RECREATING NEWTON: NEWTONIAN BIOGRAPHY AND THE MAKING OF NINETEENTH-CENTURY HISTORY OF SCIENCE ppt

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[...]... became a Fellow of the RAS and a close friend of Baily He was Professor of Mathematics at the University of London, the non-denominational, or ‘godless’, response to the monopoly on learning of Anglican Oxford and Cambridge In his teaching and writing, De Morgan was devoted to the idea of the separation of science and scholarship from religious interests The writings of Baily, De Morgan and others encouraged... men of science chose to define themselves and their community, and convincingly demonstrates the complexity of the issue There was, however, a clear sense of the existence of a scientific community and corresponding notions of inclusion and exclusion.6 One means by which both this wider group and the disciplinary and other communities of which it consisted were consolidated was through the invention of. .. at the root of the controversy and that the primary choice facing his biographers was whether to continue the convention of Newtonian eulogy or to provide a critique of this tendency The move towards Newton’s archives was not a necessary product of the debates about his character and the nature of his genius and this book shows how and why this became the chief resource of the disputants The growth of. .. in the understanding of the word ‘genius’ The importance to Newton’s posthumous reputation of the eighteenthcentury evolution of the understanding of creativity and ‘genius’ has been highlighted by Yeo and Fara Conversely, they note the extent to which Newton’s image affected the developing concept of genius By the latter half of the eighteenth century, the term had come to imply an innate quality of. .. advocate of the corpuscular theory of light at a time when he felt this was under increasing attack from the supporters of the alternative wave theory of light Because of this aspect of his work it was welcomed in Britain by advocates of the Laplacians and the corpuscular theory These included Henry (later Lord) Brougham (1778–1868), the Whig politician who was founder and Chairman of the SDUK The controversial... However, the period has been dictated by the boundaries of an identifiable debate about the life and character of the most famous of British natural philosophers that was, in turn, largely shaped by the publication of hitherto little-known or unknown materials This book therefore considers the reciprocal relationship between Newtonian studies and the development of a new expertise in the history of science. .. changing and competing identities of scientific heroes This approach has demonstrated that biographies of men of science and histories of science can be invaluable tools for revealing the author’s views about the scientific enterprise, but it can blind the historian to reading such works as contributions to a nascent field of the history of science In general the history of science produced before the subject... positions Therefore, as well as attempting to understand these publications on Newton as products of individuals with particular scientific or personal concerns, they are considered as examples of differing trends within the history of science In many cases the loyalties of the author might be to the development of that field rather than to the promotion of a particular view of contemporary science and its... important changes for science and its practitioners These texts appeared against the background of the increasing professionalization, specialization and secularization of science and it is not coincidental that a period that saw the creation of modern science also featured an identifiable debate about the life and character of the most famous of British natural philosophers –1– 2 Recreating Newton Background... worthy of such an honour, and Newton was portrayed within the British natural theological tradition as a paragon of all virtues with a god-like understanding of nature However, by the beginning of the nineteenth century, the image of the genius was increasingly problematic Although the Romantic movement might involve a rejection of science, the image of the Romantic, poetic genius was also applied to the . w0 h0" alt="" RECREATING NEWTON: NEWTONIAN BIOGRAPHY AND THE MAKING OF NINETEENTH-CENTURY HISTORY OF SCIENCE SCIENCE AND CULTURE IN THE NINETEENTH. DHiggitt, Rebekah Recreating Newton: Newtonian biography and the making of nineteenth-century history of science. – (Science and culture in the nineteenth
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