IELTS practice test 03 reading academic test

15 1,002 4
  • Loading ...
1/15 trang

Thông tin tài liệu

Ngày đăng: 23/07/2016, 15:56

IELTS PRACTICE TESTS READING TEST 03 IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Good Luck! IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Please note that while we truly hope that the pack will help you to achieve the IELTS test band score you need, by purchasing this pack you agree to the 'Terms and Conditions of Use' This pack, which includes all pages and the associated audio files, is for your own individual study only The pack or any of its contents can not be shared or transmitted in any form without the prior written consent of TruLern Ltd Please remember copyright laws exist to help us ALL Breach of copyright kills creativity, innovation and healthy competition If you breach this copyright you could face legal action IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com against you Respecting copyright makes our world a better place Please respect our copyright Once again, many thanks and once again, the very best of luck with your IELTS test © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Terms and Conditions of Use The terms ‘IELTS PRACTICE TESTS’, 'TRULERN', ‘us’ and ‘we’ refer to the owners of the IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS website The term ‘you’ refers to the user or viewer of our website Copyright Notice Unless otherwise expressly stated, copyright or similar rights in all material presented on this website, apart from those held on any 'links' page and used as hyperlinks to other websites, are owned by TruLern Ltd You are entitled to download and print the practice tests for your own individual study use only and you are not permitted to share free or commercialy, or distribute free or commercially any of the contents in any form Copies of the website pages which you have saved to disk or to any other storage system or medium may be used for subsequent viewing purposes or to print for your own individual study use only You may not (whether directly or indirectly including through the use of any program) create a database in an electronic or other form by downloading and storing all or any part of the pages from this website without prior written consent save as expressly authorised by an agreement in writing between us Unless with our prior permission no part of this website may be reproduced or transmitted to or stored in any other website, nor may any of its pages or part thereof be disseminated in any electronic or non electronic form, nor included in any public or private electronic retrieval system or service Terms of Use You agree that all the materials displayed on or available through this website including without limitation any and all names, logos, data, information, graphics, underlying software, displayed on or available from this website are protected by copyright, trade mark and other intellectual property laws and are available for your own individual study use only You must not copy, modify, alter, publish, broadcast, distribute, sell, transfer or share any of these materials without our express written permission You agree to use this website and its content, and the services and products delivered herein only for lawful purposes IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Warranties and Disclaimers Your use of this website including all content downloaded or accessed from or through this website is at your own risk Every effort is made to keep the website up and running smoothly However, we take no responsibility for, and will not be liable for, the website being temporarily unavailable due to technical issues beyond our control In no event will we be liable for any loss or damage including without limitation, indirect or consequential loss or damage, or any loss or damage whatsoever arising from loss of data or profits arising out of, or in connection with, the use of this website Whilst precautions are taken to detect computer viruses and ensure security, we cannot guarantee that the website is virus-free and secure We shall not be liable for any loss or damage which may occur as a result of any virus or breach of security We give no warranties of any kind concerning the web site or the content In particular, we not warrant that the website or any of its contents is virus free You must take your own precautions in this respect as we accept no responsibility for any infection by virus or other contamination or by anything which has destructive properties IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Whilst making every attempt to secure personal data, we cannot accept responsibility for any unauthorised access or loss of personal information that is beyond our control Through this website you may be able to link to other websites which are not under our control We have no control over the nature, content and availability of those sites The inclusion of any links does not necessarily imply a recommendation or endorse the views expressed within them You agree to indemnify and hold TruLern Ltd and its subsidiaries, affiliates, shareholders, officers, directors, agents, licensors, suppliers, employees and representatives harmless from any claim or demand made by any third party due to or arising out of the use or connection to this website (including any use by you on behalf of your employer or your violation of any rights of another) Website and Content In compiling the content contained on, and accessed through this website, we have used our best endeavours to ensure that the information is correct and current at the time of publication but we take no responsibility for any error, omission or defect therein All study materials are generally hypothetical or imaginary and are included for educational purposes only Any resemblance to individuals, companies, institutions or otherwise in real life is entirely coincidental The opinions expressed in any third party materials are not necessarily those of TruLern Ltd but are provided for academic practice and educational purposes only We reserve the right to change these terms at any time and you will be considered to have accepted such changes if you use this web site after we have published the changed terms on this web site If you have any questions about this document or our privacy policy, please contact us © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Reading IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com SECTION Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Questions - 13 Emerging Tourist Destinations A The rise of emerging economies marks the third revolution the travel industry has undergone in the past 50 years The first came in the 1960s, in the shape of cheap air travel and package tours Rising incomes enabled people of modest means to travel more, to farther-flung parts of the globe, and to take advantage of "all-in" offers that may have included sightseeing trips, scuba diving or camel rides The second was the advent of the internet, which has allowed millions to book flights, hotels, hire cars and package tours without going near a high-street travel agent B Now fast-growing emerging economies-not just Dubai but also the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India and China) and others, such as South Korea and Vietnam-are changing the world of travel once again, either as destinations or as sources of newly affluent travellers Often, citizens of these countries are visiting similar, emerging lands Last year, for example, Russians made a total of 34.3m trips abroad, up from 29.1m in 2006 Turkey was their most popular destination, followed by China and Egypt The Chinese head the table of visitors to Vietnam IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com C The WTTC claims that travel and tourism is the world's biggest industry in terms of its contribution to global GDP and employment The lobby group forecasts that global travel and tourism will account for $5.9 trillion of economic activity in 2008, or about 10% of global GDP, employing 238m people It expects employment to rise to 296m in the next decade In fact, assessing the scale of the industry is not straightforward When all travel and tourism is lumped together, so that everything from airlines to cafes counts, it is no surprise that the WTTC's total is so large As a rule, restaurants not record whether they are serving tourists, business travellers or locals out for a meal D For the next year or two, the travel industry is likely to find its long-standing customers in rich Western countries a less than reliable source of growth As American families plan their holidays, many will be worrying about the frailty of their country's economy, the rising cost of petrol and-for those venturing outside the United States-the weakness of the dollar They are delaying booking in the hope of nabbing cheap, last-minute deals They certainly seem to be spending less On May 7th Orbitz, an American online travel-firm, posted a first-quarter net loss of $15m compared with a net loss of $10m a year earlier The majority of its business is domestic bookings, which were 6% lower in the first quarter than a year earlier, at $2.4 billion IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com E For faster growth, the industry will have to look to emerging economies These are becoming increasingly well established as places to visit Now they are starting to provide more visitors too According to McKinsey, a consulting firm, by the middle of the next decade almost a billion people will see their annual household incomes rise beyond $5,000-roughly the threshold for spending money on discretionary goods and services rather than simple necessities Consumers' spending power in emerging economies will rise from $4 trillion in 2006 to more than $9 trillion-nearly the spending power of western Europe today F Some of that extra purchasing power will go on travel, at home and abroad Western companies are flocking into the developing world to prepare for these new tourists "The Middle East, India and China are the next big thing," predicts Bill Marriott, the chairman and chief executive of Marriott, an American hotel chain He thinks that the industry will be bigger in the Middle East, where he is planning to build 65 hotels by 2011, than in India China will dwarf even the Middle East © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding G Last year the number of visits abroad by the Chinese reached 47m, 5m more than the number of foreign visitors to China The Chinese also made 1.6 billion trips at home-a staggering total, but not much more than one each According to WTTC forecasts, Chinese demand for travel and tourism will quadruple in value in the next ten years At present China ranks a distant second, behind the United States, in terms of demand, but by 2018 it will have closed much of the gap H Other emerging economies have woken up to the spending power of Chinese tourists Mexico is one: AeroMéxico will begin direct flights between Mexico City and Shanghai at the end of May The plan is to fly twice a week In Vietnam, home to one of the fastest-growing tourist industries in the world, Chinese and other Asian tourists are overtaking Westerners In the first 11 months of last year 507,000 visitors came to Vietnam from China, along with 442,000 from South Korea and 376,000 from America The Tourism Authority of Thailand is also counting on more Chinese custom It forecasts that 1.3m Chinese will visit the country this year, 10% more than last year when visitors were put off by Thailand's unsettled politics IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Questions - In which paragraph contains The nationality of the largest group of visitors to Vietnam A summary of three changes in the travel industry An increase in the spending power of some economies The countries where new tourists are coming from A pessimistic outlook for established markets Complexities in measuring the size of the travel industry Questions - 13 IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Write True, False or Not Given Most of Orbitz customers not travel abroad Next year a billion people will receive $5000 more income per year Bill Marriot plans to build more hotels in China than in the Middle East 10 The number of overseas visits by the Chinese was 5m more last year than the year before 11 In the next decade, travel and tourism in China will become four times larger than it is today 12 AeroMéxico will start direct flights to Vietnam within the next two years 13 Thailand expects to see 10% more visitors this year than last year IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com SECTION Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Questions 14 - 26 Changes in the way we travel New technologies are reshaping the nature of air travel In-flight internet access, and even the use of mobile phones, could soon become commonplace, on some routes at least Entertainment systems are becoming increasingly sophisticated as airlines compete for customer loyalty However, one of the most ambitious plans of the International Air Transport Association (IATA), and one which will probably take the longest, is switching baggage labels from printed bar-codes to wireless tags based on radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology The aim is to reduce the number of misplaced items of baggage, a headache for passengers and airlines alike Of the 1.5 billion bags carried on commercial flights each year, around 0.7% go astray Dealing with each lost bag costs airlines an average of $100, or around $1 billion a year for the industry as a whole, not to mention the loss of customer goodwill A big part of the problem is that crumpled or torn bar-code labels are misread by the machines that process baggage as it travels between passenger and plane: the accuracy of printed bar-codes can be as low as 80% RFID tags, in contrast, have accuracy rates exceeding 95% IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com As a bag with an RFID tag passes through a scanner, a pulse of radio waves awakens the tag, which responds by transmitting a small burst of data The drawback with this approach, however, is that the association between tag and passenger is stored in the airline's database So every time the tag is read, a real-time connection to that database is needed to work out how to route the bag It works well for a single airline, but when more than one airline is involved, links are needed between their databases That is why many in the industry favour a second approach involving the more expensive tags These have the advantage that data can be written into them, including passenger and routing details, when the bag is checked in This information then travels along with the bag, without the need for any database look-ups But as RFID is adopted in other industries, economies of scale ought to reduce costs IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com RFID tags have in fact already been adopted, to varying degrees, by forward-thinking airlines and airports around the world The aim of IATA's initiative is to introduce standards, to ensure interoperability, promote adoption, and make the benefits of these technologies available to the whole industry The switch from proprietary, airline-specific technologies to open standards will, however, reduce the airlines' scope for differentiation If all passengers are using the same facilities, how can airlines distinguish themselves from their rivals? Primarily through the routes they fly and the prices they charge, of course; and the quality of their in-flight service But while technology would seem to make competitive differentiation within the airport more difficult, it is simultaneously increasing the scope for differentiation in the air, through the provision of ever more elaborate in-flight services In-flight entertainment is now a critical part of how airlines position themselves, say Mr Harteveldt One of the most advanced entertainment systems in current use is Virgin Atlantic's V:port, currently available in 13 of the airline's 31 aircraft, and being installed in all its new aircraft Its most notable feature is video on demand, with 300 hours of films and television shows that can be called up by any passenger at any time The video is stored on hard disks on a central server and is streamed to each seat V:port also has a music-on-demand service and a selection of games, some of which (such as a trivia quiz) support multi-user © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding play between passengers All this, says Lysette Gauna, Virgin's head of in-flight entertainment, reinforces Virgin's association with fun and innovation Similar systems will become available on rival airlines in future, says Ms Gauna, so Virgin is already developing an improved system Another trend is the growing availability of internet access on board aircraft The state of the art here is Boeing's Connexion service, which uses a satellite broadband connection to create a Wi-Fi "hotspot" inside the cabin Lufthansa was the first airline to deploy the service, in May last year, and it intends to make it available on all long-haul flights by the middle of 2006 Japan Airlines and All Nippon Airways have also adopted the technology, and Singapore Airlines, China Airlines and SAS plan to follow suit Prices vary with the duration of air time but the service typically costs $30 on flights of six hours or more, and $20 on flights of between three and six hours A similar system is offered by Tenzing, a subsidiary of Airbus It recently established a joint-venture with SITA called OnAir, with a view to exploiting what is expected to be the next big trend in airborne communications: the in-flight use of mobile phones Contrary to popular belief, the main impediment to the use of mobile phones on planes is not interference with the aircraft's avionic systems On a typical long-haul flight, says Mike Fitzgerald of Altobridge, a firm that makes technology to bridge satellite and cellular networks, 20 mobile phones are left switched on Instead, the problem is that airborne mobile phones disrupt mobile networks on the ground An airliner with 500 phones on board, whizzing across a city, would befuddle the network as the phones busily hopped from one base-station to the next IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com When the technical and regulatory rules have been sorted out, however, the small matter of in-flight phone etiquette will remain "I have concerns that it will be extremely annoying," says Nancy McKinley of the International Airline Passengers Association, a body that represents frequent travellers However, OnAir's market research found that long-haul travellers expressed more interest in internet access and text-messaging than voice calls, and Mr Harteveldt says his research has found that very few travellers want to make voice calls while in the air It may be that the voice market will be stillborn, and more discreet data communications will predominate IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Questions 14 - 18 Choose A, B or C 14 The main purpose of introducing RFID is A to baggage handling much quicker B reduce the number of bags which are lost C reduce the cost of handling bags 15 One of the main problems with bar-codes on labels is that A they get damaged between plane and passenger B they cannot be correctly read often enough C they get damaged by the machines designed to read them IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com 16 The more expensive tags are particularly advantageous A when bags move between different airlines B when real-time connections are slow C because they reduce check in time 17 If the IATA's standards are introduced A airlines will find it easier to be competitive on the ground B many airlines will still prefer not to use RFID tags C more airlines will join the scheme IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com 18 Atlantic's V:port A relies on a hard drive in every passenger's seat B games all have multi-user support C help Virgin's image Questions 19 - 26 Complete the summary with NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text The 19 of in-flight internet access is growing and several airlines have already started to offer it on their 20 routes Passengers will be expected to pay around $25 for access, depending on the 21 of the flight Having this 22 on board will also allow the use of mobile phones, which not in fact cause problems with the 23 The problem, it seems, with mobiles which are not 24 off is that they disturb the 25 below Even when the technology is fully in place, OnAir predict that frequent fliers may prefer 26 forms of communication than voice calls © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com SECTION Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Questions 27 - 40 A View of Tourism's Future A One does not have to be an optimist to believe that international tourism will grow substantially over the next century Apparently, however, one does have to be an optimist to regard this as a good thing As tourism has burgeoned in the latter half of the twentieth century it has been accused of many things: despoiler of environments, destroyer of cultures and exploiter of poor nations Tourism, it is claimed, ultimately destroys the attractive features of a place and thus can neither sustain its resource base nor itself as an industry in the long term If these charges are valid then tourism either should be severely restrained or will eventually burn itself out, but not before causing much damage When looking to the end of this century this scenario gives little cause for optimism B It is possible, however, to regard tourism's future growth as not only assured but also highly desirable hat is not to suggest that tourism has not and will not cause problems but these are not insurmountable and are potentially outweighed by the opportunities for improving the human condition International tourism is in its infancy and it is possible to learn from past mistakes his optimist's view is that tourism will continue to grow, that the challenges consequently presented can be met, and that the ultimate outcome will be positive, depending on how well both the tourism industry and governments respond to those challenges IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com C By the end of the 21st century it is highly likely that vastly more people will travel more oten to a wider range of international destinations he trends are already apparent In 1950 the top iteen receiving countries accounted for 97% of all international arrivals, a share that had declined to 62% by 1999 Over the next twenty years arrivals are predicted to grow fastest in East Asia-Paciic, followed by Africa, the Middle East and South Asia From 1985 to 1998 outbound travel growth from the developing countries of East Asia-Paciic averaged 8.5% per year compared to the global average of 5.3% Clearly a consequence of economic prosperity is a realization of the desire to travel, and as this extends to other regions throughout the 21st century a continual supply of new travelers is assured With time, increasing aluence should enable international travel to change from being an aspiration to an expectation for many more people, as has occurred in the economically developed world in the late 20th century IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com D here are, however, reasons to believe that this future will not or should not be realised One of the greatest uncertainties lies in at least maintaining the current historically low cost of international travel With plans well advanced for the introduction of larger and more fuel-eicient aircrat the medium-term outlook is promising, but looking into the future there must be concerns about the increasing scarcity of oil Maintaining low travel costs may be contingent on alternative power sources and continually improving technology Given the scale of the international travel industry an optimist must believe that there is at least a substantial incentive to anticipate and counteract this E Technological developments such as the Internet and virtual reality may reduce the need or desire to travel his notion can be summarily dismissed by considering the nature of the tourism experience and what motivates it Tourism, in essence, is sensual, emotive and driven by a desire to experience a diferent place in more than two dimensions he sights, sounds, smells, tastes, ambience and people are integral, as is the actual presence of the tourist within this milieu Vicarious experiences can simulate some aspects but not the totality Moreover they cannot provide the surprise discoveries, sense of adventure and chance encounters that real travel afords It is more likely that the greater awareness of other places engendered by information technology will stimulate a desire to authenticate by direct experience © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding F Far more diicult to challenge is the claim that tourism is ultimately unsustainable because of its impacts on environments and cultures that then make destinations less appealing International tourism is oten portrayed as a juggernaut, consuming one destination ater another and then rolling on Tourism could become self-limiting in that accommodating the anticipated growth over the next twenty years then creates the conditions for a subsequent decline Signs are emerging, however, that the tourism industry has learnt some valuable lessons on the downside of its 'success' and has taken steps to secure its own future Codes of environmental ethics have burgeoned and environmental management initiatives have been developed in key industry sectors While some of these eforts may be viewed cynically, they have served to raise awareness that tourism can potential harm and placed sustainability irmly on the tourism agenda he greatest risk is that such standards may only be selectively applied, and here the emerging destinations of the less developed world are under most threat G Less developed nations are particularly vulnerable hey possess environmental and cultural features that tourists wish to experience, given the right conditions hey also possess a powerful economic incentive to develop tourism rapidly and with as few constraints as possible hey lack capital to achieve this and consequently have frequently ceded control of tourism development to foreign interests To attract capital they have ofered concessions - tax breaks, liberal access to land and low environmental standards - which ultimately reduce the beneits here is no easy solution to this dilemma, but ironically it may lie in the growth of tourism itself he combination of a growing market, increasing diversiication and rising levels of experience amongst tourists will lead to the industry constantly seeking new destinations Bargaining power is likely to shit in favour of destinations, although this is certainly not in immediate prospect and relying on this solution may require some patience IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com H he alternative, for all nations where the culture and environment are felt to be under threat, may be to focus on quality rather than quantity his ot-promoted solution aims to reduce tourism's harmful efects without sacriicing economic beneits he approach typically advocated is to provide high quality facilities and services and thereby attract high spending tourists, selective restraint operating through price If adopted broadly it could constrain the growth of tourism below predicted levels, but will it be efective in achieving its aims, and is it socially desirable? In relation to the irst question there must be doubts High expenditure does not mean high yield, given that there are greater costs associated with providing higher quality Its desirability depends on how the social beneits of traveling are perceived he mere fact that tourism has grown so rapidly and that new countries have emerged as major markets as soon as their citizens have the economic means and freedom to travel implies that individuals perceive great beneits In the 21st century we wish to reverse a signiicant trend of the 20th and revert to the conditions of the 19th when only the most privileged could travel internationally? IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com I Other solutions must be sought to more directly mitigate the impacts of tourism without unduly constraining growth With respect to environmental impacts there is a substantial, growing knowledge base, plus the technical means and legislative models to achieve this A problem remains in relation to cultural impacts, however, because the issues are more complex A pessimist would suggest that continued growth could dramatically transform cultures and create an homogenized world An optimist would retort that cultural change is inevitable and not necessarily undesirable, and that tourism could counteract other change agents and actually help maintain cultures Understanding this viewpoint requires an examination of the nature of both culture and international tourism, and the relationship between them © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Questions 27 - 35 Match each heading to the most suitable paragraph i Charging more may not work ii A shit in destinations and visitors iii he role of the tourist iv Opposing forces on developing nations v he impact of declining natural resources vi Only the real thing will vii he relationship between tourism and culture viii Accusations against tourism ix he destruction of tourism x A positive approach IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com 27 Paragraph A 28 Paragraph B 29 Paragraph C 30 Paragraph D 31 Paragraph E 32 Paragraph F 33 Paragraph G 34 Paragraph H IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com 35 Paragraph I Questions 36 - 40 Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text 36 While less developed nations have every incentive to grow their tourist industries they to so 37 One hope for less developed nations is that, as the industry grows, people will be looking for 38 One problem with providing a high quality experience is that it requires 39 A further problem with high quality is that it is only afordable to the 40 A positive view of growing tourism is that the changes it produces are © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Answers IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding 10 11 12 13 B A E B D C True False Not Given Not Given True Not Given Not Given 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 B B A C C availability long-haul duration technology avionic systems switched networks more discreet 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 viii x ii v vi ix iv i vii lack capital new destinations high expenditure most privileged not undesirable IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com © IELTS-PRACTICE-TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you [...]... that the changes it produces are © IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Answers IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com © IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content... networks more discreet 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 viii x ii v vi ix iv i vii lack capital new destinations high expenditure most privileged not undesirable IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com © IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction... information technology will stimulate a desire to authenticate by direct experience © IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding F Far more diicult to challenge is the claim that tourism is ultimately... nature of both culture and international tourism, and the relationship between them © IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Questions 27 - 35 Match each heading to the most suitable paragraph... relationship between tourism and culture viii Accusations against tourism ix he destruction of tourism x A positive approach IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com 27 Paragraph A 28 Paragraph B 29 Paragraph C 30 Paragraph D 31 Paragraph E 32 Paragraph F 33 Paragraph G 34 Paragraph H IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com 35 Paragraph I Questions 36 - 40 Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text 36 While less developed nations... being an aspiration to an expectation for many more people, as has occurred in the economically developed world in the late 20th century IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com D here are, however, reasons to believe that this future will not or should not be realised One of the greatest uncertainties lies in at least maintaining the current historically low cost of international travel With plans well advanced for.. .IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com SECTION 3 Pra ctice Test / Rea ding Questions 27 - 40 A View of Tourism's Future A One does not have to be an optimist to believe that international tourism will grow substantially over the next century... IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com , All Rights Reserved This content is for your ow n individua l study only You ca nnot sha re or tra nsm it it Non com plia nce could result in lega l a ction a ga inst you IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com Pra ctice Test / Rea ding 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 B A E B D C True False Not Given Not Given True Not Given Not Given 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 B B A C C availability long-haul... challenges IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com C By the end of the 21st century it is highly likely that vastly more people will travel more oten to a wider range of international destinations he trends are already apparent In 1950 the top iteen receiving countries accounted for 97% of all international arrivals, a share that had declined to 62% by 1999 Over the next twenty years arrivals are predicted to grow fastest... perceive great beneits In the 21st century do we wish to reverse a signiicant trend of the 20th and revert to the conditions of the 19th when only the most privileged could travel internationally? IELTS- PRACTICE- TESTS.com I Other solutions must be sought to more directly mitigate the impacts of tourism without unduly constraining growth With respect to environmental impacts there is a substantial, growing
- Xem thêm -

Xem thêm: IELTS practice test 03 reading academic test , IELTS practice test 03 reading academic test , IELTS practice test 03 reading academic test

Gợi ý tài liệu liên quan cho bạn