SKKN ome activities to help grade 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang lower secondary school develop speaking skill in extra lesson in the afternoon

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Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. EDUCATION AND TRAINING BUREAU OF DO LUONG LY NHAT QUANG LOWER SECONDARY SCHOOL ****************** EXPERIENCE AND INNOVATION THEME: SOME ACTIVITIES TO HELP GRADE- 7 STUDENTS AT LY NHAT QUANG LOWER SECONDARY SCHOOL DEVELOP SPEAKING SKILL IN EXTRA LESSONS IN THE AFTERNOON SUBJECT: ENGLISH Teacher: Dang Quang Tam Tel: 0976808268 Group: Social Science School year: 2013-2014 1 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. 2 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. TABLE OF CONTENT A. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND. B. PRACTICAL BACKGROUND. C. SOLUTIONS I. Pair- work on topics given. II. Report. III. Picture description. IV. Retelling story . V. Discussion: VI. Interview. VII. Table completion. D. CONCLUSION 3 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. A. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND. English, an international language, has been a compulsory subject at secondary schools in Vietnam in the past few years. All students want to learn English well to have a better future. Along with improving grammar, students need to improve their language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. For me, the main target of learning a foreign language is to communicate with people who cannot speak our mother tongue. Communication is divided into two forms- speaking and writing. In real life, when speaking, people express their emotions, feelings more easily than writing because people can use their facial expressions, gestures as well as body language. Speaking is "the process of building and sharing meaning through the use of verbal and non-verbal symbols, in a variety of contexts" (Chaney, 1998, p. 13) Because of the importance of speaking skill, I personally think that all teachers of English mustn't neglect the importance of teaching students how to speak English sensibly. Speaking is a crucial part of foreign language learning and teaching. Despite its importance, for many years, teaching speaking has been undervalued and English language teachers have continued to teach speaking just as a repetition of drills or memorization of dialogues. However, today's world requires that the goal of teaching speaking should improve students' communicative skills, because, only in that way, students can express themselves and learn how to follow the social and cultural rules appropriate in each communicative circumstance. In order to teach foreign language learners how to speak in sensible ways, some speaking activities are provided below, that can be applied to English as a foreign language classroom settings, together with suggestions for teachers who teach oral language. When teaching speaking, we all know some common activities such as Discussions; Role Play; Simulation; Information Gap; Brainstorming; Storytelling; Interviews; Story Completion; Reporting; Picture Narrating; Picture Describing; Find the Difference. However, if students, especially grade 7 - student, want to perform the activities mentioned above, they need to acquire a quite a large range of vocabulary and grammar. In addition, to enable students to perform above activities, teachers have to create interesting, sensible speaking activities so that all students can feel relaxed when involving the activities. Teachers also need to motivate students by giving them good encouragement, compliments. 4 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. B. PRACTICAL BACKGROUND. In fact, very few students can speak English fluently after studying it for 4 years at lower secondary school. I have observed some of colleagues' teaching lessons and through observation, I have realized some difficulties that teachers and students have. 1. To teachers: - In most of extra lessons in the afternoon, teachers just help their students do grammar exercises, reading, writing and listening. They ignore speaking skill so day by day, month by month and year by year, students find it really hard to speak English though they can understand what other people speak in English in a simple way. - Some teachers cannot create speaking activities for students to take part in or they are not creative in designing activities. - Some teachers don't make models so that students cannot imitate. Some teachers don't have enough teaching aids like pictures, real objects for students to express their ideas. 2. To students: - Many students are not confident to present their ideas in English though they can understand what other students and their teachers say. - Many students are not motivated to speak English and are afraid of making mistakes and being laughed at by their friends or being told off by their teachers. - Many students just want to learn new grammar structures because they are new to them. They don't want to speak what they have learnt. By learning many grammar structures, they can get good marks in final exam, which only test students' knowledge of grammar mainly. With experience of teaching English for more than 12 years, I still find it rather hard to design speaking activities so that all students can get involved. So, I have tried many methods and then I can learn what I have done with a class and then I can improve in other classes. 3. Advantages and disadvantages when applying my experiences and innovations. a. Advantages: - I am a young teacher so I am always enthusiastic with my English teaching job and I always want to find something new, interesting for my students. My love for my lovely students is also a kind of motivation for me to try my best to help them. 5 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. - Many of my students are eager to learn how to speak English well so that they can communicate with foreigners when they have chance. - More and more students and their parents are aware of the importance of speaking skill. - My collogues as well as other teachers in my school always give me good encouragement and support. b. Disadvantages: - When I applied my experiences and innovations, I also have some certain difficulties as following: - The number of students who can speak English and wants to improve their speaking skill is very limited. - My experience is more or less still limited. - Teaching aids and time are also a big problem as I still need more time and teaching aids to prepare a contented lesson for extra class in the afternoon. - Quite a few students are too weak to speak English as they don't know much lexicology as well as lacking grammar structures. - The number of students in a class is still big while we can't move chairs and desks as the way we want. C. SOLUTIONS To help my students improve their speaking skill, I can't do it in a day or two. On the contrary, it took me months, even years to draw some following experiences and innovations. I. Pair- work on topics given. Aim: To help students ask and answer using questions from brainstorming stage to create communicative activities. Time to carry out: 20 minutes. Preparation: + Teacher: Vocabulary of jobs, good questions to explore personal information. + Students: Get to know some information about the person they want to act. 1. Asking and answering about personal information. As we know, teachers of English often ask their students to work in pair asking and answering about their personal because this activity is quite important and interesting. 6 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. Last semester, after students have learnt Units 1,2,3 in English 7, in an extra lesson in the afternoon, I asked students in class 7 B to work in pair asking and answering about their personal information. I gave them some clues such as: name, age, job, accommodation, family, telephone number, favorite pastimes. I also reminded students some phrases to ask their friends back to increase the communicative target. Such as: How/ What about you? And you? And your For weak class, I asked all class to build up the questions before they asked each other. Questions as following: What's your name? How old are you? Where do you live? How far is it from your house to school? How do you go to school? How many people are there in your family? What's your telephone number? What do you do in your free time? Unluckily, I found my students feel quite bored with this activity because they did learn how to answer these questions in the morning so during their working time, I walked around to take notes what their answers were. First, I asked all students in class to work in pairs simultaneously and then I required some pairs to present their dialogues in front of the whole class. Here are some of the dialogues I noted down during that lesson. * First, I heard two students called Huyen and Quyen make their dialogue as following: Huyen: What's your name? Quyen: My name is Quyen. Huyen: How old are you? Quyen: I'm 11 years old. 7 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. Huyen: What do you do? Quyen: I'm a student. Huyen: Where do you live? Quyen: I live in Da Son Huyen: How far is it from your house to school? Quyen: It's about 1 km. Huyen: How do you go to school? Quyen: I go to school by bike. Huyen: How many people are there in your family? Quyen: There are four people in my family. Huyen: What's your telephone number? Quyen: 0383 871 256 Huyen: What do you do in your free time? Quyen: I play badminton. Obviously, two students named Huyen and Quyen made a good dialogue because they could use all questions needed to ask about personal information. But they still felt bored with this activity since they have been in the same class for nearly two years and they have known each other very well. That's why when listening to Quyen's answer, Huyen showed no surprise or not much interest because she could guess what Quyen's answers were. * Next, I observed 2 students named Nam and Hai Nam: What's your name, Hai? Hai: My name is Hai. And your name, Nam? Nam: My name is Nam. How old are you? Hai: I'm 11 years old. And you? Nam: I'm 11. What do you do? Hai: I'm a student. And you? Nam: I'm a student. Where do you live? Hai: I live in Do Luong town. How about you? Nam: I live in Do Luong town. How far is it from your house to school? 8 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. Hai: It's about 2 km. How about your house? Nam: It's about 2 km. How do you go to school? Hai: I goto school by bike. And you? Nam: I go to school by bike. How many people are there in your family? Hai: There are four people in my family. And your family? Nam: There are five people in my family. What's your telephone number? Hai: 0383 871 345. And your telephone number? Nam: 0383 871 254. What do you do in your free time? Hai: I play soccer. And you? Nam: I watch TV. Happily, two students Nam and Hai made a better dialogue than Huyen and Quyen's because they did use phrases like: How about you? And you? to ask his friend but they still found this activity a bit uninteresting because they were neighbors and they knew clearly about each other. They knew each other so clearly that they made a very funny mistake when asking questions: Nam: What's your name, Hai? Hai: My name is Hai. And your name, Nam? From the dialogues students in class 7B made, I thought I had to find a better way, a more interesting thing but students can still have to practice asking and answering personal information without feeling bored. So when I taught class 7 D (a weaker class), I also asked the whole class to build up questions as I did in class 7 B. The I asked students to act if they were new to each other. So each student have three minutes to note down the name, job, accommodation they liked. They may act if they were famous singers, actors or actress Then I asked students in class 7D to change their seats so that they could ask the person they wanted to know more. I also reminded students to use phrases given to ask his/ her new friend to increase communicative target and encouraged them to be creative in using questions. And here are two dialogues I noted down: (Dialogue made by Sang and Duc. Duc is A. Sang is B) A: Hi. Nice to meet you. B: Hi. How do you do. What's your name? A: My name is Messi. And your name? 9 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. B: My full name is Ngo Kien Huy. How old are you? A: I'm 27 years old. How about you? B: I'm 24. What do you do? A: I'm a soccer player. And you? B: I'm a singer. Where do you live? A: I live in London. And you? B: I live in Ho Chi Minh city. How do you often go to work? A: I go to work by bus. How about you? B: I go to work by car, sometimes by bus. How many people are there in your family? A: There are three people in my family. How about your family. B: There are two people in my family. My mother and I. So what do you so in your free time? A: I play basketball. Sometimes I go swimming. And you? B: I sometimes play video games. Sometimes, I play table tennis. With the way I used for students in class 7D, I found that all students were eager to work together to make dialogues. Although they couldn't cover all personal information needed, their dialogues were more colorful and more lively. Therefore, to motivate students first to feel like taking part in speaking activity, then gradually to improve their speaking skill as well as their confidence, teachers really need to create artificial activities which are new and interesting to them and above all, teachers have to create activities that are suitable for students' levels. Pair- work in teaching and learning English is not new and can be called a daily activity but how teachers make students get involved in this kind of activity eagerly is a big problem to many teachers. With the way I used for students in class 7 D can be used in many lessons with other topics relating to exploring personal information. 2. Pair- work about future plan using "will" Aim: - To help students express their future intention using "will" after learning Unit 2. - To help students exchange information about their plan as well as revising the use of "will" and develop speaking skill. Time to carry out: 20 minutes. 10 [...]... Preparation: vocabulary on houses and main things in a house, pictures of houses, three small presents 14 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon After learning Unit 3 (At home- English 7) , In an extra lesson, I asked students in class 7C to describe their house but they did not come up to my expectation because most of the. .. before students carried out their interview, I asked the whole class to brainstorm some good questions to interview some famous people Then I wrote down the questions on the board for students to put them in good order for an interview Some questions about Thomas Edison as following: 16 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. ..Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon Preparation: + Teachers: Information / flashcards about places of interest in their province or country Questions to ask about holiday in the future + Students: Revise the use, form of "will" at home first Steps: When I taught class 7 B First, I asked students to speak out some... successful in one activity, teachers must have good knowledge in that filed and prepare what is essential to help students in case they get stuck in exploring information Application: 12 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon All teachers of English have known the importance of pair work in learning English so they can... ability using "neither nor; both and " + Time: About 15 minutes 17 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon Preparation: + Teacher: A sub-board to make model + Students: Revise adverbs of manner When I asked students in class 7C to work in pair to ask and answer how their friends do something by using adverbs of manner they... using adverbs of manner more fluently Then they could make good report using some advanced grammar points such as: Both and , neither nor D CONCLUSION With some experience and innovation I have used over the years, I find that if teachers want to help their students develop their speaking skill, they need to prepare 19 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking. .. for my students as long as they simplify speaking tasks so that they are suitable for their students' levels I am looking forward to receiving sincere comments from all collogues and anyone who is interested in reading my writing Do Luong, 28th, April 2014 20 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon 21 ... prepare some advantages / disadvantages of living in the city/ country 15 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon Three years ago, when I taught class 7 A, after they had learnt part B- Unit 15 I asked them to discuss where they liked to live I used two questions: Do you like the city? Why/ Why not? Do you like the countryside?... interested in giving their ideas Then I asked students to discuss and present their ideas Although some students just picked up some ideas, the reasons they used were sensible VI Interview Interview is an interesting activity for students to develop their speaking skill in front of other people Aim: To help students know how to use some questions to interview other people (famous people) Time to carry... students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon me my friend ( ) cook play soccer swim speak English I told my students to use the following mapped- dialogue to ask their friends and fill in the table A: How can you cook? B: I cook well And you? A: I cook badly After students finish their dialogues they will have a table like the following me (Minh) my . Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. 2 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. TABLE. students develop their speaking skill, they need to prepare 19 Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. the lessons. Some activities to help grade - 7 students at Ly Nhat Quang improve their speaking skill in extra lessons in the afternoon. EDUCATION AND TRAINING BUREAU OF DO LUONG LY NHAT QUANG LOWER
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