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TÀI LIỆU THAM KHẢO ÔN THI TỐT NGHIỆP TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 I TENSES A/ Lý thuyết The Simple Present (Thì đơn) a Form: - Khẳng định : I , We , You , They … ( S nhiều ) + Vo He , She , It ( S ) + V-s/es - Phủ định : I , We , You , They + don't + Vo He , She , It … + doesn't + Vo - Nghi vấn : Do + We , You , They + Vo … ? Does + He , She , It … + Vo … ? b Usage (Cách dùng ) : - Diễn tả chân lí, thật hiển nhiên Ex : - The Earth goes round the sun - He is a doctor - Tom comes from England - Diễn tả thói quen việc xảy thường xuyên ( always, often, usually, sometimes, now and then, seldom, rarely, never, every ) dùng để nhận biết Ex : - He often goes to class late / My mother gets up early every morning - Diễn tả h/đ tương lai xếp, bố trí thực trước thời điểm nói Note : a Cách thêm – es vào sau động từ tận : o , s , x ,z ,sh , ch b Cách phát âm –s/es The Present Continuous (Thì tiếp diễn) a Form : - Khẳng định : S + am / is / are + V –ing - Phủ định : S + am / is / are ( not ) + V -ing - Nghi vấn : Are / Is + S + V-ing … ? Ex: We are studying English now b Usage ( Cách dùng) : - Diễn tả hành động tiếp diễn thời điểm nói ( tại) * Dấu hiệu nhận biết : now , right now = at once , at ( the / this / present ) time, at the moment, Ra lệnh ( Look ! Listen ! ) Ex : - She is listening to his teacher now - Diễn tả hành động xảy tương lai ( có kế hoạch từ trước) Ex : She is getting married next year Note :* Be going to +Vo dùng để diễn tả hành động xảy mà tượng xuất hành động tương lai có dự định trước Ex: The grey dark appears It is going to rain The Present Perfect (Thì hòan thành) a Form : - Khẳng định : S + has / have + V3 , ed - Phủ định : S + has / have ( not ) V3 , ed - Nghi vấn : Has / Have + S + V3 , ed? b Usage (Cách dùng ) : * Diễn tả hành động vừa xảy xảy không rõ thời gian (thường kèm với từ just , recently = lately, not yet, ever, never, aleady ) Ex : We haven’t finished our homework yet * Diễn tả hành động khứ kéo dài đến có khả tiếp tục tương lai (thường với từ since , for) Ex : - They have lived here for ten years * Ngòai có số cụm từ thời gian : so far = until now = up to now ,how long ? It is the first / second / third … time, twice / many / three… times Note : For ( many, several, 2, / + times, years, months or a long time = ages ) # since ( last week ) The Simple Past (Thì khứ đơn ) a Form : - Khẳng định : S + V2, ed … ( To be : was / were ) - Phủ định : S + did not Vo … - Nghi vấn : Did + S + Vo … ? b Usage : Diễn tả hành động xảy ra, chấm dứt khứ ( biết rõ thời gian ) thường có từ kèm : yesterday ,ago , last ( week /night … ) , in 1990 ( thời gian khứ ) The Past Continuous (Thì khứ tiếp diễn ) a Form : S + was / were + V - ing Ex: We were studying Maths at this time yesterday b Usage : - Diễn tả hành động xảy vào thời điểm xác định khứ Ex : - What were you doing at p.m yesterday? - Diễn tả hành động xảy vào thời điểm xác định khứ hành động xảy ( hành động kéo dài ) có hành động khác xen vào Ex: a What were you doing at p.m yesterday? b We were watching television when he came - Diễn tả hành động xảy lúc khứ Ex: Yesterday , while I was reading a book , my sister was watching T.V * Dấu hiệu nhận biết : at ( the / this / that ) time, at the moment, at 4p.m + thời gian khứ (yesterday, last ) Ex : He was watching film at the moment yesterday The Past perfect (Thì khứ hòan thành ) a Form : S + had V3 , ed b Usage : Diễn tả hành động xảy trước hành động khác khứ trước thời điểm khứ Ex : When I got up this morning , my mother had already left * Dấu hiệu nhận biết : before , after The simple future : (Thì tương lai đơn ) a Form : S + shall / will Vo b Usage : Diễn tả hành động xảy tương lai : tomorrow , next ( week / month ) … , in 2010 The Perfect Future : (Tương lai hoàn thành ) Form S + will have V 3,ed Dấu hiệu nhận biết : By the end of … Ex : By the end of this year, I will have had a new bike Note : Sau when , while , before , after , until, by the time, as , as soon as, if ……… không dùng tương lai mà dùng đơn Ex : She will phone her parents when she comes here next week B/ Bài tập vận dụng I Use the correct tenses of the verbs in brackets She (write) that letter two days ago What (happen) when they arrived? I don’t smoke while I (drive) a car After they (go) , I sat down and rested His knowledge (develop) since he got habit of reading You (finish) with the book I (lend) you last week? Last week, when the police came there, the thief (go) away The train already (leave) by the time I (arrive) the station Be quiet! The baby (sleep) 10 He (visit) his friend yesterday and (find) that she (be) out II Choose the best option to complete the sentence She Hanoi last year A went B go C goes D is going Now you from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours A are flying B would fly C will fly D can fly When Carol last night, I my favorite show on television A was callingB called- have C called- was watched watched watching By the time next summer you your studies A completes B will complete C are completing D had calledwatched D will have completed Right now, Jim .the newspaper and Kathy .dinner A reads- has cooked B is reading- is C has read- was D read- will be cooking cooking cooking Last night at this time, they the same thing She and he the newspaper A are doing- is cooking- is reading B were doing- was cookingwas reading C was doing- has cooked- is reading D had done- was cookingread – Hurry up! We’re waiting for you What’s taking you so long? – I …………… for an important phone call Go ahead and leave without me A wait B will wait C am waiting D have waited – Robert is going to be famous someday He …………… in three movies already – I’m sure he’ll be a star A has been B has appeared C had appeared D appeared appearing – Hello? Alice? This is Jeff How are you? – Jeff? What a coincidence! I ………… about you when the phone rang A was just thinking B just thought C have just been D was just thought thinking 10 – What …… about the new simplified tax law? – It’s more confusing than the old one A are you thinking B you think C have you thought D have you been thinking II SUBJECT AND VERB AGREEMENT A Nguyên tắc chung: Trong tiếng Anh, chủ ngữ vị ngữ (Verb) thành phần câu; chủ ngữ chi phối vị ngữ, vị ngữ đối tượng chịu tác động chủ ngữ Do đó, chủ ngữ số đ/t chia theo số S + * singular * plural * either sin or plu + V+ * singular * plural * either sin or plu B Một số nguyên tắc bản: B.1 Singular verb Sub as Singular nouns or pronouns (He/ She/ It/ No ) or Uncountable nouns E.g: - He usually goes to school by bicycle - Her beauty helps her much in her job - This water is not safe enough to drink Sub as a gerund, infinitive or clause E.g:- Swimming is good for health - That you hav high grades in school is necessary Sub as a measuremenof time, money, distance ( as unit) Eg: - Thirty pounds seems a reasonable price - Four weeks is a long time to wait for you A noun ending in ‘s’ expressing: a subject, disease, country or city, news Eg: Mathematics is one of my core subjects Indefinite pronouns: someone, something Eg: Someone was waiting at the door One of + the + Adj – EST + Ns Every/ Each/ Either/ Neither + Ns/ No E.g: - Every teacher and every student has their own work B.2 Plural verb Plural nouns or pronouns The + Adj E.g: - The young are fond of pop music Collective nouns: police, army, troop, audience cattle, poultry Eg: The police are investigating the crime B.3 Either singular or plural verb  V (plural) (N1 ≠ N2) N1 + AND + N2 +  V (sin.) ( N1 ≡ N2) Eg: - My brother and sister live in Boston - My cousin and my adviser, Tom is coming tonight - Bread and egg is my favourite dish (Bánh mỳ trứng thích nhất) together with along with N1 + as well as + N2  V (N1) accompanied by in addition to E.g: - George, together with his friends, is buying a race horse - The director as well as his staff has to learn English - The students in addition to the teacher are all devoted to the research Either or, Neither + N1 + nor  V(N2) Not only but also Eg: - Either Thursday or Friday is ok - Neither my parents nor my brother has been to HCM city - Either you or I am right A (large) number of + V(plu.) The number of + V(sin.) E.g: - The number of students in this class is small - A number of students were absent yesterday N1 + preposition + N2  V(N1) E.g:- The picture of the soldiers has been sold -The house between the two bungalows is empty None/ All/ some/ half/ plenty/ N(sin.) No/ Most/ a lot/ Percentage/ fraction + of + N(plu.) E.g:- None of the students have finished the test - None of the counterfeit money has been foun - One third of the population is unemployed - One third of the villagers are unemployed There + is/was/ has been + No There + are/were/ have been + Ns/es Eg: There are twenty five students in my class There was an accident on the road last night Collective noun ( family, team, group, staff, company different action  V (plu.) as unit (the same action)  V(sin.) E.g: - My family congratulated my little sister on her birthday - His family is an old and very famous one - Our company has debated these questions carefully - The company lead very different lives in private  V(sin.)  V(plu.) Bài tập vận dụng Exercise 1: Circle the best answer One of a goldfish bowl on her kitchen table A my friend keep B my friends keep C my friend keeps D my friends keeps Every love A man, woman and child needs C man, woman and child need B men, women and children needs D men, women and children need One of the girls who in this office my niece A works / is B works / are C work / is D work / are Neither Lan nor her parents the film A like B likes C is like D are like Each the same as the day before A days was B day was C days were D day were More men than left handed A woman are B woman is C women are D women is Every one of the students on time for class A is B are C were D have been There some money on the table A are B were C have been D is This information about taxes helpful A were B have been C is D are 10 The vegetables in the bowl on the table fresh A looks B smells C are D is Exercise 2: Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets The news about Mr Hogan (be) surprising Fifty minutes (be) the maximum length of the time allowed for the exam Many people in the world (not have) enough food to eat The poor (need) help from the community Listening to loud music at rock concerts (cause) hearing loss in some teenagers these days There (be) a lot of sheep in the field Ten miles (be) too far to walk Not only John but also his friends (want) to buy this race horse A number of students (recently participate) in intensive language programs abroad 10 Sarah, along with 20 students, (plan) a party now Exercise 3: Find the incorrect part A, B, C and D Each of the rooms have its own bathroom A B C D Everybody who have a fever must go home immediately A B C D Twenty five dollars are all I can afford to pay for this recorder A B C D All of the windows in my house was broken in the earthquake A B C D The actress, along with her manager and some friends, are going to the party A B C D III GERUND AND INFINITIVE A/ Lý thuyết Một đ/t thường có dạng: đ/t biến vị & đ/t không biến vị: * Biến vị đ/t chia theo chủ ngữ (ngôi & – thời gian mà h/đ xảy ra)- verb tenses * Không biến vị - verb forms- gồm: - Đ/ nguyên thể (Infinitive with or without To) - Động tính từ (Present participle) & Động danh từ (Gerund): V-ing - Động tính từ khứ (Past participle) : V-ed A Động từ nguyên thể Form: Active Passive Simple To - Vo To - be - P2 Perfec To - have - P2 To -have-been-P2 t Eg:- I’m very glad to see you - I wanted the report to be typed at once - He seems to have been ill - This machine is said to have been tested Classification: kinds: Infinitive with or without To 2.1 Bare infinitive : động từ nguyên mẫu không to Sau modal verb ( động từ khiếm khuyết ) Sau auxilary verb : do, does, did Sau make, let, help ( sau help có To); Passive voice → dùng to-Vo ( Trừ let) Sau động từ giác quan:(verbs of perception ) : see, hear, smell, feel, taste, watch, notice … Vo ( bare ) → hành động xong S + V + object Vo ( ing ) → hành động diễn Sau: had better ( tốt ); would rather ( ), had sooner Sau thành ngữ :- to nothing but + Vo ( bare ) : không làm mà - Can not but + Vo(bare): không cách khác Causative form (Thể sai khiến): S + have + object ( người ) + Vo (bare) Câu mệnh lệnh: ( imprative ): Come in, please * Notes: Nếu To-Vo nối “and”, To Vo2 thường lược bỏ 2.2 To infinitive (To -Vo) động từ nguyên thể có To) a Usages: Sau Ought/ used +To-Vo Sau Need/ do/ dare(nếu đ/t thường) - I it to please you - He won’t dare to disobey his teacher Sau Be/ Have (có ý mệnh lệnh, bắt buộc) - We are to be at school at 6.00 - I have to some washing Dùng trường hợp khác b Functions b.1 Làm subject → V(sing) – To learn English is necessary b.2 Làm bổ ngữ( sau Be/ L.verbs) - To see is to believe - His plan is to keep the fair secret b.3 Làm object of verb : S + V + to –Vo - I want to have a cup of coffee * Làm bổ ngữ cho tân ngữ ( object complement) S + V + obj + to-Vo - He wants me to lend him some money b Làm adjective → rút gọn adjective clause (relative clause) đứng sau danh từ - I have a letter that I must write/ to write - Have you anything that you want to say /to say? Làm adverb ⇒ rút gọn : adverbbial clause of result : đứng sau adj 5a Rút gọn clause of result theo công thức sau ( phrase of result ) S + V + too adj/adv ( for object )+ to inf S + V + adj/adv enough (for object )+to inf 5b Rút gọn : clause of purpose theo mẫu sau ( phrase of purpose ) to inf S+V+ in order for object to inf so as to inf It + take+ (object) + time + to-Vo Causative form: S+ get + object ( người ) + to inf Sau số Adj: angry, glad, happy, sorry, likely c Strutures c.1 Verb + To-Vo afford : cung cấp đủ agree : đồng ý appear : arrange: xếp ask : hỏi attempt: cố gắng beg : đề nghị, xin care : quan tâm claim : cho là, tuyên bố 10 consent : đồng ý, tán thành 11 decide : định 12 demand : yêu cầu 13 deserve : xứng đáng 14 expect : trông đợi 15 dare : dám 16 fail : thất bại 17 forget : quên ( tương lai ) 18 hesitate : ngập ngừng 19 hope : hy vọng 20 learn : học 21 manage : xoay xở 22 mean : muốn 23 need: cần (chủ động, người ) 24 offer : mời 25 plan : dự định, kế hoạch 26 prepare: chuẩn bị 27 pretend: giả vờ 28 promise: hứa 29 refuse: từ chối 30 regret: tiếc ( tương lai ) 31 remember : nhớ (tương lai ) 32 seem : dường 33 struggle: đấu tranh, cố gắng 34 swear: thề 35 threaten : dọa 36 tend: có khuynh hướng 37 volunteer: tình nguyện, xung phong 38 wait : đợi 39 want : muốn ( chủ động ) 40 wish : ao ước 15 invite : mời 16 need : cần 17 tempt : cám dỗ 18 intend : dự định 19 order : lệnh 20 permit : cho phép 21 persuade : thuyết phục 22 remind : nhắc lại 23 require : yêu cầu 24 recommend : khuyên 25 teach : dạy 26 tell : bảo 27 urge : thúc giục, thuyết phục 28 want : muốn 29 warn : cảnh báo 30 help : giúp đỡ 31 would like : thích 32 would prefer :thích 33 appoint : định làm 34 charge : giao nhiệm vụ 35 choose : lựa chọn 36 compel : cưỡng bách 37 defy : thách 38 desire : ao ước, thèm thuồng 39 direct : hướng dẫn, huy 40 implore : yêu cầu 41 provoke : xúi giục c.2 V + objective + to-Vo advise :khuyên allow: cho phép ask : hỏi, đòi hỏi beg : năn nỉ, xin cause : gây challenge : thách thức, thách đố convince : thuyết phục dare : dám encourage: khuyến khích 10 expect : trông đợi 11 forbid : cấm 12 force : bắt buộc 13 hire : thuê, mướn 14 instruct : dẫn c.3 Verb + WH- + To-Vo Teach, explain, discover, think, believe + how/ Wh- + to Vo: Chỉ cách thức know, understand, consider, decide B Gerund Or present participle ( Danh động từ & Động tính từ tại) B.1 Gerund Form: Active Passive Idefinit V-ing Being - P2 e Perfect Having - P2 Having-been-P2 Functions 2.1 Gerund as a noun ( subj , obj, complement & appositive) Làm chủ ngữ → V(sing) → ( real subject & informal subject ) Làm tân ngữ Object of verb : S + V + V- ing ( gerund ) Object of preposition → sau preposition + V-ing Làm subject complement: Ex: My hobby is swimming ( gerund ) Làm appositive (ngữ đồng vị ) Ex: My hobby, swimming makes me healthy Đứng sau thành ngữ : - it is no use, it is no good : - there is no use, there is no good: vô ích - can’t stand / bear / help : chịu Sau hai tính từ : busy, worth Thành lập noun compound ( danh từ kép ) N + gerund →child bearing Gerund + N → flying machine 2.2 Gerund as a verb : có object bổ nghĩa trạng từ admit : thừa nhận 18 forgive : tha thứ 35 recommend : khuyên, advise : khuyên ( không 19 fancy : tưởng tượng dặn dò object ) 20 imagine : tưởng tượng 36 regret : tiếc nuối ( anticipate : tham gia 21 involve : làm liên lụy khứ ) appreciate : đánh giá cao 22 include : bao gồm 37 remember : nhớ ( qúa avoid : tránh 23 keep : tiếp tục khứ ) complete : hòan thành 24 love : ( To inf) 38 resent : tức giận, phật ý consider : xem xét 25 like : thích 39 resist : cưỡng lại, phản delay : trì hõan 26 hate : ghét kháng dread : sợ 27 mention : nhắc tới, nói 40 risk : liều lĩnh 10 detest : ghét tới 41 stop : ngừng, từ bỏ 11 discuss : thảo luận 28 mind : phiền hà, ngại 42 start : ( To inf ) 12 dislike : không thích ngần 43 suggest : đề nghị 13 deny: từ chối 29 miss : nhớ, lỡ, 44 tolerate : bỏ qua 14 enjoy : thưởng thức 30 postpone : đình, hoãn 45 understand: hiểu 15 excuse : xin lỗi 31 prevent : ngăn cản 46 restrict: hạn chế, giảm 16 finish : hòan thành 32 practise : luyện tập bớt, ngăn ngừa 17 forget : quên ( qúa khứ ) 33 recall : gợi lại, nhớ lại * can’t bear, can’t stand, 34 recollect : gợi lại can’t help * it is no use/ no good, there is no use * look forward to *be busy/ worth Structures B.2 Past participle : qúa khứ phân từ ( V-ED/V3 Thêm trợ từ have+V-ED/V3 ( past participle )→ perfect tense 2.Thêm trợ từ Be +V-ED/V3(past participle)→ passive voice Làm chức adjective ⇒ passive meaning ⇒ rút gọn mệnh đề tính từ ( adjective clause or relative clause ) + Có thể rút gọn mệnh đề trạng ngữ thời gian + Có thể rút gọn câu chủ ngữ thực hai hành động Thành lập adjective compound: tính từ kép N → man – made Adj + V ( PP – VoED/V3 ) → new – born Adv → well – known Thêm “the” để thành lập danh từ tập hợp → V(plural ) educated(adj)→ the educated:những người có giáo dục Thành lập causative form : thể truyền khuyến S +have/get +object (chỉ vật)+ V ( PP – Vo ED/V3 ) C Present participle ( V-ing) phân từ Thêm trợ từ Be + V-ing để thành lập continuous tense Làm tính từ → mang nghĩa chủ động ( active meaning ) → rút gọn mệnh đề tính từ ( adjective clause or relative clause ) → rút gọn mệnh đề trạng ngữ thời gian, nhượng bộ, lý điều kiện → chủ ngữ thực hành động dùng present participle để rút gọn Thêm mạo từ “the” để thành lập danh từ tập hợp : Ex: to live → the living : người sống Thành lập tính từ kép ( adjective compound ) N → peace – loving Adj V-ing → good – loking Adv → hard - working D V-ing or to - infinitive Recommend, begin, start, continue + To inf /V– ing Forget, remember, regret: +to inf → tương lai Stop +V– ing → khứ to infinitive → ngừng việc làm để làm việc khác V – ing : → ngừng việc làm Try to infinitive : cố gắng V – ing : thử Need, want, require To inf : mang nghĩa chủ động V- ing : mang nghĩa bị động (need: tobe + V (PP) Advise, allow, permit obj + to infi ∅ + V- ing Prefer: + V-ing + to + V-ing:thích + to infinitive: thích Help + O + (To)-Vo : giúp làm việc Can’t/ couldn’t help + V-ing: không làm việc Go on + To-Vo: ( thay đổi h/đ) + V-ing: (chỉ liên tục h/đ) - She stopped talking about that and went on to describe her other problems.( Cô ta không nói điều mà chuyển sang mô tả vấn đề khác) - She went on talking about her illness until we all went to sleep (Cô nói bệnh ngủ) 10 Mean + To-Vo: (chỉ dự định, ý định) + V-ing: (chỉ liên quan kết quả) - I mean to go earlier.( Tôi định sớm hơn) - This new order will mean working overtime.(Mệnh lệnh có nghĩa phải làm thêm giờ) * Với đ/t : begin/ start, like/ love, hate, continue, cannot/ could not bear, intend dùng với To-Vo V-ing khác biệt nghĩa Eg: - It began to rain/ raining at o’clock - He can’t bear being/ to be lonely B/ Bài tập vận dụng I Give the correct form of the verbs in parentheses It’s difficult (get) used to (eat) with chopsticks Would you mind (show) me how (work) the lift? There are people who can’t help (laugh) when they see someone (slip) on a banana skin I’d rather (earn) my living by (clean) the floor than (make) money by (blackmail) people If you go on (let) the dog (run) after cars, he’ll end by (be) run over Do you feel like (go) to a film or would you rather (stay) at home? Try (avoid) (make) him angry Those shirts need (iron) but you needn’t (iron) them now When you see Tom, remember (give) him my regards 10 It’s no use (advise) him He never allows anybody (give) advice II Choose the words or phrase that best completes the sentence Her boss promised her a raise because she never minds the night shift A offering/ work B offered/ to work C to offer/ working D to offer/ worked You were the last one the office Did you see anyone the building? A leaving/ to enter B to leave/ enter C left/ entering D leave/ entered She pretended me when I passed by A not to see B not seeing C to not see D having not seen “ Good morning Can I help you?”- “ I’d like to have this package , Madam” A be weighed B to be weighed C to weigh D weighed “ What you think of the book?” - “ Oh, excellent It’s worth a second time.” A to read B to be read C reading D being read Do you know the boy under the big tree? A lay B lain C laying D lying I don’t regret even if it might have upset her A to tell her what I B to have told her C telling what I D telling her what I thought that I thought thought thought The rest of the money to his parents A is to send B are to send C is to be sent D are to be sent What’s the language in German? A speaking B spoken C be spoken D to speak 10 It was so cold that they kept the fire all night A to burn B burn C burning D burned IV PASSIVE VOICE A/ Lý thuyết I Definition: Câu bị động câu chủ ngữ người hay vật nhận chịu tác động hành động II Form: To Be + Past Participle (p2) III Passive transformation Active: S + V + O Passive: S + be –P2 + (by O) Ex: Active: They built that bridge in 1999 S V O Passive: That bridge was built in 1999 S V Notes: Chỉ đổi sang câu bị động với câu có ngoại động từ (có tân ngữ); câu đơn có tân ngữ có nhiêu câu bị động; câu phức, mệnh đề có tân ngữ đổi sang bị động, mệnh đề tân ngữ giữ nguyên Động từ To Be câu bị động phải thích hợp với thì(Tense) câu chủ động phù hợp với chủ ngữ câu bị động (passive subject) Khi chủ ngữ câu chủ động đại từ nhân xưng: I, we, you, they, he, she, one, everyone, someone/body, people thường lược bỏ câu bị động Nếu chủ ngữ câu chủ động là: nothing, no one, nobody câu bị động by Obj lược bỏ động từ bị động chuyển sang thể phủ định Ex: No one helps me  I am not helped sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the blanks from 46 to 50 Desert biomes are the (46) _ of all the biomes In fact, the most important characteristic of a desert is that it receives very little rainfall Most deserts receive less than 300 mm a year compared (47) _ rainforests, which receive over 2,000 mm That means that the desert only gets 10 percent of the rain that a rainforest gets! The temperature in the desert can change drastically from day to night because the air is (48) _ dry that heat escapes rapidly at night The daytime temperature averages 38°C while in some deserts it can get down to -4°C at night The temperature also varies greatly depending on the location of the desert Since desert conditions are so severe, the plants that live there need to have (49) _ to compensate for the lack of water Some plants, such as cacti, store water in their stems and use it very slowly, while others like bushes conserve water by growing few leaves or by having large root systems to gather water or few leaves Some desert plant species have a short life cycle of a few weeks that (50) _ only during periods of rain Question 46: A coldest Question 47: A for Question 48: A such as Question 49: A accepts Question 50: A last B hottest B about B so B agreement B spend C driest D wettest C in D with C such D so much C adaptationsD achievements C take D experience ĐÁP ÁN 1A 2B 3C 4D 5B 6C 7A 8C 9D 10A 11B 12A 13B 14D 15A 16B 17A 18C 19A 20B 21C 22D 23C 24B 25D 26B 27D 28C 29D 30C 31C 32D 33A 34B 35D ĐỀ SỐ Họ tên học sinh: Lớp: 12 _ 36A 37B 38C 39A 40D 41B 42A 43C 44A 45B 46C 47D 48B 49C 50A Điểm: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions Question 1:A women Question 2:A jumps Question 3:A English Question 4: watching Question 5:A laugh B interesting B travels B Africa B.kitchen B plough C then C seems C Chinese C chemist C enough D different D stares D America D.match D cough Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 6: What is your in the family? A responsibility B response C responsible D responsibly Question 7: “Merry Christmas!” – “ ” A Same for you! B The same to you! C Happy to you! D Good I like it Question 8: “Don’t forget to go to the supermarket after work.”  She her husband to go to the supermarket after work A.ordered B.asked C reminded D warned Question 9: When you “ _” a book you read it carefully from the beginning to the end A swallow B.dip into C.digest D.taste Question 10: Our parents join hands to give us a nice house and a happy home A deal with B manage C help together D.work together Question 11: It _ her fifteen minutes to wash the dishes yesterday A spent B took C spends D take Question 12: After he _ his English course, he went to England to continue his study A has finished B had finished C was finished D would finish Question 13: Nowadays women the same wages as men A should pay B will be paid C will pay D should be paid Question 14: I suggested _ different kinds of waste in different places A.to put B.putting C.can put D.put Question 15: the door, he was very surprised at what he saw A have opened B when opened C to opening D opening Question 16: We open the lion’s cage It is contrary to Zoo regulations A must B mustn't C needn't D should Question 17: “ you look nice in that red shirt” “ _” A It’s nice of you to say so B am I? Thanks C Oh, poor me D I am interesting to hear that Question 18: Everyone is aware the danger of overcrowded population A.of B.to C.from D.with Question 19: I don’t understand what this means Can you it to me? A talk B answer C say D explain Question 20: Quoc Hoc Senior High School, _ founded in 1896, is a beautiful school in Hue A that was B which C which was D which is Question 21: They would like to live in the country _ there is plenty of snow A which B that C where D when Question 22: I have been looking _ this book for months, and at last, I have found it A over B up C for D at Question 23: She _ drive to the station everyday but now she decides to walk instead A was used to B used to C was using to D had used to Question 24: Your friends learn many things useful there, _ they? A don’t B have C D haven’t Question 25: If I were you, I him as my nephew A are treating B would treat C will have treated D will treat Question 26: _ you study for these exams, _ you will A The harder / the better C The hardest / the best B The more / the much D The more hard / the more good, Question 27: You won’t achieve anything _you take risks A.if B.unless C.when D.that Question 28: She said that she _ a new dress on her small salary A can’t get B can’t save C couldn’t spend D couldn’t afford Question 29: The old man spoke enough for me to understand A clear B clearly C clearer D very clear Question 30: We all said, “ _” before Ba blew out the candles on his birthday cake A.Happy anniversary B.Happy New Year C.Happy birthday to you D.Congratulations Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 31: The more popular television programmes become, A the bad they seem B the more worse they seem C the worse they seem D they seem the worse Question 32: If I had had an umbrella _ A I wouldn’t get wet B I would have got wet C I would get wet D I wouldn’t have got wet Question 33: The man A is sorry for lating B apologized for being late C apologized for lating D promised not be late Question 34: _, she would buy the shirt A If Larry hadn’t had enough money B If had Larry enough money C Unless Larry had enough money D If Larry had enough money Question 35: The doctor A told me to taking more exercise B suggested me smoke more often C ordered me to giving up smoking D advised me to take more exercise Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction Question 36: My brother is too young not to volunteer work A B C D Question 37: The jacket with two differently colours belongs to Tim, my friend A B C D Question 38: I knew her since my parents moved to this city A B C D Question 39: There was the woman who arrested by the police yesterday A B C D Question 40: It takes him half a hour to go to work by car every day A B C D Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the blanks from 41 to 45 The United Nations Children's Fund, or UNICEF, was (41) _ by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946, to provide emergency Food and (42) _ to children in 'countries that had been devastated by World War II In 1953, UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations System and its name was shortened from the (43) _ United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund but it has continued to be known by the popular acronym based on this old name (44) _ in New York City, UNICEF provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to' children and mother in developing countries UNICEF is currently focused (45) _ five primary priorities: Child Survival and Development, Basic Education and Gender Equality, including girl's education, Child protection from violence, exploitation, and abuse, HIV/AIDS and children, and Policy advocacy and partnerships for children's rights Related areas of UNICEF action include early childhood development, adolescence development and participation; life skills based education and child rights all over the world Question 41:A taken off B set up C paid on D pushed back Question 42:A instrument Question 43:A original relatives Question 44:A Managed Question 45:A at B projects B ancestor B Led B with C work C old D healthcare D C Headquartered C on D Committed D in Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 46 to 50 Nowadays gymnastics are very popular in China and some other Asian countries Modern gymnastics began there in the nineteenth century In 1811, an outdoor gymnastics centre for men was open in Berlin where they could bodybuilding and exercises on a high bar and other pieces of equipment Dance is an important part of training as it prepares you for the types of movement required in gymnastics One of the aims is to make the body stronger for jumps and turns In competitions, women perform the exercises with music so dance, gymnastics and music are connected To become a top gymnast, it is important to start when very young, that is, when you are still in your kindergarten with simple exercises Boys developed physically later than girls so Olympic gymnastics medals are usually won by men between the ages of nineteen and twenty-five while girl champions are fourteen or fifteen years old Question 46: When and where did modern gymnastics begin? A In Africa in the 19th century B In Europe in the 19th century C In America in the 19th century D In Asia in the 19th century Question 47: What did Berlin set up the gymnastics centre for in 1811? A For men to gymnastics with equipment B For women to gymnastics C For people to outdoors gymnastics D For men to gymnastics without equipment Question 48: Why is dance an important part of gymnastics training? A Because it helps you to be stronger B Because it is a sport C Because it includes the types of movements required in gymnastics D Because it makes you jump and turn Question 49: What does a gymnast have to to become a top gymnast? A He/ She starts training when very young B He/ She starts with simple exercises C He/ She developed physically quickly D A and B are correct Question 50:Why are women younger than men among the Olympic medal winners? A Male athletes are older than female athletes in all games B Girls developed physically earlier than boys C Women are physically stronger than men D Girls are more hard-working than boys ĐÁP ÁN 1.C 2.A 3.C 4.C 5.B 6.A 7.B 8.C 11.B 12.B 13.D 14.B 15.D 16.B 17.A 18.A 21.C 22.C 23.B 24.A 25.B 26.D 27.B 28.D 31.C 32.D 33.B 34.D 35.D 36.C 37.B 38.A 41.B 42.D 43.A 44.C 45.C 46.D 47.A 48.C 9.C 10.D 19.D 20.C 29.B 30.C 39.C 40.B ĐỀ SỐ Họ tên học sinh: Lớp: 12 _ 49.D 50.B Điểm: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions Question 1: A meet Question 2: A final Question 3: A mechanic Question 4: A booked Question 5: A height B heat B survival B charity B canned B laughter C threat C reliable C character C begged C brought D sheet D wilderness D architect D climbed D bought Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 6: Many people not like scuba diving because _ A it is dangerous B it is in danger C its danger D its endangered sport Question 7: I object to like that A treat B be treated C being treated D treated Question 8: you go quickly, you won’t catch the bus A As B Although C Because D Unless Question 9: Keep silent You _ talk so loudly in here Everybody is working A may B must C needn’t D mustn't Question 10: If there were no plants, water _ after it rains A will run off B would run off C ran off D was going to run off Question 11: Anna: Do you fancy a coffee ? Bill: A Oh, dear B Everything is OK C Oh, yes I’d love one D How you do? Question 12: You have to be aware of the damage humans are doing to quicken the of wildlife A extinct B extinctive C extinctions D extinction Question 13: He got up early to catch the first morning train _, the train was delayed and he was late for work A Due to B Therefore C However D Although Question 14: Jane has never played tennis, ? A has Jane B hasn’t Jane C has she D hasn’t she Question 15: Computers and telecommunication have a huge _ on various aspects of our lives A development B contribution C invention D influence Question 16: On the way home, he stopped _ a cup of coffee A to have B to have had C having D having had Question 17: Today, many serious childhood diseases _ by early immunization A are preventing B can prevent C can be prevented D prevented Question 18: Yesterday I saw Tan on the beach He didn’t see me because he _ for someone at that time A had looked B looked C looks D was looking Question 19: She said that her father _ her to go out the night before A didn’t allow B wasn’t allowed C hadn’t allowed D hasn’t allowed Question 20: Mary and I are looking forward you A of seeing B for seeing C to seeing D to see Question 21: _ Go to the cinema in the evening with me _ Let me ask my parents _ permission A for B about C with D to Question 22: is a sport in which people or teams race against each other in boats with oars A Rowing B Windsurfing C Swimming D Cycling Question 23: In my family, both my parents join to give us a nice house and a happy home A ideas B hands C money D chores Question 24: She hasn’t got any children to up A grow B bring C go D take Question 25: The doctor advised me _ too much A not drink B not to drink C didn’t drink D shouldn’t drink Question 26: He performed very well in the interview; , he didn’t get the job A therefore B but C however D although Question 27: That's the old man _ house was burned down A his B that his C whose D of which Question 28: The of the ASEAN Vision 2020 is to create economic integration among the number countries A representative B objective C investment D cooperation Question 29: He is that he can’t go out with us A very busy B too busy C so busy D such a busy Question 30: George: You really have a beautiful dress, Barbara Barbara: Thank you, Anna A This is your pity B That’s a nice compliment C No, thanks D Yes, it was terrible Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35 I'm interested in sports, especially athletics, and I run seven or eight kilometres every day I particularly enjoy cross country running, where you have to run across fields, jump over streams and so on While I'm running I think about all sorts of things, and at the end of a run I'm sometimes surprised to find that I've managed to solve a problem that was on my mind Next year, I'm going to try the London Marathon It's a long, hard race -26 miles, or 42 kilometres - and you have to be tough to finish, but I really want to it I worry a bit about getting too old, and I'd like to prove to myself that I'm still almost as fit as I was twenty years old I'm interested in mountaineering as well as running I'll never become an expert climber, but I know what I'm doing in the mountains I successfully completed a course in snow and ice climbing when I was younger; and I've done a series of easy climbs in the Alps during the last few years My wife doesn't share my interest in mountains She agreed to go climbing with me once, but she found that she felt ill as soon as she got above 1,000 metres Question 31: If you across, country running, you must A cross your country B run along the coast C cross your countryside D cross fields, streams, etc… Question 32: At the end of a run the writer sometimes finds that A he is able to solve a problem B he grows bigger C he feels better D he gets a surprising problem Question 33: The writer wants to take part in the London Marathon because _ A it helps to keep him fit B he wants to it before getting old C the reward is great D it helps him solve his problems Question 34: The writer takes up mountaineering because _ A he wants to become an expert climber B he simply likes it C he is used to living in snow and ice D it is easy to practise Question 35: The writer's wife is not interested in mountaineering because _ A it doesn't bring her any interest B she is always afraid of the height of above 1,000 metres C the height of above 1,000 metres makes her ill D she doesn't want to climb together with her husband Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the blanks from 36 to 40 A large supermarket was looking for a manager for a new store they were planning to open Out of over 90 people who had applied for the post they had chosen five and asked them to come for an interview The first _ (36) , Mr Riley, walked into the interview room He was smartly dressed, but it was clear that he was listening to a personal stereo He sat down, _(37) off his shoes and lit a cigarette One of the interviewers said that they would prefer him not to smoke and Mr Riley apologized Just at that moment, a telephone rang Mr Riley reached into his pocket, took (38) his mobile phone and began a conversation with a friend of his After a minute or two, the interviewers had enough and said they wanted to begin “Certainly, go ahead,”said Mr Riley They _(39) him why he wanted the job “I don’t,” he replied “But I (40) _ like a day in London, and you’ve already paid my train fare to come up here for the interview” Question 36: A applied B application C applicant D applier Question 37: A took B put C wore D taken Question 38: A off B in C out D over Question 39: A said B told C warned D asked Question 40: A felt B wanted C was D needed Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 41: _ , the weaker we get A The more polluted we breathe the air B The more polluted air we breathe C When we breathe more polluted air D More and more polluted air we breathe Question 42: I asked Jane A are you planning to enter law school? B whether she is planning to enter law school C did she plan to enter law school? D if she was planning to enter law school Question 43: Who will look after the house A while we will be on holiday in Spain? B since we left for Spain? C during our holiday in Spain last year? D when we leave for Spain? Question 44: _, the football match will be delayed A If it rains hard tomorrow B Unless it rains heavily tomorrow C If it stops raining tomorrow D Unless it isn’t raining hard tomorrow Question 45: have been chosen for the national football team A John is said that B John is said to C People say that John D People told John that Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction Question 46: I have visited Liverpool, a coastal city of England and Paris, a capital of France A B C D Question 47: I will give the guests their tea before the head teacher will arrive A B C D Question 48: Nam is the first student in this class being able to answer the question A B C D Question 49: People not know much about the need to protect rare and endanger animals A B C D Question 50: The suitcase seemed to get more and more heavy as I carried it upstairs A B C D -Đáp án 1.C 11.C 21.A 31.D 41.B 2.D 12.D 22.A 32.A 42.D 3.B 13.C 23.B 33.A 43.D 4.A 14.C 24.B 34.B 44.A 5.B 15.D 25.B 35.C 45.B 6.A 16.A 26.C 36.C 46.D 7.C 17.C 27.C 37.A 47.D ĐỀ SỐ Họ tên học sinh: Lớp: 12 _ 8.D 18.D 28.B 38.C 48.C 9.D 19.C 29.C 39.D 49.D 10.B 20.C 30.B 40.A 50.B Điểm: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 1: You have to be highly to well in sports these days A competed B competitor C competition D competitive Question 2: Books that give facts about real events, things, or people are called A biography B novel C romance D nonfiction Question 3: The factory is said in the fire two years ago A being destroyed B to have been destroyed C to have destroyed D to destroy Question 4: That play was for her to see again A too interesting B enough interesting C interesting enough D so interesting Question 5: Please talking I'm trying to finish my homework A stop B begin C ask D refuse Question 6: Can you look the new words in the dictionary A after B for C up D at Question 7: She to me last year A has not written B didn’t write C doesn’t write D had not written Question 8: Mrs White, taught me English years ago, is a good teacher A who B that C whom D whose Question 9: Nam: "I have passed my driving test." - Lan: " " A Do you? B It is nice of you to say so C That is a good idea D Congratulations! Question 10: John asked me in English A what that word meant B what did that word mean C what that word means D what does this word mean Question 11: Sue: “You are a great dancer I wish I could half as well as you.” Daisy: “ .” A I'm fine, thanks B Not at all C I don’t think so, too D Thanks for your kind words Question 12: is the protection of environment and natural resources A Conservation B Extinction C Survival D Commerce Question 13: Nam, stop reading the book down and go to bed A Take B Put C Set D Pick Question 14: When I came to visit her last night, she a bath A had B has C was having D is having Question 15: I understand your point of view. , I don’t agree with it A Though B Although C However D As Question 16: What time did you at your office yesterday? A come B arrive C reach D leave Question 17: We should warn the children to strangers A not to speak B not to speaking C to not speak D not speak Question 18: If he hadn’t overslept, she late for the interview A hadn’t been B wouldn’t have been C wouldn’t be D would have been Question 19: Peter: “Let’s go camping” Mary: “ _” A Oh, what’s a pity! B I’m sorry to hear that C Oh, that’s a good idea! D You are welcome Question 20: The teacher said: "Time is up" It means "Time is ." A shortened B started C increased D finished Question 21: He is the man car was stolen last week A who B whom C whose D that Question 22: The air in the country is not as pure as it A might be B used to be C would be D must be Question 23: having studied a lot, Allen failed his exam A Although B Because C Because of D Despite Question 24: We can not only through words but also through body language A communicate B interpret C transfer D talk Question 25: He looks tired of carrying that case, ? A is he B don't he C isn't he D doesn't he Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 26: Emily asked her teacher A what she will in London tomorrow B what did she in London the following day C what she would in London the next day D what she had done in London the next day Question 27: The more I tried my best to help her, A the more lazily she became B the lazier she became C the more lazy she became D lazier she became Question 28: I think he is not at home If he were in, A he answered the phone B he would answer the phone C he would have answered the phone D he would have answer the phone Question 29: , they can’t work and travel A Because of their old age B In spite of their old age C Although their old age D Because they aren’t old Question 30: The weather becomes A colder with colder B colder and colder C colder and more cold D more and more cold Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35 REBECCA STEVENS Rebecca Stevens was the first woman to climb Mount Everest Before she went up the highest mountain in the world, she was a journalist and lived in a small flat in south London In 1993, Rebecca left her job and her family and traveled to Asia with some other climbers She found that life on Everest is hard "You must carry everything on your back", she explained, "so you can only take things that you will need You can't wash on the mountain, and in the end I didn’t even take a toothbrush I am usually a clean person but there is no water, only snow Water is very heavy so you only take enough to drink" When Rebecca reached the top of Mount Everest on May 17 1993, it was the best moment of her life Suddenly she became famous Now she has written a book about the trip and people often ask her to talk about it She has a new job too, on a science programme on television Rebecca is well-known today and she has more money, but she still lives in the little flat in south London among her pictures and books about mountains! Question 31: Before Rebecca climbed Everest, she worked for A a factory B a newspaper C a travel agent D a bookshop Question 32: Rebecca went to Everest A with her family B without anyone C with a climbing group D with her close friends Question 33: Rebecca didn't take much luggage because she A didn’t have many things B had a bad back C didn’t like D had to carry it herself Question 34: Rebecca didn’t wash on Everest because A it was too cold B there was not enough water C she is a dirty person D she was not permitted Question 35: Rebecca became famous when she A got to the highest place in the world B was on a television programme C wrote a book about her trip D retied and lived in the little flat in London Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions Question 36: A neighbors B friends Question 37: A oxygen B supply Question 38: A choose B child Question 39: A growB know Question 40: A enough B cough C relatives C healthy C change C power C though D photographs D slowly D chemistry D borrow D rough Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction Question 41: He had so a difficult exercise that he couldn't it A B C D Question 42: The books writing by Mark Twain are very popular in the world A B C D Question 43: Although he plays soccer well, he plays tennis bad A B C D Question 44: This is the first time he drove a car A B C D Question 45: I'd like to have some informations about the flights to Bangkok tomorrow, please A B C D Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the blanks from 46 to 50 Many people today like to exercise Some like to run and some like to walk Others dance or play ball And some people more than one kind of exercise Why people like to exercise? It makes them feel (46) And exercise helps make them tired, so they sleep better at night You may like to run If you do, take care of your (47) One way you can this is by making sure you have the right shoes Some people like to run on roads, but they must watch out for cars Other people like to run around running tracks Many high schools have these tracks Walking is a fine exercise You may wish to take a long walk in the park It’s more fun if you don’t go alone Go with a (48) The two of you will have a great time You will get a lot of exercise, too For walking, like other running, make sure you have the right shoes Some people like to (49) But others not like going into the water If you like this kind of exercise, make sure someone is watching you You must always take care when you are in the water Jumping rope and riding a bike are other fine exercises There are many more Find one that you like You may need help at first So (50) someone People who have been doing the exercise for a long time can help you Get started today You’ll like how exercise makes you feel Question 46: A small B funny C good D bad Question 47: A feet B plant C heart D head Question 48: A truck B ball C book D friend Question 49: A read B swim C sing D work Question 50: A thank B show C ask D advise ĐÁP ÁN D D B C A C B A D 10 A 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 D A B C C B A B C D 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 C B A A B C B B A B 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 B C D B A D B D C C ĐỀ SỐ Họ tên học sinh: Lớp: 12 _ 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 B A D D C C A D B C Điểm: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 1: Last night when I my homework, the lights out A was doing / go B did / went C did / was going D was doing / went Question 2: I Tom and Ann at the airport a few weeks ago A met B meet C have met D are meeting Question 3: Women have the ability to work and go out without having to always feel the of childbearing or childcare until they are ready A abandon B burden C neglect D heaviness Question 4: The more you are, the easier it is for you to make friends A reserved B funny C sociable D social Question 5: Arthur Conan Doyle is the who writes many exciting stories about Sherlock Holmes A teller B author C editor D publisher Question 6: We’d like to you on your winning the prize in the eloquence contest last week A thank B welcome C congratulate D invite Question 7: In the past people believed that women’s roles were as mothers and wives A nature B natural C naturism D naturalist Question 8: I might watch this programme It funny A supposes to be B is supposed being C is supposed to be D was supposed be Question 9: She him not to give up his hope A said B told C suggested D let Question 10: I want to travel because I meeting people and seeing new places A enjoy B want C hope D expect Question 11: We go into detail now, but we seem to agree on general principles A shouldn’t B can’t C needn’t D mustn’t Question 12: She is to answer the question A very intelligent B intelligent enough C so intelligent D too intelligent Question 13: Tim care of himself He left home when he was 16 and has been on his own since then A used to take B is used to take C is used to taking D used to be taken Question 14: What’s the name of the man ? A you borrowed his car B which car you borrowed C whose car you borrowed D his car you borrowed Question 15: She told me a story I found hard to believe A what B which C who D whom Question 16: Can you look the new words in the dictionary A up B over C for D at Question 17: I’ll be back in a minute, Jane I just want to try my new recorder A out B on C in D to Question 18: She always takes good care her children A for B in C of D with Question 19: their beauty, flowers are a favourite form of decoration A Because B Because of C Although D Despite Question 20: I bought this grammar book I could go over the main points I have learned A so that B that C for D because Question 21: He drinks a cup of coffee every morning, ? A doesn’t he B does he C doesn’t him D isn’t he Question 22: If I had been absent from class yesterday, I the math test A would miss B will miss C had missed D would have missed Question 23: – “What an attractive hair style you have got, Mary!” _ “ .” A Thank you very much I’m afraid not B No, thanks C Thank you for your compliment D I don’t like your sayings Question 24: – “ a happy marriage should be based on love.” - “ I definitely agree !” A I really know B Do you think C Personally, I think D As I see it Question 25: “Congratulations! You did it greatly.” – “ .” A It’s nice of you to say so B It’s my pleasure C You’re welcome D That’s okay Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 26: Mary asked me A whether I would watch the football match on TV the day before B whether I watched the football match on TV the day before C If I had watch the football match on TV the day before D whether I had watched the football match on TV the day before Question 27: The more we learn, A we become wise B we become wiser C wiser we become D the wiser we become Question 28: The more waste paper we recycle, A the more trees we preserve B the less trees we preserve C the most trees we preserve D the lest trees we preserve Question 29: he would have been able to pass the exam A If he had studied more B If he were studying more C Studying more D Had he not studied more Question 30: You can use my car A as long as you drive carefully B unless you drive careless C if you drive carelessly D if you drove carefully Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35 Species that belong to an area are said to be native species Typically, they have been part of a given biological landscape for a long period, and they are well adapted to the local environment and to the presence of other native species in the same general habitat Exotic species are interlopers, foreign elements introduced intentionally or accidentally into new settings through human activities In one context an introduced species may cause no obvious problems and may, over time, be regarded as being just as "natural" as any native species in the same habitat In another context, exotics may seriously disrupt delicate ecological balances and create a cascade of unintended consequences The worst of these unintended consequences arise when introduced species put native species in destruction by preying on them, altering their habitats, or out-competing them in the struggle for food resources Although biological introductions have affected environments the world over, the most destructive, effects have occurred on islands, where introduced insects, cats, pigs, rats, mongooses, and other nonnative species have caused the grave endangerment or outright extinction of literally hundreds of species during the past 500 years One of other reason to cause species extinction is overexploitation This word refers to the utilization of a species at a rate that is likely to cause its extreme endangerment or outright extinction Among many examples of severe overexploitation, the case of the great whales stands out in special relief By the middle of the 20th century, unrestricted whaling had brought many species of whales to incredibly low population sizes In response to public pressure, in 1982 a number of nations, including the USA, agreed to an international moratorium on whaling As a direct result, some whale species which are thought to have been on extinction's doorstep 25 years ago have made amazing comebacks, such as grey whales in the western Pacific Others remain at great risk Many other species, however, continue to suffer high rates of exploitation because of the trade in animal parts Currently, the demand for animal parts is centered in several parts of Asia where there is a strong market for traditional medicines made from items like tiger bone and rhino horn Question 31: Native species A are not used to the local environment B B never get along well with other native species in the same environment C tend to harm to exotic species D have been part of a given biological landscape for a long period Question 32: Exotic species A no harm to native species and the local environment B may kill native species for food C always share the environment peacefully with native species D help to make the local environment more ideal to survive Question 33: According to the first paragraph, A non-native species have caused badly damage to native ones B introducing new exotic species to local environments is necessary C exotic species have never been introduced on islands D very few native species have been damaged by exotic species Question 34: According to the second paragraph, by the middle of the 20 century A whale population was the most crowded in marine life B whale hunting was illegal C whale population increased dramatically D whaling was not restricted Question 35: Tiger bone and rhino horn A are not popular in Asian markets B are never in the trade of animal parts C are used for making traditional medicines D cannot be found in Asian markets Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions Question 36: A economy Question 37: A allow Question 38: A lives Question 39: A domestic Question 40: A through B psychology B swallow B rides B vertical B enough C synchronize C window C likes C supportive C rough D countryman D below D lines D substantial D tough Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction Question 41: Mai has such many things to that she has no time to go out A B C D Question 42: My only regret is that I didn’t study English good enough to get a good job A B C D Question 43: The girl who living next to me is getting married next year A B C D Question 44: I have learnt English for I was ten years old A B C D Question 45: My grandmother wears glass when she reads A B C D Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the blanks from 46 to 50 Over the next 20 to 50 years, it will become harder to tell the (46) _ between the human and the machine All, body parts will (47) _ Computers will function like the human brain with the ability to recognize feelings and respond (48) a feeling way They will then produce fake people We will then be able to create a machine duplicate of ourselves, (49) _ we will appear to be alive long after we are dead Maybe a few decades later, a way will (50) _to transfer our spirit, including our memories and thoughts, to the new body Then we can choose to live for as long as we want Question 46: A variety Question 47: A replace Question 48: A to Question 49: A but Question 50: A be found B change B be replacement B in B as B find C difference C be replaceable C with C such C found D appearance D be replacing D for D so D be founded [...]... visit Tom 3 Các trường hợp không dùng mạo từ - không dùng mạo từ trước danh từ số nhiều, danh từ không đếm được , danh từ trừu tượng với nghĩa chung E.g: Water is necessary for life - không dùng mạo từ trước tên các môn học(history, English…), môn thể thao(football, volleyball…), các kì nghỉ (Christmas, Easter ), các hành tinh (Mars, Venus…), các châu lục (Asia, Europe…), các danh từ chỉ tên các quốc gia... with carry on a b c d e XIII ĐỌC HIỂU A/ LÝ THUYẾT Chương trình môn Tiếng Anh trung học được xây dựng theo chủ điểm Các chủ điểm giao tiếp là cơ sở lựa chọn nội dung và sắp xếp ngữ liệu Các chủ điểm này cũng là cơ sở để lựa chọn ngữ liệu cho các bài thi tốt nghiệp THPT và tuyển sinh Đại học cao đẳng Vì vậy, điều đầu tiên cần nhớ khi ôn tập là ôn tập theo chủ điểm, lựa chọn bài tập theo chủ điểm Dưới đây... đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2010 Hãy đọc một mạch từ đầu đến hết bài đọc, không đọc các đáp án cho sẵn, không cố gắng điền vào chỗ trống không dừng lại khi có từ mới Các em có khoảng 30 giây đến 1 phút để thực hiện bước này và trả lời 2 câu hỏi: 1 Nội dung chính của bài này là gì? 2 Các sự kiện của bài diễn ra trong quá khứ hay hiện tại? Chúng ta cùng làm một bài tập đọc và điền từ của đề thi tốt nghiệp. .. này cũng có thể được được áp dụng với bài đọc hiểu trong đề thi tuyển sinh Đại học và Cao đẳng môn Tiếng Anh Tuy nhiên, chúng ta cần lưu ý là bài đọc trong đề thi tuyển sinh đại học và cao đẳng dài gần gấp đôi (khoảng 400 từ) và cũng có số câu hỏi gấp đôi (10 câu), có dạng câu hỏi phong phú (3-4 dạng câu hỏi) hơn so với bài đọc trong đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT B/ BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG Read the following passage... nhanh từ đầu bài và tìm các từ khóa, chỉ rõ vị trí thông tin mình cần tìm, dừng lại ở vị trí có thông tin cần tìm, đọc kỹ câu và trả lời từng câu hỏi một Câu 4 có thể là một câu hỏi thông tin chi tiết, nhưng cũng có thể là câu hỏi yêu cầu người đọc phải tổng hợp thông tin vì nó yêu cầu người đọc xác định cái gì không có ở Southern California, chứ không phải cái có ở đó Với dạng câu hỏi tổng hợp thông... Bài đọc hiểu của đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT có độ dài khoảng 200 từ, với 5 câu hỏi Thời gian làm bài là khoảng 5 phút Với những loại văn bản có nội dung, độ dài, độ khó khác nhau, với mục đích đọc khác nhau thì kỹ thuật làm bài đọc hiểu cũng khác nhau Đối với bài đọc hiểu trong đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT, các em cần chú ý: 1 Mục đích đọc là tìm thông tin để trả lời các câu hỏi cho trước, không phải là để học... đề quan hệ không xác định Trong Tiếng Anh, dùng đại từ quan hệ để nối các câu đơn thành câu phức tạo ra mệnh đề phụ tính ngữ Mệnh đề này được gọi là mệnh đề quan hệ Có mệnh đề quan hệ xác định, mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định và mệnh đề nối tiếp Dạng và cấu trúc Chức năng Restrictive/ Defining relative clauses Không có dấu phẩy chia tách danh từ/ đại từ với mệnh đề Miêu tả/ xác định cho danh từ/ Non-restrictive/... theo các bước như sau: Dưới đây là 5 câu hỏi được sử dụng cho bài đọc hiểu trong đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2010 Các em hãy đọc nhanh các câu hỏi và đáp án cho sẵn, đồng thời trả lời các câu hỏi sau: 1 Câu hỏi nào yêu cầu 1 thông tin chi tiết, cụ thể và chính xác 2 Câu hỏi nào yêu cầu người đọc phải đọc, tổng hợp thông tin và suy luận câu trả lời 3 Câu hỏi nào yêu cầu đọc và tìm nội dung chính của... là sai vì động từ thành ngữ to work something into something thường chỉ dùng với nghĩa đen với nghĩa là rèn, nén hay trộn cái gì thành cái gì đó: ví dụ: she work the iron into a knife (cô ấy rèn thanh sắt thành cái dao) Lựa chọn B cũng sai vì tân ngữ của nó đứng trực tiếp sau nó, không có mẫu câu produce into Lựa chọn C sai vì không có mẫu câu do sthm into something Để diễn tả ý chuyển hoặc làm cái... Với câu khó chưa tìm được đáp án, đây là lúc các em có thể tìm ra đáp án Nếu vẫn không tìm được, bỏ qua.Các em có 30 giây đến 1 phút để làm phần này Như vậy, cách làm bài đọc hiểu trong đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT gồm 3 bước: Bước 1: phân tích dạng câu hỏi và thông tin cần tìm (30 giây- 1 phút) Bước 2: đọc, xác định vị trí thông tin, trả lời câu hỏi (3 phút) Bước 3: kiểm tra lại đáp án và xử lý câu hỏi khó.(30 ... hợp không dùng mạo từ - không dùng mạo từ trước danh từ số nhiều, danh từ không đếm , danh từ trừu tượng với nghĩa chung E.g: Water is necessary for life - không dùng mạo từ trước tên môn học(history,... THUYẾT Chương trình môn Tiếng Anh trung học xây dựng theo chủ điểm Các chủ điểm giao tiếp sở lựa chọn nội dung xếp ngữ liệu Các chủ điểm sở để lựa chọn ngữ liệu cho thi tốt nghiệp THPT tuyển sinh... xác định): The - The dùng cho tất danh từ: danh từ đếm số ít, danh từ đếm số nhiểu, danh từ không đếm được: the boy, the apples, the food… - Dùng the trước danh từ người vật xác định đề cập đến
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