỆN TẬP VỀ CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT Viết lại câu sau sử dụng cách nói gián tiếp “Open the door,” he said to them -He told them “Where are you going?” he asked her -He asked her where “Which way did they go?” he asked -He asked “Bring it back if it doesn’t fit”, I said to her -I told “Don’t try to open it now,” she said to us -She told “Is it going to be a fine day today?” I asked her -I asked her “He’s not at home”, she said -She said that “Is the bus station far away?” the girl asked -The girl wanted to know “Don’t stay out late, Ann” Tom said -Tom told Ann 10 “Please let me borrow your car,” he said to her -He asked 11 “Jean, have you seen my gloves?” Thomas asked -Thomas asked Jean 12 Don’t leave the window open, Mary”, I said -I told Mary 13 “I’ll have a cup of tea with you,” she said She said that 14 “I’ll pay him if I can” she said -She said that 15 “What are you going to next summer?” she asked - She asked us 16 “I’ll phone you tomorrow,” he told Jack -He told Jack that 17 “Can I sit beside you, Jean?” Tom asked -Tom asked Jean 18 “I want a camera for my birthday,” he said -He said that 19 “Don’t keep the door locked,” he said to us -He told us 20 “How long are you going to stay?” I asked him -I asked him how long 21 “Are you going by train?” she asked me -She wanted to know 22 “Don’t use too much hot water,” she said to us -She asked us 23 “Will you come to my party?” she said to me -She invited me 24 “Don’t it again,” she said to them She told them 25 “ Did Mr Brown send the potatoes to you?” she asked -She asked 26 “Don’t get your shoes dirty, boys,” she said -She told 27 “What you want for lunch today, Peter?” Mary asked -Mary asked 28 “Can I borrow your typewriter, Janet?” asked Peter - Peter asked if 29 “Why didn’t I get a computer before?” thought the office manager -The office manager wondered 30 “You had better not lend him any more money, Elizabeth,’’ said John -John advised Elizabeth 31 “You stole my best cassette, Amanda!” said John -John accused 32 “ You damaged my bicycle, John!” said Mary -Mary accused 33 “When was your little boy born?” said the nurse to Mrs Bingley -The nurse asked Mrs Bingley 34 “You should take more exercise, Mr Robert,” the doctor said -The doctor advised 35 “Will I find a job?”, Tim said to himself -Tim wondered 36 “I’m sorry I gave you the wrong number,” said Paul to Susan -Paul apologized 37 “When is the first day of your holiday, Peter?” Martha asked - Martha asked Peter when 38 “Can I have a new bicycle?” said Anna to her mother -Anna asked 39 “Don’t leave the house until I get back, William”, his mother said - William’s mother told 40 “Don’t bite your nails,” said Mrs Rogers to her son -Mrs Rogers told 41 “I’ve seen the film three times, Mary” said George -George said 42 “I’m sorry, Angela,” said Martin, “I’m afraid I’ve damaged your car -Martin apologized 43 “Have you had enough for lunch?” the landlady asked us -The landlady asked 44 “ John, please don’t tell anyone my new address,” said Mary -Mary asked 45 “Breakfast will not be served after 30” said the notice -The notice said that 46 “Where is the best place to buy souvenirs?” -I asked 47 “Don’t forget to bring your passport with you tomorrow” - She reminded me 48 “Do not write on the wall,” said the teacher to the boys -The teacher told the boys……………………………………… 49 “How many jobs have you had since 2000?” the interviewer asked Mr Simpson - The interviewer asked 50 “Why didn’t you report the incident to the police?” the officer asked the frightened witness - The officer wanted to know II/ Change direct speech into reported speech Begin each of the sentences in the way shown 1) He said to me,”You took the money.” He accused 2) The teacher said to Jim, “Would you give your book to Mary please?” The teacher asked 3) The student said,”I’m sorry I’m late.” The student apologized 4) Boddy’s father said to him, “Don’t forget to brush your teeth.” Boddy’s father reminded _ 5) “I’ve always wanted to become a doctor,” Helen said Helen has always dreamed 6) The nurse said to me, “You should consult a dermatologist.” The nurse advised 7) “Don’t touch the hot plate,” I said to Ann I warned _ 8) The fire chief said, “Everyone must leave the building immediate ly.” The fire chief ordered _ 9) The man said to the hunters, “Everyone stopped hunting and killing animals.” The man prevented _ 10) The instructor said to the students, “You’ll have exactly one hour to complete the exam.” The instructor warned 11) The boy said to the woman, “I’ve broken the window of your house.” The boy amitted _ _ 12) My parents often said to me, “Good for you! It’s good to be independent.” My parents encouraged _ 13) Mrs Smith said, “I would like to meet the president.” Mrs Smith looked forward to _ 14) He said to the children, “Don’t swim in the lake without an adult present.” He allowed 15) “That’s great! I’m going to France in August,” thought Henry Henry was thinking of 16) Laura said to her roommate, “Remember to set your alarm clock for 6:00 am.” Laura reminded 17) “Why don’t we go to Dalat this weekend?,” said Peter Peter suggested _ 18) Tom said to you, “It was lind of you to help me Thank you very much.” Tom thanked _ 19) “Let me pay for the meal I insist,” Linda said Linda insisted 20) “I hear you won the lottery Congratulations!,” John said to us John congratulated 21) Rose said to Gerald, “I’d like you to come to my house Sunday night to meet my parents.” Rose invited _ 22) I said, “I didn’t steal the money.” I denied _ I/ Conditional in reported speech 1 He said, “If I catch the plane, I’ll be home by five.” -> He said, “If I had a permit, I could get a job.” -> “If she had loved Tom,” he said, “she wouldn’t have left him.” -> 4.He said, “If you have time what will you do?” -> She said, “If you want to lose weight, you must eat less bread.” -> He said, “If I had a map, I would lend it to you.” -> He said, “If I had known that you were coming, I would have met you t the airport.” -> He wondered, “If the baby is the girl what will they call her?” -> He said, “If I lived near my office, I’d be in time for work.” -> 10 She said, “If you feel ill, why don’t you go to bed?” -> ĐÁP ÁN He told them to open the door He asked her where she was going He asked me which way they had gone I told her to bring it back if it didn’t fit She told us not to try to open it then I asked her whether/ if it was going to be a fine day that day She said that he was not at home The girl wanted to know whether/ if the bus station was far away Tom told Ann not to stay out late 10 He asked her to let him borrow her car 11 Thomas asked Jean whether/if she had seen his gloves 12 I told Mary not to leave the window open 13 She said that she would have a cup of tea with me 14 She said that she would pay him if she could 15 She asked us what we were going to the following summer 16 He told Jack that he would phone him the following day 17 Tom asked Jean whether/if he could sit beside her 18 He said that he wanted a camera for his birthday 19 He told us not to keep the door locked 20 I asked him how long he was going to stay 21 She wanted to know whether I was going by train 22 She asked us not to use too much hot water 23 She invited me to come to her party 24 She told them not to it again 25 She asked whether/ if Mr Brown sent the potatoes to me 26 She told the boys not to get their shoes dirty 27 Mary asked what Peter wanted for lunch that day 28 Peter asked Janet whether/ if he could borrow her typewriter 29 The office manager wondered why he hadn’t got a computer before 30 John advised Elizabeth not to lend him any more money 31 John accused Amanda of stealing his best cassette 32 Mary accused John of damaging her bicycle 33 The nurse asked Mrs Bingley where her little boy had been born 34 The doctor advised Mr Robert to take more exercise 35 Tim wondered whether/ if he would find a job 36 Paul apologized to Susan for giving her the wrong number 37 Martha asked Peter when the first day of his holiday was 38 Anna asked her mother whether/ if she could have a new bicycle 39 William’s mother told him not to leave the house until she got back 40 Mrs Rogers told her son not to bite his nails 41 George said to Mary that he had seen the film three times 42 Martin apologized to Angela for having damaged her car 43 The landlady asked us whether/if we had had enough for lunch 44 Mary asked John not to tell anyone her new address 45 The notice said that breakfast would not be served after 9.30 46 I asked where the best place to buy souvenirs was 47 She reminded me to bring my passport with me the following day 48 The teacher told the boys not to write on the wall 49 The interviewer asked Mr Simpson how many jobs he had had since 2000 50 The officer wanted to know why the frightened witness hadn’t reported the incident to the police I/ Change direct speech into reported speech Begin each of the sentences in the way shown 1) He said to me,”You took the money.” He accused me of having taken the money 2) The teacher said to Jim, “Would you give your book to Mary please?” The teacher asked Jim to give his book to Mary 3) The student said,”I’m sorry I’m late.” The student apologized for being late 4) Boddy’s father said to him, “Don’t forget to brush your teeth.” Boddy’s father reminded him of brushing his teeth 5) “I’ve always wanted to become a doctor,” Helen said Helen has always dreamed of becoming a doctor 6) The nurse said to me, “You should consult a dermatologist.” The nurse advised me to consult a dermatologist 7) “Don’t touch the hot plate,” I said to Ann I warned Ann not to touch the hot plate 8) The fire chief said, “Everyone must leave the building immediate ly.” The fire chief ordered everyone to leave the building then 9) The man said to the hunters, “Everyone stopped hunting and killing animals.” The man prevented thehunters from hunting and killing animals 10) The instructor said to the students, “You’ll have exactly one hour to complete the exam.” The instructor warned the students to have exactly one hour to complete the exam 11) The boy said to the woman, “I’ve broken the window of your house.” The boy amitted having broken the window of the woman’s house 12) My parents often said to me, “Good for you! It’s good to be independent.” My parents encouraged me to be independent 13) Mrs Smith said, “I would like to meet the president.” Mrs Smith looked forward to meeting the president 14) He said to the children, “Don’t swim in the lake without an adult present.” He allowed the children not to swim in the lake without an adult then 15) “That’s great! I’m going to France in August,” thought Henry Henry was thinking of going to France in August 16) Laura said to her roommate, “Remember to set your alarm clock for 6:00 am.” Laura reminded her roommate of setting her alarm clock for 6:00 am 17) “Why don’t we go to Dalat this weekend?,” said Peter Peter suggested going to Dalat that weekend 18) Tom said to you, “It was lind of you to help me Thank you very much.” Tom thanked you for helping him 19) “Let me pay for the meal I insist,” Linda said Linda insisted on paying for the meal 20) “I hear you won the lottery Congratulations!,” John said to us John congratulated us on having won the lottery 21) Rose said to Gerald, “I’d like you to come to my house Sunday night to meet my parents.” Rose invited Gerald to come to her house Sunday night to meet her parents 22) I said, “I didn’t steal the money.” I denied having stolen the money II/ Conditional in reported speech He said, “If I catch the plane, I’ll be home by five.” -> He said if he caught the plane, he would be home by five He said, “If I had a permit, I could get a job.” -> He said if he had had a permit, I could have got a job “If she had loved Tom,” he said, “she wouldn’t have left him.” -> He said if she had loved Tom, she wouldn’t have left Tom He said, “If you have time what will you do?” -> He asked if I had time, what would I She said, “If you want to lose weight, you must eat less bread.” -> She said if I wanted to lose weight, I had to eat less bread.6 He said, “If I had a map, I would lend it to you.” -> He said if he had had a map, he would have lended it to me He said, “If I had known that you were coming, I would have met you at the airport.” -> He said if he had known that I had been coming, he would have met me at the airport He wondered, “If the baby is the girl what will they call her?” -> He wondered if the baby was the girl, what would they call her He said, “If I lived near my office, I’d be in time for work.” -> He said if he had lived near his office, he would have been in time for work 10 She said, “If you feel ill, why don’t you go to bed?” -> She asked if I felt ill, why didn’t I go to bed ... hunters, “Everyone stopped hunting and killing animals.” The man prevented thehunters from hunting and killing animals 10) The instructor said to the students, “You’ll have exactly one hour to complete... to Ann I warned Ann not to touch the hot plate 8) The fire chief said, “Everyone must leave the building immediate ly.” The fire chief ordered everyone to leave the building then 9) The man said... money II/ Conditional in reported speech He said, “If I catch the plane, I’ll be home by five.” -> He said if he caught the plane, he would be home by five He said, “If I had a permit, I could get
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