ELECTRICAL INSULATION FOR ROTATING MACHINES ppt

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[...]... their purposes described Although this book concentrates on machines rated at 1 kW or more, much of the information on insulation system design, failure, and testing can be applied to smaller machines, linear motors, servomotors, etc However, these latter machines types will not be discussed explicitly 1.1 TYPES OF ROTATING MACHINES Electrical machines rated at about 1 HP or 1 kW and above are classified... the turn insulation, although extra sleeving is sometimes applied to boost the turn insulation strength in key areas Many 1.4 STATOR WINDING INSULATION SYSTEM FEATURES 13 Figure 1.7 Photo of a turbogenerator stator winding using Roebel bars form-wound machines employ separate strand and turn insulation The following mainly addresses the strand insulation in form-wound coils and bars Strand insulation. .. insulation in randomwound machines will be discussed as turn insulation Section 1.4.8 discusses strand insulation in its role as transposition insulation There are both electrical and mechanical reasons for stranding a conductor in a formwound coil or bar From a mechanical point of view, a conductor that is big enough to carry 14 ROTATING MACHINE INSULATING SYSTEMS Wedge or top stick Ground insulation or slot... motors now easily made by combining an Electrical Insulation for Rotating Machines By Stone, Boulter, Culbert, and Dhirani ISBN 0-471-44506-1 © 2004 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 1 2 ROTATING MACHINE INSULATING SYSTEMS AC motor with an electronic “inverter-fed drive” (IFD), DC motors in the 100’s of kW range and above are becoming less common Machines are also classified according... V This effectively limits random-wound stators to machines less than several hundred kW or HP 1.3.2 Form-Wound Stators—Coil Type Form-wound stators are usually intended for machines operating at 1000 V and above Such windings are made from insulated coils that have been preformed prior to insertion in the slots in the stator core (Figure 1.6) The preformed coil consists of a continuous loop of magnet... conductors do not vibrate in spite of the magnetic forces The basic stator insulation system components are the: ț Strand (or subconductor) insulation ț Turn insulation ț Groundwall (or ground or earth) insulation Figures 1.8 and 1.9 show cross sections of random-wound and form-wound coils in a stator slot, and identify the above components Note that the form-wound stator has two coils per slot; this is... convert electrical energy into mechanical energy (usually rotating torque) and (2) generators (also called alternators), which convert mechanical energy into electrical energy In addition, there is another machine called a synchronous condenser that is a specialized generator/motor generating reactive power Consult any general book on electrical machines for a more extensive description of machines. .. MW: 1 Random-wound stators 2 Form-wound stators using multiturn coils 3 Form-wound stators using Roebel bars 10 ROTATING MACHINE INSULATING SYSTEMS In general, random-wound stators are typically used for machines less than several hundred kW Form-wound coil windings are used in most large motors and many generators rated up to 50 to 100 MVA Roebel bar windings are used for large generators Although... were invented, a vast range of electrical machine types have been created In many cases, different companies called the same type of machine or the same component by completely different names Therefore, to avoid confusion, before a detailed description of motor and generator insulation systems can be given, it is prudent to identify and describe the types of electrical machines that are discussed in... losses, improving efficiency The electrical reasons for stranding require the strands to be insulated from one another The voltage across the strands is less than a few tens of volts; therefore, the strand insulation can be very thin The strand insulation is subject to damage during the coil manufacturing process, so it must have good mechanical properties Since the strand insulation is immedi- (a) (b) . Insulation Systems 1044.3 Recent Developments for Form-Wound Insulation Systems 1054.4 Random-Wound Stator Insulation Systems 1074.4.1 Magnet Wire Insulation. PM Page xviii Electrical Insulation for Rotating Machines. By Stone, Boulter, Culbert, and Dhirani 1ISBN 0-471-44506-1 © 2004 Institute of Electrical and
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