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MANUEL RICART GIÁO TRÌNH COMPLET IDIOT’S GUIDE TO LINUX, 2007 Brief Full Advanced Search Search TipsTo access the contents, click the chapter and section titles.Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux(Publisher: Macmillan Computer Publishing)Author(s): Manuel RicartISBN: 078971826xPublication Date: 12/22/98Search this book: 1, 2, 3 Go!About the AuthorsPart 1—Working with Linux in a GraphicalEnvironment—The KDE DesktopChapter 1—The First Login on the KDEDesktopLogging InThe KDE DesktopThe PanelThe TaskbarThe DesktopApplicationsUsing the MouseBasic Mouse ActionsButtons, Menus, and Text FieldsButtonsLists and MenusText FieldsManipulating Controls with the KeyboardComplete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents (1 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM]Go!Keyword Go!Ending the Work SessionChapter 2—Working with WindowsWindows and PanelsWindow ControlsThe Active WindowAccessing Windows that OverlapScrollbarsResizing WindowsMoving a WindowClosing a WindowChapter 3—Navigating through the File SystemThe File System Through KFMThe KFM Navigation ToolbarOpening a FolderOpening a FileA Tree ViewA File ListWhat the Listing MeansBookmarksSelecting Files and FoldersChapter 4—Working with ApplicationsManually Starting an ApplicationWorking with Multiple ApplicationsSwitching Between ApplicationsHiding an ApplicationVirtual DesktopsStarting Applications AutomaticallyThe KDE Workspace Auto-restore FeatureKDE Application Help: kdehelpExiting ApplicationsChapter 5—Creating, Editing, and Saving FilesCreating and Saving FilesCreating a New FileOpening an Existing FileComplete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents (2 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM]Customizing the Open PanelOpen Panel Setting CustomizationsSaving a New FileFile NamingSaving Changes to Your DocumentsSaving a New VersionText Editing BasicsSelecting TextCopying and Moving TextChapter 6—Organizing Your FilesGetting Organized: Creating a FolderCopying Files and FoldersCopying Files Using Drag and DropCopying Files Using the ClipboardMoving Files and FoldersLinking Files and FoldersReplacing a File or a FolderDeleting a File or FolderMoving a File or Folder to the TrashRetrieving a File or Folder from the TrashEmptying the TrashFile PropertiesRenaming a File or FolderSetting File and Folder PermissionsChanging the Group of a File or FolderKDE TemplatesChapter 7—Working with DisksConfiguring the System to Allow Users to Access theCD-ROM and the FloppyStarting a Superuser KFM SessionEnabling Regular Users to Access Disk DevicesCreating kdelnk Files for the Floppy and CDCopying Files to or from a FloppyOpening and Saving Files to a Floppy DiskAccessing the CD-ROMComplete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents (3 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM]Preparing a New Floppy DiskChapter 8—Accessing the NetworkConnecting to the Network Using a Dialup (PPP)ConnectionAdding an Internet Connection with KpppAdding a New Dialup ConfigurationConfiguring the Modem DeviceDebugging the ConnectionConnecting via Your Local NetworkChapter 9—Communication: Web, FTP, Email,and NewsAccessing the WebFTPEmailConfiguring Your Identity for NetscapeMessengerConfiguring Your Mail ServerReading EmailComposing an Email MessageNewsTelnetChapter 10—Customizing KDEAdding an Application to the Panel or ApplicationLauncherCreating a Kdelnk File that Represents anApplicationOther KDE OptionsThe KDE Control CenterPart 2—Working on the Command LineChapter 11—Shells and ConsolesThe UNIX Command PromptShell FlavorsGraphic ConsolesComplete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents (4 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM]Logging in Through a ConsoleWhat Shell Are You Running?Command Line Program SyntaxNavigating the File SystemWhere Are You?: pwdListing FilesListing Directories Remotelyls in TechnicolorMaking Shell Options the DefaultChanging Directories: cdRelative and Absolute PathsFilename Expansion: TabExiting the ConsoleShutting Down a Linux BoxRebooting a Linux BoxChapter 12—Working with Files on the ShellWorking with Files and FoldersCreating a New Empty File: touchRemoving Files: rmCreating a Directory: mkdirRemoving an Empty Directory: rmdirCopying Files: cpMoving Files and Directories: mvCreating Links: lnReading FilesConcatenating: catViewing a Page at a Time: lessPeeking at the First Few Lines: headPeeking at the Last Few Lines: tailChapter 13—Text Editing under a ShellAn Improved Visual Editor: VimInteractive Vim TutorialVim BasicsAccessing the Shell from VimOther StuffComplete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents (5 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM]XEmacsStarting XEmacs and the XEmacs TutorialChecking Your Spelling: IspellChapter 14—Putting the Shell to WorkUsing More Than One Command at a TimeCommand Groups and SubshellsRedirectionSTDOUTSTDERRCommand Groups and RedirectionPipes: One Program’s Output Is Another’s InputGetting the Needed Input: Input RedirectionRegular ExpressionsMatch Anything: *Match Any Letter: ?Match in a Range: []Negating a Range: !Command HistoryJobs: Working on Multiple Things Using a ShellSuspending a JobKilling a JobChapter 15—Help PleaseUNIX Manual PagesSearching for a Tool: aproposGetting a Brief Command Description: whatisSearching Standard Locations: whereisBuilt-in Command InformationOnline Help via /usr/docMore about HOWTO documentsMini HOWTOsLDP—Linux Documentation ProjectReading Compressed Documentation: zlessInfo PagesUsenet: Internet NewsgroupsUseful BooksComplete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents (6 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM]Chapter 16—Permissions: Protecting andSharing Your WorkHow Does Permissions Work?The Effective User IdSubstitute User: suBeware of the Powers of Root!Changing Groups: newgrpSpecial UsersHome DirectoriesChanging File PermissionsPermissions by the Numbers: 4, 2, 1, and 0Permissions Using Symbols: u, g, o, r, w, and xUsing chmod to Change PermissionsSetuid, Setgid, and Sticky BitsThe Default File Mode: umaskGroup Ownership and User Private GroupsChapter 17—Command Toolbox: Useful ShellCommands and ShortcutsUser UtilitiesChanging Your Password: passwdChanging Your Shell: chshChanging Personal Information: chfnWho’s on the System: who and wViewing and Setting the Date and Time: dateGetting a Calendar: calFinding FilesFinding Files by Name: findLocating Files: locateFinding Files that Contain a Word or Pattern:grepText and File UtilitiesCounting Lines, Words, and Characters: wcSorting Lines of Text: sortFormatting Text: fmtSplitting Files into Smaller Files: splitAccessing a Computer Through the Network: telnetComplete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents (7 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM]Working on the Console: setfontUNIX Printing PrimerUNIX Text ProcessingPart 3—Essential System Tasks Under LinuxChapter 18—Users, Groups, and PasswordsAdding UsersadduserUseraddModifying Users: usermodMoving a Home DirectoryChanging a Login NameChanging Secondary Group MembershipsDeleting Users: userdelAdding, Modifying, and Removing GroupsGroupaddManaging Group Memberships: gpasswdUsers and PasswordsPassword Don’tsPassword Do’sLinux and Shadow PasswordsChapter 19—Backups: Safeguarding YourWorkMedia Are Just DevicesBackup MediaWhat to Back UpSimple BackupsTape Archive: tarMaking a tar FileExtracting Files from a tar ArchiveExtracting a File into a DeviceA Backup StrategyThe dump Commanddump ExamplesComplete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents (8 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM]restore ExamplesGraphical Backup ProgramsBRU2000Chapter 20—Installing Programs andApplicationsRPM: The Red Hat Package ManagerInstalling, Upgrading, Downgrading, and RemovingSoftwareInstallingUpgradingDowngradingUninstallingA Database of Installed SoftwareFinding Information About the PackageFinding the Package that Owns a FileFinding Files that are Owned by a PackageFinding Documentation Related to a PackageVerifying Your SystemGraphical Front Ends to RPMNon-RPM PackagesTarUNIX Compressed Archives: Gzip and CompressWindows Compressed Archives: ZipChapter 21—LISA: Linux Installation andSystem Administration UtilityBasic Functions of LISAVerbose System AnalysisSoftware Package AdministrationSystem ConfigurationHardware Configuration AreaSystem Configuration AreaNetwork Configuration AreaHost Table ConfigurationNetwork Access ConfigurationGeneral Network Services ConfigurationComplete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents (9 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM][...]... 5:48:36 PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: The First Login on the KDE Desktop environment Clicking the mouse on a task button takes you to the application The button that looks pressed belongs to the currently active application If the application is hidden, its name is displayed in parenthesis To show the application, just click its button Right-clicking a button displays a menu that allows you to control... 5:48:36 PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: The First Login on the KDE Desktop • A first look at Linux under KDE • Useful mouse and keyboard techniques • Shutting down Linux In this chapter you will learn how to get in and out of Linux using the K Desktop Environment, or KDE for short KDE is a graphical user environment where you use icons, menus, and windows to do your work You’ll embark on a short tour... are buttons too! Most applications have a toolbar with buttons Move the cursor over an icon, and a border will appear around the button along with a tool tip, or text that tells you what the button does If after you start clicking a button, you decide you don’t want to click it after all, just move the cursor off the button before releasing the mouse Some buttons, called check boxes, allow you to enable... PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: The First Login on the KDE Desktop To access the contents, click the chapter and section titles Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux Go! Keyword q Brief Full Advanced Search Search Tips (Publisher: Macmillan Computer Publishing) Author(s): Manuel Ricart ISBN: 078971826x Publication Date: 12/22/98 Search this book: Go! Previous Table of Contents Next - The Desktop... 5:48:36 PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: The First Login on the KDE Desktop The KDE Desktop A desktop is where you do your work on the computer It is the workspace where you can start and run programs, create files, organize files, and do whatever it is you want to do with your computer When you first enter your desktop, it will look similar to the one shown in the following figure Linux looks like... either to build a new town hall or to install a document management system Naturally, Microsoft Windows NT was looked into as a potential solution, but after realizing that the OpenLinux solution would cost less than 10% of the NT solution, OpenLinux won the city’s business Talk (4 of 5) [1/27/2000 5:48:32 PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: 1,...Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents Boot Manager Configuration Chapter 22—System Monitoring: Keeping an Eye on Your System Monitoring Memory How Much Memory: free Procinfo Monitoring Processes Listing the Current Top Processes: top Process Status: ps ”Nicing” a process: nice and renice Monitoring Your Disk Finding out How Much Disk Files... triple-clicking to select a paragraph or perform some other application defined function (2 of 4) [1/27/2000 5:48:39 PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: The First Login on the KDE Desktop Buttons, Menus, and Text Fields The basic controls of a modern UI can be grouped into three categories: • Buttons • Lists and menus • Text fields Buttons... Buttons Buttons often are in application windows to give you easy access to certain commands Buttons come in a variety of shapes and sizes They are usually labeled with text and graphics indicating what they do To activate a button, you click on it If the button is just an image, when you move the cursor over it, the button might draw a border around itself to let you know that it is indeed a button and... this writing, Linux and Windows NT are the only OSs gaining market share Most other OSs are either stagnant or are losing their share to Linux or Windows NT How to Use This Book This book is a gentle introduction to Linux, and as such, it is not intended as a comprehensive guide On the contrary, great effort has gone into this book to keep it from becoming yet another comprehensive reference guide I’ve . even to doing some system administration things.ConventionsThe Complete Idiot’s Guide to Linux is designed to help you get up andrunning with your new Linux. managing your own Linux computer, there aresome administrative tasks that you need to learn how to do.Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: 1, 2, 3 Go!
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