effect of drugs and alcohol on teenagers

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Ngày đăng: 02/04/2014, 17:48

I.) Introduction: "Crack, booze, pot, crystal- from the inner city to thesuburbs to small towns, the world of the adolescent is permeated bydrugs. When 'a little harmless experimentation' becomes addiction,parents, teachers, and clinicians are often at a loss. For this age group(roughly ages 13 to 23), traditional substance abuse programs simply arenot enough" (Nowinski, inside cover). Today's society provides manychallenges for adolescents that our parents never had to face. Pre-marital sex and pregnancy, alcohol abuse, and drug addiction havealways been around but they have never been more available toadolescents than they are now. Adolescents are more on their own totake care of themselves with more and more single parent households. The problem of drug and alcohol is a major one. Teenagers feel a needto drink and do drugs to fit in to peer groups. The problem is widespread. The common thoughts that drugs are only in the city where the poor livebut that is wrong. Any single person can get drugs from the inner city tothe small rural towns of Texas and Nebraska. It doesn't matter where youare. There is a major need for adults to intervene and stop the problemat its beginnings, the adolescents. If we sit here and deny the fact thatthe problem is there then we are just setting ourselves up for disaster.II.)Review of Literature: A Source 1: The first piece of literature that Iused was a book written by Dr. Joseph Nowinski entitled SubstanceAbuse in Adolescents & Young Adults. It was written at the ElmcrestPsychiatric Institute in 1990. The book described Dr. Nowinski's study ofadolescent addicts of drugs and alcohol. It goes on to explain the needfor the development of treatment plans for adolescents becauseconventional plans do not work on this age group. B) Source 2: Thesecond source that I used was a journal article entitled "Prevalence ofsubstance abuse in a rural teenage population." It was written by WadeSilverman. This article was published in The Journal of AdolescentChemical Dependency in 1991. This article presented the results of asurvey done in a rural school system to assess the prevalence rates ofsubstance use and related lifestyle variables for teens and their parents. C) Source 3:The third source that I used was a newspaper article takenfrom the February 1, 1994 edition of the Los Angeles Times. The piecewas written by Marlene Cimons. The article, entitled "Illicit drug use byyouths shows marked increases," announced that the results of anannual survey showed that drug use had increased significantly amongteenagers between 1992 and 1993. D) Source 4: My fourth sourcewas a journal article written by S. Brown and others. It was taken fromThe Journal of Studies on Alcohol. The article was entitled "Conductdisorder among adolescent alcohol and drug abusers" and was publishedin 1996. The article summarized a study that examined the extent towhich conduct disorder type behavior predated substance useinvolvement among 166 adolescents in treatment for alcohol and otherdrug abuse. E) Source 5: My final source was another journal article thatwas taken from The Journal of Marital and family Therapy. The articlewas written by H. Joanning and others in 1992. The article, entitled"Treating adolescent drug abuse: A comparison of family systemstherapy, group therapy, and family drug education," describes thedifferential effectiveness of three models of adolescent drug abusetreatment. It compares the Family Systems Therapy, the AdolescentGroup Therapy, and the Family Drug Education models.III.) Methodology:I started out my research by going to the computers in the libraryand researching journal and newspaper articles in the WinSpirsdatabases. I found articles from psychology, sociology, and sciencedatabases. I then looked for the articles in the journal section of thelibrary. I found some of the articles in the school library as well as usingmy local library. I also used the OPAC computer to find my booksource.IV.) Result of Information Gathered: A) Source 1: Dr.Nowinski's book describes specific cases of adolescent drug abuse thathe has worked with. He describes the different patterns of drug abuseand the causes of such abuse. He describes causes like alienation, lowself- esteem and confidence, stress, and peer pressure. He goes intohow development of new treatment techniques are necessary becauseadolescent addictions are different than those of adults. He describes theprocess of counseling, denial and compliance, and surrender andrecovery. Nowinski stresses the need for family intervention in cases thatinvolve adolescents. B) Source 2: Silverman gives the results of thesurvey and attempts to interpret the results. It was found that 83% of thestudents in the study were either abstainers or experimental users. It wasrecommended that primary prevention strategies should be used with thisgroup. The remaining 17% had been deemed "drug users" and it wasfound that they all shared a similar lifestyle. All had multiple substanceabuse problems, were engaged in frequent sexual activity, and receivedpoor grades. it was also found that the amount of parental attention andsupervision was significantly different for both groups. C) Source 3:This article said that the rise in drug use among teens was drivenby a dramatic rise in the use of marijuana and more use of stimulants,LSD and inhalants. It also describes how this trend was a reversal fromthe recent downward patterns of drug use among teens. D) Source 4:It was found that most cases of alcohol and drug abuse inadolescents was attributed to conduct disorder behavior. It was alsofound that cases involving this disorder and drug abuse led to a morefrequent relapse into the problem and an increase in anti-socialbehavior.E) Source 5: This study found that the Family TherapySystems model of treatment appeared to be more effective in treatingand stopping adolescent drug abuse. It registered twice as manydrug-free clients as the Family Drug Education program and three timesas many as the Adolescent Group Therapy model.V.) Summary andConclusion: Through the literature and the class it is obvious that drugand alcohol abuse among adolescents is a prevalent and dangerousproblem. The use of these substances is dangerous and stupid. I'm notgoing to be a hypocrite and say that I have never tried any drugs oralcohol. I'd be lying if I said that I haven't but now I realize that it is aproblem that has to be addressed through action and not ignorance.Tableof ContentsI.) Introduction 1II.)Review of Literature 2 A) Source 1 2 B) Source 2 2 C) Source 3 3 D) Source 4 3 E) Source 5 3III.) Methodology 4IV.) Results of InformationGathered 4 A) Source 1 4 B) Source 2 5 C) Source 3 5 D) Source 4 6 E) Source 5 6V.) Summary and Conclusion 6ReferencesBrown, S. "Conduct disordersamong adolescent alcohol and drug abusers." Journal of Studies onAlcohol. Psychological Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center. SanDiego. 1996.Cimons, M. "Illicit drug use by youths shows markedincrease." Los Angeles Times. February 1, 1994. Sec:A, p:1,col:6.Joanning, H. et al. "Treating adolescent drug abuse: A comparisonof family systems therapy, group therapy, and family drugeducation." The Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. October,1992.Nowinski, Joseph. Substance Abuse in Adolescents and YoungAdults. W. W. Norton & Company Ltd. New York. 1990.Silverman,Wade. "Prevalence of substance abuse in a rural teenage population." The Journal of Adolescent Chemical Dependency. Volume 2. 1991. . Nowinski's study of adolescent addicts of drugs and alcohol. It goes on to explain the need for the development of treatment plans for adolescents because conventional plans do not work on this age. their own to take care of themselves with more and more single parent households. The problem of drug and alcohol is a major one. Teenagers feel a need to drink and do drugs to fit in to peer. Education program and three times as many as the Adolescent Group Therapy model.V.) Summary and Conclusion: Through the literature and the class it is obvious that drug and alcohol abuse among adolescents
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