Khoá học Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh ôn thi THPT quốc gia 2017 của cô Mai Phương

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KHÓA  HỌC  LUYỆN  THI  THPTQG  CÙNG  CÔ  MAI  PHƯƠNG  &  NGOẠI  NGỮ  24H       WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN     TIẾT 1: CẤU TẠO TỪ - TỪ LOẠI (Word formation – Parts of speech) – CÁCH NHẬN BIẾT CÁC LOẠI TỪ TRONG TIẾNG ANH A COMMON NOUN (THING) ENDINGS –ism : criticism, heroism, patriotism –nce : importance, significance, dependence, resistance, –ness : bitterness, darkness, hardness –ion –ment –(i)ty –age : pollution, suggestion, action, : accomplishment, commencement, enhancement, excitement, : purity, authority, majority, superiority, humidity, cruelty, faculty, honesty, plenty, safety : baggage, carriage, damage, language, luggage, marriage, passage –ship –th : citizenship, fellowship, scholarship, friendship, hardship, : bath, birth, death, growth, health, length, strength, truth, depth, breadth, wealth 10 –dom : freedom, kingdom, wisdom 11 –hood : childhood, brotherhood, neighborhood, likelihood, 12 –ure : closure, legislature, nature, failure, pleasure, 13 –cy : bankruptcy, democracy, accuracy, expectancy, efficiency, 14 –(t)ry : rivalry, ancestry, carpentry, machinery, scenery, bravery 15 –logy : archaeology, geology, sociology, zoology 16 –graphy : bibliography, biography Đăng  ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội       KHÓA  HỌC  LUYỆN  THI  THPTQG  CÙNG  CÔ  MAI  PHƯƠNG  &  NGOẠI  NGỮ  24H       WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN     TIẾT 1: CẤU TẠO TỪ - TỪ LOẠI (Word formation – Parts of speech) B COMMON NOUN (PERSON) ENDINGS – or : actor, creator, doctor, tailor, visitor bachelor – er : northerner, villager, airliner, sorcerer – ee : employee, payee, absentee, refugee – ist : economist, dentist, pianist, optimist, perfectionist – ician : magician, physician, musician, electrician, beautician, – ant (10%) : assistant, accountant, consultant, contestant, inhabitant C ADJECTIVE ENDINGS – ent : independent, sufficient, absent, ancient, apparent, – ant : important, significant , abundant, ignorant, brilliant, : beautiful, graceful, powerful, grateful, forgetful, – ful Exceptions: handful, mouthful, spoonful are nouns classic, historic, artistic, economic, – ic : doubtless, fearless, powerless, countless, tireless, – less – ive : authoritative, demonstrative, talkative, active, passive, comparative, possessive : dangerous, glorious, murderous, hilarious, – ous : reliable, comfortable, suitable – able : audible, edible, terrible – ible 10 – al : central, general, oral, tropical, tidal Exceptions : rival, arrival, proposal, withdrawal, survival are nouns 11 – ory : mandatory, compulsory, satisfactory Exceptions : dormitory, promontory, territory are nouns 12 – ary : contrary, primary, temporary, necessary 13 – y : angry, happy, icy, messy, milky, tidy, chilly, 14 – ly :friendly, cowardly, manly 15 – (r)ate (10%): temperate, accurate, considerate, literate     Đăng  ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội         KHÓA  HỌC  LUYỆN  THI  THPTQG  CÙNG  CÔ  MAI  PHƯƠNG  &  NGOẠI  NGỮ  24H       WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN     TIẾT 1: CẤU TẠO TỪ - TỪ LOẠI (Word formation – Parts of speech) 16 – ish: foolish, bookish, bluish, reddish D COMMON VERB ENDINGS – en/ en – : listen, happen, strengthen, lengthen, shorten, soften, widen, entrust, enslave, enlarge, encourage, enable, enrich – ate : assassinate, associate, fascinate, separate, vaccinate, evacuate – ize : idolize, apologize, sympathize, authorize, fertilize – ify : satisfy, solidify, horrify E COMMON ADVERB ENDING – ly : firstly, fully, greatly, happily, hourly – wise : otherwise, clockwise – ward : backward, inward, onward, eastward CHỨC NĂNG CỦA MỘT SỐ TỪ LOẠI a Danh từ (Noun) Sau tính từ (adj + N) Sau - mạo từ: a /an / the - từ định: this, that, these, those, every, each, … - từ số lượng: many, some, few, little, several - tính từ sở hữu: my, his, her, your, our, their, its… Sau ngoại động từ (V cần O) Sau giới từ (prep + N) They are interesting books He is a student These flowers are beautiful She needs some water She buys books She meets a lot of people He talked about the story yesterday He is interested in music Đăng  ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội       KHÓA  HỌC  LUYỆN  THI  THPTQG  CÙNG  CÔ  MAI  PHƯƠNG  &  NGOẠI  NGỮ  24H       WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN     TIẾT 1: CẤU TẠO TỪ - TỪ LOẠI (Word formation – Parts of speech) Trước V chia (N làm chủ từ) Sau enough (enough + N) The man has just arrived I don’t have enough money to buy that house b Tính từ (Adj) Trước N (Adj + N) Sau TO BE Sau: become, get, look, feel, taste, smell, seem … Sau trạng từ (adv + adj): extremely (cực kỳ), completely (hoàn toàn), really (thực sự), terribly, very, quite, rather, … Sau keep / make Sau too ( be + too + adj) Trước enough (be + adj + enough) Trong cấu trúc: be + so + adj + that A, an, the, this, that, his, her, their, my, … + (Adj) + Noun Trong câu cảm thán: - How + adj + S + V - Wht + (a / an) + adj + N This is an interesting books I am tired It becomes hot She feels sad It is extremely cold I’m terribly sorry She is very beautiful The news made me happy That house is too small The house isn’t large enough She was so angry that she can’t speak My new car is blue How beautiful the girl is! What an interesting film! c Trạng từ (Adv) Sau V thường Trước Adj Giữa cụm V Đầu câu trước dấu phẩy Sau too V + too + adv Trong cấu trúc V + so + adv + that Trước enough V + adv + enough     He drove carefully I meet an extremely handsome man She has already finished the job Unfortunately, I couldn’t come the party They walked too slowly to catch the bus Jack drove so fast that he caused an accident You should write clearly enough for every body to read Đăng  ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội         KHÓA HỌC LUYỆN THI THPTQG CÙNG CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG & NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN TIẾT 4: NÂNG CAO CẤU TẠO TỪ - TỪ LOẠI (Word formation – Parts of speech) Các em xem giảng download tài liệu website: ngoaingu24h.vn nhé! WORD LIST No Word Responsible (Adj) Meaning Chịu trách A drunk man cannot be held fully nhiệm responsible for his actions + for sth + to sb/sth Tom is an irresponsible person Responsibility (N) Women bear children and take Vô trách responsibility for childcare nhiệm They thought that the explosion was an Sự trách act of irresponsibility nhiệm Irresponsibility (N) Sự vô trách nhiệm Special (Adj) Đặc biệt She’s a very special person Specially (Adv) Đặc biệt She has a wheelchair that was specially made for her Speciality (N) Nét trưng, Specialist (N-p) chuyên môn Irresponsible (Adj) Example đặc Unkind remarks specialities Chuyên gia Specialize (V) + in Chuyên are one of his My doctor has referred me to a specialist for a second opinion on the results of my blood test That restaurant specializes in seafood Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội Specialization (N) Sự chuyên môn hóa The lawyer said that he was unable to help us because our case fell outside his specialization Eat (V) Ăn Edible (Adj/N) Có thể ăn Only the leaves of the plant are edible Eatable (Adj) Eater (N-p) (không độc)/ Jane never eats breakfast Food that is eatable is good enough to eat, but not excellent Thức ăn (số I’m still a big eater nhiều) Ăn Người ăn Person (N) Con người Số nhiều: People Personal (Adj) Who was the first person to swim the English Channel? Cá nhân, The book describes his sporting career and gives little information about his riêng tư personal life Personally (Adv) Đích thân Personalize (V) Personally, I think the show is going to be a great success I don't want to personalize the issue Cá nhân hóa approve (V) + of Tán thành, He doesn't approve of smoking chấp thuận approval (N) Sự tán He showed his approval by smiling thành, broadly disapprove (V) + chấp thuận of Phản đối disapproval (N) TYPE THE DOCUMENT TITLE I strongly disapprove of underage drinking Sự không Although they said nothing, she could tán thành, sense their disapproval of her phản đối suggestion KHÓA HỌC LUYỆN THI THPTQG CÙNG CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG & NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN compare (V) So sánh + with/to comparison (N) This road is quite busy compared to ours Sự so sánh They made a comparison of different comparable (Adj) Có thể so countries' eating habits sánh The two experiences comparative (Adj) So sánh, comparable comparatively (Adv) in aren't tương đối "Fatter" is the comparative of "fat" Tương đối Inflation was comparatively low comparison So sánh với with In comparison with the French, the British eat far less fish frequent (Adj) Thường xuyên frequency (N) Complaints about the frequency of Tính thường buses rose in the last year xuyên His letters became infrequent, then stopped completely infrequent (Adj) The most frequent cause of death is heart disease Không thường infrequency (N) She did notice and comment on the xuyên, infrequency of our visits xảy Sự không thường xuyên, xảy history (N) Lịch sử I studied modern European history at Có tính chất college Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội historic (Adj) lịch sử How many historic buildings are damaged by fire each year? historical (Adj) Thuộc sử lịch Many important historical documents were destroyed when the library was bombed historically (Adv) The film makes no attempt to be Về mặt lịch historically accurate sử confident (Adj) Tự tin, tin I'm confident of his skills as a manager cậy, confidence (N) chắn She's completely lacking in confidence confidential (Adj) Sự tự tin, A person's medical records are tin cậy confidential confidentiality Bí mật, All replies will be treated with complete (N) riêng tư confidentiality Sự cẩn mật, confide in sb He confided that his hair was not his tin cẩn own Giãi bày self – confident tâm sự, đủ (Adj) He is self-confident anywhere he goes tin để kể bí mật Tự tin thân recognize (V) recognizable (Adj) recognition (N) unrecognizable (Adj) TYPE THE DOCUMENT TITLE Nhận ra, I hadn't seen her for 20 years, but I thừa nhận recognized her immediately The Eiffel Tower in Paris is an instantly Có thể nhận recognizable landmark ra, His work was slow to gain recognition thừa nhận Sự nhận ra, His voice was muffled by his collar and nhận thừa unrecognizable KHÓA HỌC LUYỆN THI THPTQG CÙNG CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG & NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN Không thể nhận ra, Không thể thừa nhận Qualify (V) Đủ tư cách, This course qualifies you to teach in +for đủ khả any secondary school Qualified (Adj) Đủ tư cách, What makes you think that you are qualified for this job? đủ khả I feel unqualified to speak on the Unqualified (Adj) Không đủ tư subject cách, không đủ He's been disqualified from driving for trình độ +from a year Loại ra, làm Qualification (N) cho You'll never get a good job if you don't have any qualifications không đủ tư cách Disqualified (V) Phẩm chất, lực Mystery (N) Điều bí ẩn, huyền bí The mystery was solved when the police discovered the murder weapon Mysterious (Adj) Thần bí, His colleague had vanished mysterious Circumstances huyền bí I was mystified by her decision Mystify (V) Ra vẻ bí ẩn, in khó hiểu Waste (adj) Vô giá trị, What a complete waste of time! Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội (N) bỏ Rác thải, (V) Wasteful (Adj) Wastefully (Adv) Oil spills are common, as is the dumping of toxic industrial wastes lãng phí Lãng phí, It's wasteful the way you throw so much food away! uổng phí Energy and water are used much more Hoang phí Hoang phí wastefully than if these resources were priced properly Every room has a waste basket Waste basket (N) Thùng rác Origin (N) Original (Adj) Originally (Adv) Originality (N) Nguồn gốc, It's a book about the origin of the lai lịch universe Thuộc The gardens have recently nguyên bản, restored to their original glory been độc đáo Originally it was a bedroom, but we Một cách turned it into a study độc đáo, We were impressed by the originality of the children's work Tính nguồn gốc, tính độc đáo Vary (V) Variable (Adj) Thay đổi, The samples varied in quality but were biến đổi generally acceptable British weather is perhaps at its most Có thể thay variable in the spring đổi We had various problems on our Various (Adj) Variety (N) Khác nhau, I like almost every variety of cheese thuộc TYPE THE DOCUMENT TITLE journey, including a flat tyre nhiều NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN They are ……… a woman-professors b womans-professors c women professors d womens' professors We have got a lot of……… a book of exercise b exercises-books c exercise's book's d exercise-books That man has two……… a brother-in-law b brothers-in-law c brother-ins-law d brother-in-laws 10 The……… toys are cheap a child's b children's c childrens' d childrens 11 We must follow…… a the will of the dead b the dead of will c the dead's will d the dead will 12 A meeting held during the night is a……… a meeting night b nightly meeting c night-meeting d nighty meeting 13 at this year’s environmental protection seminar reached almost 500 A Attendant B Attendance C Attended D Attendee 14 All _ in the meeting should register two weeks in advance A participate B participating C participation D participants Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN ĐỀ THI ONLINE DANH TỪ SỐ Choose the correct answer Câu 1: His knowledge of butterflies _ very wide A go B are Câu 2: One of the girls to visit that old man once a week A go B goes Câu 3: His family _in the front row A is sitting B are sitting Câu 4: All of the food served in this restaurant yesterday _ excellent A was B were Câu 5: Neither you nor I responsible for the result A are B am Câu 6: There different ways to that work A is B are Câu 7: Whatever remember to be calm A happen B happens Câu 8: Both Mary and Peter _ for that company A work B works Câu 9: Either he or his friends mistaken A is B are Câu 10: The quality of these recordings very good A is B are Câu 11: The pair of scissors on the table A is B are Câu 12: There _ been a number of telephone calls today A has B have Câu 13: John or George _ the car now A brings B bring Câu 14: Neither Carmen nor the boys seen the film before A have B has Câu 15: Not studying him many problems A cause B causes Câu 16: _ Portuguese speak in Brazil? A don’t B doesn’t Câu 17: Baseball and swimming popular summer sports A is B are Câu 18: The fear of rape and robbery _ many people to flee the cities A cause B causes Câu 19: Why there a shortage of certified teachers at the present time? A is B are Câu 20: John, along with twenty friends, planning a party A is B are Câu 21: Money as well as workers needed Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN A is B are Câu 22: The boy with his dog here A is B are Câu 23: We’ve got cars but neither of them _ new A is B are Câu 24: A large crowd _ gathering around him A was B were Câu 25: The mayor as well as his brothers _ going to prison A is B are Câu 26: Each and every student and instructor in this building for a new facility by next year A hope B hopes Câu 27: The department members but not the chair decided not to teach on Valentine's Day A has B have Câu 28: Rice and beans, my favorite dishes, _ me of my native Puerto Rico A reminds B remind Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN Thi online – Danh từ (6) I Look at each sentence below and decide whether the noun in CAPITAL LETTERS is countable or uncountable Choose C if the noun is countable or U if it is uncountable The INFORMATION I received was completely wrong A: C B: U She didn't take the doctor's ADVICE and went on the holiday anyway A: C B: U We had lots of WORK to yesterday so that's why I missed the party A: C B: U Would you like another SANDWICH? A: C B: U It was the second TRIP she had made to the USA A: C B: U I love CHOCOLATE; I eat it all the time A: C B: U You can't change the laws of PHYSICS A: C B: U The sports centre has got some new EQUIPMENT A: C B: U That RESTAURANT is excellent I really recommend it A: C B: U 10 Did you see the amount of LUGGAGE that Peter took with him? A: C B: U Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN II Choose the right form of each following word: The government’s _ led to the serious financial crisis (MANAGE) A: mismanagement C: manager B: management D: manageability The of Cambridge University was held ceremoniously (COMMENCE) A: commencer C: commence B: commencement D: commendatory A Committee was set up under the _ of Edmund Compton (CHAIR) A: chairman B: chair C: chairperson D: chairmanship The _ of youth is one of the most important factor contributing to their succeed (RESILIENT) A resilience B resilient C resile The no- smoking policy was introduced with little _ from the staffs (RESIST) A resistant B resistive C resistance D resister Even now, the full of his crimes has not been exposed (ENORMOUS) A enormously B enormity C enormousness D enormous III Choose the correct quantify: If you have time at the end of the exam, check your answer A few B a few C little D a little Give me minutes and I’ll be ready A few B a few C little D a little We’ve only got milk left so get some when you go shopping A few B a few C little D a little Just practice everyday and you will be soon able to play the piano A few B a few C little D a little We were disappointed that of the members came to the youth club party A few B a few C little D a little Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN Sprinkle _ sugar on the strawberries A few B a few C little D a little I suppose now I’m 43, I have hope of playing football for England A few B a few C little D a little Could you help me with _ exercises I don’t understand A few B a few C little D a little There’s coffee left, if anyone wants some A few B a few C little D a little 10 Becoming an astronauts is so demanding that _ people manage it A few B a few C little D a little 11 I’ll meet you in half an hour – I have got e-mails to write first A few B a few C little D a little 12 Many people feel there is point in voting, even in a general election A few B a few C little D a little Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN Tính từ (1) I Khái niệm Tính từ từ tính chất, mức độ, phạm vi, người vật Ex: She is beautiful That is my new red car My job is boring I’m not satisfied with my job II Các loại tính từ a) Tính từ định (demonstrative): this, that, these, those Ex: This house is mine What does that notice say? b) Tính từ phân biệt (distributive): each, every, either, neither Ex: Each student has different learning style c) Tính từ số lượng (quantitative): some, any, no, (a) little/ (a) few, many, much one, twenty Ex: Some books are good I want to save a little money d) Tính từ nghi vấn (interrogative), which, what, whose Ex: Which skirt you like? What games you want to play? e) Tính từ sở hữu (possessive): my, your, his, her, its, our, their Ex: Her pen is red Their house is pretty f) Phẩm chất/ tính chất (quality): Ex: clever, dry, fat, golden, good, heavy, square,… III Tính từ định: this, that, these, those This/ That + Danh từ đếm số Ex: This house These/ Those + Danh từ đếm số nhiều Ex: These houses This beach was quite empty last year These people come from that hotel over there Do you see those birds at the top of the tree? Lưu ý Cách dùng đại từ định this/ these, that/ those thay cho danh từ nhắc đến Ex: The bookshelf of my room is better than that of his room The bookshelves of my room are better than those of his room This/ these, that/ those dùng với one/ ones: Ex This shirt is expensive I'll buy that one These shirts are expensive I'll buy those ones Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN Cách dùng với sở hữu cách Ex This is my umbrella That is yours That is Ms Phuong's This/ these/ that/ those + danh từ + of + possessive (sở hữu cách) Ex That friend of Ms Phuong's = Ms Phuong's friend This book of mine = my book Those có mệnh đề quan hệ xác định theo sau: Ex: Those who couldn’t walk were carried on stretchers Those who are interested in this job may apply to us This/ that/ these/ those cụm từ hay mệnh đề đề cập trước: Ex: He always tell lies, that makes me tired = He always tell lies, which makes me tired He said I wasn’t a good wife Wasn’t that a horrible thing to say? IV Vị trí chức tính từ phẩm chất Tính từ bổ nghĩa cho danh từ • a/an + adj + N • Some, many + adj + N(s,es) Ex It is a hot day This is a new car She has a long hair I hate my boring job Những trường hợp đặc biệt: a, Đứng sau đại từ bất định: everything, anything, something, nothing Ex: I’ll tell you something new There is nothing new He’ll provide everything necessary b, Đứng sau nhóm từ ngụ ý đo lường Ex: The river is two hundred kilometers long The man is eighty years old = An eighty – year – old man The road is four metres wide c, Đứng sau danh từ cần nhóm từ bổ nghĩa cho Ex: I need to find an employee responsible for this job He wants a glass full of milk He is a man greedy of money d, Trong trường hợp nhiều tính từ bổ nghĩa cho danh từ, đặt sau Ex: He has a face thin and worn, but eager and resolute Làm bổ ngữ Tính từ làm bổ ngữ kết hợp với động từ làm thành vị ngữ câu Các động từ gọi “linking verb” - động từ nối: to be, to turn, to become, to fall, to keep, to remain = stay, … Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN Ex: Insect turns beautiful Nam fell asleep Tom became rich Ann seems happy Các linking verb thường gặp: • Chỉ tri giác, cảm giác: look (trông), hear (nghe), smell (ngửi), sound (nghe), taste (nếm) Ex: The idea sounds interesting She looks tired today The dish tastes delicious • Cấu trúc make + sb/sth + adj Ex: Don't make your parents sad Wearing flowers made her more beautiful • Cấu trúc keep + sb/sth + adj Ex: Keep your room clean Keep your house tidy • Ngoài ra, động từ nối khác hay dùng là: appear (xuất hiện), feel (cảm thấy), get/ grow (trở nên), keep (giữ), look (trông), turn (trở nên) Ex: Tom felt cold He grew impatient Một số trường hợp đặc biệt: Tính từ có nhiều nghĩa Ex: - early (sớm), late (muộn) an early/ a late train the train is early/ late - poor (nghèo): This is a poor family - poor (nghèo nàn): poor working condition Bài tập Bài 1: Đặt tính từ ngoặc vào vị trí Bring me something to drink (cool) The leaves turn in Autumn (yellow) Woollen clothes keep our bodies (warm) Shelly is a poet (famous) I have nothing to give you (interesting) The corn waved in the wind (ripe, golden) Vietnam is a country (rich and beautiful) I found him still in his bed (asleep) Aren’t these oranges (delicious)? V Dùng phân từ tính từ Hiện phân từ: kết thúc –ing: interesting Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN Quá khứ phân từ: kết thúc -ed: interested Ex: The film interests me (interest động từ) The film is interesting (Mang nghĩa chủ động) I am interested in the film (Mang nghĩa bị động) Lưu ý Cách nghĩ tính từ + V_ing dùng với người, tính từ + V_ed dùng với vật sai Ex: I’m so bored that I can’t find anything to but taking selfies You’re boring You came here to see me and then can’t take your eyes off your cellphone Hiện phân từ có chức tính từ như: amusing, boring, tiring v.v… chủ động có nghĩa “có ảnh hưởng này” Quá khứ phân từ có chức tính từ amused, horrified, tired, v.v… thụ động có ý nghĩa: “bị ảnh hưởng theo cách này” Ví dụ: Jane is bored because her job is boring It was surprising that he passed the exam The scene was horrifying Tính từ/ phân từ theo sau giới từ Động từ Hiện phân từ Qúa khứ phân từ amuse bore scare Amusing: hài hước Boring: buồn tẻ Scaring amused by/at Bored with Scared of Động từ Hiện phân từ Qúa khứ phân từ tire tiring : mệt mỏi Ex: Shopping can be very tiring tired of: chán tired from: mệt mỏi làm Ex: I am tired from teaching all day (Tôi bị mệt dạy ngày ) I am tired of teaching (Tôi chán việc dạỵ học) Động từ Hiện phân từ Qúa khứ phân từ shock shocking shocked at/ by surprise Surprising surprised at/ by disappoint Disappointing disappointed by Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN Động từ Hiện phân từ Qúa khứ phân từ horrify Horrifying: đáng sợ, gây sốc Horrified by excite Exciting Ex: The football match was quite exciting Excited about/ at/ by Ex: I was excited about the film Bài 1: Chọn dạng từ I like the film very much It’s really (interested/ interesting) It’s really (terrifying/ terrified) experience I will never forget it I have read a (fascinated/ fascinating) book Some students are easily (embarrassed/ embarrassing) when they can't express themselves well in English We were all (horrifying/ horrified) when we heard about the disaster Stephan felt very (disappointed/ disappointing) when his visa to the United States was denied It was a really (terrifying/ terrified) experience Afterwards everybody was very (shocking/shocked) I had never expected to be offered the job I was really (amazing/ amazed) when I was offered it The kitchen hadn’t been cleaned for ages It was really (disgusting/ disgusted) 10 It made me (surprised/ surprising) at the immigrants Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN THI ONLINE- TÍNH TỪ 1 She recovers very fast She has made progress A Astonishing B Astonished I didn’t find the situation funny I was not A Amused B Amusing Why you always look so ? Is your life really so ? A Boring/Bored B Bored/Boring C Boring/Boring D Bored/Bored He’s one of the most _people I’ve ever met He never stops talking and he never say anything _ A Bored/interested B Boring/interesting C Boring/interested D Bored/interesting At first I thought Jake was an _guy, but tonight I felt somewhat with his company A Interested/interesting B Interesting/interested C Interested/interested D Interesting/interesting When One Direction didn’t win UK X-factor 2010, I was _ A Disappointing B Disappointed It was very _not to get the job A Depressing B Depressed Philip was exceptionally at Joanne's behaviour A Annoying B Annoyed I thought the program on wildlife was I was absolutely _ A Fascinating/fascinated B Fascinated/fascinating C Fascinating/fascinating D Fascinated/fascinated 10 We were _to hear your good news A Thrilling B Thrilled 11 The teacher's explanation was _ Most of the students didn't understand it A Confusing B confused 12 I seldom visit art galleries I'm not particularly _ in art A Interesting B Interested 13 The lecture was _ I fell asleep A Boring B Bored 14 I asked Emily if she wanted to come out with us but she wasn't _ A Interesting B interested 15 I've been working very hard all day and now I'm _ A Exhausting B Exhausted 16 I'm starting a new job next week I'm quite _ about it Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN A Exciting B Excited 17 Tom is very good at telling funny stories He can be very _ A Amusing B Amused 18 I've got nothing to I'm _ A Boring B Bored 19 Taylor Swift is an artist She’s young, beautiful and talented A Amazing B Amazed 20 Did you ever realize how _you are? A Unprecedented B Unprecedenting 21 This is crazy I hate _ work A Tiring B Tired 22 You look absolutely ! A Stunning B Stunned 23 She is very _ when you call her at midnight A Irritating B Irritated 24 Will you stop yelling at me like that? It’s so _ A Frustrating B Frustrated 25.This car looks _ A Luxurious B Luxury C Luxuriant 26 The girl over there is just so She takes my breath away! A Gorgeous B Gorgon C Gorgeously 27 The baby is crying too loudly The mom must be _ A Wearing out B Wear out C Worn out 28 What the point of being _at me? I didn’t anything A Mad B Madness C Maddening 29 The _ need to have more attention from the government A Poverty B Poverish C Poor 30 Don’t try to flirt with her, she’s ! A Taking B Took C Taken 31 The internet is dangerous It can be _ A Addictive B Addicted C Addicting 32 The way she walks is just A Mesmerising B Mesmerised C Mesmerist 33 She gave a _ performance A Hypnotised B Hypnotic C Hypnotical 34 Turn off electronic devices when you go out Be a bit more _! A Economy B Economic C Economical 35 He works very hard It's not _ that he's always tired A Surprising B Surprised Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN THI ONLINE- TÍNH TỪ I Give the correct forms of the words in brackets Dear Liam, I am staying in a very (comfort) _1 _ hotel in the south of France, near a (sand) beach Unfortunately, it is very (wind) and the hotel itself is very (expense) _4 _ Another problem is that the chef can't cook very (good) The food is rather (grease) _6 and I am (hunger) _7 most of the time because I have great (difficult) _ in finding anything (suitably) on the menu However, I am very impressed by the (beautiful) 10 of the surroundings and the (kind) 11 of the people It is true that I suffered a bit from (boring) _12 but I always when I'm not (full) 13 occupied Sometimes I feel (sleep) 14 _ in the middle of the day and have a short nap, which I am very (thank) 15 _for Unfortunately I sleep quite (bad) _16 at night because the people in the room next to me snore (terrible) 17 Anyway, I'm leaving this Friday The drive back will (probable) _18 take me two or three days, as long as the traffic isn't too (bad) _19 I’ll get in touch (immediate) _20 _ when I get home and maybe we can arrange to meet up for a meal By the way, have you seen Niall? The kid is really (impulse) 21 _ , he may get into a fight if I'm not there to watch over him There's a girl named Ellie, she told me she wanted to know him I told her he was really (child) 22 _ and absolutely not (suit) _25 _for her, because she was a (maturity) _24 _ girl However, the girl insisted, she told me that this was exactly (appeal) 25 _ to her So, tell this to Niall, ok? See you soon, Louis A comforting A sanding A winding A expensive A goody A greasing A hungerous A difficulty A suited 10 A beautician 11 A kindle 12 A boring 13 A fullness 14 A asleep 15 A thankful 16 A worse 17 A terror 18 A probably 19 A badly 20 A immediated B comfortable B sanded B winded B inexpensive B well B greasy B hungery B Differ B suitable B beautifullness B kinding B bored B.fullation B sleepy B thanked B worst B terribly B probation B badness B immediating C comforted C sandy C windy C unexpensed C unwell C greased C.hungry C different C suiting C beauty C kindness C boredom C fully C sleeping C thanks C badly C terrifying C probability C bad C immediatedly Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN 21 A impulsing 22 A childlike 23 A suiting 24 A matured 25 A appealing B impulsive B childhood B suitable B maturing B appealed C impulsed C childish C suited C mature C appeal II Choose the correct answer Cau1 Today I just lay in bed and did nothing Such a/an day! A Productive B Unproductive C Counterproductive Cau2 This is such a chance, you should jump at it! A Gold B Golden C Goldlike Cau3 I like sweet foods, especially the _ ones A Sugarcoat B Sugary C Sugarful Cau4 Your novel is _! I love it so much A Incredible B Incredibly C.Credible Cau5 The thing is, he’s not a person Don’t trust him A Reliable B Unreliable C.Relying Cau6 Harry Styles is a bit _ But that’s why I like him A Mischievous B Mischief C.Mischieve Cau7 I like One Direction They are a British- boy band A Ireland B Irelandish C.Irish Cau8 “What makes you beautiful” is Do you know that song? A Phenomenon B Phenomenal C Phenomenial Cau9 “One thing” is also another song A Catching B Catchy C Caught Cau10 The last question, have you watched the film “ The Fault in Our Stars?” It’s just so _, believe me, you’re going to need tissues A Insightful B Insight C Insighting Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948 Địa chỉ: Số 18 Trần Đại Nghĩa – Q Hai Bà Trưng – Hà nội ... nhận thừa unrecognizable KHÓA HỌC LUYỆN THI THPTQG CÙNG CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG & NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN Không thể nhận ra, Không thể thừa nhận Qualify (V) Đủ tư cách, This course qualifies you to... for any desk-bound office KHÓA HỌC LUYỆN THI THPTQG CÙNG CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG & NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN Sự chiếm worker đóng, công việc Thuộc nghề nghiệp Đăng ký học: 0962 60 8801 – 04 6260 3948... underage drinking Sự không Although they said nothing, she could tán thành, sense their disapproval of her phản đối suggestion KHÓA HỌC LUYỆN THI THPTQG CÙNG CÔ MAI PHƯƠNG & NGOẠI NGỮ 24H WWW.NGOAINGU24H.VN
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